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Region 1.

Humboldt Bay NWR Outreach efforts involving the control of noxious weeds continue at Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge (NWR). Refuge Ecologist Andrea Pickart, Biological Technician Abe Walston, and volunteer Kyle Wear recently participated in "Alien Invaders Day" at the Arcata Natural History Museum. Walston produced a display on biodiversity and Pickart produced "Wanted: Dead Not Alive" flyers for the "dirty dozen" non-native species.

Approximately 40 students from the Universities of Montana and Utah recently spent a day on iceplant (Carpobrotus edulis) control at the Lanphere Dunes Unit of Humboldt Bay NWR as part of their week-long alternative spring break program, "Breakaway." They also worked a day under Pickart's direction on the control of eastern beachgrass (Ammophila breviligulata), another non-native plant.

Habitat Conservation Staff from the FWS Ventura, California, Office have been working with several public and private partners over the past few months to conserve coastal wetlands, dunes, and endangered species habitat in the Ormond Beach area of Ventura County. Some highlights follow: 1) with help from the Boy Scouts, we removed dilapidated fencing at the site of a nesting colony of endangered California least terns (Sterna antillarum browni); 2) with Oxnard City Corps (a youth development group), we will be installing a new and mobile protective barrier around the tern colony; 3) with California Lutheran University, we are studying environmental contaminants, soils, and vegetation at estuarine restoration areas; and 4) with the Oxnard Police Department, we are developing a training video and enforcement protocols for protection of the tern colony.

Some of the funding for these activities comes from partnerships with the Ventura County Fish and Game Commission, City of Oxnard Redevelopment Committee, and Southern California Edison through an FWS Challenge Cost-share Grant. The Ormond Beach Observers, a citizen's group, organizes outreach efforts. Other State and federally listed species that will benefit from these efforts include the western snowy plover (Charadrius alexandrinus nivosus), Belding's savanna sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis), and salt marsh bird's beak (Cordylanthus maritimus ssp. maritimus), an annual plant.

Threats to the habitat include impacts from industry, recreation, and development. The Southern California Wetlands Partnership (formerly known as Wetlands Clearinghouse), a cooperative State/Federal effort to restore and preserve southern California wetlands, now lists Ormond Beach as a high priority. In addition to participating with the Clearinghouse, our Ventura Office has been involved in several Ormond Beach conservation efforts with a multitude of cooperating partners, including: the Oxnard City Corps (teens and young adults volunteering in the community), Southern California Edison and Houston Industries (landowners and generating station operators at Ormond Beach), California Lutheran University, Ventura County Fish and Game Commission, and California Department of Fish and Game.

San Luis NWR Complex This spring, our Partners for Fish and Wildlife Program began its 1999 construction season at the San Luis NWR Complex. Two major restoration efforts are on the San Felipe Ranch and on the Kulwant Somal property. The San Felipe project will restore 2.5 miles (4 kilometers) of Owens Creek and associated flood plain. The Somal project will restore 180 acres (73 hectares) of seasonal wetlands and associated uplands in the North Grasslands.

Po'ouli (Melamprosops phaeosoma) In an effort to prevent the extinction of this severely endangered Hawaiian forest bird, the FWS and State of Hawaii are proposing intensive habitat management and the translocation of one or more individuals. Endemic to the island of Maui, the po'ouli currently is found only in a restricted area of the island's remaining rainforest. This species has been declining since its discovery in 1973, and the total population may number no more than three individuals. From the six management proposals considered, we selected a combined alternative: continue and intensify habitat management to reduce or eliminate threats to the birds in the action area and, if necessary and feasible, conduct translocation(s) in an attempt to bring isolated birds together to form a breeding pair.

Reported by LaRee Brosseau of the FWS Portland Regional Office.
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Article Details
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Author:Brosseau, LaRee
Publication:Endangered Species Bulletin
Article Type:Brief Article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:May 1, 1999
Previous Article:Beyond Captive Propagation.
Next Article:Region 5.

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