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Russian Federation : Yegor Borisov discussed issues of environmental protection in Yakutia with State Duma deputy Sergei Boyarsky.

On March 10, the Head of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) Yegor Borisov met with the Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee for Ecology and Environmental Protection Sergei Boyarsky, who arrived in the republic on a working visit.

The meeting noted that last year in Yakutia the activities of the Year of Ecology and the Year of Especially Protected Natural Territories of the Russian Federation were implemented, the implementation of the Strategy for Ecological Safety of the Russian Federation and the Ecological Doctrine of Yakutia began. Yegor Borisov has put before the deputy of the State Duma a number of issues, the solution of which requires participation of the deputies of the federal parliament.

First of all, he spoke about the work carried out in Yakutia to clean scrap metal in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. According to the Ministry of Nature Protection of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), 437 points of accumulation of scrap of non-ferrous and ferrous metals have been established on the territory of the republic, 84% of which are located on the territory of 13 uluses adjacent to the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. Work to clean the territories of scrap metal started in 2013 on the budget of the republic. In addition, the Yakut enterprises participate in the clean-up of the territory of the Arctic. So, in 2016, due to own funds, Almazy Anabara Company collected and removed from the territory of Anabar district 1,200 tons of scrap metal. Last year, in the Arctic zone of Yakutia, with the support of enterprises of the republic, 2,830.5 tons of scrap metal were harvested.

Egor Borisov noted the need to include in the "Clean Country" project activities for the conservation of the tailing dumps of the Deputatsky GOK and the Lebedinsky Mill. The head added that measures for the conservation of unused tailing dumps should also be included in the federal program "Development of the water management complex of the Russian Federation in 2012-2020". Elimination and recultivation of these facilities will contribute to the normalization of hydrological conditions of rivers and will have a positive impact on the overall state of the environment.

Another topic that the parties discussed during the meeting is the raising of abandoned shipwrecks from the bottom of rivers and their utilization. Yegor Borisov said that according to the administration of the Lena basin of inland waterways, 294 units of vessels were flooded in the riverbeds of the Lena basin, of which 250 owners were not identified. "Basically, the ships were flooded in the 70-90s of the last century," explained Yegor Borisov. Unfortunately, the current legislation does not allow raising unattended vessels, so the head of the republic proposed to give the Federal Agency for Maritime and River Transport (Rosmorrechflot) the authority to raise orphaned sunken ships or other sunken property and their disposal. Further, the problem of regulating the number of predators is discussed. Yegor Borisov informed that the cattle-breeding farms of Yakutia bear huge losses from the travesty of deer and horses. Existing restrictions in the law prohibit the use of poisons and hinges against predators to catch wolves, aviakotrep predators is ineffective and expensive. At the same time, the state of the wolf population has not been sufficiently studied, it is necessary to carry out scientific research on monitoring the number and distribution of the range of wolves. In Yakutia, a great deal of experience has been accumulated in regulating the number of predators, experienced hunters and hunters-witches are there, and appropriate funds are provided annually in the republic's budget, Egor Borisov and Sergei Boyarsky considered issues of legislative support for environmental problems and environmental protection. The head of Yakutia proposed to amend articles 17 and 80.1 of the current Federal Law "On Environmental Protection". So, according to Article 17 of this federal law, state support is provided only when installing equipment for transportation and decontamination of production and consumption wastes, automated systems and laboratories for monitoring the composition and mass of sewage, pollutants and their emissions into the atmospheric air, stationary and mobile laboratories on monitoring the state of the environment. Meanwhile, the main financial burden comes from the purchase of the equipment itself. In this regard, it was proposed to expand the measures of state support, adding equipment acquisition.

It is also proposed to include in the assessment of the object of the accumulated harm to the environment the establishment of the location of objects on the territory of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. In addition, Yegor Borisov came forward with an initiative to amend the methodology for determining the total amount of funds provided for in the federal budget in the form of subventions to the regions for the exercise of certain powers in the field of nature conservation and use of wildlife. The chapter said that in the Year of Ecology in Russia in Yakutia, a third of the territory of the republic - more than 1 million square meters. km - referred to the territory of specially protected natural areas (PAs), and this is the largest among the subjects of the Russian Federation. In addition, the republic replenished the animal world of the Russian Federation with a new species - forest bison. Last November, 30 forest buffalo were released into the natural habitat on the territory of the Mountain Ulus. "It is necessary to include the forest bison in the list of fauna of the Russian Federation," suggested Yegor Borisov and told Sergei Boyarsky about the work carried out in Yakutia since 2006 on the importation of forest bison from Canada and their adaptation in the republic.

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Publication:Mena Report
Geographic Code:4EXRU
Date:Mar 13, 2018
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