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As a RESULT of counter-terrorist operations in various parts of Cyprus during the summer of 1956, a large number of documents, photographs and equipment belonging to the terrorist organization EOKA * have come into the hands of the Security Forces. Such is the volume of the captured material that it is impracticable, within the compass of a booklet such as this, to publish more than a small fraction of the whole. Furthermore, the success of future operations depends partly on safeguarding our own information. For this reason it has been necessary to exclude from this publication parts of the Grivas diaries and other documents.

The authenticity of the Grivas diaries has now been established beyond all doubt. Not only has Grivas' handwriting been identified by a graphologist and a number of captured terrorists, but the diaries contain such a complete and detailed account of the build-up of EOKA that no one but Grivas--whom Athens has identified as Dighenis--could have written them.

Apart from these copious diaries, kept by the terrorist field commander, Grivas, from a date in the Autumn of 1954, when he and his fellow conspirators were impatiently awaiting the opportunity to leave Greece on their subversive mission, there are also several thousands of other interesting and important documents. These comprise copies of EOKA orders, memoranda and correspondence between Grivas, the operational commander and Archbishop Niakarios, his political chief. All of this, as is evident from those examples reproduced here, has yielded valuable intelligence not only about the EOKA organization, but also about the part played by Archbishop Makarios and Greek political leaders in their attempt to impose their will on the island.

The documents establish beyond all doubt that Archbishop Makarios personally took a leading part in the foundation and major operational planning of the EOKA organization. In a letter (see diary for 2nd April, 1955) Grivas talks of the Archbishop as having entrusted the struggle to him--it was the Archbishop who invited him to Cyprus. The diaries also show that Grivas sought the Archbishop's personal approval for the beginning of the campaign of violence which was to bring such horror and misery to the island's peace-loving population. The Archbishop also provided money for the smuggling of arms and the support of terrorist activities. There is more revealing evidence of the Archbishop's authority over Grivas in the latter's letter of 29th January, 1955 (p. 56). In this letter he acknowledges that he will only lay down his arms if the Archbishop commands it.

Neither the leading figures in the Greek Orthodox Church in Cyprus, with Archbishop Makarios as the mainspring, nor the conspirators in Greece, from the then Prime Minister, Field-Marshal Papagos, down, can ever divest themselves of the responsibility for the tragedy which has befallen Cyprus.

The documents have come into the hands of the authorities in Cyprus in various ways, some of which can be revealed. In the first place, some of the Grivas diaries and the photographs were captured when they were hurriedly abandoned by Grivas, together with some of his personal kit (shaving gear, haversack, beret, etc.), when he fled from an army patrol during the mountain operations against the terrorists in June, 1956. (It will be seen that the diaries come to an abrupt end on the 9th June, 1956.) During these operations, heavy blows were struck at the EOKA mountain groups which were, as a result, seriously reduced in strength and partially disorganized. Other papers were found buried in glass jars in a field near the village of Lysi in the Famagusta District. This discovery follows from the alertness of two soldiers of the Royal Horse Guards who, noticing some men acting suspiciously, pursued and captured them, and the resource of the Cyprus police, whose subsequent investigations led them to the hiding places. The remainder came into the hands of the Cyprus police through sources which cannot be revealed.

These important discoveries will assist the Security Forces to destroy the EOKA organization, although this is bound to take time. It is, however, to the resource, tenacity and loyalty of the Security Forces that the people of Cyprus will owe their release from the nightmare of terrorism which was imported from Greece and unleashed by the spiritual leader of the Greek Cypriot community.

Examples of the brutal and cowardly crimes that have been committed in Cyprus are given in Appendix IV to this book, in order to show to what ugly and bestial reality fine words and exhortations have been translated.

Perhaps the conclusion ultimately reached by Grivas on 1st June, 1956, and reproduced in this booklet epitomizes the situation. The struggle between the forces of law and order and those ruthless men who lurk in their hideouts, and emerge from time to time on their murderous and cowardly missions, is not yet concluded, but Grivas himself, although he was at one time thinking in terms of large-scale risings and rebellion, has now acknowledged ...
 We shall not be able to impose a solution by force. Accordingly
 we are obliged to exploit politically the excellent results of our
 dynamic activity up to now.

This then was the policy of Archbishop Makarios and his henchman George Grivas--to impose a solution by force, and when that became impossible, to exploit the threat of force in order to procure a settlement to their liking. Her Majesty's Government has consistently sought to reach, through peaceful means and in conditions free from intimidation and fear, a just and lasting settlement which will satisfy the honour, dignity and aspirations of all who live in the island and which will enable Great Britain to secure Cyprus as an effective base for the defence of the free world and the maintenance of stability in the Middle East.

* Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston--National Organization of Cypriot Combatants.
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Publication:Journal of Cyprus Studies
Date:Jan 1, 2007
Previous Article:Terrorism in Cyprus: the captured documents.
Next Article:Part I: extracts from the captured Grivas diaries.

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