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Relevance between group decision pattern and organizational commitment of high school teachers in Islamshahr.

Introduction

One of sensitive task of manager which led to success or failure is decision. Managers are always faced to choice issues. Decision is meant desirable choice. Any activities is not started or realized without decision, so this word is familiar to someone which do their work through knowledge [4]. Decision is a process to determine or select an action to solve a problem in social or job life. Decision is important so Herbert Saimon said decision is equivalent with management. Managers do different tasks like planning, organizing, resource arranging, leading and control. Managers to different decision to implementing these tasks and it is effective for organization [15]. Managers usually determine issues in decision process and collect all facts and provide preference and implement it. Success of organization with financial and human resource limitation in one hand and failure of organization with best facilities express correct of false way of decision. So, make a suitable decision is so important in current situation. Best decision is not implemented or maybe fails if not supported. Decision also has different choices. Managers are different in choosing items. Some managers could accept elaboration and others don't accept. Their ability in changing information is different. Some decide rapid and some slow. These differences are related to manager's decision patterns. Totally, these differences are considered in manager's decision patterns. In the past believed that an effective manager is strong, unique And Fast to Decide. While Today's An Effective manager is a member of a group and use of knowledge to solve problems [4]. Saimon pattern try to determine a process for managers to use in decision time. this process is product through limited thought of person. limited thought express that people face to different limitation in time of deciding. these limitation include all kind of personal or environmental specification which decrease decision possibilities [11]. Someone who tries to decide feel that organization is belong to them and their aim is equivalent with organization aim. Group decision improves job satisfaction and decrease stress. Commitment as a mental situation has 3 component and is kind of need and necessarily in the organization. Each of cases is called as emotional, continual and normal commitment as Alen and Miyr model. Common point of each component is that mental position determines personnel relation with organization. Loyal personnel try to act more than activities to improve organization. And personnel who don't have royal feeling to organization could affect negative point on other personnel. Knowledge about kind and rate of personnel commitment could provide suitable basis for manager commitment [13]. Training and education could effect on all level of society. Decision is basis of management. So knowledge promotes quality level. So decision and organizational commitment could increase success in all organization specially training and education [13]. Time commitment is important in school and group decision could improve personnel function. It is seemed that managers don't use of group decision and lead to not achieve the goal. Because of role and importance of commitment it should be determine by managers. So current purpose of this study was to survey group decision pattern and organizational commitment of teachers in Islamshahr high school

Materials and Methods

Purpose of this study was survey of correlation between group decision pattern and organizational commitment of high school teacher in Islamshahr city. Method of this study was correlation and all high school teacher of Islamshahr city (530 women and 240 men) was statistical society. 260 people (165 women and 95 men) were selected as random sampling.

Group questionnaire: it is researcher made and includes 2 sections. First section include (level of education, experiences, age and sex) and second section include 20 main questions (very much, much, average, low, very low) from 1 to 5. Validity of questionnaire is considered through cronbachs method. Results showed that 20 questionnaire is acceptable in [alpha] = 0.946. Alen and Miyer questionnaire: includes 2 sections. First section include (level of education, experiences, age and sex) and second section include emotional, continual and normal commitment and 18 main questions (completely deny, deny, have no idea, agree, completely agree) from 1 to 5. Validity of questionnaire is considered through Cronbach's method. Data was analyzed through Spss software, statistical test (Pierson coefficient, regression analysis, t test and f variance)

Results:

With regard to above table, little difference between normal and average, and obliquity coefficient it is expressed that above distribution is normal.

Main thesis: there is relation between group decision and organizational commitment of teachers in Islamshahr high schools.

According to above table, f (204.53) is significant in [alpha] = 0.01. So there is significant meaning between group decision and organizational commitment.

Regression coefficient shows that there is significant relation between group decision and organizational commitment. So with increasing group decision, organizational commitment is increased too.

Subsidiary thesis number 1: there is relation between group decision and normal commitment of teachers in Islamshahr high school.

According to above table, f (11.94) is significant in [alpha] = 0.01. So there is significant meaning between group decision and normal organizational commitment.

Regression coefficient shows that there is significant relation between group decision pattern and normal organization commitment.

Subsidiary thesis number 1: there is relation between group decision and emotional commitment of teachers in Islamshahr high school.

According to above table, f (115.73) is significant in [alpha] = 0.01. So there is significant meaning between group decision and emotional organizational commitment.

Regression coefficient shows that there is significant relation between group decision pattern and emotional organization commitment.

Subsidiary thesis number 4: there is relation between group decision and organizational commitment of teachers in Islamshahr high school.

According to above table, f (81.60) is significant in [alpha] = 0.01. So there is significant meaning between group decision and continual organizational commitment.

Regression coefficient shows that there is significant relation between group decision pattern and continual organization commitment.

Conclusion:

First finding of study is relation between group decision and organizational commitment of Islamshahr high school. group decision and organizational commitment is significant in 0.01 level and organizational commitment increase through group decision increasing. this finding is related to Mostahsen [13], Digsaz [4], khan Mohamadi [5], Palizban [3], Sheikhle [8], Mahmodi [12], Mulford & Kendall [21], Germinario and Johnson [18], Chen et al [17] and Somech & Bogler [22] findings.

This study shows that there is significant relation between group decision and normal organizational commitment. so group decision and normal organizational commitments is significant in 0.01 and this findings is related to Balouchi [2], Amini [14], Abedi [9], Ghadimi [10], Mahmoudi [12] and Seifollah pour [7]. This study shows that there is significant relation between group decision and emotional organizational commitment. so group decision and emotional organizational commitments is significant in 0.01 and this findings is related to Balouchi [2], Amini [14], Abedi [9], Ghadimi [10], Mahmoudi [12] and Seifollah pour [7]. This study show that there is significant relation between group decision and continual organizational commitment. so group decision and continual organizational commitments is significant in 0.01 and this findings is related to Balouchi [2], Amini [14], Abedi [9], Ghadimi [10], Mahmoudi [12] and Seifollah pour [7]. With regard to results teachers should use of their skill to have better methods. Increasing emotional correlation in personnel could improve function and social value. Creating suitable system, removing punishment and persuasion system, removing job barriers effect on personnel and improve their creativity. If teachers have common ideas in school and feel to be effective in the school try to improve systems.

References

[1.] Atlikhani, Marzieh, 2009. Examining the relationship between employee Engagement in decision-Making Of Personnel in Hamedan Environment Organization, MS Thesis, Tehran University, Payam Noor.

[2.] Balouchi, Samad, 2011. Relationship between Collaborative Management with Organizational commitment and job exhaustion in high school teachers In Marvdasht City, Master's Thesis, Marvdasht.

[3.] Palizban, Ali, 2008. Model of collaborative decision-Making Strategy Selection, master's Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Sciences and Research Branch of Tehran.

[4.] Hamidi Zadeh, Mohammad Reza, 1387. A new decision, Tehran: National Defense University Publication.

[5.] Khan Mohammadi, Reza, (2008). Priorities identified factors affecting organizational commitment of government trading enterprises using multi-criteria decision making, MS Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Tehran.

[6.] Dick Maker, Akram, 2008. Evaluation of Knowledge Management and Group Dynamics [logical not][logical not] Impact on Job Satisfaction of Teachers in Girls' Schools in Tehran, Central Tehran Branch Management Group.

[7.] Seifollah Pour, Sadollah, 2006. Relationship between Organizational Commitment and Academic Performance of University, Isfahan and Kurdistan, Master's Thesis, University of Isfahan.

[8.] Sheikhle, Shoja, 2007. The Relationship Between Organizational Climate Of Schools in Sanandaj City With Teacher Participation In Decision Making At School, Master's Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Tehran Science & Research.

[9.] Abedi, Ashraf, 2010. The Relationship Between Organizational Commitment And Productivity of Managers [logical not] Public High Schools For Girls In Tehran, Master's Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Sciences And Research Branch of Tehran.

[10.] Ghadimi Dizaj, Roya, 2009. Organizational Commitment And Its Impact on The Performance of Branch Staff, MS Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Tehran.

[11.] Kritiz, Robert, Kiniki, Angelo, 2005. Organizational Behavior Management, Translation And Cultural Ali Hossein Safar-Zadeh, Tehran: Payam Poya Publications.

[12.] Mahmoodi, Saeed, 2007. Relationship Between Organizational Commitment And Alienation Special Schools Ub West Azarbaijan Province, Master's Thesis, Beheshti University.

[13.] Mostahsen, Maryam, 2010. The Relationship Between The Pattern Of Decision-Making And Organizational Commitment In Astara City High, Master's Thesis, Educational Management, Islamic Azad University, Science & Research.

[14.] Amini, Reza, 2010. The Effect Of Internal Marketing, Organizational Commitment Heads National Bank In Tehran., MS Thesis, Payam Noor University.

[15.] Najaf, Beigi, Reza, 1389. Organization And Management. Tehran: Center Of Islamic Azad University Press.

[16.] Allen, N.Y., Y.P. Meyer, 1990. The Measurement And Antecedents Of Effective, Continuance And Normative Commitment To The Organization. Journal Of Occupational Psychology, 63.

[17.] Chen, J.U.I., C. Chen-Silverthorne, Hung, Y. Yang, 2006. Organization Communication, Job Stress, Organizational Commitment, And Job Performance Of Accounting Professionals In Taiwan And America). Leadership & Organizational Development Journal, 4: 27.

[18.] Germinario, V., Y. Styles, 2006. Gladys Relationship Between Teacher Decisional Status And Loyally. Insight.Com/10.Llos/Eboo9904.

[19.] Kallbers, L., 2007. Organizational Commitment And Auditors In Public Accounting. Managerial Auditing Journal, 4: 22.

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[21.] Mulford, B., L. Kendall, D. Kendall, 2009. Leadership For Learning Research Group, Faculty Of Educating. University Of Tasmania, Hobart, Australia, Administrative Practice And High School Students, Perception Of Their School, Teachers And Performance. Www.Emeraldinsight.Com/Researchregister. Www.Emeraldinsight.Com/0957-8234.Htm.

[22.] Somech, A., Bogler, 2004. Ronit Antecedent And Consequences Of Teacher Organizational And Professional Commitment." Http://Www.Sage Publications.Com.

(1) Masoumeh Nasiri Khoshknab, (2) Dr. Amir Hussein Mahdi Zadeh

(1) Department of Educational Management, Islamshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr, Iran

(2) Department of Educational planning, Islamshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr, Iran

Corresponding Author

Masoumeh Nasiri Khoshknab, Department of Educational Management, Islamshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr, Iran
Table 1: Statistical indicators related to group decision,
organizational commitment, Emotional commitment, contiunal
commitment and normal commitment

variables               Distribution indicator          Dispersal
                                                        indication

                 coefficient   coefficient    standar    standard
                  of strain    of deviation   d error   deviation

group decision      -0.78          0.16        0.85       13.71

organizational      0.54          -0.67        0.48        7.88
commitment

emotional           0.87          -0.62        0.28        4.55
commitment

continual           0.59          -0.34        0.31        5.01
commitment

normal              0.09           0.10        0.07        1.22
commitment

variables             Dispersal             Central indicator
                     indication

                 variance   changing   average   normal   diagram

group decision    187.97       59       66.93      65       87

organizational    62.24        49       61.58      62       62
commitment

emotional         20.76        27       30.61      31       30
commitment

continual         25.04        29       24.66      25       26
commitment

normal             1.49        8        6.30       6         6
commitment

Table 2: Using single variables regression to predict
organizational commitment through group decision.

source of variation   sign      F      average   df    square

regression            0.001   204.53   7128.80    1    7128.80
remainder                               34.85    258   8992.50

Table 3: Using single variables regression to predict normal
organizational commitment through group decision.

source of variation    sig      F     average   df    square

regression            0.001   11.94    17.12     1    17.12
remainder                              1.43     258   369.86

Table 4: Using single variables regression to predict
emotional organizational commitment through group
decision.

source of     sig      F      average   df    square
variation

regression   0.001   115.73   1665.35    1    1665.35
remainder                      14.38    258   3712.41

Table 5: Using single variables regression to predict continual
organizational commitment through group decision

source of    significant   rate    average of   degree of    total
variation       level      of f      square      freedom    square

regression      0.001      81.60    1559.06         1       1559.06
remainder                            19.10         258      4928.82

Regression coefficient related to table 2

variable           predicable       sig       T        beta
                    variable                        coefficient

organizational   group decision    0.001    14.30      0.66
  commitment        pattern

Regression coefficient related to table 3

variable             predicable   significant   rate       beta
                      variable       level      of t   coefficient

normal           group decision      0.001      3.45       0.21
organizational
commitment

Regression coefficient related to table 4

variable         predicable    Sig      T        beta
                  variable                    coefficient

emotional          group      0.001   10.75      0.55
organizational    decision
commitment

Regression coefficient related to table 5

variable         predicable    sig     T        beta
                  variable                   coefficient

emotional          group      0.001   9.03      0.49
organizational    decision
commitment
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Title Annotation:ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Author:Khoshknab, Masoumeh Nasiri; Mahdi Zadeh, Amir Hussein
Publication:Advances in Environmental Biology
Article Type:Report
Geographic Code:7IRAN
Date:Feb 1, 2013
Words:2226
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