Report: Israel is World's Most militarized Country.
By Israel Hayom
Israel is the world's most militarized country, according to the Global Militarization Index. According to the GMI, released by the Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC), the updated Index shows the degree of militarization of 135 countries for the year 2011 and documents the development of up to 153 countries since 1990. The update confirms the trend of the past years according to which the countries of the Middle East show the highest degree of militarization in the world. Tendencies toward higher regional militarization can also be found in Asia and the Caucasus. Large-scale arms procurements increase the danger of regional arms races.
Israel leads Singapore, Syria, Russia, Jordan, Cyprus, Kuwait, Azerbaijan, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia, who are now the top ten of the GMI. This is the result of an evaluation of the most recent data (based on the latest surveys of 2011). With US $689 billion, the United States still has the highest military budget in the world. In the GMI 2012, it holds position 30 of 135.
The index defines the degree of militarization of a country by, amongst others, the comparison of military expenditures with its gross domestic product or other indicators, such as health expenditure or number of physicians.
As Jan Grebe, project leader at BICC, explains, "the Middle East has been one of the most critical regions of crisis and conflict for years. This is also reflected in the index, which shows the constantly high degree of militarization in these countries. Six of the first top ten countries of the GMI are Israel (position 1), Syria (position 3), Jordan (position 5), Kuwait (position 8), Bahrain (position 9) and Saudi Arabia (position 10).
Nearly all other Middle Eastern states can be found within the first 40 positions. Iran, for instance, is in position 34. Against the background of political uprisings, continuing unrest in some states and the war in Syria, the inherent danger of high degrees of militarization are destabilizing the region further. "Large-scale arms procurements, such as the interest of Saudi Arabia and Qatar in German tanks, are signs for the development of a regional arms race," Jan Grebe warns.
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|Date:||Apr 7, 2017|
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