Promotion/Retention of Students in Grades K-8, 2000-2001. E&R Report.
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The 2000-2001 school year marked the first year of implementation of the Wake County Board of Education's Promotion and Intervention Policy at grades K through 8. It also marked the first year of the state's requirement that third, fifth, and eight grade students demonstrate grade level proficiency on the state End-of-Grade tests in reading and mathematics. This report provides results of the implementation of the Promotion and Intervention policy for students in grades K-8. Requiring students to master the content of one grade level before being promoted to the next sounds simple enough, but implementing this policy turned out to be complex for a variety of student characteristic and data collection reasons. By mid-September of the 2000-2001 school year, most students had been assigned to their grade levels, and data had become more reliable. The first year of implementation of the policy resulted in a slightly higher rate of retention than in the past, but a figure lower than the estimated doubling of the rate of retention predicted on the basis of a pilot study in seven schools. Overall, 89.1% of students in grades K-8 were promoted, 5.1% were retained, and 5.7% withdrew from the WCPSS. The rate of retention was highest at the lowest grades. Most students (91.9%) eventually passed the EOG standard, but 4,284 students did not meet the EOG standard for promotion and subsequently had their promotion standard considered by a waiver review committee. Females were slightly more likely to be promoted than males, and White and Asian/Pacific Islander students were more likely to be promoted than Black and Hispanic students. Students from low income groups were less likely to be promoted, at only 83.6%. Implications for planning and instruction are discussed. (SLD)