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Reported folate intake in women of child-bearing age in Chennai, India.

Adequate folate intake in women of child-bearing age reduces prevalence of NTD. A descriptive non-experimental design was employed to report folate intake using a researcher-developed food frequency questionnaire of 60 items based on Indian foods and food habits. Participants included 287 pregnant and non-pregnant volunteers ages 17 to 40 years residing in Chennai; 7 subjects were excluded due to incomplete questionnaires (n=280). Almost half of the subjects (n=126) were pregnant; 55%(n=154) were non-pregnant. Average daily folate intake was calculated using Nutritive Value of Indian Foods (1996). Statistical analyses for means, standard deviations, standard error, sample t tests, analysis of variance, were performed using SPSS, version 5.0. Mean reported folate intake for pregnant women was 290.2ug+80.2; mean reported folate intake for non-pregnant women was 237.6ug+82.3. Using a sample t test, reported folate intake of pregnant subjects was significantly higher (p<0.001) than in non-pregnant subjects. There was no significant difference in reported folate intake due to age; however, subjects with higher income (>Rs8000) and more education (>6-12 years or higher) reported greater folate intake (p <0.001 and < 0.0029, respectively). Comparison of reported intakes of folate to the Indian RDA of 400ug for pregnant and 100 ug for non-pregnant women indicate that the pregnant subjects did not meet the standard, while the non-pregnant women exceeded the 100 ug standard. However, folate intake of the non-pregnant women fell below the 400ug periconceptional intake recommended by the Indian Medical Research Council.
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Author:Wolman, Patricia Giblin; Mukerjee, Kamalini; Silagyi-Rebovich, E. Jean; Goodner, Christine H.
Publication:Bulletin of the South Carolina Academy of Science
Date:Jan 1, 2005
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