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Russian Federation : Icelandic geothermal technologies will be attracted to Kamchatka.

Icelandic companies that use geothermal resources, are ready to share their technologies with the Far Eastern regions. Such an agreement was reached during the negotiations held in Reykjavik by the delegation of the Agency of the Far East for attracting investment and support for exports (ANO API).

Icelandic companies presented their achievements during the workshop Innovations and market development for the direct use of geothermal resources, which took place at one of the geothermal power plants - Hedisheidi Geothermal Power Plant, located near the Hendil volcano. This Icelandic power plant with an installed capacity of 303 MW is one of the largest power plants of this type in the world. Geothermal Power Plant Hedlisheidi was launched in 2006. Then, two 45 MW generators were installed at the station. A year later, an additional low-pressure generator, with a capacity of 33 MW, was introduced. In 2008 and 2011, four more 45 MW generators were launched.

The program manager Dagni Heuksdottir told about the prospects of the OuEn geothermal park (ON) formed on the basis of the GeoTES Hedlisheidi base. According to her, you need to maximize the use of electricity generated by the station. For this, a platform for startups has been formed. A number of projects submitted during the presentation are expected to be launched soon.

One of the latest global trends is associated with the use of green energy. Colleagues shared their experiences on heating homes and office space. They are ready to come to the Far East with their technologies and best practices in this area. For example, Arctic Green Energy can provide consulting services for launching such projects. The great interest of our delegation was raised by the question of providing businesses with low-cost electricity for starting and developing enterprises. Now on the basis of this Icelandic geothermal station, an industrial park is being formed. Electricity is planned to be used for growing fish, agricultural projects, production of animal-based feed. I believe that this experience can be used in the Far Eastern regions, including Kamchatka, which is close in climatic conditions ,

He recalled that the power industry of Kamchatka is an autonomous power grid, which, due to the peculiarities of the geographical position of the peninsula, cannot be included in the unified power grid of Russia. The main features of the functioning of the Kamchatka energy system is a significant proportion of domestic load, energy excess, functioning in a seismic zone. The power grid fully meets the regions need for electricity and consists of the Central Energy Center and 13 isolated energy centers and local energy facilities. As in Iceland, in Kamchatka, the power grid operates in isolation, all the electricity produced is completely consumed within the region. The power balance of the power system over the last five year period is added up with a sufficient amount of reserve. The reserve of generating capacity is more than 50% and is due to the lack of the possibility of overflows to other power grids, under-utilization of existing capacities due to the insufficient number of consumers. The centralized power supply covers 66.0% of the territory and 97.0% of the population, which is due to the heterogeneity of the resettlement of people throughout the peninsula.

Although the potential of local energy resources is estimated: according to hydro resources 800 MW, steam hydrotherms 900 MW, wind energy 1 GW of electric power, prospective gas reserves are 56.3 billion cubic meters. m, the structure of the Kamchatka energy system is mainly dominated by traditional fuels: natural gas, diesel fuel. One of the tasks is to understand how to maximize the potential of nature, to ensure the reliability of energy production and a radical reduction of its cost. To do this, it is possible to take the existing developments and implement them in the region, says Leonid Petukhov.

At present, two geothermal power plants in the Mutnovskoye field, a steam and hydrotherm with an installed capacity of 62 MW, four hydroelectric power plants in the Ust-Bolsheretsk and Bystrinsky districts with a total power of 46.91 MW, and wind power stations in the Aleutian and Ust-Kamchatka regions have been commissioned in Kamchatka.

On the same day, the delegation of ANO IPA visited the greenhouse of the horticulture department of the Agricultural University of Iceland. Heat for growing crops provide geothermal sources. According to representatives of the university, the greenhouse is an experimental platform for testing different varieties of tomatoes, cucumbers and tomatoes. During the year, requests from farmers are processed, from which the most typical or interesting are selected. As a result of growing vegetables at the experimental site, farmers receive recommendations for further vegetable cultivation. Also, geothermal sources allow experimentally growing and exotic crops for the northern territories. In the greenhouse grow fig and coffee trees. Here is the only plantation of bananas in the Arctic Circle.

This is an interesting experience in using geothermal sources for the production of fresh vegetables. Similar projects could be implemented in Kamchatka, noted Leonid Petukhov. According to him, in turn, representatives of the university expressed interest in the experience of implementing year-round greenhouses in the Far East, including appealed for assistance in establishing relations with the Far Eastern Federal University, where in late June the greenhouse was opened on Japanese technology. Also, Espiflot ehf. Presented its production, using low-temperature water for heating greenhouses for the commercial cultivation of flowers.

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Publication:Mena Report
Date:Jul 15, 2019
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