Repot an orchid.
If an orchid looks like it's trying to crawl out of its pot (every 1 to 3 years), it's time to replant.
SET IT FREE
Grasp the plant by the stem and work it out of the pot. Remove as much of the old potting medium as possible. Peel off any dead leaves. Clip off dead roots (they look wiry or hollow).
PREP THE POT
Upgrade to a pot that's just big enough for the roots to fit. Add a layer of orchid potting medium to the bottom.
TUCK IT IN
Keeping the plant centered, slide roots into the pot. Keep the base of the bottom leaf slightly above the pot's rim. Fill with the remaining potting medium, pressing down on it with your fingers to remove any air pockets.