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Reconstructing Proto-Nostratic; comparative phonology, morphology, and vocabulary; 2v.

9789004168534

Reconstructing Proto-Nostratic; comparative phonology, morphology, and vocabulary; 2v.

Bomhard, Allan R.

BRILL

2008

1811 pages

$446.00

Hardcover

Leiden Indo-European etymological dictionary series; v.6

P143

Originally interested in whether Indo-European might be related to Semitic languages, the author has since become a strong proponent of the theory that Indo-European is one of many daughter languages of a Nostratic macrofamily of Afrasian, Elamo-Dravidian, Kartvelian, and Eurasiatic. Eurasiatic, in turn, includes Etruscan, Indo-European, Uralic, Yukaghir, Altaic, Chukchi-Kamchatkan, Gilyak, and Eskimo-Aleut. In this two-volume work he applies a long-range comparative method in which phonemes, morphemes, and syntactic constructions from different languages are compared in order to establish genetic relationships and reconstruct ancestral form in an effort to reconstruct Proto-Nostratic. He shows how the comparative method was used to reconstruct the Proto-Indo-European phonological system and then proceeds to provide sketches of Proto-Kartvelian, Proto-Afrasian, Proto-Uralic, Proto-Dravidian, Proto-Altaic, and Proto-Nostratic phonologies. He next discusses the dispersal of the Nostratic languages, taking a particular look at the origins of Etruscan and Sumerian. In the next section of the book he presents a comparative morphology, addressing pronominal, anaphoric, and deictic stems; dual and plural markers; relational markers; derivational suffixes; non-finite and finite forms of verbs; negative/prohibitive particles; interrogative, relative, and indefinite stems; and indeclinables and concluding with a discussion of Proto-Indo-European morphology and its prehistoric development. Finally, he presents a comparative vocabulary of the Nostratic languages.

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Publication:Reference & Research Book News
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Date:Feb 1, 2009
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