Pope Francis Says Evolution And Big Bang Are True.
In his speech at the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, the Pope said the theories of evolution and Big Bang did not contradict the idea of a divine Creator. Instead, both theories require a creator to happen.
"The Big Bang, which nowadays is posited as the origin of the world, does not contradict the divine act of creating, but rather requires it. The evolution of nature does not contrast with the notion of Creation, as evolution presupposes the creation of beings that evolve," The Pope said.
He also corrected the long withstanding notion that God created the Earth with magic. He said God is not like a magician with a magic wand. Creation continues to evolve for centuries and centuries, almost time immemorial, until the universe evolved to how people see it today, the Pope said. This is happening "because God is not a demiurge or a conjurer, but the Creator who gives being to all things."
He therefore call for scientists to adopt Christian doctrines in each of the research they make, in each of the hypotheses they derive with the ultimate goal of saving the Earth from both natural and human risks. Pope highlighted that scientists shall use God's given gift - his evolutionary mechanisms, potentialities for intelligence and freedom to discover and realise. With all these, he hopes for Christian scientists to "achieve development that is in the plan of Creator."
Pope Francis made his speech as he inaugurated a bust for Pope emeritus Benedict XVI. While he praised Pope Benedict as a great Pope for his intelligence and significant contribution to theology, what he said about the theory of Evolution and Big Bang veered away from that of Pope Benedict's stance.
In 2006, Pope Benedict XVI was quoted saying that the universe was made by an "intelligent project." Forerunners of the intelligent design theory uphold that the universe is so complex it must have been created by a higher power. But for critics, the intelligent design theory is still Creationism that belongs to the Bible and not in science (http://www.christiantoday.co.in/article/pope.endorses.intelligent.design.theory/621.htm) curriculum .
Pope Francis' saying that Evolution and Big Bang theories require a creator is more in sync with Pope Pius XII and Pope John Paul II. The latter once said that evolution was more than a hypothesis and an effectively proven fact.
Giovanni Bignami, a professor and president of Italy's National Institute for Astrophysics, said that Pope Francis' statement is significant. He said that it reinforced the idea that people are the direct descendants from the Big Bang that gave birth to the universe while evolution came from creation. For Giulo Giorello, professor of the philosophy of science at Milan's University degli Studi, Pope Francis' remark was aimed at flaming down dispute (http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/pope-francis-declares-evolution-and-big-bang-theory-are-right-and-god-isnt-a-magician-with-a-magic-wand-9822514.html) with science .
The Pope's speech in full text as published by (http://www.news.va/en/news/francis-in-the-pontifical-academy-of-sciences-emph) Official Vatican Network .
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|Publication:||International Business Times - US ed.|
|Date:||Oct 29, 2014|
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