Proposed Conservation Code of Conduct for BSI Members.
A. General conduct: Obey international, national, and local regulations including the following:
1. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and especially the recognition on the CBD's reference to the access and fair benefit sharing with the countries of origin of biological organisms.
2. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Fauna and Flora (CITES).
3. Other national and regional laws pertaining to particular parcels of land, cultivation, import, export, and to protection of species.
4. Local customs of land and plant ownership.
B. Professional courtesies:
1. Obtain all necessary permits (collecting, export, and import).
2. Contact local organizations, institutions, and/or professionals. Your intentions are likely to be of interest to them, and they can be helpful to you.
C. Responsibilities in the field:
1. Never jeopardize natural populations. Collect only a small percentage of the plants present. If the site shows signs of previous heavy collections, or other signs of demage, seek another locality.
2. When possible, collect seeds or offsets rather than entire plants. When collecting whole plants, choose small ones and leave the large ones for seed production.
3. Make careful field notes. Include precise locality, elevation, host plants or rock (if epiphytic), plant associations, date, and your field number. If possible, assess population density and range. Take photographs of the habitat.
4. Make herbarium specimens whenever possible, especially when collecting in remote locations or when you find something unusual (it is not necessary to know the identity of your specimens). Collect at least two specimens: one for the national herbarium of the host country (often this is a condition for obtaining a collecting permit), and one for the M.B. Foster Bromeliad Identification Center at the Mary Selby Botanical Gardens.
5. Do not collect more plants than you can care for, either during the field trip or when you return home. Do not collect plants that you will not be able to grow under the conditions you can provide for them (e.g do not collect in a cloud forest if you cannot cool your growing facility. If you encounter a population or species which appears to be endagered, or if you come across information regarding its possible preservation or destruction, please report it to the Conservation Committee chaiperson.
II. Maintenance of collections (private, public, and commercial)
A. Propagate rare and documented plants and contribute to their survival by distributing them to other enthusiasts. Remember the proverb: To keep a plant, give it away.
B. Keep rare and scientifically valuable plants clearly and correctly labeled. Also keep records of their performance under your conditions of cultivation.
C. Share your knowledge with others, but DO NOT casually disclose specific locations of rare and desirable plants. Not every enthusiast is a scrupuluous collector.
D. Ensure that your valuable plants will survive you. A botanical garden is often an excellent beneficiary, as is your local bromeliad society.
E. Buy plants from reputable nurserymen. Do not patronize a supplier who trades in illegally obtained plants in large quantities.
III. Recommendations for bromeliad socities and clubs
A. Endorse the precepts of this Code of Conduct as a guide for responsible and conscientious behavior.
B. Discourage the advertising of wild-collected plants of rare species for sale in your publications.
C. Publicize national and international regulations on the export, import, and sale of wild plants.
D. Sponsor or support measures to support measures to protect the habitats of rare or threatened species.
E. Assist your members in making arrangements for the continued survival of their plants when they lose interest or can no longer care for them.
IV. Recommendation for show committees and judges
A. Include in the show schedule some classes for species raised from seed by the exhibitor.
B. Include in the schedule some recognition for rare or undescribed species. Rare plants must not be collected in such a way as to jeopardize the population. This practice is necessarily a matter of honor with the collector.
C. Include good cultivation in judging criteria.
D. Restrict competition to plants that have been grown in cultivation for at least one year.
Pierre L. Ibisch (Conservation Chair) & Vera Porwollik, Eberswalde
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|Author:||Ibisch, Pierre L.; Vera Porwollik, Eberswalde|
|Publication:||Journal of the Bromeliad Society|
|Date:||May 1, 2007|
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