Poems and stories of Rose Hawthorne Lathrop.
In her Memories of Hawthorne (1897), Rose Hawthorne Lathrop recounts the circumstances of a parental injunction forbidding her to write stories and her reaction to it.
My father overheard some vainglorious boasts from my lips, one afternoon, when the windows of the little library where he sat were open; and the small girl who listened to me, wide-eyed, and I myself, proud and glad to have reached a thrilling denouement, were standing beside the sweet-clover bed, not dreaming of anything more severe than its white bloom. A few minutes afterwards, my father hung over me, dark as a prophetic flight of birds. 'Never let me hear of your writing stories!' he exclaimed, with as near an approach to anger as I had ever seen in him. 'I forbid you to write them!' But I believe this command only added a new attraction to authorship, agreeably haunting me as I beckoned imaginary scenes and souls out of chaos. (252, Dodo Press: Gloucester, GB, 6 July 2007)
Rose disobeyed the admonition, wrote, and published at least forty-five short stories while married to George Parsons Lathrop.
Her stories for children and adults of the Gilded Age reflect values and mores of post-Civil War American culture, giving Rose a significant position in American literary history as well as a distinguished place among nineteenth-century women writers. Without scholarly advantage of the formal education her male relatives received, Rose persevered in writing but wrote within the shadows of family writers and later under the criticism of her husband, a novelist and early Hawthorne scholar--author of A Study of Hawthorne (1876), editor (1883) of the Riverside works of Hawthorne, and later editor-in-chief of the Boston Courier (1877-1879).
I recovered short stories titles that, arranged in chronological order along with her poems, offer a framework of dates, works, and dry periods that correspond to events in her life--son's birth, trips, deaths, and marital separations. The chronology makes 1894 the end of Rose's fiction career, taking the reader to the turning point in her life when, in 1895, Rose left George, reevaluated her life, and entered nurses' training to live values she often described in her fiction.
After 1895 reality replaced imaginative prose as Rose wrote historical, autobiographical, and social non-fiction. With Memories of Hawthorne (1897), first published serially February through May as Some Memories of Hawthorne in the Atlantic Monthly (1896), Rose gained a place in scholarly American literature and Hawthorne criticism. From 1896 writing became an extension of her work with indigent cancer patients through essays, newspaper articles, letters to editors, and two publications. In 1899 Rose wrote the first of her Reports--summaries of expenses, statistics, and donations--since her work began in 1896; eight more followed until her death July 9, 1926. Rose also wrote, edited, and published a monthly report from August 1901--June1904 of twenty-one issues, similar to a journal, but which she called a monthly pamphlet (yearly subscription, fifty cents), Christ's Poor, that recorded work, expenditures and needs, thanked benefactors, encouraged virtuous giving, raised awareness about cancer, and often included historical accounts of her experiences with patients. When work increased, her periodicals became irregularly published but letters of appeal and gratitude continued. Her writings remain a testimony of her intrepid spirit.
Abbreviations for the three grids on Rose Hawthorne Lathrop's works
* Column three numbers after the journal title indicate volume, issue number, and pages respectively for each selection of the three chronologies.
** Electronic resources for periodical titles of poems and poetry of RHL
AM American Memory LOC: The Nineteenth Century in Print: Periodicals
AP American Periodicals Series Online (subscription). All material copyrighted even material available through AM or CA
AS Along the Shore
CA Chronicling America
CFPL Concord Free Public Library
HW Harpweek for Harper's Weekly (subscription)
LOC Library of Congress: Chronicling America, American Memory, and Ask a Librarian Service
NYTA New York Times Article Archives (abbreviated AA in chronologies)
OLBP Online Books Page Serial Archive Listings for Lippincott's Magazine
WC WorldCat: Bibliographic information only
A Note about Harper's Bazar and Harper's Bazaar
Two different spellings of the magazine's titles exist. Harper's Bazar established in 1867 by Fletcher Harper became Harper's Bazaar in 1913 when William Randolph Hearst purchased it, kept the name Harper's, but changed Bazar to Bazaar. See Horsford, Howard C., "Harper and Brothers," Dictionary of Literary Biography. Detroit, MI: Gale Research Company, Vol. 49, 1986.192-198.
The cataloguing process requires "a standard library convention of cataloging all issues of the same journal under a single title, even though the periodical may have undergone various title changes over the years. In conventional cataloging, these changes are recorded in the Notes field of the record but do not change the standardized title field of the overall record itself. 'Library cataloging' and 'bibliographic citation' are thus divergent on the way they record titles." (Library of Congress Response #5879167)
Previously Published Poems of Rose Hawthorne Lathrop Appearing in Along the Shore
When Rose Hawthorne Lathrop selected fifty-five poems for publication in Along the Shore (Ticknor & Co., 1888), she already had published twenty-four of these poems. Sensitive about her literary talent compared with that of her family and husband, Rose may have reprinted previously accepted poems because their publication in contemporary periodicals indicated merit and worth. Certainly, of the poems considered unpublished before their appearance in Along the Shore, some may exist elsewhere; recovery will occur as the Library of Congress and commercial retrievers place more nineteenth-century periodicals and newspapers into electronic format. Therefore, I consider the chronologies incomplete works in progress, welcoming additional information from scholarly searches or advice about retrieval processes. I consider the chronologies with their introductions my first step toward publication of the collected works of Rose Hawthorne Lathrop.
In my searches about Rose, the periodical offerings of Louisa May Alcott, Sarah Orne Jewett, R.W. Emerson, Walt Whitman, Bronson Alcott, Emily Dickinson, and other nineteenth-century authors whose names appeared in the table of contents of nineteenth-century periodicals, tempted me to pause awhile with them as well. Seeing these names gathered together in a single place make the opening pages of a journal a veritable garden of temptation with Rose Hawthorne Lathrop a respected contemporary. I encourage readers and scholars to pursue the works of their favored writer or poet in periodicals available through the Library of Congress's American Memory or newspapers in Chronicling America, draw on the search recovery systems that librarians at private and public institutions use to facilitate research, and explore possibilities for recovering heretofore forgotten literature.
In a review of AS, Harpers NMMM, "Editor's Study," (77.462, 966, November 1888), publishes "Francie," the first re-publication of that poem found so far.
A Library of America Literature (11 vols.1888-1890, ed. Edmund Clarence Steadman, XI, 42) re-published five poems from Along the Shore: "A Song Before Grief," "Dorothy," "The Clock's Song," "Give Me Not Tears," and "Twenty Bold Mariners."
Additional Published Poems of Rose Hawthorne Lathrop
In Along the Shore (1888) Ticknor and Company published fifty-five poems by Rose Hawthorne Lathrop. When the archivist at Rosary Hill told me a chronology did not exist for her prose or poetry, I formulated one with poems in Along the Shore as a starting point. Using Online Serial Archives, WorldCat, Library of Congress with its American Memory Series and Chronicling America, the New York Times Archives, and ProQuest, I discovered that Rose previously published twenty-four of the poems in Along the Shore in nineteenth-century journals.
In the search for Along the Shore poems, I found thirty-five additional titles published in newspapers and periodicals that appear chronologically in the chart below. More published poems may yet exist. The chronology indicates that Rose's poetic work continues into 1894, the year before she separated from George Parsons Lathrop. A companion chart documents publication dates for the twenty-four previously published poems in Along the Shore, revealing that her published poetry began in 1875.
Of several name variations that Rose used to identify herself, most frequently she chose to end her name in Lathrop. I found ads about forthcoming works that helped me trace poems and short stories and reviews of works that alerted me to unfamiliar journals such as The Cottage Hearth. I read her poem "Twenty Bold Mariners" set to music by August Mignon in 1882, noted her illustrations of flowers and farmyard animals in works by others, found bits of society gossip about her, saw her name listed in a poll--the "Immortelles"--by The Critic (September 1890) for the best of cultivated American women writers," recognized her silhouette among famous Americans (Harper's Bazar, November 1899), and even discovered that she endorsed "Vinol," a tonic (The Evening World, November 13, 1908). Indeed, Americans of the Gilded Age knew of, respected, and loved Rose Hawthorne Lathrop, revering the name Hawthorne as well.
Published Short Stories of Rose Hawthorne Lathrop Year Title Periodical Date 1873 Toy Mysteries The Independent 25.1276, 615 * May 15, 1873 (AP) ** 1876 Saagenfreed Appletons Journal 741.XV, 377 June 10, 1876 (AP) The Owl St Nicholas Magazine 4, November That Stared 737-739 (CFPL) 1876 1878 Peter's Fight The Independent 30.1544, 27 July 4, 1878 Against Sticks (AP) 1879 Lilian's Reward Christian Union 20.12, 235 September 17, (AP) 1879 1880 One Cent Out of School Series, D. 1880, 1886 Lothrop and Co., Boston (LOC/WC). Re-published in The New England Story-Book, D. Lothrop and Co. (WC/Amherst) 1882 The Barbarians Magna Charta Stories: January, 1882 Overthrow: World-Famous Struggles for 1885, 1887, Defeat of Attila Freedom in Former Times 1898 at Chalons Recounted for Youthful Readers A. Gilman, (ed.), D. Lothrop (WC) with three additional editions The Country The Independent 34. 1739, 5 March 30, Cat-Show (AP) 1882 The Giant of Christian Union 25.22, 505 June 1, 1882 the Corner (AP) John Willow's Harper's Bazar 15.34, 534 (AP) August 26, Ghost 1882 Huff and Tiff Harper's Weekly XXVI.1841, 554 September 2, (HW) 1882 The Roguish Harper's Weekly XXVI.1852, November 13, Lover 730-1 (HW) 1882 The Cruel The Independent 32.1674, 27 December 30, Treatment of (AP) 1882 Jacobus Phennig 1883 The Tender Harper's Weekly XXVII.1881, June 9, 1883 Bachelor 358-9 (HW) The Good- The Independent 35.1807, 26 July 19, 1883 Natured Club (AP) Prisoners! Harpers NMM 67.400, 503-511 Part I (AM) Whitse-Headed The Independent 35.1815, 26 September 13, Dashford (AP) 1883 Prisoners! Harpers NMM 67.401, 696-705 October 1883 Part II (AM, AP) Fun-Beams St. Nicholas Magazine 11.3, January 1884 226 (AP) For a Lord Harper's Bazar 25.31, 613 (AP) July 30, 1884 Cloud Heroes Christian Union 30.19, 446 November 6, (AP) 1884 A Flash of Harper's Bazar XXVIII.1460, December 13, Good Feeling 829-830 (AP) 1884 A Barn to Christian Union 32.5, 14 (AP) July 30, 1885 the Rescue 1886 Nick Woolson's St. Nicholas Magazine 13.3, January 1886 Ride 184 (AP) 1887 Those Christmas St. Nicholas Magazine 14.3, January 1887 Stockings 179 (AP) A Touch of New Princeton Review 3, 386 May 1887 Sublimity (AP) Lindie's Portrait St. Nicholas Magazine 14.7, May 1887 512 (AP) The Bequeathed The Independent 39.2020, 27 August 18, Tiara (AP) 1887 Denham on The American VI.5, 614-619 September the Vauflars (LOC) 1887 Ole the Merry Christian Union 36.16, 399 October 20, (AP) 1887 1888 Miss Cooing's The Independent 40.2061, 27 May 31, 1888 Little Darkie (AP) 1889 The Economist's The Independent 41.2094, 26 January 17, New York (AP) 1889 Fearlessness The Independent 41.2118, 26 July 4, 1889 (AP) 1890 A Letter and Harper's Bazar 23.11, 202 (AP) March 15, a Face 1890 The Dull Christian Union 41.21, 751 May 22, 1890 Jackknife, I (AP) The Dull Christian Union 41.23, 807 June 5, 1890 Jackknife, II (AP) His Engagement Harper's Bazar 23.30, 585 (AP) July 26, 1890 A Snowy Harpers Bazar 23.52, 1034 (AP) December 27, Christmas 1890 1891 A Sea-Nymph Harper's Bazar 24, 42, 794 October 17, (AP) 1891 1892 The Love of An Ladies Home Journal IX.3, 1 February 1892 American Girl (AP) Troth Harper's NMM 85.507, August 1892 341-351(AM, AP) The Gift and The Cottage Hearth XVIII.12, December the Gratitude 367-372 (LOC/CA) 1892 1893 Robinson's Donahoe's Magazine 30.1, 13-25 July 1893 Hidden Life (LOC) How Love Ladies Home Journal X, 12, 5 November Can Hide (AP) 1893 1894 Worth California Illustrated M 5, 2, January 1894 An Actor 276 (AP) Godey's Magazine 128, June 1894 768, 700 (AP) Previously Published Poems Appearing in Along the Shore Year Title Periodical Date 1875 A Wooing Song Galaxy XX.6, 799 (AP, AM) December 1875 1876 First Bloom The Independent 8. 1460, 11 November 23, of Love (AP) 1876 1878 Closing Chords Atlantic Monthly 41. 248, 754 June 1878 (AM, AP) 1879 Gertrude Scribners Monthly 17.4 (AM, February 1879 AP) 1881 Song Before Scribners Monthly 22.3 (AM, July 1881 Grief AP) 1882 Dorothy Harper's Weekly (HW) February 16, 1882 1883 A Ballad of Century Illustrated (XXVI.1,19 May 1883 the Mist (AP, AM) 1883 Unloved Atlantic Monthly 41.306,528 April 1883 (AM, AP) 1884 Hidden History Harpers NMM 68.404, 281 (AM, January 1884 AP) Power Against Century Illustrated XXVIII.1, May 1884 Power 41 (AP, AM) 1885 The Lost Battle Harper's NMM 70.418, 643 (AM, March 1885 AP) 1886 For Others Century Illustrated XXXI.4, February 1886 558 (AP, AM) The Clock's Song The Independent 38.1965, 25 July 29, 1886 (AP) Love Now MA Ploughman and N.E. Journal August 21, of Agriculture 45.47, 4 (AP) 1886 The Shell and Atlantic Monthly 58. 347, 317 September the World (AM,AP) 1886 1887 The Cynic's The Independent 39.2013, 1 June 30, 1887 Fealty (AP) Broken-Hearted The Independent 39.2028, 1 October 13, (AP) 1887 Endless Resource Century Illustrated XXXV.2, November 243 (AP, AM) 1887 Looking Lippincott's Monthly M 40, 926 December Backward (OLBP) 1887 Zest The Chautauquan 8.3, 152 (AP) December 1887 1888 Inlet and Shore Century 35.3, 407 (AM, AP) January 1888 Lost Reality The Chautauquan 8.6, 355 (AP) March 1888 The Roads Century Illustrated XXV.5, 790 March 1888 That Meet (AP, AM) Impersonality Christian Union 37.18,553 (AP) May 3, 1888 Additional Published Poems of Rose Hawthorne Lathrop Year Title Periodical Date 1878 The Lovers' Appletons' Journal IV.1, 50 * January 1878 Fate (MA) ** 1880 Fancy's Hapers NMM 62. 367, 45 (AP, December Chances MA} 1880 1884 Cloud Heroes Christian Union 30.19, 446 November 6, (AP) 1884 The Fault- Century Illustrated M XXVII.5, March 1884 Demon 798 (AP, AM) 1889 One of Harper's Weekly XXXI.1728, April 13, 1889 "The Minstrels" 283 (HW) The Greater Friends' Intelligencer 46.18, May 4, 1889 World 285 (AP) Out-Door Life The Youth's Companion 62.22, May 30, 1889 279 (AP) A Nursery The Independent 41.2115, 28 June 13, 1889 Rhyme For (AP) Tourists Lovers' Lane Harper's Weekly XXXIII.1696, June 22, 1889 495 (HW) Friends The Chautauquan 9.10, 579 (AP) July 1889 Just Bloomed Century Illustrated XXXVIII.3, July 1889 480 (AP, AM) Under the Sky The Youth's Companion 62.33, August 15, 408 (AP) 1889 1890 At Heart Helper's NMM 80.476 311 (MA) January 1890 The Cadet Harper's NMM 80.478, 510 (MA) March 1890 Pure Hearts Harper's Weekly XXXIV.1745,430 May 31, 1890 (HW) Wait But A Day! Lippincott's Monthly M 46,149 July 1890 (OLBP) Beyond Harper's Bazar 23.27, 530 (AP) July 5, 1890 Knowledge. Girls Singing The World Harper's Weekly LXXXI.486, 77 November Runs On (HW) 1890 At Five O' Harper's Bazar 23.49, 958 (AP) December 6, Clock 1890 1891 Our Engine- Century Illustrated M, XLI. 4, February 1891 House 640 (AP, AM)) Give Me The Century Illustrated M 41.5, March 1891 Not Tears 732 (AM, AP) Century Illustrated M, XLI.5, March 1891 732 (AM, AP) Our Modern Harper's Bazar, 24.28, 542 July 11, 1891 Amazon (AP) A Belle in Harper's Bazar, 24.35, 654 August 21, Tears (AP) 1891 To a Pictured The Independent, 43.2233, 26 September 17, Rose (AP) 1891 Only and Air Belford's Monthly and October, 1891 Democratic Review, 8.41, 175 (AP) 1892 So It is True Scribner's Monthly MXI.2, 219 February 1892 (MA) In a Castle Lippincott's Monthly M 50, 84 July 1892 Hall (OLBP) The Choice The Catholic World 56.331,17 October 1892 (AP) Winter, The Independent 44. 2296, 29 December 1, Welcome! (AP) 1892 1893 Meeting The Catholic World 57.539, 348 June, 1893 the Spirit (AP) A Bit of Ladies' Home Journal X. 6, 13 June 8, 1893 Sunshine (AP) 1894 False Peace: The Independent XLVI.2365, 1 March 29, Contents (LOC) 1894 identical to poem following. Titles differ. A Life is The New York Times 7 (AA) March 31, Death, Alone 1894 Yet, Am I Old Ladies' Home Journal, XI.12, 8 November (AP)
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|Publication:||Nathaniel Hawthorne Review|
|Article Type:||Critical essay|
|Date:||Sep 22, 2010|
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