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Republic of Macedonia remains in the "high human development" category: new edition of annual Human Development Report evaluates 40 years of development data, introduces new approaches to measuring inequality, gender bias and poverty. The Republic of Macedonia is now ranked 71 out of 169 countries.

The data produced for the 2010 Human Development Report shows that the Republic of Macedonia remains in the "high human development" category.

Over the past fifteen years - between 1995 and 2010, the country has achieved steady progress. The Human Development Index (HDI) has increased from 0.634 to 0.701, which is very close to the average for Eastern Europe and Central Asia. The country is now ranked 71 out of 169 countries.

This is a result of several factors, which include: increased life expectancy at birth by over 2 years; average years of schooling increased by almost 2 years; and increased per capita Gross National Income (GNI) of 41%.

In terms of schooling, in the region, the Czech Republic and Estonia perform the best with an average of 12 years. This country has an average of 8.2 years, which places it among the lowest levels.

Belarus and the Republic of Macedonia are leaders in the region when it comes to female political participation at the national level, with at least 30% of parliamentary seats going to women candidates.

As regards labour force participation, the country has very acute gender inequalities women's participation in the labour force. The female labour participation rate in the country, for example, is lower than that of males - gender gap in the labour force participation is nearly 30% in 2009.

This year's 20th anniversary edition of the Human Development Report (HDR), The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development, produces data to show that human development achievements are possible even without fast growth. Similarly, countries that achieve high growth rates do not always do well in terms of education and health. Overall, the Report shows that most developing countries have made dramatic gains in health, education and basic living standards in recent decades, with the many of the poorest countries achieving the greatest gains.


The Report was officially launched at UN Headquarters in New York on 4th November by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, UNDP Administrator Helen Clark and Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen, a principle architect of the report's Human Development Index. 1

At the launch, Helen Clark, UNDP Administrator, said: "The Report shows that people today are healthier, wealthier and better educated than before. While not all trends are positive, there is much that countries can do to improve people's lives, even in adverse conditions. This requires courageous local leadership as well as the continuing commitment of the international community."

The Report, commissioned annually by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), continues an approach that puts people at the centre of development. The first HDR released in 1990 argued that "people are the real wealth of a nation", and that health and education should be given as much weight as income in measuring a country's development. The ultimate goal of development, the authors stated, is the expansion of people's choices and freedoms.

UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, said, "The Human Development Reports have changed the way we see the world. We have learned that while economic growth is very important, what ultimately matters is using national income to give all people a chance at a longer, healthier and more productive life."

Findings for Eastern Europe and Central Asia

For the region of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the overview presented in the 2010 Human Development Report is that this region has the highest "under-performance" i.e. this region has the lowest rates of increase in human development over the past 40 years. However, Eastern Europe emerges on average as the most equitable region in the developing world. In addition, most countries in the region show relatively low levels of deprivation, as measured by the serious deprivations in health, education and living standards.
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Publication:Macedonian Business Monthly
Article Type:Report
Geographic Code:4EXMA
Date:Oct 1, 2010
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