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Photofuel: Biocatalytic solar fuels for sustainable mobility in Europe.

EU contribution: EUR 5 998 251

Objective: Photofuel studies and advances the biocatalytic production of alternative liquid transportation fuels, which require only sunlight, CO2 and water. Microbial cells directly excrete hydrocarbon and long chain alcohol fuel compounds to the medium from which they are separated, without the need to harvest biomass. This significantly improves the costs and energy balances as only a minimum of nutrients is required for self-replication of the biocatalyst, whilst cell harvesting, drying and lipid extraction is omitted. Such minimum-input systems are compatible with operation on degraded or desert land which avoids the pitfalls of most of the currently available biofuel technologies. The products are drop-in fuels that fully or partially replace their fossil counterparts without the need for new infrastructure. To set a benchmark for alternative solar fuels, three research groups will collaborate in the advancement of the biocatalysts from TRL 3. The best biocatalytic system(s) will be up-scaled and operated outdoors in photobioreactors modified for direct fuel separation at a scale of several cubic meters (TRL 4-5). The identification of optimal future fuel blends with a fossil fuel base and Photofuel biofuels as additives, as well as the analysis of performance and emissions in car or truck engines, will be evaluated by the oil- and automotive-industry partners. The entire pathway will be assessed for environmental and economic performance as well as social acceptance of large scale production in rural communities and by the consumer. All results will be combined to a business development plan, which clearly identifies the opportunities but also the challenges prior to an economic fuel production in compliance to the EC Fuel Quality Directive.

Participants:

UPPSALA UNIVERSITET

Sweden

EU contribution: EUR 651 250

Sweden

UNIVERSITAET BIELEFELD

Germany

EU contribution: EUR 631 500

Germany

IMPERIAL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY AND MEDICINE

United Kingdom

EU contribution: EUR 1 166 363,75

United Kingdom

UNIVERSITA DEGLI STUDI DI FIRENZE

Italy

EU contribution: EUR 432 355

Italy

A4F ALGAFUEL SA

Portugal

EU contribution: EUR 205 036

Portugal

IFP Energies nouvelles

France

EU contribution: EUR 553 235

France

Neste Oil Corporation

Finland

EU contribution: EUR 300 350

Finland

KARLSRUHER INSTITUT FUER TECHNOLOGIE

Germany

EU contribution: EUR 521 327,5

Germany

CENTRO RICERCHE FIAT SCPA

Italy

EU contribution: EUR 307 375

Italy

VOLVO TECHNOLOGY AB

Sweden

EU contribution: EUR 319 167,75

Sweden

Project completion date : 2019-05-01 12:00:00

Major organization : VOLKSWAGEN AG

Address : Berliner Ring 2,

38440 Wolfsburg,

Country :Germany

Email : vw@volkswagen.de

Url : http://www.volkswagenag.com/

Financier : European Union (EU),

Financier address : European Union (EU)

Rue de la Loi 200/Wetstraat 200,

B-1049 Bruxelles/Brussels,

Belgium

Tel: 32-2-2999696, 2993085

Fax: 32-2-2961749

Url: ec.europa.eu/

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Publication:Mena Report
Geographic Code:4EUGE
Date:Jul 4, 2015
Words:455
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