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Roses for hedges, edges, ground covers.

Many roses are good landscape plants. For years, Westerners have used prolific floribundas such as 'Iceberg', 'Sarabande', and 'Simplicity' as spectacularly colorful border or hedge plants. Polyanthas and miniatures ('China Doll', 'Holy Toledo', 'The Fairy') are ideal for low edgings. And many old shrub roses are

effective as barriers and ground covers.

But only in the last year or two have major nurseries introduced new varieties bred specifically for landscape use. Most notable are the Florascape roses from Jackson & Perkins in Oregon and the Meidiland series from Conard-Pyle in Pennsylvania. As a group, these landscape roses represent one of the largest influxes in years of new varieties into nurseries, garden centers, and mail-order catalogs. To introduce you to these roses and help you select those that best meet your landscape needs, we put together a chart of 19 of the most widely available varieties.

How to use roses in the landscape? It depends on plant size, growth habit

These roses divide into three basic groups. Low, compact types are excellent edgings along walkways or in narrow beds; they also look good in containers.

More upright varieties are handsome in shrub borders or, planted about 2 feet apart, as an informal hedge.

Spreading varieties are useful as ground covers, particularly on slopes, where their flowers can be viewed straight on or where they can cascade over the edges of walls. As a general guide, space plants 3 to 4 feet apart for an even ground cover. Each variety is hardy, is grown on its own roots (will resprout if killed back), and is relatively care-free.

All but 'Repens Meidiland' are repeat bloomers. We also indicate which varieties produce colorful hips (fruit) in fall and winter. Heights and spreads given are for plants in the ground for two years.

All roses bloom best in full sun and with regular water and fertilizer. To keep low and upright varieties neat and compact, shear back half to two-thirds of their growth in winter.
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Copyright 1989 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

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Date:Jan 1, 1989
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