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Research staff.

Dr Jane Anderson, Visiting Research Fellow, Intellectual Property, completed her Rockefeller Fellowship at the Smithsonian Institution's Centre for Folklife and Cultural Heritage. While in the United States, Dr Anderson also gave lectures at George Washington University and at Yale. In November 2004, sponsored by a grant from the Australia-India Council, she presented a conference paper in New Delhi. She also presented papers at the Queen Mary Intellectual Property Research Institute in London and at the Max Planck Institute in Munich. Dr Anderson recently signed a contract with Edgar Elgar, a leading publisher in the intellectual property field, for the publication of her doctoral thesis.

Ms Kerry Arabena was appointed as Visiting Research Fellow, Indigenous Social Health, in the Research Program. She had previously completed a three months Visiting Research Fellowship at the Native Title Research Unit where she wrote a scoping paper about the new arrangements in the administration of Indigenous affairs. Ms Arabena, who has a background in social work, is a descendant through her father's mother to the Merriam people in the Torres Strait. Before taking up her fellowship she was the director of the Regional Governance Unit in the Office of Indigenous Policy Co-ordination, Canberra. She has managed health services in rural and remote communities across Australia, and is an internationally recognised expert in sexual and reproductive health.

Ms Arabena has published a research discussion paper: 'Not fit for modern Australian society: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and the new arrangements for the administration of Indigenous affairs', and presented a paper to the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission on Torres Strait Islander issues: 'The overcoming Indigenous disadvantage report 2005', which is being published in the Indigenous Law Bulletin. She is investing in the Cooperative Research Centre's theme of 'social determinants of health', focusing primarily on the development of civil societies, investigating notions of citizenship and wellbeing and strategies to engage people transiting through intergenerational change.

Ms Toni Bauman, Visiting Research Fellow in the Native Title Research Unit, is the manager of the Indigenous Facilitation and Mediation Project (IfaMP) which is now in its third and final year. Ms Bauman delivered several conference presentations and facilitated a number of workshops. With Dr Patrick Sullivan, she convened the 'Theoretical and Practical Frameworks for Dealing with Culture and Conflict' session at the November 2004 AIATSIS Conference in which she presented a paper: 'Culture, conflict and discourses of Indigenous rights, interests and needs in native title'. Papers delivered at the AIATSIS and in the AIATSIS Seminar Series convened by the Indigenous Facilitation and Mediation Project in Semester One were directed towards the development of an issues paper which has now been published by the Native Title Research Unit. The paper, 'Whose benefits? whose rights? Negotiating rights and interests among native title parties', concerns the uneasy intersection of rights discourses in international human rights law, in native title mediation and rights as they may be negotiated among Indigenous people themselves.

Ms Bauman has been involved in facilitating and reporting on a range of project workshops with native title mediators and process experts (project research below) as well as facilitating a workshop for the Australian Indigenous Leadership Centre Diploma Course in Sydney in December 2004. In August and October 2005, Ms Bauman was involved in native title mediation for an Indigenous Land Use Agreement in which there is conflict among the Indigenous parties. The research is directed at ways of adapting mainstream mediation processes to Indigenous needs and involves a partnership between IFaMP/AIATSIS and the Northern Land Council.

Dr Stuart Bradfield will complete his research fellowship based in the Native Title Research Unit, which investigated comprehensive native title settlements and agreement making, in early 2006. Much of this work has been written up in a chapter to appear in a volume edited by Marcia Langton and her team from the University of Melbourne, Settling with Indigenous Peoples. Dr Bradfield is also working on the development of a Comprehensive Regional Agreements Manual based on analysis of local and international agreements carried out over the past three years. He has also undertaken recent work on the changing policy environment in Indigenous affairs which has resulted in advice to Native Title Representative Body CEOs, as well as papers for the Journal of Australian Indigenous Issues and Land, Rights, Laws: Issues of Native Title. The latter paper, which emerged from a session at the 2005 Native Title Conference convened by Dr Bradfield, tracked the debate over communal ownership of Indigenous land and wealth creation. Dr Bradfield also continued to advise NTRBs on various issues related to comprehensive or 'alternative' native title settlements, particularly ongoing work with the South West Aboriginal Land and Sea Council relating to the negotiation of a Comprehensive Regional Agreement with the Western Australian Government, as well as the Aboriginal Legal Rights Movement (South Australia) and Victoria Native Title Services.

Dr Geoff Gray, Research Fellow, Tradition and Transformation, had five peer-reviewed papers and chapters published during the year encompassing studies of anthropological knowledge, native title, history and Aboriginality. He prepared three papers for presentation, covering the careers of several anthropologists and a linguist, and made a major contribution to the Plenary Paper for the AIATSIS 40th Year Conference. Dr Gray was involved in the ARC Discovery Grant 'Collaborating for Indigenous Rights'. He is completing a book on the relationship between anthropologists and government on pastoral stations in northern Australia. His manuscript, 'Controlling and developing: a political history of Australian anthropology, 1920-1960', has been accepted for publication by Aboriginal Studies Press. With Steve Kinnane he convened the seminar series, Writing Indigenous Historical Narratives.

Dr Graham Henderson, Visiting Research Fellow in Social Health, worked on several projects in partnership with a number of Community Controlled Aboriginal Health Services under the aegis of the Cooperative Research Centre for Aboriginal Health. These projects had a particular focus on social and emotional wellbeing from a social determinants framework. He helped to develop a funding application for an international project on resilience entitled 'Indigeneity, Resilience and Best Outcomes for Health' under the International Collaborative Indigenous Health Research Partnerships (ICIHRP) grants on Resilience. Dr Henderson was off-site for three months providing humanitarian aid in Darfur in Sudan. (Further entry under 'Health research' below.)

Mr Glen Kelly is a Visiting Research Fellow in the Native Title Research Unit. Mr Kelly is a Wardandi Nyungar with a background in natural and cultural heritage management and has held positions in community, coordinating cultural heritage projects and assessments, and in government, where he was charged with developing policy and programs for the sustainable management of Aboriginal Lands in Western Australia. He also has considerable native title experience through holding the position of coordinator of the Western Australia Aboriginal Native Title Working Group, an alliance of Native Title Representative Bodies.

Mr Kelly's research interests are in protected area management and, particularly, in systems which facilitate the development of cooperative management arrangements between traditional owners and governments. He also has strong interests in cultural and natural resource management, the sustainable management of lands, and the traditional knowledge and management systems of Indigenous peoples. His research paper, 'Indigenous rights and Indigenous nations or the downhill road to assimilation? Continuing an Indigenous rights dialogue in a difficult age', is to be published in the Journal of Indigenous Policy.

Mr Steve Kinnane began his fellowship in Social Organisation and Expressive Culture in March 2005. He is examining contemporary land and sea management alliances and the integration of Indigenous knowledge systems into resource management regimes within northern Australia. He is also studying the research engagement between international indigenous environmental networks, international sustainability, indigenous rights movements and northern Australian Indigenous stakeholders. In May 2005 he developed with colleagues a successful tender to the National Oceans Office, Department of the Environment and Heritage, for funding for a report: 'A review of Indigenous interests in and connection to sea country in the south west marine region'.

Ms Grace Koch, Native Title Research and Access Officer, along with Doug Moncur, represented AIATSIS at a meeting in Darwin in March towards planning the National Recording Project for Indigenous Music, which is being organised through a group of universities, professional organisations, libraries and archives in conjunction with the Yothu Yindi Foundation. Further planning meetings were held at the Garma Festival in August and at the National Library of Australia in September. At the request of Janet Topp-Fargion, curator of the International Music Collection of the British Library National Sound Archive, Ms Koch gave a radio interview about the recordings of the 1898 Cambridge Expedition to the Torres Strait. The program is part of a BBC4 series highlighting the recordings, which have recently been digitised and made available on-line at the British Library National Sound Archive website.

Ms Koch completed documentation on the context of approximately 120 letters of Alice Moyle that have been digitised as part of a website celebrating Moyle's life and work. She presented an address at the funeral of Moyle in April, and has written obituaries for Moyle that have appeared in the media and in journals. With Jane Anderson, she attended a conference of the International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives in Barcelona, Spain, in September, presenting a paper, 'Negotiating the maze: ethical issues for audiovisual archivists', served as secretary of the Research Archives Section of the organisation, chaired a session on audiovisual archives and research, and wrote a review of the conference for the IASA journal. Ms Koch collaborated on producing a chapter on performing arts, sports and games for the Macquarie Atlas of Indigenous Australia.

Dr Patrick McConvell, Research Fellow, Language and Society, participated in the ARC project, 'How mixed language input affects child language development: case studies from Central Australia', with resulting publications appearing this year including a special issue of the Australian Journal of Linguistics on 'Language Shift, Code-mixing and Variation' edited by him with Margaret Florey (Monash). He participated in a workshop on the project at the Max Planck Institute, Nijmegen, in April 2005. Dr McConvell was recently co-awarded a grant of Euro 300 000 from the Volkswagen Foundation for research on the language and related cultures of the Victoria River District (with Eva Schultze-Berndt, Graz University), and carried out initial discussions with communities and fieldwork with the team at Timber Creek and Kalkarindji / Daguragu.

The National Indigenous Language Survey (NILS) report was completed in May 2005, with Dr McConvell taking a lead role in its planning and writing as well as the supervision of Doug Marmion and Dr Kazuko Obata. The report is due for publication by the Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts (DCITA) in December 2005. The AUSTLANG (Web-based Indigenous language database) was upgraded, with a beta-testing version going on-line in March 2005. A Dictionary Making Workshop was also organised and hosted by Dr McConvell and Dr Obata in June 2005 with a grant from ATSIS and DCITA.

Dr Heather McDonald has completed her Visiting Research Fellowship in Indigenous Social Health, investigating cultural factors that facilitate or inhibit health and health delivery, especially in relation to cardiovascular and respiratory illnesses. Her most recent papers are: 'East Kimberley concepts of health and illness: a contribution to intercultural health programs in northern Aboriginal Australia', 'Australian Aboriginal traditional healing practices', and 'Culture in health research and practice'. All are to be published in 2006. Heather is particularly interested in provider-client relationships, treatment regimes, and chronic disease management programs. Currently, treatment regimes are tailored to the requirements of atomistic, self-motivating individuals. Chronic disease self-management programs are articulated in terms of future-oriented, goal-directed individuals who adhere to an ethic of delayed gratification. Aboriginal people, from Redfern to Elcho Island, live in relational cultures and demonstrate relational autonomy and family efficacies.

Dr Kazuko Obata was appointed as a Language Officer in March 2005. Her primary responsibility is the management of language-related projects carried out at AIATSIS. The first development of AUSTLANG was completed in June 2005 and Dr Obata has been organising its second development towards public launch which is expected to take place in 2006. She also maintains ASEDA (Aboriginal Studies Electronic Data Archive), which holds electronic materials on Indigenous languages. Dr Obata assisted Dr McConvell in collating the NILS report which AIATSIS was contracted to write by DCITA. Dr Obata and Dr McConvell organised and held a Dictionary Making Workshop at AIATSIS with the grant from ATSIS and DCITA.

Dr Patrick Sullivan, Visiting Research Fellow, Regional Organisation and Governance, finished his term as Acting Director of Research and continued research on his fellowship. He began discussions with research partners over a new project on whole-of-government approaches to Indigenous service delivery. He will situate this within the fields of the anthropology of organisations and the anthropology of policy. He is negotiating the participation of the Office of Indigenous Policy Coordination and has the support of the Desert Knowledge Cooperative Research Centre and the Indigenous Community Governance Project (CAEPR, ANU). Dr Sullivan completed the co-editing of a volume of papers for the Australian Journal of Anthropology called 'Delimiting cultures' and gave a paper at the Fifth International Critical Management Studies Conference in Cambridge (UK) on Aboriginal political life and community governance.

Dr Anthea-Jo Taylor, Education and Cultural Transmission Visiting Research Fellow, began her fellowship in June 2005. Dr Taylor has carried out research on Indigenous education and curriculum development for over 25 years and has previously held academic positions at Edith Cowan University, Curtin University and the University of Western Australia. She has undertaken field studies in the Kimberley and Gascoyne regions of Western Australia and Metropolitan Perth.

Dr Lisa Strelein, Research Fellow and Manager of the Native Title Research Unit, conducted research on native title and self-government, comprehensive agreements, native title practice and the legal concept of native title. Dr Strelein met regularly with staff of the Office of Indigenous Policy Coordination as well as with the Native Title Research Advisory Committee and other key stakeholders. Dr Strelein's ARC partnership with Professor George Williams and Professor Larissa Behrendt culminated in the publication of Treaty (Federation Press, 2005), coauthored with Sean Brennan, which was launched at the Sydney Writers Festival. The ARC partnership also held a conference, Indigenous Health and the Treaty Debate, in September 2004. Dr Strelein presented papers and received requests to republish material in various collections. She also continued as a member of the editorial committees for the journal Balayi: Culture, Law and Colonialism and the Native Title Research Unit's issues paper series Land, Rights, Laws: Issues of Native Title.

Dr Luke Taylor, Deputy Principal--Research, assisted with the launch of the exhibition Rarrk, John Mawurndjul Journey Through Time in Northern Australia at the Museum Tinguely, Basel. This was the first major retrospective of the work of a living Aboriginal artist to be held outside of Australia. The exhibition was shown in Basel from 21 September 2005 to 29 January 2006 and later at the Sprengel Museum, Hanover, from 19 February to 5 June 2006. Jon Mawurndjul has also been working with Brenda Croft (National Gallery of Australia) and Hetti Perkins (Art Gallery of NSW) developing an installation of his work at the Musee du Quai Branly in Paris. Luke worked with the Kuninjku-speaking bark painter, John Mawurndjul, and his family for many years and wrote an essay on the artist's development and creativity for the catalogue of the exhibition which is published in German, French and English.

John Mawurndjul and his wife, Kay Lindjuwanga, travelled to Basel for the opening and participated in public programs including an interpretive walkthrough and a two-day academic symposium associated with the opening. Luke Taylor, Jon Altman and other Australian researchers, Howard Morphy, Gary Foley, Judith Ryan, and Apolline Kohen, manager of Maningrida Arts and Culture where Mawurndjul lives, presented papers at the Basel symposium. The symposium also included art historians and anthropologists from around Europe, and discussions involved a consideration of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander art as contemporary art on a world stage and how art history as an academic discipline addresses the contemporary work of different societies. There was also a discussion of the current Australian government policy framework for managing Indigenous affairs. Strong concern was expressed for the relatively fragile support of the arts industry in the face of major changes proposed to key government programs.

Dr Peter Veth, in addition to being Director of the Research Program this year, has been involved in collaborative research programs in the Western Desert/Goldfields with several Aboriginal communities, relevant representative bodies and other researchers. The main project concerned the ongoing documentation of the archaeology, art and cultural landscapes of the remote Western Desert area east of the central Canning Stock Route. Surveys, site documentation, rock-art recording (with colleagues) and land-use data were collected with Martu and Birribulu custodians and the Ngaanyatjarra Land Council. This included a major occupation site and corpus of rock-art which were still being used by remote groups in the 1970s, the details of which have been presented to the Centre for Archaeological Research seminar series at the Australian National University, and the annual general meetings of the Australian Archaeological Association (October and November 2005).

This year saw the finalisation and publishing of three books and edited volumes based on previous ARC and other nationally competitive grants. These were Desert peoples: archaeological perspectives with Mike Smith and Peter Hiscock (Blackwell Publishing, Oxford); Prehistory of the Aru Islands with Sue O'Connor and Matthew Spriggs (Terra Australis, ANU) and Archaeology and native title with Rodney Harrison and Jo McDonald (AAS 2005/1, AIATSIS). A monograph on the Montebello Islands to be published by the Western Australian Museum (with Ken Aplin, Lynley Wallis, Tim Pulsford, Tiina Manne and John Chappell) was submitted in November. Dr Veth will complete his tenure as Director of Research early in 2006.

Dr Graeme Ward, Research Fellow, Human Relationships with Landscapes through Time, continued his research in the Wadeye area into cultural heritage tourism management, ranging across the specifics of 'condition reporting' and related conservation measures through techniques of visitor management, issues of ownership and control of use of intellectual property, and implementation of applied projects. He again collaborated with traditional owners and museum staff on field research at Palumpa and the Fitzmaurice River south of Wadeye-Port Keats during September and October this year.

Dr Ward prepared for publication papers presented at international conferences the previous year, and made further presentations at the University of Auckland and to Conservation and Tourism staff in Wellington, to the 2005 AURA Inter-Congress in Cairns, to staff and others at the OLSH School at Wadeye, and to the Stanner Conference at the Australian National University in November 2005. He saw published two volumes of papers from AIATSIS Conference 2001 (The Power of Knowledge, the Resonance of Tradition), including the first electronic publication of conference proceedings by the Institute's Research Program. Dr Ward also edited discussion papers and two editions of Australian Aboriginal Studies.

Research Program Visitors

Dr Les Hiatt, an AIATSIS Honorary Visiting Fellow, is continuing his research into Aboriginal moral lexicons, and sorting and cataloguing his extensive collection of papers for deposit in the Institute's archives. He was recently interviewed at Cambridge University by Professor Alan Macfarlane in the video series Films of anthropological and other 'ancestors'. This is available at: <http: // www.alanmacfarlane.com / ancestors / index.html>.

Professor Colin Tatz continued his Honorary Visiting Fellowship, working on a reference work: 'The politics of property: Aboriginal land policies 1966-2006'.

The NTRU hosted Ms Donna Oxenham, an Indigenous researcher whose family come from the Shark Bay/Carnarvon region in the north-west of Western Australia. She is completing her masters thesis investigating issues of identity and cultural continuity with communities from the south-west of Western Australia.

Dr Morgan Brigg, a trainer and mediator currently working with the Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies at the University of Queensland, spent several weeks with IFaMP during May 2005. During this time he delivered a joint presentation with Mr Patrick McIntyre, barrister and co-chair of the Mawul Rom Cross-Cultural Mediation and Leadership Program, as part of the AIATSIS Seminar Series. The presentation focused on issues associated with the development of appropriate training in the cross-cultural context with prospects for improved practice. Dr Brigg made valuable contributions to current research efforts undertaken by the project.

Health research

Dr Gordon Briscoe, Ms Jilpia Nappaljari Jones and Ms Leila Smith continued their research on the National Trachoma and Eye Health Program History Project, and published a summary of aspects of this project in the November/December 2005 issue of the Aboriginal & Islander Health Worker Journal. They have also been awarded a $25 000 grant from the Fred Hollows Foundation to complete the book of this project in 2006.

The Health Research Team at AIATSIS, comprising Ms Kerry Arabena, Ms Jilpia Nappaljari Jones, Ms Leila Smith, Associate Professor Steve Larkin, and Dr Graham Henderson, together with researchers at the Healthpact Research Centre for Health Promotion and Well-being at the University of Canberra, and researchers at the National Institute for Indigenous Australia at the Australian National University, have formed a research partnership with Winnunga Nimmityjah Aboriginal Health Service led by Ms Julie Tongs, and the Muuji Regional Centre for Social and Emotional Well-being led by Ms Jodie Fisher, to develop a holistic model of health care delivery for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander inmates of the new ACT gaol. This research will be funded mainly by a $100 000 grant from ACT Healthpact, and supported by the Cooperative Research Centre for Aboriginal Health.

Native Title Research Unit (NTRU)

The NTRU, located within the Institute's Research Program, was established in 1993 through collaboration between ATSIC and AIATSIS in response to the High Court decision in Mabo v Queensland [No.2] (1992), which recognised Indigenous peoples' rights to land under the legal concept of native title. The NTRU plays a key role in coordinating information, developing capacity and facilitating policy debate within the native title system.

In addition to specific research projects of Fellows within the Unit, the NTRU produces publications and resources for the native title sector. NTRU's in-house publications, the issues paper series Land, Rights, Laws: Issues of Native Title, and the Native Title Newsletter, have been redesigned to improve readability and reduce production costs.

In April 2005 the NTRU hosted a Claims Research Management workshop for staff of native title representative bodies (NTRBs). The purpose of the workshop was to provide an opportunity for NTRB staff to share information about different approaches to claims research management. Feedback from the workshop was extremely positive with participants highlighting the value of exchanging precedents with colleagues from other representative bodies. Also in April 2005, NTRU hosted a forum for native title researchers to share information about current native title research projects, identify opportunities for collaboration and discuss future research priorities.

The Native Title Research and Access Officer, Ms Grace Koch, undertook a survey of planning done by NTRBs in relation to the future of documents generated by the native title process. The results of this survey were disseminated to all NTRBs, and further discussed and examined in a workshop for NTRBs at the 2005 Native Title Conference held in June 2005 at Coifs Harbour.

Indigenous Facilitation and Mediation Project, NTRU

Toni Bauman and Jess Clements write:

IFaMP is now in its third and final year and concludes on 30 June 2006. Research aims for this final year involve the consolidation of work carried out to date. They include:

* development of a succession plan in relation to IFaMP's findings regarding the need for a national network of Indigenous facilitators and mediators over the long term;

* finalising of IFaMP training and evaluation frameworks through workshopping with NTRBs;

* finalising policy guidelines in decision making and conflict management for NTRBs and others through workshopping with an NTRB;

* development of guidelines for native title applicants in their decision-making and conflict management roles and responsibilities; and

* contextualising of research outcomes in a case study by piloting a mainstream mediation process and its adaptation to Indigenous needs in an Indigenous Land Use Agreement.

Two IFaMP workshops of native title mediation practitioners in February and March 2005--the first solely for Indigenous practitioners--recommended that IFaMP pursue the development of a national network of Indigenous facilitators and mediators in a whole-of-government approach. Such a network has direct relevance to new government policies involving Shared Responsibility and Regional Participation Agreements where there is an urgent need for arms-length third party process expertise, and would necessarily involve building Indigenous capacity to own processes and sustainable outcomes.

Reports on both mediation practitioner workshops are available on IFaMP's website which is now a considerable resource and research output (<www. aiatsis.gov.au\ifamp.htm>). Some of the presentations from the AIATSIS Seminar Series for Semester One 2005, which was convened by IFaMP, are also on the web, as are a series of IFaMP Reports (Numbers 1-4) including a report on workshops held with NTRBs (Williams & Bauman, Report 2), a bibliography on conflict management and decision making (Brockwell, Eggerking, Morphy & Bauman, Report 4), and the results of a survey of native title mediation practitioners by Ms Rhian Williams (Report 3).

Jess Clements and Toni Bauman facilitated an IFaMP workshop (Implementing the Recommendations of the NTRB Report--Indigenous Facilitation and Mediation Project), at the AIATSIS Native Title Conference at Coifs Harbour in June 2005. The workshop explored recommendations and issues raised in the Report on native title representative body workshops: directions, priorities and challenges (Williams & Bauman, 2004). Toni also made a number of workshop presentations to communicate the results of IFaMP's research, including to a NTRB CEO Forum and to the Federal Court of Australia Native Title Workshop in April 2005.

IFaMP has produced several user-friendly briefing papers for NTRBs and others, including a one-page flier on complaints processes in native title mediation, a poster setting out definitions of the range of negotiation processes including facilitation, mediation, negotiation, arbitration and conciliation, and a paper setting out issues associated with the establishment, maintenance and distribution of a list of Indigenous mediators and facilitators.

Considerable research has been undertaken to drafting a training resource for NTRBs and others in Indigenous decision making and conflict management, including existing training products, pathways and providers. This resource will be accompanied by an evaluation framework, both of which will be revised after workshopping with NTRBs in the near future.
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Title Annotation:NEWS AND INFORMATION
Publication:Australian Aboriginal Studies
Geographic Code:8AUST
Date:Sep 22, 2005
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