(1719 - 1720) The hero and shortened title of The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe, of York, Mariner, a novel by Daniel Defoe. Robinson Crusoe runs away to sea, is wrecked, and leads a solitary existence on an uninhabited island near the Orinoco river for twenty - four years. He meets the difficulties of a primitive existence with wonderful ingenuity and finds consolation in reading the Bible. At length he meets a human being, a young native whom he saves from death at the hands of cannibals. He calls him " Man Friday, " because he met him on a Friday, and makes him his companion and servant. Crusoe and Friday share in a variety of adventures which include a fierce battle with cannibals, culminating in their recapturing a mutinous ship and returning to England. Robinson Crusoe is a manual of the qualities that have won the world from barbarism -- courage, patience, ingenuity, and industry. Defoe founded this story on the adventures of Alexander
Selkirk. In a commentary, Serious Reflections of Robinson Crusoe (1720), Defoe claims that the novel is an allegory of his own life.
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|Publication:||Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia, 3rd ed.|
|Article Type:||Reference Source|
|Date:||Jan 1, 1987|
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