Powell, plagiarism, taxes, and war. (Watch On The Right).
One pundit asked if Powell presented enough evidence to sentence Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein to death. Well, it isn't that simple. The real question is did Powell make a convincing argument to sentence Saddam, the judge, the jury, the bailiff--how about the whole damn courtroom--to death? Because that's what war is. The French remember it; the Germans remember it--its horror is embedded in their cultures. But most Americans, with the notable exception of combat veterans, don't have a clue as to what the word war means.
Missing from the whole "was Powell convincing?" choir was any question regarding whether Powell was telling the truth. Yes, I thought Powell was convincing, but historian Howard Zinn's voice suddenly popped into my head, arguing as a key rule that journalists "never trust government officials--from any government." History has shown that politicians, with few exceptions, habitually lie. They lie to get into office and lie once they're in office. The current regime in Washington has elevated the art of lying to official policy, with the Department of Defense attempting to set up an Office of Strategic Influence (based upon an earlier Reagan/Bush-era Office of Public Diplomacy, the Contra-era office) for the stated purpose of planting misinformation in the world's media. The attempt died because people believed Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld was telling the truth about lying--just as they believe him when he is lying about telling the truth. Nonetheless, he promised to keep dispelling misinformation with or without use of the Office of Strategic Influence.
This is simple stuff. An organization that has a history of lying, that set up special bureaucracies to create and dispense lies, that has a stated policy to lie, might in fact be lying. This doesn't necessarily mean that Powell is lying. It could just as easily mean that he has been lied to. Either way, journalists need to dig deeper. This is, after all, an important story.
One embarrassing revelation about Powell's speech was that a key part of his evidence against Iraq was cut and pasted from a California graduate student's outdated academic paper, ripped directly from the Internet. In academia, we call this plagiarism. Stealing something straight off of a website, an act easily detected by feeding a string of words into a Google search, is plagiarism in its cheesiest form. Students who do it fail classes--this is nonnegotiable. In Powell's case, he isn't the plagiarizer. He properly cited a British intelligence service report--four pages of which were ripped off without citation, complete with spelling and grammatical errors--from a paper that appeared in October 2002 in an obscure academic journal.
The Brits, for their part, changed a few words here and there, inflated numbers, and added the term terrorist to make the Iraqis appear more ominous than the student-author intended. The student told the British newspaper, the Mirror, that the misuse of his doctored work represented "wholesale deception." Ominous or not, however, 97 percent of the citations in his paper were three to fifteen years old, rendering the whole package useless in a speech challenging Iraq's compliance to the UN inspection regimen. The U.S. Secretary of State--with this trash in his hand--addressed the United Nations Security Council, calling for the commencement of a war that might never end. For the U.S. media, the only question worth asking was whether Powell's sham was convincing.
One person Powell didn't convince was UN Chief Weapons Inspector Hans Blix, who countered Powell's allegations by reporting that the UN weapons inspectors found no evidence of mobile-truck-based weapons labs, as alleged by Powell. Nor was there any evidence, provided by the United States or any other nation, of Iraq trying to foil inspections by moving equipment, which was also alleged by Powell. Blix also argued that his operation on the ground in Iraq was secure, and that Iraqis didn't--contrary to what Powell asserted--have advanced knowledge of inspections. Perhaps Powell should have spoken to Blix, and not Austin Powers, before making a fool of himself and the United States in front of the world. Blix's comments were front-page news in Europe, while they were all but invisible in the U.S. corporate media--a fact that helps explain the divergence in public opinion across the pond.
Former UN weapons inspector and U.S. Marine intelligence officer Scott Ritter also attacked Powell's report as misleading, telling Japan Today that Powell "just hits you, hits you, hits you with circumstantial evidence, and he confuses people--and he lied, he lied to people, he misled people." Ritter took Powell to task for holding up a vial of powder and telling the UN that this much anthrax shut down the U.S. Senate, killed postal workers, and so on. Ritter pointed out that Iraq produced liquid anthrax. What shut down the U.S. Senate, he argued, "was U.S. government anthrax! It had nothing to do with Iraq." Ritter also pointed out that Powell's team first came up with the theory of mobile weapons labs but never found any evidence of the existence of any such labs.
I can concede that it is possible that Powell might be right, and Blix and Ritter may be wrong. However, I will also argue that it was insane to go to war on an unsubstantiated might argued without solid evidence by liars, fools, and plagiarizers. What we needed were more inspectors on the ground and more time for inspections. From a cold economic viewpoint, the UN could have hired one inspector to follow every Iraqi citizen for a cost far lower than the one hundred billion dollars this war will cost the United States.
On the subject of money, Bush's mobilization of a quarter million U.S. troops to the Persian Gulf has proved to be quite a pricey foray. Yet, we aren't moving into a wartime economy, which traditionally means raising taxes on those who can most afford to pay them in order to pay the bills for a war that poor people (American and otherwise) will pay for with their lives. On the contrary, the Bush administration is piloting the economy like a rich drunk at the wheel of a speeding Hummer, careening out of control and bashing through schools, health clinics, houses, and museums.
I have been looking at a number of estimates regarding the forthcoming Bush deficit budget. Using conservative numbers, next year's deficit will add up to a six thousand to twelve thousand dollar annual debt for a family of four. Reelect these fools and a family of four will be looking at, according to conservative models, an accrued debt of $30,000 upward to $120,000 over the length of the Bush administration. Don't trust me--do the math yourself. These numbers don't include the costs of the Iraqi war and indefinite occupation (we still have troops in Korea, Germany, and others by the way). Nor do they account for the fallout from a possible global boycott of U.S. goods or divestment in U.S. securities in the event that the Bush administration is seen as disregarding international law or uses its own weapons of mass destruction in Iraq.
With these figures in mind, let us take a look at Bush's proposed $674 billion tax cut. It is this handout to the richest Americans that is solely behind Bush's proposed $460 billion plus proposed deficit ($300 billion plus the pillage of a $160 billion social security surplus). Hence, the debt load accrued by working families presents a direct transfer of wealth to the richest Americans. Reuters News Service in France reports that using 2002's tax returns for Bush and Cheney--under their proposed plan--Bush would reap a $16,511 savings on dividend taxes alone, while Cheney's capital gains tax cut would amount to $278,103. This, of course, is on top of the earlier Bush and Cheney tax cuts for the rich, which gave Cheney a tax cut of $43,000 in 2001, while Bush enjoyed a cut of $7,205. The word pillage seems appropriate here, especially when we juxtapose these numbers against cuts in funding for public education, health care, housing, environmental programs, and the arts.
Remember these numbers as your public college tuition goes up, as your local property and school taxes go up, as Bush's fellow Republicans try to raise your sales taxes, and as you are nickeled and dimed to death with user fees. Then try to remember again how we live in the world's richest country.
Michael I. Niman is a professor of journalism in the communication department of State University College at Buffalo, New York. This article is an updated version of the original that was published in the February 13, 2002, issue of ArtVoice.
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|Author:||Niman, Michael I.|
|Date:||May 1, 2003|
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