Philatelic Society talk.
The evenings display was entitled "A Dutch Evening". John explained that the Dutch were great colonisers and this evening he would be presenting material relating to both the Dutch West Indies and the Dutch East Indies.
He then gave a brief background to his display. H said Dutch West Indies consisted of a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea, consisting of Curacao, Aruba, Bonaire, Saba, St. Eustatius, Surinam and part of St. Maarten.
His first sheets displayed pre-stamp letters dated 1696, 1697 and 1745, from Curacao to Holland and Surinam to Holland. A cover from 1880 from the West Indies Mail Company was displayed and a rare cover from Bonaire to Bangor, Maine, USA.
Surinam was subject to several changes of governing countries. It was a Netherlands possession from 1667. From 1799-1802 it was occupied by the British, then France occupied it, then again, the British from 1804-16, and finally back to the Dutch. Material, (some of it very rare), relating to all of these changes, were displayed.
In 1873 Surinam was renamed Suriname and definitive stamps of this period were displayed as were some early registered covers. In 1948 Curacao became an autonomous part of Union of the Netherlands and became part of the Netherlands Antilles along with Suriname. John then moved onto the Dutch East Indies, a much larger and complex group, consisting of thousands of islands in the East Indian Archipelago.
He said that they had been occupied by the Dutch since 1596. Being particularly important after the establishment of the Dutch East India Company in 1602. After the dissolution of the Company in 1798 the area had been governed by the Netherlands and some rare pre-stamp items were displayed. Maritime mail of the 1870s were displayed with many handstamps belonging to the some of the 200 ships that sailed between the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans, plus the Mediterranean Sea.
Registered covers from Java, Indonesia, Singapore and Sumatra were shown. Also, some early Military mail from 1870 that covered the period of the Aceh War of 1873 between the Sultanate of Aceh, (who wanted independence) and the Dutch. The Dutch East Indies were occupied by the Japanese during WWII and Censorship covers were displayed along with Internee mail from the many camps set-up by the Japanese. Postal stationery cards from some of the internees were also displayed.
After the war, it was chaos, with many letters not reaching their destination and being returned. Items of returned mail being displayed together with letters from the internees. Many unusual items were then displayed by John. They included, a list of items dropped by parachute to the internees at the end of WWII. Burma Railway POW cards and Red Cross items were evident, as was mail issued during the war by various camps, each one having their own postmarks, some of these were on display.
He ended with a display of miscellaneous items, that included postcards showing the photographs of numerous ships that were used by the postal services during the 1920s, an "Advice of Receipt of a Registered envelope", an unusual Red Registered label, plus hand-made registration labels and advertising cards.
Garth Taylor, the Loughborough president, gave the vote-of-thanks- on behalf of the members present. He said that not only had we been treated to a wonderful display, but it had been educational as well and congratulated John on his research and knowledge of the subject and looked forward to possibly another visit from him in the near future.
The next meeting will be on Thursday, May 10, when Mr. S. Harrison will present G.B. Registered Mail. RFT
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|Publication:||Loughborough Echo (Loughborough, England)|
|Date:||May 9, 2018|
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