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Research Fellows and Visiting Research Fellows.

Dr Jane Anderson, Visiting Research Fellow--Intellectual Property, continued her theoretical investigation into archives, archiving culture and documentation, the classification of Indigenous knowledge and the intellectual property (IP) implications for controlling knowledge. She spent one month with the Galiwin'ku community, Elcho Island, working with the Knowledge Centre that is concerned to develop archival storage, and knowledge protection and dissemination, and assisting in the development of an IP Protocol that will include accessible information about IP, while observing the various community processes involved. Dr Anderson contacted and met with key representatives from national cultural institutions--including the Northern Territory Library and Information Services, Queensland Library Services, Australian Museum, Art Gallery of NSW, ScreenSound Australia--taking a leading role in developing guidelines, or protocols, for Indigenous IP. She participated in the ongoing assessment of future intellectual property implications for AIATSIS re-digital technology, and DAMS (Digital Asset Management System).

During the past year, Dr Anderson published several papers relating to her position, including: 'Indigenous communal moral rights: the utility of an ineffective law' (Indigenous Law Bulletin 5); 'The politics of Indigenous knowledge: Australia's communal moral rights bill' (UNSW Law Journal 27); 'Communal moral rights: a failure of language and imagination' (Australian Intellectual Property Law Bulletin 17); and (with G Koch) 'Politics of context: issues for law, researchers and the creation of databases' (in L Barwick, A Marett and J Simpson (eds), Researchers, communities, institutions, sound recordings, University of Sydney). She presented papers at conferences and workshops, including a presentation to the Advisory Council on IP, Cairns (July); 'Remembering the copyright cases: authorship and originality in Aboriginal music' to the Symposium of the International Musicological Society, Melbourne (July); 'Problems of identification in intellectual property law: the case of Indigenous knowledge' Centre for Cross-Cultural Research at the Australian National University, Canberra (August); and 'Authors, owners and archives: a working paper' in the AIATSIS seminar series (August). Dr Anderson convened two sessions at the AIATSIS Conference 2004: 'Towards a National Strategy for Intellectual Property and the Protection of Indigenous Knowledge' (with Henrietta Fourmile-Marrie), and 'What is a Knowledge Centre? A Contemporary Approach to Indigenous Cultural Resource Management' (with Jessica De Largy Healy). The former has a secretariat that will be working on the direction and ideas for the development of the national strategy that incorporates both IP and non-IP strategies, and to glean pertinent ideas that are occurring internationally and nationally.

Dr Anderson was awarded a prestigious Rockefeller Foundation 'Theorising Cultural Heritage' Fellowship to be undertaken at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC, in 2005.

Dr Stuart Bradfield, Visiting Research Fellow in the Native Title Research Unit, continued his research project investigating 'comprehensive' approaches to settling native title claims. This has involved examining the nature of native title agreements (in a paper delivered to the AIATSIS seminar series in August 2004), as well as investigating the relationship between native title agreements and other processes, including the whole of government policy framework for Indigenous affairs. This project includes longitudinal case study research (particularly with the South West Aboriginal Land and Sea Council) as well as comparative and theoretical research papers, and reports.

Dr Bradfield convened the AIATSIS seminar series for the first semester of 2004, entitled 'Regionalism, Indigenous Governance and Decision Making'. With Professor Colin Tatz he also convened the 'Sharing Land and the Politics of Property' stream at the AIATSIS Conference, in November 2004, which included speakers from South Africa, Canada and Aotearoa/New Zealand. He delivered a paper in this session, on 'Native title and comprehensive settlements'. Dr Bradfield has recently published 'The single Noongar claim: negotiating native title in the south west' (with Dr Lisa Strelein), and 'indigenous Affairs: post ATSIC, not post-colonial'. He has also had articles on agreement making and treaty accepted for publication in forthcoming editions of the Australian Journal of Politics and History, and Balayi: Culture, Law and Colonialism, and has an article on the nature of native title agreement making currently being considered by the Australian Journal of Political Science.

Toni Bauman, Visiting Research Fellow, Indigenous Facilitation and Mediation Project, Native Title Research Unit, has been managing the Indigenous Facilitation and Mediation Project, which is now in its second year, and carrying out related research. A key aim for the first year of the project was to raise awareness of the issues around facilitation and mediation in native title. Ms Bauman delivered presentations at conferences including the Native Title Conference in Adelaide in June 2004 and the Seventh National Mediation Conference in Darwin in July 2004. Presentations addressed issues of anthropological praxis in Indigenous decision-making and dispute management, and mediation and facilitation practice issues in the native title context.

Ms Bauman was sponsored to travel overseas to conferences on two occasions. In November 2003, under sponsorship from the Minerals Council of Australia, she delivered a joint presentation with Rhian Williams at the Asia Pacific Mediation Forum in Singapore around Indigenous land issues and developing mediation practice. With sponsorship from Newmont Australia, she participated in a panel at the New Humanities Conference in Prato, Italy, in July 2004, presenting a paper entitled 'Australian Indigenous "cultures", conflict and categorisation'. Ms Bauman is co-editing a special issue for submission to the Australian Journal of Anthropology with colleague and AIATSIS Visiting Research Fellow, Dr Patrick Sullivan, around the themes of 'de-limiting culture' and theoretical approaches to the notion of boundaries. In the first half of 2005, she will coordinate the AIATSIS seminar series around issues relating to facilitating Indigenous decision making and managing conflict, particularly in native title. Papers presented in this series, along with other research papers produced through the project, will form the basis of a volume for publication. Ms Bauman has also been involved in facilitating and reporting on a range of project workshops with native title representative bodies, evaluation specialists and mediation centres (see reference below).

Brendan Delahunty is Project Officer for the 'Policing implications of illicit drug use in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities' study, a 12month review of issues associated with the policing of cannabis, amphetamine and other illicit drug use in rural and remote communities. The National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund (NDLERF) commissioned AIATSIS and the Australian Institute of Criminology to research these issues and provide advice for police. The study focuses on Western Australia, South Australia, the Northern Territory and Queensland, gathering information through fieldwork in regional locations, consultations with key informants, surveys of police, reviews of literature and legislation, and related sources. The project formally commenced on 1 April 2004. It is on schedule, with substantial work completed in relation to all components of the research, including visits to Kalgoorlie and the Ngaanyatjarra Lands in Western Australia, the Rockhampton District in Queensland, the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Lands in South Australia, and the Tiwi Islands, Northern Territory. Despite the sensitive nature of the subject material, the project has been very well received and is yielding high-quality information. Support and advice have been received from a number of key players, including the Aboriginal Drug and Alcohol Council Director, Scott Wilson, Queensland Alcohol and Drug Research and Education Centre Research Fellow, Coralie Ober, and the Australian National Council on Drugs Chairman, Brian Watters. We are also sharing information with National Drug Research Institute researchers who have been tasked by NDLERF to investigate inhalant misuse in Indigenous communities.

Dr Geoffrey Gray, Research Fellow, Tradition and Transformation, presented papers to: Colonialism and Its Aftermath Conference, University of Tasmania, 23-25 June 2004, entitled 'A responsibility to foster the "well-being and progress of the natives"'; AHA Biennial Conference, University of Newcastle, 4-9 July 2004, entitled 'White women held captive in Arnhem Land? SD Porteus, psychological testing and Neanderthal man'; and 175th Anniversary State Conference, Western Australian Twenty Twenty-Nine: 'A shared journey, 17-19 November, "I wonder if our tents will arrive in time": Ralph Piddington, Marjorie Piddington and Gerhardt Laves at La Grange, 1930'. This paper is part of a larger work on anthropologists in the field between 1920 and 1950, tentatively entitled 'Adventures in anthropology'. He has recently completed a political history of anthropology in Australia, 1920-60, which is due to be submitted to Aboriginal Studies Press.

During the past six months Dr Gray had published 'Mr Chinnery should be given the recognition he deserves: EWP Chinnery in the Northern Territory' (Journal of Northern Territory History 15:21-33); and has several papers in press. As well, Dr Gray is preparing an examination of 'Eaglehawk and Crow' and how it has impacted and influenced the development of Indigenous Studies at the Institute; this enabled him to write, with the assistance of Jacquie Lambert, a plenary paper for AIATSIS Conference 2004, an overview of '40 years of AIAS/ AIATSIS', for the Chair of the AIATSIS Council.

Dr Graham Henderson, Visiting Research Fellow in Health, is continuing his research in three areas: (1) a project on Indigenous social and emotional wellbeing with the Muuji Regional Centre for Social and Emotional Well-being, the Armidale Regional Centre for Social and Emotional Well-being, and the Australian National University Institute for Indigenous Australia; (2) the National Trachoma and Eye Health Program History Project in collaboration with the Australian Centre for Indigenous History, Australian National University; (3) writing on Indigenous health policy making, with particular foci on: evidence-based policy making; and practical recolonisation policy making. As well, he continued to develop and strengthen collaborative research associations with other partners within the Cooperative Research Centre for Aboriginal Health (CRCAH) and other relevant organisations in the area of the social determinants of Indigenous health; to represent AIATSIS (as a researcher) on key advisory groups that influence policy making and practice in Indigenous health, and particularly those groups that have a focus on the social determinants of health in harmony with CRCAH and AIATSIS research interests; and to support the AIATSIS National Law Enforcement Research Fund consultancy (in collaboration with the Australian Institute of Criminology) on the 'Policing implications of cannabis, amphetamine and other illicit drug use in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' communities'. He is also involved in the AIATSIS-led NHMRC International Collaborative Indigenous Health Research Partnership Grant Application on Resilience with colleagues from New Zealand, Canada and other organisations in Australia.

During 2004, Dr Henderson completed three review papers on social and emotional well-being, social capital, and the physical environment, commissioned by the CRCAH for the July 2004 CRCAH Social Determinants of Health Workshop. He attended workshops and conferences to present or co-present several papers, including at the CRCAH Social Determinants of Health Workshop held at Flinders University in Adelaide (July 2004), and the IUHPE (International Union for Health Promotion and Education) Eighteenth World Conference on Health Promotion and Health Education in Melbourne (April 2004). Dr Henderson has several publications in press and in preparation relating to the various projects with which he is involved.

In July 2004, Dr Patrick McConvell, Research Fellow, Language and Society, attended a symposium on Bilingual Education for Minority Languages in Urumqi, Xinjiang, China, as part of an Australian delegation on behalf of HREOC (Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission). He gave a paper, 'Two-way exchange: human rights and languages in Indigenous Australia'. In September, with Margaret Florey of Monash University, he convened an international symposium (Language Contact, Hybrids and New Varieties: Emergent Possessive Constructions) at Monash University (<http://www. html>), and gave two papers: 'Possessive constructions: issues in contact and change' and 'Changing possessives in Australian creoles and mixed codes (Light Warlpiri, Gurindji Kriol)' with Felicity Meakins and Carmel O'Shannessy. (These papers are to appear in Monash Working Papers in Linguistics.) Also with Margaret Florey he is editing a special issue of Australian Journal of Linguistics on 'Language shift, code-mixing and variation'.

Dr McConvell is continuing work with the ARC-funded Aboriginal Children's Language Acquisition Project in four Central Australian locations with a team including staff and students from Melbourne and Sydney Universities and the Max-Planck Institute of Psychololinguistics in the Netherlands (<http:// ACLA>). In October, members of the team gave a talk about the project in the AIATSIS seminar series. Dr McConvell is currently writing the report for the National Indigenous Language Survey (with an AIATSIS team, for DCITA) and developing the Web Indigenous Languages Database at AIATSIS, with Doug Marmion and the University of Melbourne Computer Science Department. He also organised AIATSIS conference sessions: 'Mapping the Shared Terrain' with Andrew Turk (Murdoch), and 'Making Dictionaries' with Jenny Green (IAD); the latter led on to a two-day workshop at AIATSIS on 26 and 27 November.

Dr Heather McDonald, Visiting Research Fellow in Indigenous Social Health, is investigating cultural and environmental factors facilitating or inhibiting Indigenous health and health delivery, especially in relation to cardiovascular and respiratory illness. She presented the following papers: 'Using Indigenous concepts and practices in health promotion programs' at the IUHPE 18th World Conference, Melbourne, 29 April 2004; 'Culture in health research and practice' at the CRCAH Social Determinants Workshop, Adelaide, 5-6 July 2004; 'Factors which inhibit successful Indigenous participation in health service delivery in northern Australia' at the National SARRAH (Services for Australian Rural and Remote Allied Health) Conference, Alice Springs, 27 August 2004. Heather has recently returned from two months fieldwork in East Kimberley. She has been examining the conflict between Indigenous values (kinship principles, child-rearing practices, work practices, concepts of time, and convivial sociality) and the Western values inherent in health promotion and health service delivery practices.

Dr Lisa Strelein, Research Fellow and Manager of the Native Title Research Unit (NTRU), continued her research on native title and self-government, comprehensive agreements, native title practice and the legal concept of native title. As Manager of NTRU, Dr Strelein met regularly with staff of the Native Title and Land Rights Branch (ATSIS) and, subsequently, the Land Rights Services Branch (OIPC) as well as the NTRU Research Advisory Committee. She continued her collaborative research work with the South West Aboriginal Land and Sea Council, and with Dr Bradfield published 'The single Noongar claim: negotiating native title in the south west' in the Indigenous Law Bulletin.

Dr Strelein convened the Native Title Conference 2004: Building Relationships, held in Adelaide 3-4 June. She presented a paper based on her chapter, 'Symbolism and function: from native title to Indigenous self-government', in Honour among nations, a collection of papers edited by Marcia Langton and others. Together with Professor John Borrows (International Indigenous Visiting Fellow, hosted by NTRU), she also provided a commentary on a series of papers on regional autonomy at the conference. Dr Strelein's ARC partnership with Professors George Williams and Larissa Behrendt will result in a co-authored book (also with Sean Brennan), Public law implications of a treaty between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, which has been accepted for publication by Federation Press. The ARC partnership also held a conference on Indigenous Health and the Treaty Debate.

Dr Strelein also continued her collaborative work with the Murray Darling Indigenous Nations and the Project Managers of the Indigenous Action Plan. Together with Monica Morgan and Jessica Weir she published 'Indigenous rights to water in the Murray Darling Basin: in support of the Indigenous Final Report to the Living Murray Initiative' (AIATSIS, Research Discussion Paper). Dr Strelein's work on native title and oceans policy was reproduced in a collection of papers on Water and fishing rights, edited by Paul Kauffman. During the year she provided advice to several undergraduate, honours, masters and PhD students, and assessed two PhD theses. She continues as a member of the editorial committees for the journal Balayi: Culture, Law and Colonialism and the NTRU's Issues Paper series Land, Rights, Laws: Issues of Native Title.

Dr Strelein was invited to be a Visiting Fellow with the Faculty of Law and Native Law Students Association, University of Victoria, and a Visiting Scholar at the University of Arizona Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy Program and the Native Nations Institute (home to the Harvard Project) during October-November 2004. During this time she presented seminars, and public and student lectures. On invitation, she has contributed an article ('From Mabo to Yorta Yorta: native title law in Australia') to the Washington University Journal of Law and Policy (Spring 2005) special edition entitled 'International and comparative perspectives on indigenous rights'.

Dr Patrick Sullivan, Visiting Research Fellow, Indigenous Regional Organisation and Governance, has been Acting Deputy Director of Research since September 2003, and occasionally Acting Director of Research and Deputy Principal (Research), so progress on his book about policy developments in the Kimberley since the early 1980s has been slow. Several seminar and conference papers have developed the conceptual framework for the book and will contribute to chapters. Among these are a seminar paper on 'Aboriginal political life in relation to the Harvard Project on Indian economic development', which was given at AIATSIS in May, and a seminar paper, 'In search of the intercultural, in search of the culture', also given in May, at the Australian National University. The paper he delivered to the New Directions in the Humanities Conference, Prato, Italy, 'The culture effect', will also inform future work. He has recently completed two substantial pieces of work: a report on governance for Indigenous nations, for the Murray Darling Basin Commission Indigenous Action Plan, and a paper, with Katharine Oliver, on governance as a social determinant of health outcomes for the CRC for Aboriginal Health. He is currently planning research into whole-of-government service delivery in the Kimberley in association with the Cooperative Research Centre for Desert Knowledge and CAEPR (Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, ANU).

Dr Luke Taylor is currently the Acting Deputy Principal (Collections) of AIATSIS. Recent research has been directed to the development of the Crossing Country exhibition that opened at the Art Gallery of New South Wales in September 2004. Partners on this exhibition included Maningrida Arts and Culture, through Ms Apolline Kohen, and the artists, the Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research at ANU through Professor Jon Altman, and the Art Gallery of New South Wales team led by Ms Hetti Perkins. This landmark exhibition traces the development of western Arnhem Land bark-painting and includes early works collected by Baldwin Spencer, Charles Mountford, Ron Berndt and Karel Kupka, as well as numerous more contemporary examples. Dr Taylor conducted research in 2003 with artists that led to the production of a film produced by the Art Gallery of New South Wales and interviews with the artists that were also transcribed for the catalogue by Dr Murray Garde. Dr Taylor returned to Arnhem Land for two weeks in July 2004 to conduct research for an essay in the Crossing Country catalogue and a paper delivered at the symposium associated with the opening. He is currently preparing an essay for an exhibition sponsored by the Museum Tinguely and Museum der Kulturen in Basel. This exhibition features bark-paintings collected by Karel Kupka and a retrospective of the work of John Mawurndjul, a Kuninjku-speaking artist of world renown.

During 2004, Dr Peter Veth has been Acting Director of Research and subsequently Deputy Principal (Research). In May-June he carried out collaborative research on archaeology, rock-art and history with Martu custodians at the Calvert and Carnarvon Ranges, located to the east and south of the Canning Stock Route. Other researchers included Dr Jo McDonald, Professor Bob Tonkinson and Dr Bill Kruse. These exceptionally rich and remote ranges are coming under increasing impact from tourism and urgently require management regimes headed by Martu from the homelands. The volume Desert peoples: archaeological perspectives (co-edited with Drs Mike Smith and Peter Hiscock) (Blackwell Publishing) has been completed and went on sale in November. It will be formally launched at the opening of the National Museum of Australia's major exhibition Extremes (an exhibition on desert societies which will tour the world) early in 2005. A volume on the archaeology of the Aru Islands (south of West Papua), which were once part of Greater Australia, has also been completed (co-edited with Dr Sue O'Connor and Professor Matthew Spriggs) and will be published as a Terra Australis by the Australian National University. Invitation presentations were also made in the plenary sessions of the fiftieth anniversaries of the Great Basin Anthropological Conference in Nevada and at California State University at Sacramento. Peter delivered the Inaugural Memorial Norman Tindale Lecture in Adelaide on 28 November.

During July and August 2004, Dr Graeme Ward, Research Fellow--Human Relationships with Landscapes through Time, conducted field research with traditional owners of areas near Palumpa and the Fitzmaurice River south of Wadeye-Port Keats, in collaboration with Mark Crocombe of the Kanamkek-Yile Museum at Wadeye. In August 2004, he made a seminar presentation, 'Wadeye, Northern Territory: recording and dating of rock-markings and their potential for cultural heritage tourism', on this research in the second series of AIATSIS seminars; he presented a paper on this work to the fortieth Valcamonica Symposium held at Boario Terme in September 2004; he convened the Institute's major conference, Indigenous Studies--Sharing the Cultural and Theoretical Space: Conference2004, held at the Australian National University during November 2004; he co-convened a symposium, Rock Art Management and Education Programs for Site Visitors, at the Tenth International Rock Art Congress in Agra, India. Dr Ward edited the first and second issue of the Institute's journal, Australian Aboriginal Studies (2004); and finalised editing of the AIATSIS Conference 2001 collected papers, due for publication soon.
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Publication:Australian Aboriginal Studies
Geographic Code:8AUST
Date:Sep 22, 2004
Previous Article:Books received for review 2004/2.
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