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Preface.

On the brink of 2014, the second issue of the research journal LIMES: Borderland Studies would like to cast a glance at the past and the future, focusing on activities and future prospects.

Journal LIMES was founded in 2008. The array of topics covered by the journal is encoded in the title, as in Latin, limes means a border, boundary or frontier; consequently, the journal focuses on researches in various social, cultural and civilization borders, boundaries and frontiers; while the second part of the title Cultural Regionalistics suggests inquiries into problems particular to certain cultural regions. The year 2011 saw the adjustment of the field of ongoing researches and efforts to adjoin various researches undertaken around the globe. This gave rise to the new title of the journal--LIMES: Borderland Studies. It was still focused on researches related to borders, boundaries and frontiers but no longer had the narrowness of the scientific interests, i.e. exceptional focus on problems particular to cultural regionalistics. In any case, both the first and the second versions focused on regions and borders in a much more social or even metaphorical (e.g. scientific region) rather than geographic sense. In addition, much attention has been paid to visuality and creativity studies. As in general terms both regions and borders are aspects of human creativity, it is only natural that the title of the journal will be changed to Creativity Studies since 2014. This development will reflect the dominant themes of the journal as well as institutional restructuring of the main publisher Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (Institute of Humanities was reorganised into the Faculty of Creative Industries). Additionally, it will reflect new initiatives that should contribute to the development of the creative society. The conception and definition of the creative society as well as any other newly emerging topic are somewhat difficult due to constant conflicts and inconsistencies. Therefore, the journal will additionally focus on problems particular of the creative society and its communication, creative regions, training in and management of creativity, and creative innovations in various sectors of science, art and culture.

This issue of the journal summarises previous themes, developed by our authors. They cover a truly wide range of research fields, i.e. social and political as well as artistic and cultural discourses, which today are inseparable from the above-mentioned phenomenon of creativity and its growing significance. In terms of critical thinking, the first article interprets two basic, traditionally contrasting categories of Nature and Culture in the Western World, analysing possible and impossible borders. The boundary between Nature and Culture is the dualist result of anthropological thinking, which is no longer sufficient. Contemporary cultural frames require far more than traditional understanding of these two categories and it should be "non-dualist" (Davide Scarso). The second article examines cultural and social problems of the contemporary or postmodern age, both considering its ambiguity and boundaries between social and cultural institutions and phenomena as well as envisaging the inadequacy of the most popular theories of postmodernism (Metin Colak). The third article discusses the creative interactions between the world and image and defines their boundaries in the modern and postmodern context of Lithuania and Western Europe of the visual culture. It argues that both in terms of artistic creation and a large part of the contemporary culture, the boundaries between the word and image are intensely diminishing, denying and opposing each other or creating fictional, non-existing reality (Agnieska Juzefovic). The forth article takes the topic of postmodernism even further, but this time already taking into account problems related to the state of a nation and cosmopolitan identity. On the one hand, rising cosmopolitan trends are weakening; but on the other hand, they are stimulated by globalisation. Once again, this is a boundary between the identity and its decline, balancing on the nationalism and cosmopolitanism. There is a clear solution: those who support nationalism or cosmopolitanism should not be viewed as two confronting camps but rather as a formation that can successfully coexist in the contemporary global world (Tadej Pirc). The fifth article deals with the decline of boundaries between Western and Eastern religious culture and the search for the actual religious language of today in the texts of such authors as Slavoj Zizek and Gianni Vattimo (David Jaspers). The sixth article is devoted to the boundaries between religion and politics, using the specific example of the contemporary Nigeria. It claims that at this stage, some political decisions in Western Africa are inevitably perceived as the act of God; thus, the political experience is an integral part of the religious one (Benson O. Igboin).

The publishers and editors of the journal would like to express their gratitude to authors for their invaluable contributions and invite them to join the journal in the nearest future, discussing various topics on the discourse of contemporary creativity.
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Author:Bareviciute, Jovile; Kacerauskas, Tomas
Publication:LIMES
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Dec 1, 2013
Words:803
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