Planning tumble, strategy for business in dynamic environments.
In the world today various factors have changed. So when things seem to be unpredictable. Therefore, applying knowledge of programming has become essential over that the past. The new model of strategic planning, flexible planning and planning tumble to meet changing circumstances of today's world and with the relevant degrees of success have been used efficiently!!]. Much definition for planning is here to discuss the general concept of its intellectual process of planning and decision-relief rational thinking based on facts and future procedures for selecting the best paths to a specified target in the future .
In fact, today's highly complex environment is causes that requires employing more gay and complex environment variable affect the number of projections is facing serious challenges to traditional planning. Accordingly, attention to environmental changes and developments affecting inside, outside factors make it necessary to review here, planning tumble applications .
Planning tumble (the programs are reviewed periodically) always to makes decision-making to the recreation opportunities and to choose right strategy with the conditions and with awareness and knowledge of changes in outside. Planning tumble with view to the future and reality allowing the organization to consistently causing to decreases unreasonable costs on different organizational levels. For example, if the anticipated costs for a year are more than the real value of these costs, in this case, the end of year organization will face staff productivity and reduce costs.
The interpretation of Imam Ali (AS): Each of the welcoming sight to go to work and they would wander back to.
Planning tumble is a program to meet the needs of itsdynamic environment that it's reviewed periodically.
Planning tumble process:
In traditional methods of planning, the future is attachment to the past, while today believe that in the future, not the past perfect continuous and apart from those. Planning tumble including of long-term planning that is multi-period planning horizon in a short period of time begin to cover the long-term. Generally, short-term planning horizon is including of two parts of definite and probability. The definite part is base on received orders or allocated budget or market share. The probability part is based on programs and socio-economic trends and forecasting and rate of market growth ... These programs are reviewed periodically; for example quarterly period and new planning horizon emerges base on periodically review. And this trend will continue to cover a long period. Generally, planning tumble in the following sections:
a. Planning horizon length
b. Frozen interval
c. Free interval
d. Re-planning periodicity
a. Planning horizon length:
The time period that organization due to dynamic business environment for short-term plan for their business over the long term planning horizon is considered.
b. Frozen interval:
The time frame that all of the information of related to environmental factor particularly demand for organization is available and specified. For example organization according to the shares received and market share of corporate sales during the first six months of final product 100.
c. Free interval:
The time frame that the information of related to environmental factors especially the demand is uncertainty and more process--based and forecast is based. For example, in addition to the first six months of expected definitive sale 100 average thirty other product sale forecasts.
d. Re-planning periodicity
The length of time that has elapsed after the planning horizon length organization pay attention to review and the evaluation of the production plans, distributors, suppliers, clientele and competitors to coordinate their plans with transitions occurring in the surrounding to use the opportunities prevented from potential losses. The re-planning periodicity three to six months is considered. Here's a sample is providen in table.
As was observed in Fig. 1 : after every re-planning periodicity of plans a new horizon unfold that in horizon of new plan, all program or part of free interval in new horizons program. And this process is of re-planning and creation new horizon programs that causes dynamism and compatibility planning tumble with environment changes in a cycle of long term strategic.
A reliable process for ensure consistency of programs with environmental changes in horizon of planning is use of a central data structure for information interchange between organization units, organization stake holders, suppliers, the natural environmental of organization this leads to a reduction of uncertainty about forecasts, economic and social trends, competitive forces, political and etc in planning horizon length. The information system is contains information about changes in the organization and its environment that help to organizational planners of getting a judgment and control organization plans.
Planning tumble feature:
The strengths of this program include the following:
a-- Flexibility: the most important feature of planning tumble is flexibility with dynamic condition in the environment which including the changes in the objectives and priorities in plan. in accordance with changes in environment
b-- Continuity: the planning helps us to achieve the objectives and goals. Indeed the continuity is basis of planning. The continuity is scheme of planning tumble in revised form and continuous change.
c-- Attend in volatile markets : because the planning tumbles process is constantly searching and analysis their environment. For this reason can easily optimal use of few and unstable opportunities of the market.
d-- Conversion recurring costs to standard costs  : with detecting deviations in a periodic review and diagnosis can be removed much of current cost of business or became the standard costs (minimize of need to use resources).
e-- According to key customers and major suppliers
f-- According to key economic indicators interest and inflation rate 
g-- Increase the efficiency and effectiveness of business
h-- Establish a systematic framework for the future management 
In addition to the strengths of mentioned disadvantages of this type of planning can be noted that the following:
1. Engage: when changes occur continuously in the process of planning the organization's commitment to reduce 2. Poor discipline systems in the planning horizon lengths because of dynamic programs. 3. Difficult to prepare: preparation of documents and updated information programs for automatic reprogramming to be time consuming and costly and expensive.
The comparison between annual planning and planning tumble:
1. The good planning requires that a building is based on key operational divers that the major advantage is that planning tumble. If the annual plan ignores the key Stimulus .
2. Environmental developments planning tumble mechanisms which are periodically reviewed on this basis they can be the foundation for the strategic plan. While on an annual planning with strategic objectives of the organization are less relevant and leading to static behavior in achieving its strategic objective .
3. The annual planning due to having a poor tool and being hasty in anticipation of budget remained in use as a guide for the future development. While planning an economic advantage planning tumble the extra cost of the program is evident as yearly as the end of fiscal year. So it will be very difficult for a responsible of budget was the money allocated additional funds in the next period of time to hide .
4. Annual planning because of the people far from the areas of operation and are constructed with deviation of actual. While tumble forecast process is from the button up in the activities of this organization .
Planning tumble and agile manufacturing systems:
Agility means maximum flexibility to respond to changes in product and customer's needs until the organization can by as superior organization is known among rivals. Agility in new management is known as continuously improve of business process so agile manufacturing systems today is considered as an organization's ability to respond to unpredictable and continuous changes of the business environment .
Hence, planning tumble, having 4 Principles of agile manufacturing based an organization in order to the pioneering to adapt to the competitive environment, leverage to influence individuals information, collaborate in order to increase competition and valuing customers, can be used as an important tool in implementing agile manufacturing strategy. Period revisions in planning tumble will enable the organization that continually be monitored to business processes and their improvement to reduce costs, this is one of the key elements of modern management is recognized.
In today's world that is the world of daily changes looking of the future with a static result but not defeated. Planning tumble makes it possible for organization to attention the fact surrounding with the least possible cost to their business planning process. The main differences of planning tumble with static annual planning can be revised periodically as the programs that it was planned the dynamics. In fact, this type of planning can be seen as a good example of a practical application that has three main features below:
Optimality, feasibility, compatibility:
It could be argued that planning tumble is closely related with the topic of agile manufacturing systems. The purpose of ASM is to continuously improve of business over time.
Thus this type of the planning for companies that are active in a particular industry or special projects and best performance was clearly from yours. At the end, an organization that has long-term strategic plans for growth and for dynamic markets can use planning tumble as strategic plan to achieve is strategic objectives.
Received 8 September 2013
Received in revised form 21 October 2013
Accepted 29 October 2013
Available online 10 November 2013
 Mahdavi, M.R., 2007. planning in IRAN, Institutes of Religion and Economics, http://www.old.ires/coverstory.
 Seyed Poor, S.J., 2021. IRAN Newspaper, number 5208.
 Motaghi, H., 2009. Production Planning and Operations, AVAYE PATRIS publications, Eighth Edition.
 Narayanan, N., P. Robinson, 2011. Evaluation of joint replenishment lost-sizing procedures in rolling horizon planning systems. Int. J. Production Economics, 127: 85-94.
 David parameter; periodic planning tumble and features, translated by Niksirat Reza
(1) Mahmood Nasrollahi and (2) Mahshid Tofigh
(1) Student of MA in EMBA, Islamic Azad University of Arak, Arak, Postal code: 3816175465, Iran
(2) Master of business management, Islamic Azad University of Malayer, Malayer, Postal code: 1318775631, Iran
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|Author:||Nasrollahi, Mahmood; Tofigh, Mahshid|
|Publication:||Advances in Environmental Biology|
|Date:||Oct 1, 2013|
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