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Poll: Young, educated workers may leave PHL.

The country may see an exodus of young educated Filipinos who may leave the Philippines and work or live in other countries, according to the results of a recent Gallup poll.

Based on the data in the Potential Net Migration Index, Gallup Inc. said the Philippines has a PNMI score of a contraction of 9 percent, with a brain drain of 16 percent and youth population loss of 13 percent.

The only Asean country that showed positive scores in PNMI, recorded a brain gain and an increase in its youth population was Singapore. It's PNMI score was 225 percent, brain gain of 185 percent and youth population of 410 percent.

'The higher the score, the larger the potential net population gain. Negative scores indicate net population loss,' Gallup said. 'Developed countries such as Singapore would see an influx of highly educated people.'

Among the Asean countries, Vietnam had the most to lose with a PNMI score of -15 percent. It's brain drain is 22 percent and lost youth population at 27 percent.

Globally, New Zealand had the most to gain from migration. It has a PNMI score of 231 percent. It will have a brain gain of 333 percent and youth population gain of 222 percent.

Sierra Leone had the lowest PNMI score of -70 percent. It's brain drain score is 73 percent and will lose 78 percent of its youth population.

Gallup explained that the PNMI is measured on a scale of -100, which is the total adult population of the country would leave to infinity, or the potential inflow of adult population to the country is unlimited and depends on the number of adults who want to move in from around the world.

The Potential Net Brain Gain Index is measured on a scale of -100 percent, or the total population of highly educated residents would leave to infinity, or the potential inflow of this highly educated group is unlimited and depends on the number who want to move in from around the world.

It said educated residents are those who have completed four years of education beyond high school or have the equivalent of a bachelor's degree.

The Potential Net Youth Migration Index is measured on a scale of -100 percent or the total aged 15 to 29 of the country's population would leave to infinity, or the potential inflow of 15 to 29 year olds is unlimited and depends on the number who want to move in from around the world.

'All scores are relative to a country's population size, and this should be kept in mind when interpreting results,' Gallup said.

Results are based on telephone and face-to-face interviews with 453,122 adults, aged 15 and older, in 152 countries from 2015 to 2017. The 152 countries surveyed represent about 99 percent of the world's adult population.

For most countries, aggregated sample sizes (across multiple years of surveys) range between 1,000 and 4,000 interviews.

As with any survey-based estimate, the indexes have corresponding margins of error, calculated using the Standard Error of the index. Sample size, size of the country and range in population projection weights affect margin of error of the indexes.

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Publication:Business Mirror (Makati City, Philippines)
Date:Dec 25, 2018
Words:604
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