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Relationship between attitudes toward intercultural sensitivity, multiculturalism and ethnocentrism among college students.

The United States of America has an increasingly diverse population, which brings different traditions and civilizations into closer contact with one another (Rusen, 2004). Nevertheless, some Americans still lack acceptance, tolerance and openness to persons of different cultures. With the many studies on the color-blindness perspective it seems that more action is required to mitigate the overt racial conflict that is hampering the social practice of diversity that leads to ethnocentric idealism. The purpose of this study was to examine three constructs of cultural diversity in a sample of 80 undergraduate students. It was hypothesized that participants who express high intercultural sensitivity and multiculturalism will be less likely to be ethnocentric compared to those who are low in intercultural sensitivity and multiculturalism. The participants completed the Intercultural Sensitivity Scale (ICS) (Chen & Starosta, 2000), Multicultural Experience Questionnaire (MEQ) (Narvaez &Hill, 2009), and the Generalized Ethnocentrism Scale (GENE) (Neuliep, 2002). Correlation results showed significant negative relations with GENE and all five subscales of ICS which include interaction engagement (r = -.582; p < 0.01); respect for cultural difference (r= -.707; p < 0.01); interaction confidence (r = -.567; p < 0.01); interaction enjoyment (r = -.725; p < 0.01); and interaction attentiveness (r = -.397; p < 0.01). The results for the correlation indicated no significant relationship between the GENE and MEQ. It can be concluded from the results that those with high levels of intercultural sensitivity showed low levels of ethnocentrism, but high levels of multiculturalism did not result in low ethnocentrism.

Telethia Rogers, Shalia Khan

Tougaloo College, Tougaloo, MS 39174

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Title Annotation:Completed Abstracts
Author:Rogers, Telethia; Khan, Shalia
Publication:Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Apr 1, 2011
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