Rybakov, Anatoly Naumovich.
Rybakov, Anatoly Naumovich (b. Jan. 1 [Jan. 14, New Style], 1911, Chernigov, Ukraine, Russian Emprie [now Chernihiv, Ukraine])
Russian author noted for his novels of life in the Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin's dictatorship.
Rybakov spent three years in exile in Siberia for making "subversive" statements, but he cleared his record by serving as a tank commander in the Russian army during World War II. After the war he turned to writing, producing first a popular children's novel, Kortik (1948; The Dirk), then the adult novel Voditeli (1950; "The Drivers").
Rybakov wrote of the plight of Russian Jews confronting Nazi invaders during World War II in Tyazholy pesok (1979; Heavy Sand). With the official institution of glasnost, he was allowed to publish Deti Arbata (1987; Children of the Arbat), much of which had been suppressed for over two decades. The novel offered a horrifying view of Stalin's brutal rule in the early 1930s. Strakh (1990; "Fear"), a sequel, presents the techniques of interrogation and torture used by the Soviet secret police.