Political Extremism in Iraq.
United States has been to supply the Kurds with arms to fight ISIS, the turmoil in the Middle East to the resurgence of ISIS and Al-Qaeda and other Sunni jihadist groups and their Shia counterparts, Islamic State, is an extremist group that follows al Qaeda's hard line ideology and adheres to global jihadist principles. The extremism in Shia and Sunni Islam is fomented and further exacerbated by the respective state backing of Iran and Saudi Arabia. The extreme radical factions of Islam pose the biggest threat in Middle East, Exploit sectarian politics as a means to increase their political leverage and influence in the region. These factions, independent of their sectarian affiliations, present violent, expansionist, and distorted views of Islam. Their interpretations of the religion are limited to concepts and means which best justify and suit their purposes. ISIS grew significantly as an organization owing to its participation in the Syrian Civil War and the strength of its leader, Abu-Bakir Al-Baghdadi . Economic and political discrimination against Arab Iraqi Sunnis since the fall of the secular Sadam's regime also helped it to gain support. The coalition in the new Iraqi constitution between the Shia and the Kurds at the expense of the Sunni Arabs as though they constituted the only Baathists in the old Iraq helped to work in favor of the Shia who had nurtured close ties to Iran.
The new rulers in Iraq had little idea about the workings of democracy and were mostly pursuing a sectarian agenda under the tutelage of Iran. Iran was able to wage a proxy war against the United States in Iraq through the Al Quds Force as well as splinter groups from the Sadr Movement, such as Asaib Ahl-Haq. Iran also relied on like minded politicians, including Prime Minister Maliki and the State of Law coalition deputies in the parliament who joined forces with other Shia groups, to get the Americans out. The disenfranchised Sunni parliamentarians also helped. Iran eventually achieved its objective of reducing the U.S. presence in Iraq and making robust U.S. engagement in Iraq unpalatable to the American people by increasing the costs of a large U.S. footprint in the Iraq. The Islamic State and al-Qaeda in Iraq immediately stepped in to fill the gap left by the Sunnis, who had boycotted after 2003 and Sadam regime's fall. Islamic State had close links with al-Qaeda until 2014, but in February of that year, after an eight-month power struggle, al-Qaeda cut all ties with the group, reportedly for its brutality and "notorious intractability. There was no external power intervening with ground forces to stop the chain of bloody massacres to helped stop the fighting by distancing the Sunni tribes from the al-Qaeda elements. bloodshed has been caused by the advance of the reportedly Saudi- and Qatar-funded Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) which has gained a foothold in Iraq due to Maliki's oppressive sectarian policies and his reluctance to include the Sunnis in Iraqi politics. This has alienated the Sunnis and left them with no choice but to embrace what they view as the lesser evil. Today we see a theater of sectarian war in Iraq, where Iran and the Gulf countries are waging their bloody battle against one another while the Iraqi people suffer the consequences.
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