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Profile of Crohn's disease.

Also known as: Regional ileitis, granulomatous ileitis, ileocolitis, and regional enteritis.

Body parts involved: Ileum, colon, regional lymph nodes, mysentery (outside covering of the intestines).

Signs and symptoms: Cramps and abdominal pain, usually after meals. Can mimic appendicitis. Nausea, diarrhea, fever, weight loss, and bloody stools.

Populations most affected: Sometimes children; mostly adults from the age of 20 to 40.

Causes: unknown.

Probability of a cure: May continue for many years. Intervals of attacks vary from every few months to every few years.

Possible complications: intestinal obstruction, bleeding, and anemia, perforation of the inflamed bowel, vitamin B12 deficiency, increased susceptibility to cancer of the ileum.

Medications prescribed: For temporary relief, doctors prescribe antidiarrheal drugs. Vitamin supplements, anti-inflammatory drugs (such as cortisone), antibiotics.

Forbidden foods: Alcohol, dairy products, especially for patients who also have lactose deficiency.
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Publication:Nutrition Health Review
Article Type:Disease/Disorder overview
Date:Dec 22, 2011
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