2. Be quick. If your subject may fly away, stop smiling, bolt, or just get tired of waiting for you, shoot quickly.
3. Compose your shot. Try framing the subject vertically as well as horizontally to judge which format is more dramatic. Play with perspective.
4. Be picky. Keep anything distracting out of the picture. Focus on a close-up that tells the whole story or move around to eliminate the distraction.
5. Focus on your subject. Practice shooting with different apertures to discover how depth-of-field affects your photo. A smaller depth-of-field (smaller f-stop number) focuses the attention on your subject not the background. A greater depth-of-field (bigger f-stop number) will make everything appear in focus.
6. Experiment in time. Play with shutter speed. Use a slow shutter speed (1/15 sec.) to capture a passive subject. Use a fast shutter speed (1/500 sec. and up) to capture an object in motion.
7. Look at the light. Which way are the shadows falling? How is the light affecting your subject? Is the light blazing brightly upon your whole subject?
8. Watch the weather. Depending on the weather, decide if you want to have the sky in your picture. Black-and-white pictures on an overcast day can be more dramatic than color.
9. Be bold. Experiment and remember that beauty is in the eyes of the photographer!
10. Have fun!