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Petroleum Supply Monthly with data for June 2018.

Table 57. Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline,
Tanker, Barge, and Rail 1 Between PAD Districts, June 2018
(Thousand Barrels)

                                        From 1 to
Commodity
                                2          3          5

Crude Oil                        279        232          0

Petroleum Products            17,057      1,247          0
  Natural Gas Liquids          7,494        335          0
    Ethane                     5,543          0          -
    Propane                    1,052        174          0
    Normal Butane                286        160          0
    Isobutane                    351          1          0
    Natural Gasoline             262          0          -
  Refinery Olefins                 0          0          -
    Ethylene                       -          -          -
    Propylene                      0          0          -
    Butylene                       -          -          -
    Isobutylene                    -          -          -
  Unfinished Oils                  8          0          -
  Motor Gasoline Blending
      Components               6,529        175          0
    Reformulated--RBOB             0          0          0
    Conventional               6,529        175          0
      CBOB                     6,529          0          0
      GTAB                         -          -          -
      Other                        0        175          -
  Renewable Fuels                  0          0          0
    Fuel Ethanol                   0          0          0
    Renewable Diesel
      Fuel (2)                     0          0          0
    Other Renewable Fuels          -          -          -
  Finished Motor Gasoline         95          0          0
    Reformulated                   -          -          -
      Reformulated Blended
        with Fuel Ethanol          -          -          -
      Reformulated Other           -          -          -
    Conventional                  95          0          0
      Conventional Blended
          with Fuel
          Ethanol                  -          -          -
        Ed55 and Lower             -          -          -
        Greater than Ed55          -          -          -
      Conventional Other          95          0          0
  Finished Aviation
      Gasoline                     0          0          -
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel         249          0          0
  Kerosene                         -          -          -
  Distillate Fuel Oil          2,682          0          0
    15 ppm sulfur and
        under                  2,682          0          0
    Greater than 15 ppm
        to 500 ppm sulfur          0          0          -
    Greater than 500 ppm
        sulfur                     -          0          -
  Residual Fuel Oil                0        637          -
  Petrochemical Feedstocks         0          0          -
    Naphtha for
      Petrochemical
      Feedstock Use                0          0          -
    Other Oils for
      Petrochemical
      Feedstock Use                0          0          -
  Special Naphthas                 0          0          -
  Lubricants                       0        100          -
  Waxes                            -          -          -
  Marketable Petroleum
      Coke                         0          0          0
  Asphalt and Road Oil             0          0          0
  Miscellaneous Products           0          0          -

Total                         17,336      1,479          0

                                              From 2 to
Commodity
                                1          3          4          5

Crude Oil                      2,832     52,714      6,587      4,205

Petroleum Products            15,390     35,964      7,444      4,657
  Natural Gas Liquids          2,599     24,016      3,746        367
    Ethane                         0     11,220        397          -
    Propane                    2,267      7,848      1,859        216
    Normal Butane                210      3,009        796         80
    Isobutane                    122        651        289         71
    Natural Gasoline               0      1,288        405          -
  Refinery Olefins               282        282          -          -
    Ethylene                       -          -          -          -
    Propylene                    282        282          -          -
    Butylene                       -          -          -          -
    Isobutylene                    -          -          -          -
  Unfinished Oils                  0        725          -          -
  Motor Gasoline Blending
      Components               1,092      1,864      1,514          0
    Reformulated--RBOB           128        285          -          0
    Conventional                 964      1,579      1,514          0
      CBOB                       964      1,353      1,514          0
      GTAB                         -          -          -          -
      Other                        0        226          -          -
  Renewable Fuels              8,728      5,980        374      4,122
    Fuel Ethanol               8,569      5,683        295      3,898
    Renewable Diesel
      Fuel (2)                   158        297         79        224
    Other Renewable Fuels          -          -          -          -
  Finished Motor Gasoline        252        140        270          0
    Reformulated                   -          -          -          -
      Reformulated Blended
        with Fuel Ethanol          -          -          -          -
      Reformulated Other           -          -          -          -
    Conventional                 252        140        270          0
      Conventional Blended
          with Fuel
          Ethanol                  -          -          -          -
        Ed55 and Lower             -          -          -          -
        Greater than Ed55          -          -          -          -
      Conventional Other         252        140        270          0
  Finished Aviation
      Gasoline                     0          0          -          -
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel          73         59        749          0
  Kerosene                         -          -          -          -
  Distillate Fuel Oil            824      1,175        791          0
    15 ppm sulfur and
        under                    824      1,175        791          0
    Greater than 15 ppm
        to 500 ppm sulfur          -          0          -          -
    Greater than 500 ppm
        sulfur                     0          0          -          -
  Residual Fuel Oil                0        651          -          -
  Petrochemical Feedstocks         -        157          -          -
    Naphtha for
      Petrochemical
      Feedstock Use                -        134          -          -
    Other Oils for
      Petrochemical
      Feedstock Use                -         23          -          -
  Special Naphthas                 -          0          -          -
  Lubricants                       0          0          -          -
  Waxes                            -          -          -          -
  Marketable Petroleum
      Coke                       537        733          0          0
  Asphalt and Road Oil         1,003        183          0        169
  Miscellaneous Products           -          0          -          -

Total                         18,222     88,678     14,031      8,862

                                               From 3 to
Commodity
                                1          2          4          5

Crude Oil                      2,588     20,975          0        186

Petroleum Products            98,639     21,925          0      4,935
  Natural Gas Liquids            206      5,712          0         26
    Ethane                         0        571          0          -
    Propane                      179        616          0          0
    Normal Butane                 17        212          0         22
    Isobutane                     10        396          0          4
    Natural Gasoline               0      3,917          0          -
  Refinery Olefins                 0          0          -          -
    Ethylene                       -          -          -          -
    Propylene                      0          0          -          -
    Butylene                       -          -          -          -
    Isobutylene                    -          -          -          -
  Unfinished Oils                100        636          -          -
  Motor Gasoline Blending
      Components              53,208      8,675          0      3,476
    Reformulated--RBOB         8,098      5,043          -      2,216
    Conventional              45,110      3,632          0      1,260
      CBOB                    45,019      2,949          0      1,260
      GTAB                         -          -          -          -
      Other                       91        683          -          -
  Renewable Fuels                508         41          0        502
    Fuel Ethanol                 508         41          0        302
    Renewable Diesel
      Fuel (2)                     0          0          0        200
    Other Renewable Fuels          -          -          -          -
  Finished Motor Gasoline      4,012      1,294          0          0
    Reformulated                   -          -          -          -
      Reformulated Blended
        with Fuel Ethanol          -          -          -          -
      Reformulated Other           -          -          -          -
    Conventional               4,012      1,294          0          0
      Conventional Blended
          with Fuel
          Ethanol                  -          -          -          -
        Ed55 and Lower             -          -          -          -
        Greater than Ed55          -          -          -          -
      Conventional Other       4,012      1,294          0          0
  Finished Aviation
      Gasoline                   240         30          -          -
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel      16,346      2,133          0        325
  Kerosene                         -          -          -          -
  Distillate Fuel Oil         22,863      2,953          0        505
    15 ppm sulfur and
        under                 21,298      2,857          0        505
    Greater than 15 ppm
        to 500 ppm sulfur          -         96          -          -
    Greater than 500 ppm
        sulfur                 1,565          -          -          -
  Residual Fuel Oil                0          0          -          -
  Petrochemical Feedstocks         -          0          -          -
    Naphtha for
      Petrochemical
      Feedstock Use                -          0          -          -
    Other Oils for
      Petrochemical
      Feedstock Use                -          0          -          -
  Special Naphthas                 -         31          -          -
  Lubricants                     696        195          -          -
  Waxes                            -          -          -          -
  Marketable Petroleum
      Coke                         0          0          0          0
  Asphalt and Road Oil           460        209          0        101
  Miscellaneous Products           -         16          -          -

Total                        101,227     42,900          0      5,122

                                               From 4 to
Commodity
                                1          2          3          5

Crude Oil                          0     21,841        515         94

Petroleum Products                 0      8,253      7,800      2,002
  Natural Gas Liquids              0      7,245      7,502        218
    Ethane                         0      1,469      2,500          -
    Propane                        0      3,077      2,572        148
    Normal Butane                  0      1,287        901         59
    Isobutane                      0        548        518         11
    Natural Gasoline               0        864      1,011          -
  Refinery Olefins                 0          0          0          -
    Ethylene                       -          -          -          -
    Propylene                      0          0          0          -
    Butylene                       -          -          -          -
    Isobutylene                    -          -          -          -
  Unfinished Oils                  0          0          0          -
  Motor Gasoline Blending
      Components                   0        198          0        610
    Reformulated--RBOB             0          0          0          0
    Conventional                   0        198          0        610
      CBOB                         0        198          0        610
      GTAB                         -          -          -          -
      Other                        0          0          0          -
  Renewable Fuels                  0          0          0          0
    Fuel Ethanol                   0          0          0          0
    Renewable Diesel
      Fuel (2)                     0          0          0          0
    Other Renewable Fuels          -          -          -          -
  Finished Motor Gasoline          0        254          0        573
    Reformulated                   -          -          -          -
      Reformulated Blended
        with Fuel Ethanol          -          -          -          -
      Reformulated Other           -          -          -          -
    Conventional                   0        254          0        573
      Conventional Blended
          with Fuel
          Ethanol                  -          -          -          -
        Ed55 and Lower             -          -          -          -
        Greater than Ed55          -          -          -          -
      Conventional Other           0        254          0        573
  Finished Aviation
      Gasoline                     0          0          0          -
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel           0         12          0         10
  Kerosene                         -          -          -          -
  Distillate Fuel Oil              0        381          0        328
    15 ppm sulfur and
        under                      0        381          0        328
    Greater than 15 ppm
        to 500 ppm sulfur          -          0          0          -
    Greater than 500 ppm
        sulfur                     0          -          0          -
  Residual Fuel Oil                0          0          0          -
  Petrochemical Feedstocks         -          0          0          -
    Naphtha for
      Petrochemical
      Feedstock Use                -          0          0          -
    Other Oils for
      Petrochemical
      Feedstock Use                -          0          0          -
  Special Naphthas                 -          0          0          -
  Lubricants                       0          0          0          -
  Waxes                            -          -          -          -
  Marketable Petroleum
      Coke                         0         38         19         91
  Asphalt and Road Oil             0        125        279        171
  Miscellaneous Products           -          0          0          -

Total                              0     30,094      8,315      2,095

                                          From 5 to
Commodity
                                1          3          4

Crude Oil                          0          0          0

Petroleum Products                 0        100          0
  Natural Gas Liquids              0          0          0
    Ethane                         0          0          0
    Propane                        0          0          0
    Normal Butane                  0          0          0
    Isobutane                      0          0          0
    Natural Gasoline               0          0          0
  Refinery Olefins                 0          0          -
    Ethylene                       -          -          -
    Propylene                      0          0          -
    Butylene                       -          -          -
    Isobutylene                    -          -          -
  Unfinished Oils                  0          0          -
  Motor Gasoline Blending
      Components                   0          0          0
    Reformulated--RBOB             0          0          -
    Conventional                   0          0          0
      CBOB                         0          0          0
      GTAB                         -          -          -
      Other                        0          0          -
  Renewable Fuels                  0          0          0
    Fuel Ethanol                   0          0          0
    Renewable Diesel
      Fuel (2)                     0          0          0
    Other Renewable Fuels          -          -          -
  Finished Motor Gasoline          0          0          0
    Reformulated                   -          -          -
      Reformulated Blended
        with Fuel Ethanol          -          -          -
      Reformulated Other           -          -          -
    Conventional                   0          0          0
      Conventional Blended
          with Fuel
          Ethanol                  -          -          -
        Ed55 and Lower             -          -          -
        Greater than Ed55          -          -          -
      Conventional Other           0          0          0
  Finished Aviation
      Gasoline                     0          0          -
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel           0          0          0
  Kerosene                         -          -          -
  Distillate Fuel Oil              0          0          0
    15 ppm sulfur and
        under                      0          0          0
    Greater than 15 ppm
        to 500 ppm sulfur          -          0          -
    Greater than 500 ppm
        sulfur                     0          0          -
  Residual Fuel Oil                0          0          -
  Petrochemical Feedstocks         -          0          -
    Naphtha for
      Petrochemical
      Feedstock Use                -          0          -
    Other Oils for
      Petrochemical
      Feedstock Use                -          0          -
  Special Naphthas                 -          0          -
  Lubricants                       0          0          -
  Waxes                            -          -          -
  Marketable Petroleum
      Coke                         0        100          0
  Asphalt and Road Oil             0          0          0
  Miscellaneous Products           -          0          -

Total                              0        100          0

- = No Data Reported.

(1) Movements of crude oil, propane, normal butane, isobutane,
propylene, ethanol, biodiesel, marketable petroleum coke, and asphalt
and road oil include movements by rail. Movements of other products
are by pipeline, tanker and barge only.

(2) Renewable diesel fuel includes biodiesel and other renewable
diesel.

Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA) Forms EIA-812,
"Monthly Product Pipeline Report," EIA-813, "Monthly Crude Oil
Report," EIA-817, "Monthly Tanker and Barge Movements Report." Rail
net movements estimates based on EIA analysis of data from the Surface
Transportation Board and other information.

Table 58. Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline
Between PAD Districts, June 2018
(Thousand Barrels)

                                     From 1 to
Commodity
                                    2         3

Crude Oil                           121        82
Petroleum Products               16,579         0
  Natural Gas Liquids             7,069         0
    Ethane                        5,543         0
    Propane                         869         0
    Normal Butane                   116         0
    Isobutane                       279         0
    Natural Gasoline                262         0
  Motor Gasoline Blending
        Components                6,504         0
    Reformulated--RBOB                0         0
    Conventional                  6,504         0
      CBOB                        6,504         0
      GTAB                            -         -
      Other                           0         0
  Renewable Fuels                     -         -
    Fuel Ethanol                      -         -
    Renewable Diesel Fuel1            -         -
    Other Renewable Fuels             -         -
  Finished Motor Gasoline            95         0
    Reformulated                      -         -
      Reformulated Blended
          with Fuel Ethanol           -         -
      Reformulated Other              -         -
    Conventional                     95         0
      Conventional Blended
          with Fuel Ethanol           -         -
        Ed55 and Lower                -         -
        Greater than Ed55             -         -
      Conventional Other             95         0
  Finished Aviation Gasoline          -         -
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel            249         0
  Kerosene                            -         -
  Distillate Fuel Oil             2,662         0
    15 ppm sulfur and under       2,662         0
    Greater than 15 ppm to
        500 ppm sulfur                0         0
    Greater than 500 ppm
        sulfur                        -         0
  Residual Fuel Oil                   -         -
  Miscellaneous Products              -         -

Total                            16,700        82

                                           From 2 to
Commodity
                                    1         3         4

Crude Oil                           256    51,107     6,587
Petroleum Products                2,792    25,264     7,070
  Natural Gas Liquids             1,556    22,252     3,746
    Ethane                            0    11,220       397
    Propane                       1,556     6,550     1,859
    Normal Butane                     0     2,565       796
    Isobutane                         0       629       289
    Natural Gasoline                  0     1,288       405
  Motor Gasoline Blending
        Components                  504     1,638     1,514
    Reformulated--RBOB                0       285         -
    Conventional                    504     1,353     1,514
      CBOB                          504     1,353     1,514
      GTAB                            -         -         -
      Other                           -         0         -
  Renewable Fuels                     -         -         -
    Fuel Ethanol                      -         -         -
    Renewable Diesel Fuel1            -         -         -
    Other Renewable Fuels             -         -         -
  Finished Motor Gasoline           227       140       270
    Reformulated                      -         -         -
      Reformulated Blended
          with Fuel Ethanol           -         -         -
      Reformulated Other              -         -         -
    Conventional                    227       140       270
      Conventional Blended
          with Fuel Ethanol           -         -         -
        Ed55 and Lower                -         -         -
        Greater than Ed55             -         -         -
      Conventional Other            227       140       270
  Finished Aviation Gasoline          -         -         -
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel             73        59       749
  Kerosene                            -         -         -
  Distillate Fuel Oil               432     1,175       791
    15 ppm sulfur and under         432     1,175       791
    Greater than 15 ppm to
        500 ppm sulfur                -         0         -
    Greater than 500 ppm
        sulfur                        0         0         -
  Residual Fuel Oil                   -         -         -
  Miscellaneous Products              -         -         -

Total                             3,048    76,371    13,657

                                                 From 3 to
Commodity
                                    1         2         4         5

Crude Oil                           176    20,975         0         -
Petroleum Products               80,288    19,528         0     4,306
  Natural Gas Liquids                94     5,601         0         -
    Ethane                            0       571         0         -
    Propane                          94       583         0         -
    Normal Butane                     0       206         0         -
    Isobutane                         0       324         0         -
    Natural Gasoline                  0     3,917         0         -
  Motor Gasoline Blending
        Components               43,642     8,254         0     3,476
    Reformulated--RBOB            8,098     5,043         -     2,216
    Conventional                 35,544     3,211         0     1,260
      CBOB                       35,544     2,949         0     1,260
      GTAB                            -         -         -         -
      Other                           -       262         -         -
  Renewable Fuels                     -         -         -         -
    Fuel Ethanol                      -         -         -         -
    Renewable Diesel Fuel1            -         -         -         -
    Other Renewable Fuels             -         -         -         -
  Finished Motor Gasoline         2,455     1,060         0         0
    Reformulated                      -         -         -         -
      Reformulated Blended
          with Fuel Ethanol           -         -         -         -
      Reformulated Other              -         -         -         -
    Conventional                  2,455     1,060         0         0
      Conventional Blended
          with Fuel Ethanol           -         -         -         -
        Ed55 and Lower                -         -         -         -
        Greater than Ed55             -         -         -         -
      Conventional Other          2,455     1,060         0         0
  Finished Aviation Gasoline          -         -         -         -
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel         14,046     1,857         0       325
  Kerosene                            -         -         -         -
  Distillate Fuel Oil            20,051     2,756         0       505
    15 ppm sulfur and under      18,486     2,660         0       505
    Greater than 15 ppm to
        500 ppm sulfur                -        96         -         -
    Greater than 500 ppm
        sulfur                    1,565         -         -         -
  Residual Fuel Oil                   -         -         -         -
  Miscellaneous Products              -         -         -         -

Total                            80,464    40,503         0     4,306

                                                  From 4 to
Commodity
                                    1         2         3         5

Crude Oil                             0    21,841       328         -
Petroleum Products                    0     8,090     7,502     1,521
  Natural Gas Liquids                 0     7,245     7,502         -
    Ethane                            0     1,469     2,500         -
    Propane                           0     3,077     2,572         -
    Normal Butane                     0     1,287       901         -
    Isobutane                         0       548       518         -
    Natural Gasoline                  0       864     1,011         -
  Motor Gasoline Blending
        Components                    0       198         0       610
    Reformulated--RBOB                0         0         0         0
    Conventional                      0       198         0       610
      CBOB                            0       198         0       610
      GTAB                            -         -         -         -
      Other                           -         0         0         -
  Renewable Fuels                     -         -         -         -
    Fuel Ethanol                      -         -         -         -
    Renewable Diesel Fuel1            -         -         -         -
    Other Renewable Fuels             -         -         -         -
  Finished Motor Gasoline             0       254         0       573
    Reformulated                      -         -         -         -
      Reformulated Blended
          with Fuel Ethanol           -         -         -         -
      Reformulated Other              -         -         -         -
    Conventional                      0       254         0       573
      Conventional Blended
          with Fuel Ethanol           -         -         -         -
        Ed55 and Lower                -         -         -         -
        Greater than Ed55             -         -         -         -
      Conventional Other              0       254         0       573
  Finished Aviation Gasoline          -         -         -         -
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel              0        12         0        10
  Kerosene                            -         -         -         -
  Distillate Fuel Oil                 0       381         0       328
    15 ppm sulfur and under           0       381         0       328
    Greater than 15 ppm to
        500 ppm sulfur                -         0         0         -
    Greater than 500 ppm
        sulfur                        0         -         0         -
  Residual Fuel Oil                   -         -         -         -
  Miscellaneous Products              -         -         -         -

Total                                 0    29,931     7,830     1,521

                                       From 5 to
Commodity
                                    3         4

Crude Oil                             0         0
Petroleum Products                    0         0
  Natural Gas Liquids                 0         0
    Ethane                            0         0
    Propane                           0         0
    Normal Butane                     0         0
    Isobutane                         0         0
    Natural Gasoline                  0         0
  Motor Gasoline Blending
        Components                    0         0
    Reformulated--RBOB                0         -
    Conventional                      0         0
      CBOB                            0         0
      GTAB                            -         -
      Other                           0         -
  Renewable Fuels                     -         -
    Fuel Ethanol                      -         -
    Renewable Diesel Fuel1            -         -
    Other Renewable Fuels             -         -
  Finished Motor Gasoline             0         0
    Reformulated                      -         -
      Reformulated Blended
          with Fuel Ethanol           -         -
      Reformulated Other              -         -
    Conventional                      0         0
      Conventional Blended
          with Fuel Ethanol           -         -
        Ed55 and Lower                -         -
        Greater than Ed55             -         -
      Conventional Other              0         0
  Finished Aviation Gasoline          -         -
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel              0         0
  Kerosene                            -         -
  Distillate Fuel Oil                 0         0
    15 ppm sulfur and under           0         0
    Greater than 15 ppm to
        500 ppm sulfur                0         -
    Greater than 500 ppm
        sulfur                        0         -
  Residual Fuel Oil                   -         -
  Miscellaneous Products              -         -

Total                                 0         0

- = No Data Reported.

(1) Renewable diesel fuel includes biodiesel and other renewable
diesel.

Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA) Forms EIA-812,
"Monthly Product Pipeline Report," EIA-813, "Monthly Crude Oil
Report."

Table 59. Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Tanker and
Barge Between PAD Districts, June 2018
(Thousand Barrels)

                                                  From 1 to
              Commodity
                                           2         3         5

Crude Oil                                  158       150         -

Petroleum Products                          53       912         0
  Natural Gas Liquids                        -         0         -
    Ethane                                   -         -         -
    Propane                                  -         0         -
    Normal Butane                            -         -         -
    Isobutane                                -         -         -
    Natural Gasoline                         -         -         -
  Unfinished Oils                            8         0         -
  Motor Gasoline Blending Components        25       175         -
    Reformulated--RBOB                       0         -         -
    Conventional                            25       175         -
      CBOB                                  25         0         -
      GTAB                                   -         -         -
      Other                                  0       175         -
  Renewable Fuels                            0         0         0
    Fuel Ethanol                             0         0         -
    Renewable Diesel Fuel (2)                -         0         0
    Other Renewable Fuels                    -         -         -
  Finished Motor Gasoline                    0         0         -
    Reformulated                             -         -         -
      Reformulated Blended with
          Fuel Ethanol                       -         -         -
      Reformulated Other                     -         -         -
    Conventional                             0         0         -
      Conventional Blended with
          Fuel Ethanol                       -         -         -
        Ed55 and Lower                       -         -         -
        Greater than Ed55                    -         -         -
      Conventional Other                     0         0         -
  Finished Aviation Gasoline                 0         0         -
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel                     0         0         -
  Kerosene                                   -         -         -
  Distillate Fuel Oil                       20         0         -
    15 ppm sulfur and under                 20         0         -
    Greater than 15 ppm to 500
        ppm sulfur                           -         -         -
    Greater than 500 ppm sulfur              -         -         -
  Residual Fuel Oil                          0       637         -
    Less than 0.31 percent sulfur            0         0         -
    0.31 to 1.00 percent sulfur              -       518         -
    Greater than 1.00 percent sulfur         0       119         -
  Petrochemical Feedstocks                   0         0         -
    Naphtha for Petrochemical Feedstock      0         0         -
    Other Oils for Petrochemical Feedsto     0         0         -
  Special Naphthas                           0         0         -
  Lubricants                                 0       100         -
  Waxes                                      -         -         -
  Marketable Petroleum Coke                  -         -         -
  Asphalt and Road Oil                       0         0         -
  Miscellaneous Products                     0         0         -

Total                                      211     1,062         0

                                                  From 2 to
              Commodity
                                           1         3         5

Crude Oil                                  330     1,607         -

Petroleum Products                       1,104     2,526         0
  Natural Gas Liquids                        0         0         -
    Ethane                                   -         -         -
    Propane                                  0         0         -
    Normal Butane                            -         -         -
    Isobutane                                -         -         -
    Natural Gasoline                         -         -         -
  Unfinished Oils                            0       725         -
  Motor Gasoline Blending Components       588       226         -
    Reformulated--RBOB                     128         -         -
    Conventional                           460       226         -
      CBOB                                 460         0         -
      GTAB                                   -         -         -
      Other                                  0       226         -
  Renewable Fuels                            0       751         0
    Fuel Ethanol                             0       751         -
    Renewable Diesel Fuel (2)                -         0         0
    Other Renewable Fuels                    -         -         -
  Finished Motor Gasoline                   25         0         -
    Reformulated                             -         -         -
      Reformulated Blended with
          Fuel Ethanol                       -         -         -
      Reformulated Other                     -         -         -
    Conventional                            25         0         -
      Conventional Blended with
          Fuel Ethanol                       -         -         -
        Ed55 and Lower                       -         -         -
        Greater than Ed55                    -         -         -
      Conventional Other                    25         0         -
  Finished Aviation Gasoline                 0         0         -
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel                     0         0         -
  Kerosene                                   -         -         -
  Distillate Fuel Oil                      392         0         -
    15 ppm sulfur and under                392         0         -
    Greater than 15 ppm to 500
        ppm sulfur                           -         -         -
    Greater than 500 ppm sulfur              -         -         -
  Residual Fuel Oil                          0       651         -
    Less than 0.31 percent sulfur            -        97         -
    0.31 to 1.00 percent sulfur              0         0         -
    Greater than 1.00 percent sulfur         0       554         -
  Petrochemical Feedstocks                   -       157         -
    Naphtha for Petrochemical Feedstock      -       134         -
    Other Oils for Petrochemical Feedsto     -        23         -
  Special Naphthas                           -         0         -
  Lubricants                                 0         0         -
  Waxes                                      -         -         -
  Marketable Petroleum Coke                  -         -         -
  Asphalt and Road Oil                      99        16         -
  Miscellaneous Products                     -         0         -

Total                                    1,434     4,133         0

                                                 From 3 to
              Commodity
                                           1        New      Central
                                                  England    Atlantic

Crude Oil                                2,412          -       2,412

Petroleum Products                      18,096         50         709
  Natural Gas Liquids                       23          -           -
    Ethane                                   -          -           -
    Propane                                 23          -           -
    Normal Butane                            -          -           -
    Isobutane                                -          -           -
    Natural Gasoline                         -          -           -
  Unfinished Oils                          100          -         100
  Motor Gasoline Blending Components     9,566          -          91
    Reformulated--RBOB                       0          -           -
    Conventional                         9,566          -          91
      CBOB                               9,475          -           -
      GTAB                                   -          -           -
      Other                                 91          -          91
  Renewable Fuels                          508          -           -
    Fuel Ethanol                           508          -           -
    Renewable Diesel Fuel (2)                -          -           -
    Other Renewable Fuels                    -          -           -
  Finished Motor Gasoline                1,557          -           -
    Reformulated                             -          -           -
      Reformulated Blended with
          Fuel Ethanol                       -          -           -
      Reformulated Other                     -          -           -
    Conventional                         1,557          -           -
      Conventional Blended with
          Fuel Ethanol                       -          -           -
        Ed55 and Lower                       -          -           -
        Greater than Ed55                    -          -           -
      Conventional Other                 1,557          -           -
  Finished Aviation Gasoline               240         50          50
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel                 2,300          -           -
  Kerosene                                   -          -           -
  Distillate Fuel Oil                    2,812          -           -
    15 ppm sulfur and under              2,812          -           -
    Greater than 15 ppm to 500
        ppm sulfur                           -          -           -
    Greater than 500 ppm sulfur              -          -           -
  Residual Fuel Oil                          0          -           -
    Less than 0.31 percent sulfur            -          -           -
    0.31 to 1.00 percent sulfur              0          -           -
    Greater than 1.00 percent sulfur         0          -           -
  Petrochemical Feedstocks                   -          -           -
    Naphtha for Petrochemical Feedstock      -          -           -
    Other Oils for Petrochemical Feedsto     -          -           -
  Special Naphthas                           -          -           -
  Lubricants                               696          -         468
  Waxes                                      -          -           -
  Marketable Petroleum Coke                  -          -           -
  Asphalt and Road Oil                     294          -           -
  Miscellaneous Products                     -          -           -

Total                                   20,508         50       3,121

                                                  From 3 to
              Commodity
                                          Lower        2         5
                                        Atlantic

Crude Oil                                      -         0         -

Petroleum Products                        17,337     2,225       200
  Natural Gas Liquids                         23         -         -
    Ethane                                     -         -         -
    Propane                                   23         -         -
    Normal Butane                              -         -         -
    Isobutane                                  -         -         -
    Natural Gasoline                           -         -         -
  Unfinished Oils                              -       636         -
  Motor Gasoline Blending Components       9,475       421         -
    Reformulated--RBOB                         -         0         -
    Conventional                           9,475       421         -
      CBOB                                 9,475         0         -
      GTAB                                     -         -         -
      Other                                    -       421         -
  Renewable Fuels                            508        41       200
    Fuel Ethanol                             508        41         -
    Renewable Diesel Fuel (2)                  -         -       200
    Other Renewable Fuels                      -         -         -
  Finished Motor Gasoline                  1,557       234         -
    Reformulated                               -         -         -
      Reformulated Blended with
          Fuel Ethanol                         -         -         -
      Reformulated Other                       -         -         -
    Conventional                           1,557       234         -
      Conventional Blended with
          Fuel Ethanol                         -         -         -
        Ed55 and Lower                         -         -         -
        Greater than Ed55                      -         -         -
      Conventional Other                   1,557       234         -
  Finished Aviation Gasoline                 140        30         -
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel                   2,300       276         -
  Kerosene                                     -         -         -
  Distillate Fuel Oil                      2,812       197         -
    15 ppm sulfur and under                2,812       197         -
    Greater than 15 ppm to 500
        ppm sulfur                             -         -         -
    Greater than 500 ppm sulfur                -         -         -
  Residual Fuel Oil                            -         0         -
    Less than 0.31 percent sulfur              -         0         -
    0.31 to 1.00 percent sulfur                -         -         -
    Greater than 1.00 percent sulfur           -         0         -
  Petrochemical Feedstocks                     -         0         -
    Naphtha for Petrochemical Feedstock        -         0         -
    Other Oils for Petrochemical Feedsto       -         0         -
  Special Naphthas                             -        31         -
  Lubricants                                 228       195         -
  Waxes                                        -         -         -
  Marketable Petroleum Coke                    -         -         -
  Asphalt and Road Oil                       294       148         -
  Miscellaneous Products                       -        16         -

Total                                     17,337     2,225       200

                                                  From 5 to
              Commodity
                                           1         2         3

Crude Oil                                    0         0         0

Petroleum Products                           0         0         0
  Natural Gas Liquids                        0         -         0
    Ethane                                   -         -         -
    Propane                                  0         -         0
    Normal Butane                            -         -         -
    Isobutane                                -         -         -
    Natural Gasoline                         -         -         -
  Unfinished Oils                            0         0         0
  Motor Gasoline Blending Components         0         0         0
    Reformulated--RBOB                       0         0         -
    Conventional                             0         0         0
      CBOB                                   0         0         0
      GTAB                                   -         -         -
      Other                                  0         0         0
  Renewable Fuels                            0         0         0
    Fuel Ethanol                             0         0         0
    Renewable Diesel Fuel (2)                -         -         0
    Other Renewable Fuels                    -         -         -
  Finished Motor Gasoline                    0         0         0
    Reformulated                             -         -         -
      Reformulated Blended with
          Fuel Ethanol                       -         -         -
      Reformulated Other                     -         -         -
    Conventional                             0         0         0
      Conventional Blended with
          Fuel Ethanol                       -         -         -
        Ed55 and Lower                       -         -         -
        Greater than Ed55                    -         -         -
      Conventional Other                     0         0         0
  Finished Aviation Gasoline                 0         0         0
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel                     0         0         0
  Kerosene                                   -         -         -
  Distillate Fuel Oil                        0         0         0
    15 ppm sulfur and under                  0         0         0
    Greater than 15 ppm to 500
        ppm sulfur                           -         -         -
    Greater than 500 ppm sulfur              -         -         -
  Residual Fuel Oil                          0         0         0
    Less than 0.31 percent sulfur            -         0         0
    0.31 to 1.00 percent sulfur              0         -         0
    Greater than 1.00 percent sulfur         0         0         0
  Petrochemical Feedstocks                   -         0         0
    Naphtha for Petrochemical Feedstock      -         0         0
    Other Oils for Petrochemical Feedsto     -         0         0
  Special Naphthas                           -         0         0
  Lubricants                                 0         0         0
  Waxes                                      -         -         -
  Marketable Petroleum Coke                  -         -         -
  Asphalt and Road Oil                       0         0         0
  Miscellaneous Products                     -         0         0

Total                                        0         0         0

- = No Data Reported.

(1) Renewable diesel fuel includes biodiesel and other renewable
diesel.

Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA) Form EIA-817,
"Monthly Tanker and Barge Movements Report."

Table 60. Movements of Crude Oil and Selected Products by Rail Between
PAD Districts, June 2018 (Thousand Barrels)

                                              From 1 to
         Commodity
                                 2         3         4         5

Crude Oil                          0         0         0         0
Propane                          183       174         0         0
Propylene                          0         0         -         -
Normal Butane                    170       160         0         0
Isobutane                         72         1         0         0
Fuel Ethanol                       0         0         0         0
Biodiesel                          0         0         0         0
Marketable Petroleum Coke          0         0         0         0
Asphalt and Road Oil               0         0         0         0

                                              From 2 to
         Commodity
                                 1         3         4         5

Crude Oil                      2,246         0         0     4,205
Propane                          711     1,298         0       216
Propylene                        282       282         -         -
Normal Butane                    210       444         0        80
Isobutane                        122        22         0        71
Fuel Ethanol                   8,569     4,932       295     3,898
Biodiesel                        158       297        79       224
Marketable Petroleum Coke        537       733         0         0
Asphalt and Road Oil             904       167         0       169

                                              From 3 to
         Commodity
                                 1         2         4         5

Crude Oil
Propane                            0         0         0       186
Propylene                         62        33         0         0
Normal Butane                      0         0         -         -
Isobutane                         17         6         0        22
Fuel Ethanol                      10        72         0         4
Biodiesel                          0         0         0       302
Marketable Petroleum Coke          0         0         0         0
Asphalt and Road Oil               0         0         0         0

                                               From 4 to
         Commodity
                                 1         2         3         5

Crude Oil
Propane                            0         0       187        94
Propylene                          0         0         0       148
Normal Butane                      0         0         0         -
Isobutane                          0         0         0        59
Fuel Ethanol                       0         0         0        11
Biodiesel                          0         0         0         0
Marketable Petroleum Coke          0         0         0         0
Asphalt and Road Oil               0        38        19        91

                                              From 5 to
         Commodity
                                 1         2         3         4

Crude Oil
Propane                            0         0         0         0
Propylene                          0         0         0         0
Normal Butane                      0         0         0         -
Isobutane                          0         0         0         0
Fuel Ethanol                       0         0         0         0
Biodiesel                          0         0         0         0
Marketable Petroleum Coke          0         0         0         0
Asphalt and Road Oil               0        25       100         0

- = No Data Reported.

Source: Rail Movements are estimates based on EIA analysis of data
from the Surface Transportation Board and other information.

Table 61. Movements of Crude Oil by Pipeline, Tanker, Barge and Rail
between PAD Districts, June 2018
(Thousand Barrels)

PADD           Pipeline    Tanker and     Rail      Total
                             Barge

From 1 to
  2                 121          158          0        279
  3                  82          150          0        232
  4                   0            -          0          0
  5                   -            -          0          0
From 2 to
  1                 256          330      2,246      2,832
  3              51,107        1,607          0     52,714
  4               6,587            -          0      6,587
  5                   -            -      4,205      4,205
From 3 to
  1                 176        2,412          0      2,588
  2              20,975            0          0     20,975
  4                   0            -          0          0
  5                   -            -        186        186
From 4 to
  1                   0            0          0          0
  2              21,841            0          0     21,841
  3                 328            0        187        515
  5                   -            -         94         94
From 5 to
  1                   0            0          0          0
  2                   0            0          0          0
  3                   0            0          0          0
  4                   0            -          0          0

- = No Data Reported.

Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA) Forms EIA-813,
"Monthly Crude Oil Report," EIA-817, "Monthly Tanker and Barge
Movements Report." Rail movements estimates based on EIA analysis of
data from the Surface Transportation Board and other information.

Table 62. Net Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by
Pipeline, Tanker, Barge and Rail (1) Between PAD Districts, June 2018
(Thousand Barrels)

                                             PAD District 1
Commodity
                                                               Net
                                   Receipts    Shipments     Receipts

Crude Oil                             5,420          511        4,909

Petroleum Products                  114,029       18,304       95,725
  Natural Gas Liquids                 2,805        7,829       -5,024
    Ethane                                0        5,543       -5,543
    Propane                           2,446        1,226        1,220
    Normal Butane                       227          446         -219
    Isobutane                           132          352         -220
    Natural Gasoline                      0          262         -262
  Refinery Olefins                      282            0          282
    Ethylene                              -            -            -
    Propylene                           282            0          282
    Butylene                              0            0            -
    Isobutylene                           0            0            -
  Unfinished Oils                       100            8           92
  Motor Gasoline Blending
      Components                     54,300        6,704       47,596
    Reformulated--RBOB                8,226            0        8,226
    Conventional                     46,074        6,704       39,370
      CBOB                           45,983        6,529       39,454
      GTAB                                0            0            -
      Other                              91          175          -84
  Renewable Fuels                     9,236            0        9,236
    Fuel Ethanol                      9,077            0        9,077
    Renewable Diesel Fuel (2)           158            0          158
    Other Renewable Fuels                 -            -            -
  Finished Motor Gasoline             4,264           95        4,169
    Reformulated                          0            0            -
      Reformulated Blended
        with Fuel Ethanol                 0            0            -
      Reformulated Other                  -            -            -
    Conventional                      4,264           95        4,169
      Conventional Blended
          with Fuel Ethanol               0            0            -
        Ed55 and Lower                    0            0            -
        Greater than Ed55                 0            0            -
      Conventional Other              4,264           95        4,169
  Finished Aviation Gasoline            240            0          240
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel             16,419          249       16,170
  Kerosene                                0            0            -
  Distillate Fuel Oil                23,687        2,682       21,005
    15 ppm sulfur and under          22,122        2,682       19,440
    Greater than 15 ppm to
        500 ppm sulfur                    0            0            -
    Greater than 500 ppm sulfur       1,565            0        1,565
  Residual Fuel Oil                       0          637         -637
  Petrochemical Feedstocks                0            0            -
    Naphtha for Petrochemical
        Feedstock Use                     0            0            -
    Other Oils for
        Petrochemical
        Feedstock Use                     -            -            -
  Special Naphthas                        0            0            -
  Lubricants                            696          100          596
  Waxes                                   0            0            -
  Marketable Petroleum Coke             537            0          537
  Asphalt and Road Oil                1,463            0        1,463
  Miscellaneous Products                  0            0            -

Total                               119,449       18,815      100,634

                                              PAD District 2
Commodity
                                                               Net
                                   Receipts    Shipments     Receipts

Crude Oil                            43,095       66,337      -23,242

Petroleum Products                   47,260       63,456      -16,196
  Natural Gas Liquids                20,451       30,728      -10,277
    Ethane                            7,583       11,617       -4,034
    Propane                           4,745       12,190       -7,445
    Normal Butane                     1,785        4,095       -2,310
    Isobutane                         1,295        1,133          162
    Natural Gasoline                  5,043        1,693        3,350
  Refinery Olefins                        0          564         -564
    Ethylene                              -            -            -
    Propylene                             0          564         -564
    Butylene                              0            0            -
    Isobutylene                           0            0            -
  Unfinished Oils                       644          725          -81
  Motor Gasoline Blending
      Components                     15,402        4,470       10,932
    Reformulated--RBOB                5,043          413        4,630
    Conventional                     10,359        4,057        6,302
      CBOB                            9,676        3,831        5,845
      GTAB                                -            -            -
      Other                             683          226          457
  Renewable Fuels                        41       19,203      -19,162
    Fuel Ethanol                         41       18,445      -18,404
    Renewable Diesel Fuel (2)             0          758         -758
    Other Renewable Fuels                 -            -            -
  Finished Motor Gasoline             1,643          662          981
    Reformulated                          0            0            -
      Reformulated Blended
        with Fuel Ethanol                 0            0            -
      Reformulated Other                  -            -            -
    Conventional                      1,643          662          981
      Conventional Blended
          with Fuel Ethanol               0            0            -
        Ed55 and Lower                    0            0            -
        Greater than Ed55                 0            0            -
      Conventional Other              1,643          662          981
  Finished Aviation Gasoline             30            0           30
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel              2,394          881        1,513
  Kerosene                                0            0            -
  Distillate Fuel Oil                 6,016        2,790        3,226
    15 ppm sulfur and under           5,920        2,790        3,130
    Greater than 15 ppm to
        500 ppm sulfur                   96            0           96
    Greater than 500 ppm sulfur           0            0            -
  Residual Fuel Oil                       0          651         -651
  Petrochemical Feedstocks                0          157         -157
    Naphtha for Petrochemical
        Feedstock Use                     0          134         -134
    Other Oils for
        Petrochemical
        Feedstock Use                     0           23          -23
  Special Naphthas                       31            0           31
  Lubricants                            195            0          195
  Waxes                                   0            0            -
  Marketable Petroleum Coke              63        1,270       -1,207
  Asphalt and Road Oil                  333        1,355       -1,021
  Miscellaneous Products                 16            0           16

Total                                90,355      129,793      -39,439

                                              PAD District 3
Commodity
                                                               Net
                                   Receipts    Shipments     Receipts

Crude Oil                            53,461       23,749       29,712

Petroleum Products                   45,111      125,499      -80,388
  Natural Gas Liquids                31,853        5,944       25,909
    Ethane                           13,720          571       13,149
    Propane                          10,594          795        9,799
    Normal Butane                     4,070          251        3,819
    Isobutane                         1,170          410          760
    Natural Gasoline                  2,299        3,917       -1,618
  Refinery Olefins                      282            0          282
    Ethylene                              0            0            -
    Propylene                           282            0          282
    Butylene                              0            0            -
    Isobutylene                           0            0            -
  Unfinished Oils                       725          736          -11
  Motor Gasoline Blending
      Components                      2,039       65,359      -63,320
    Reformulated--RBOB                  285       15,357      -15,072
    Conventional                      1,754       50,002      -48,248
      CBOB                            1,353       49,228      -47,875
      GTAB                                0            0            -
      Other                             401          774         -373
  Renewable Fuels                     5,980        1,051        4,928
    Fuel Ethanol                      5,683          851        4,831
    Renewable Diesel Fuel (2)           297          200           97
    Other Renewable Fuels                 0            0            -
  Finished Motor Gasoline               140        5,306       -5,166
    Reformulated                          0            0            -
      Reformulated Blended
        with Fuel Ethanol                 0            0            -
      Reformulated Other                  -            -            -
    Conventional                        140        5,306       -5,166
      Conventional Blended
          with Fuel Ethanol               0            0            -
        Ed55 and Lower                    0            0            -
        Greater than Ed55                 0            0            -
      Conventional Other                140        5,306       -5,166
  Finished Aviation Gasoline              0          270         -270
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel                 59       18,804      -18,745
  Kerosene                                0            0            -
  Distillate Fuel Oil                 1,175       26,321      -25,146
    15 ppm sulfur and under           1,175       24,660      -23,485
    Greater than 15 ppm to
        500 ppm sulfur                    0           96          -96
    Greater than 500 ppm sulfur           0        1,565       -1,565
  Residual Fuel Oil                   1,288            0        1,288
  Petrochemical Feedstocks              157            0          157
    Naphtha for Petrochemical
        Feedstock Use                   134            0          134
    Other Oils for
        Petrochemical
        Feedstock Use                    23            0           23
  Special Naphthas                        0           31          -31
  Lubricants                            100          891         -791
  Waxes                                   0            0            -
  Marketable Petroleum Coke             852            0          852
  Asphalt and Road Oil                  461          770         -309
  Miscellaneous Products                  0           16          -16

Total                                98,572      149,249      -50,676

                                              PAD District 4
Commodity
                                                               Net
                                   Receipts    Shipments     Receipts

Crude Oil                             6,587       22,450      -15,863

Petroleum Products                    7,444       18,054      -10,610
  Natural Gas Liquids                 3,746       14,965      -11,219
    Ethane                              397        3,969       -3,572
    Propane                           1,859        5,797       -3,938
    Normal Butane                       796        2,247       -1,451
    Isobutane                           289        1,077         -788
    Natural Gasoline                    405        1,875       -1,470
  Refinery Olefins                        0            0            -
    Ethylene                              -            -            -
    Propylene                             0            0            -
    Butylene                              0            0            -
    Isobutylene                           0            0            -
  Unfinished Oils                         0            0            -
  Motor Gasoline Blending
      Components                      1,514          808          706
    Reformulated--RBOB                    -            -            -
    Conventional                      1,514          808          706
      CBOB                            1,514          808          706
      GTAB                                -            -            -
      Other                               0            0            -
  Renewable Fuels                       374            0          374
    Fuel Ethanol                        295            0          295
    Renewable Diesel Fuel (2)            79            0           79
    Other Renewable Fuels                 -            -            -
  Finished Motor Gasoline               270          827         -557
    Reformulated                          -            -            -
      Reformulated Blended
        with Fuel Ethanol                 -            -            -
      Reformulated Other                  -            -            -
    Conventional                        270          827         -557
      Conventional Blended
          with Fuel Ethanol               0            0            -
        Ed55 and Lower                    0            0            -
        Greater than Ed55                 0            0            -
      Conventional Other                270          827         -557
  Finished Aviation Gasoline              0            0            -
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel                749           22          727
  Kerosene                                0            0            -
  Distillate Fuel Oil                   791          709           82
    15 ppm sulfur and under             791          709           82
    Greater than 15 ppm to
        500 ppm sulfur                    0            0            -
    Greater than 500 ppm sulfur           0            0            -
  Residual Fuel Oil                       0            0            -
  Petrochemical Feedstocks                -            -            -
    Naphtha for Petrochemical
        Feedstock Use                     -            -            -
    Other Oils for
        Petrochemical
        Feedstock Use                     -            -            -
  Special Naphthas                        -            -            -
  Lubricants                              0            0            -
  Waxes                                   0            0            -
  Marketable Petroleum Coke               0          149         -149
  Asphalt and Road Oil                    0          575         -575
  Miscellaneous Products                  0            0            -

Total                                14,031       40,504      -26,473

                                              PAD District 5
Commodity
                                                               Net
                                   Receipts    Shipments     Receipts

Crude Oil                             4,485            0        4,485

Petroleum Products                   11,595          126       11,469
  Natural Gas Liquids                   611            0          611
    Ethane                                0            0            -
    Propane                             364            0          364
    Normal Butane                       161            0          161
    Isobutane                            86            0           86
    Natural Gasoline                      0            0            -
  Refinery Olefins                        0            0            -
    Ethylene                              -            -            -
    Propylene                             0            0            -
    Butylene                              0            0            -
    Isobutylene                           0            0            -
  Unfinished Oils                         0            0            -
  Motor Gasoline Blending
      Components                      4,086            0        4,086
    Reformulated--RBOB                2,216            0        2,216
    Conventional                      1,870            0        1,870
      CBOB                            1,870            0        1,870
      GTAB                                -            -            -
      Other                               0            0            -
  Renewable Fuels                     4,624            0        4,624
    Fuel Ethanol                      4,200            0        4,200
    Renewable Diesel Fuel (2)           424            0          424
    Other Renewable Fuels                 0            0            -
  Finished Motor Gasoline               573            0          573
    Reformulated                          0            0            -
      Reformulated Blended
        with Fuel Ethanol                 0            0            -
      Reformulated Other                  -            -            -
    Conventional                        573            0          573
      Conventional Blended
          with Fuel Ethanol               0            0            -
        Ed55 and Lower                    0            0            -
        Greater than Ed55                 0            0            -
      Conventional Other                573            0          573
  Finished Aviation Gasoline              0            0            -
  Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel                335            0          335
  Kerosene                                0            0            -
  Distillate Fuel Oil                   833            0          833
    15 ppm sulfur and under             833            0          833
    Greater than 15 ppm to
        500 ppm sulfur                    0            0            -
    Greater than 500 ppm sulfur           0            0            -
  Residual Fuel Oil                       0            0            -
  Petrochemical Feedstocks                0            0            -
    Naphtha for Petrochemical
        Feedstock Use                     0            0            -
    Other Oils for
        Petrochemical
        Feedstock Use                     -            -            -
  Special Naphthas                        0            0            -
  Lubricants                              0            0            -
  Waxes                                   0            0            -
  Marketable Petroleum Coke              91          126          -34
  Asphalt and Road Oil                  441            0          441
  Miscellaneous Products                  0            0            -

Total                                16,080          126       15,954

- = No Data Reported.

(1) Movements of crude oil, propane, normal butane, isobutane,
propylene, ethanol, biodiesel, marketable petroleum coke, and asphalt
and road oil include movements by rail. Movements of other products
are by pipeline, tanker and barge only.

(2) Renewable diesel fuel includes biodiesel and other renewable
diesel.

Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA) Forms EIA-812,
"Monthly Product Pipeline Report," EIA-813, "Monthly Crude Oil
Report," EIA-817, "Monthly Tanker and Barge Movements Report." Rail
net movements estimates based on EIA analysis of data from the Surface
Transportation Board and other information.


Appendix A

District Descriptions and Maps

The following are the Refining Districts which make up the Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) Districts.

PAD District I

East Coast: The District of Columbia and the States of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, and the following counties of the State of New York: Cayuga, Tompkins, Chemung, and all counties east and north thereof. Also the following counties in the State of Pennsylvania: Bradford, Sullivan, Columbia, Montour, Northumberland, Dauphin, York, and all counties east thereof.

Appalachian No.1:The State of West Virginia and those parts of the States of Pennsylvania and New York not included in the East Coast District.

Sub-PAD District I

New England: The States of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, NewHampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

Central Atlantic: The District of Columbia and the States of Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.

Lower Atlantic: The States of Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia and West Virginia.

PAD District II

Indiana-Illinois-Kentucky: The States of Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Michigan, and Ohio.

Minnesota-Wisconsin-North and South Dakota: The States of Minnesota, Wisconsin, North Dakota, and South Dakota.

Oklahoma-Kansas-Missouri: The States of Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, and Iowa.

PAD District III

Texas Inland: The State of Texas except the Texas Gulf Coast District.

Texas Gulf Coast: The following counties of the State of Texas: Newton, Orange, Jefferson, Jasper, Tyler, Hardin, Liberty, Chambers, Polk, San Jacinto, Montgomery, Harris, Galveston, Waller, Fort Bend, Brazoria, Wharton, Matagorda, Jackson, Victoria, Calhoun, Refugio, Aransas, San Patricio, Nueces, Kleberg, Kenedy, Willacy, and Cameron.

Louisiana Gulf Coast: The following Parishes of the State of Louisiana: Vernon, Rapides, Avoyelles, Pointe Coupee, West Feliciana, East Feliciana, Saint Helena, Tangipahoa, Washington, and all Parishes south thereof. Also the following counties of the State of Mississippi: Pearl River, Stone, George, Hancock, Harrison, and Jackson. Also the following counties of the State of Alabama: Mobile and Baldwin.

North Louisiana-Arkansas: The State of Arkansas and those parts of the States of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama not included in the Louisiana Gulf Coast District.

New Mexico: The State of New Mexico.

PAD District IV

Rocky Mountain: The States of Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Utah, and Colorado.

PAD District V

West Coast: The States of Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, Arizona, Alaska, and Hawaii.

Appendix B

PSM Explanatory Notes

Preface

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PS^) is the monthly component of a series of three publications concerning the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products produced by the Petroleum Division of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The other two components are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Together these publications present a comprehensive snapshot of petroleum supply data on a weekly, monthly and yearly basis.

Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major U.S. geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD District transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States.

The PSM tables present statistics for the most current month available as well as year-to-date. In most cases, the statistics are presented for several geographic areas--the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia), five PAD Districts, and 12 Refining Districts. At the U.S. and PAD District level, the total volume and the daily rate of activities are presented. The statistics are developed from monthly survey forms submitted by respondents to the EIA and from data provided from other sources.

Final statistics for the data series published in the PSM are published in the PSA. The PSA is published approximately five months after the end of the report year.

Appendix B. Explanatory Notes

1. Overview

A. The Energy Information Administration's Quality Guidelines

The data contained in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) are subject to separate information quality guidelines issued by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), the Department of Energy (DOE), and Energy Information Administration (EIA). With available resources, EIA continually works to improve its systems in order to provide high quality information needed by public and private policymakers and decision makers. EIA has performance standards to ensure the quality (i.e., objectivity, utility, and integrity) of information it disseminates to the public. Quality is ensured and maximized at levels appropriate to the nature and timeliness of the disseminated information.

B. Concepts of Product Supply and Demand

Petroleum supply estimates contained in the PSM are often interpreted as an approximation of petroleum demand measured as product supplied. Product supplied is often called "implied" demand because it is a measure of demand that is implied by disappearance of petroleum products from facilities and activities in the "primary" supply chain. Facilities and activities in the primary supply chain include refineries and blending terminals, gas processing plants and fractionators, oxygenate producers, biodiesel producers, imports, exports, bulk storage terminals, and pipelines. Total product supplied in the PSM at the U.S. level is equal to the sum of field production, plus refinery and blender net production, plus renewable fuels, and oxygenate plant net production, plus imports, plus adjustments, minus stock change, minus refinery and blender net inputs, minus exports. Net receipts are added as a component of supply at the PAD District level. Crude oil product supplied is normally zero because crude oil is processed in refineries and rarely, if ever, used directly.

The secondary system is that portion of the overall distribution network that falls between producers and end-users. Product typically flows in bulk from the primary supply system into the secondary system before delivery in small quantities to consumers (the tertiary system). The secondary system includes storage at bulk plants; at retail motor fuel outlets, such as service stations, truck stops, and convenience stores; and at retail fuel oil dealers. Bulk plants are wholesale storage facilities that have less than 50,000 barrels of storage capacity and, by definition, receive product only by tank car or truck, not by barge, tanker, or pipeline. Tertiary inventories are held by end users and include fuel in vehicle tanks, heating oil in residential tanks, fuel oil held by utilities, jet fuel stored in facilities operated by end users, and certain proprietary storage of raw materials (e.g. propane) for the chemical industry.

Data users sometimes consider demand as sales to the ultimate consumer or as the actual consumption of the product. Since there may be time delays between the movement of product into the primary market and its ultimate purchase or consumption, these definitions of demand require data on changes in secondary and/or tertiary stocks or the assumption that these values either remain constant or are small compared to primary supply. The most recent study of secondary stocks was done by the National Petroleum Council in 1989. This study revealed that secondary distillate stocks were equal to about 6.9 percent of distillate stocks and 6.7 percent of distillate storage capacity.

C. Components of Supply and Disposition

The detailed statistics tables in the PSM provide complete supply and disposition information for the current month and year to date. The tables are organized to locate National and Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District supply and disposition data at the front followed by tables that contain detailed information on supply and disposition. These include tables on crude oil and petroleum product production, import/export data, stocks information, and lastly, data on crude oil and petroleum product movements. To assist in the interpretation of these tables, the following discussion of supply, disposition, and ending stocks as shown in Tables 1-25 is provided. The categories and products are defined in the EIA Glossary.

(1.) Supply

a. Field Production--Total Field Production is the sum of crude oil production and natural gas plant liquids and liquefied refinery gases production.

Crude oil production is an estimate based on data received from State conservation agencies and the Mineral Management Service of the U.S. Department of the Interior. Refer to "Domestic Crude Oil Production" in Section 2C (1) for further details.

Field production of natural gas plant liquids is reported on Form EIA-816 and published on a net basis (i.e., production minus inputs).

b. Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production are reported on Forms EIA-819 and EIA-22M. Production includes oxygenates (fuel ethanol, ETBE, MTBE, and other oxygenates) plus negative production of pentanes plus, finished motor gasoline, and motor gasoline blending components added to fuel ethanol as denaturants as well as biodiesel. Negative production will occur when the amount of a product produced during the month is less than the amount of that same product that is reported as input during the same month.

c. Refinery and Blender Net Production--Refinery and Blender Net Production is reported on Form EIA-810 and EIA815. Refinery and Blender Net Production equals refinery and blenders production minus refinery and blender net inputs. Negative production of finished petroleum products will occur when the amount of a product produced during the month is less than the amount of that same product that is reprocessed (input) or reclassified to become another product during the same month.

d. Imports--Imports include receipts of goods into the 50 States and the District of Columbia from U.S. possessions and territories or from foreign countries.

e. Net Receipts--Net Receipts data are included in tables containing PAD District-level data to account for inter-PAD District movements of crude oil and petroleum products. Net receipts for a PAD District are calculated by subtracting shipments out of the PAD District from receipts into the PAD District. Net Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge, and Rail between PAD Districts are shown in Table 60.

f. Adjustments--This column includes adjustment quantities for crude oil, fuel ethanol, motor gasoline blending components, biodiesel (included in "Renewable Fuels Except Fuel Ethanol") and distillate fuel oil. Adjustment quantities are derived either to balance supply and disposition for selected products or to reclassify one product to another product. Product supplied is the balancing item for most products and is interpreted as an implied measure of petroleum demand. Adjustments are used in cases where it does not make sense to interpret the balancing item as demand. Reclassifications reported in the adjustments column may be implied by the supply and disposition balance or reported on surveys. Recall that supply at the U.S. level is equal to the sum of field production, renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production, refinery and blender net production, imports, and adjustments. Disposition at the U.S. level is equal to the sum of stock change, refinery and blender net inputs, exports, and products supplied. At the PAD District level, supply components include net receipts equal to gross receipts from other PAD Districts minus gross shipments to other PAD Districts. In every case, supply must equal disposition. Applicable components of supply and disposition vary depending on the product or product group. Unless otherwise noted in Section 2C, adjustment calculations that balance supply and disposition equal disposition minus supply for the U.S. and for each PAD District.

(2.) Disposition

a. Stock Change--Stock Change is calculated as the difference between the current month Ending Stocks column and the Ending Stocks column in the prior month's publication. A negative number indicates a decrease in stocks and a positive number indicates an increase in stocks.

b. Refinery and Blender Net Inputs--Refinery and Blender Net Inputs are inputs of crude oil and intermediate materials (unfinished oils, motor and aviation gasoline blending components, liquefied petroleum gases, pentanes plus, hydrogen, oxygenates, renewable fuels, and other hydrocarbons) that are processed at refineries or blended at terminals to produce finished petroleum products.

Crude oil input represents total crude oil (domestic and foreign) input to atmospheric crude oil distillation units and other refinery processing units (e.g. vacuum distillation units).

Inputs of natural gas plant liquids are refinery input of natural gas liquids received from natural gas plants for blending and processing. Published inputs of natural gas plant liquids are reported on a gross basis.

Inputs of unfinished oils, motor gasoline blending components, and aviation gasoline blending components are published on a net basis (i.e., refinery input minus refinery production). Negative inputs of unfinished oils and motor and aviation gasoline blending components will occur when the amount of a product produced during the month is greater than the amount of that same product that is input or reclassified to become another product during the same month.

c. Exports--Exports include shipments from the 50 States and the District of Columbia to Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, other U.S. possessions and territories and to foreign countries.

d. Products Supplied--Products supplied is equal to field production, plus renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production, plus refinery and blender net production, plus imports, (plus net receipts on a PAD District basis), plus adjustments, minus stock change, minus refinery and blender net inputs, minus exports.

Product supplied value indicates those quantities of petroleum products supplied for domestic consumption. Occasionally, the result for a product is negative because total disposition of the product exceeds total supply. Negative product supplied may occur for a number of reasons:(1)product reclassification has not been reported; (2) data were misreported or reported late; (3) in the case of calculations on a PAD District basis, the figure for net receipts was inaccurate because the coverage of inter-PAD movements was incomplete; and (4) products such as gasoline blending components and unfinished oils have entered the primary supply channels with their production not having been reported, e.g., streams returned to refineries from petrochemical plants.

Beginning with data for January 2010, product supplied for crude oil is assumed equal to zero. Prior to January 1983, crude oil burned on leases and by pipelines as fuel was reported as either distillate or residual fuel oil and was included in product supplied for these products. From January 1983 through December 2009, crude oil product supplied was equal to crude oil used directly as reported on Form EIA-813 "Monthly Crude Oil Report." Reporting of crude oil used directly was discontinued on Form EIA-813 after December 2009.

(3.) Ending Stocks

Ending stocks are primary stocks of crude oil and petroleum products held in storage as of 12 midnight on the last day of the month. Primary stocks include crude oil or petroleum products held in storage at refineries, natural gas processing plants, pipelines, tank farms, and bulk terminals.

Crude oil that is in-transit by water from Alaska and crude oil stored in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is included. Primary Crude oil that is in-transit by water from Alaska and crude oil stored in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is included. Primary Stocks exclude stocks of foreign origin that are held in bonded warehouse storage. Primary stocks of petroleum products also exclude secondary stocks held by dealers and jobbers and tertiary stocks held by consumers. Product stocks held as reserves by federal and state agencies are excluded from primary stock quantities reported by EIA, but quantities held in selected government reserves are provided in Appendix D.

Primary stocks of crude oil included barrels held on producing sites (lease stocks) until June 2016. Primary stocks of crude oil excluded lease stocks beginning with release of PSM data for July 2016 on September 30, 2016. Historical crude oil stocks in Petroleum Navigator were revised beginning with data for January 2005 to exclude lease stocks. Petroleum Navigator data may be accessed from the following locations on the EIA web site.

http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_sum_snd_d_nus_mbbl_m_cur.htm

http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_sum_crdsnd_k_m.htm

http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_stoc_typ_c_nus_EPC0_mbbl_m.htm

2. Components--Forms Discussions

The data presented in the PSM include data collected by the EIA on nine monthly petroleum supply surveys, export data obtained from the U. S. Bureau of the Census, and crude production data obtained from State conservation agencies and the Minerals Management Service of the U. S. Department of Interior.

A. Petroleum Supply Reporting System

The nine monthly petroleum supply surveys are part of the Petroleum Supply Reporting System (PSRS). The PSRS tracks the supply and disposition of crude oil, petroleum products, and natural gas liquids in the United States. The PSRS is organized into two data collection subsystems: the Weekly Petroleum Supply Reporting System (WPSRS) and the Monthly Petroleum Supply Reporting System (MPSRS). The WPSRS processes the data from the seven weekly surveys. The MPSRS includes nine monthly surveys and one annual survey. The survey forms that comprise the PSRS are:

1. EIA-800, "Weekly Refinery Report,"

2. EIA-802, "Weekly Product Pipeline Report,"

3. EIA-803, "Weekly Crude Oil Stocks Report,"

4. EIA-804, "Weekly Imports Report,"

5. EIA-805, "Weekly Terminal Blender Report,"

6. EIA-809, "Weekly Oxygenate Report,"

8. EIA-22M, "Monthly Biodiesel Production Survey,"

9. EIA-810, "Monthly Refinery Report,"

10. EIA-812, "Monthly Product Pipeline Report,"

11. EIA-813, "Monthly Crude Oil Report,"

12. EIA-814, "Monthly Imports Report,"

13. EIA-815, "Monthly Terminal Blender Report."

14. EIA-816, "Monthly Natural Gas Liquids Report"

15. EIA-817, "Monthly Tanker and Barge Movement Report"

16. EIA-819, "Monthly Oxygenate Report"

17. EIA-820, "Annual Refinery Report."

Both weekly and monthly surveys are administered at six key points along the petroleum production and supply chain including refineries, fractionators, natural gas processing plants, bulk product storage and blending terminals, crude oil and product pipelines, crude oil stock holders, importers, and renewable fuel (biodiesel and fuel ethanol) and oxygenate producing plants. Monthly surveys also include interPAD District movements by pipelines, tankers, and barges. Weekly surveys do not capture petroleum movements. Respondents reporting on weekly surveys are sampled from among the respondents reporting on monthly surveys.

Annual U.S. refinery capacity data are collected on the Form EIA820, "Annual Refinery Report." The EIA-820 data are published in the annual "Refinery Capacity Report."

B. Monthly Supply Survey Description and Methodology

(1.) Description of Surveys Forms

Copies of the survey forms and instructions can be found at: http://www.eia.doe.gov/oil_gas/petroleum/survey_forms/pet_ survey_forms.html

The Form EIA-22M "Monthly Biodiesel Production Survey" collects data on biodiesel plant location, operating status, annual production capacity, monthly biodiesel and co-product production, stocks, input of feedstocks, alcohol, and catalysts, and biodiesel sales.

The Form EIA-810, "Monthly Refinery Report," collects data on refinery input and capacity, sulfur content and API gravity of crude oil, and data on supply (beginning stocks, receipts, and production) and disposition (inputs, shipments, fuel use and losses, and ending stocks) of crude oil and refined products. Working and shell storage capacity for selected products is collected on a semi-annual basis.

The Form EIA-812, "Monthly Product Pipeline Report," collects data on end-of-month stocks and movements of petroleum products transported by pipeline. Intermediate movements for pipeline systems operating in more than two PAD Districts are included. Product pipeline tank storage capacity for selected products is collected on a semi-annual basis.

The Form EIA-813, "Monthly Crude Oil Report," collects data on end-of-month stock levels of crude oil held at pipeline and tank farms (associated with the pipelines) and terminals operated by the reporting company. Also, crude oil consumed by pipelines and on leases as pump fuel, boiler fuel, etc., is reported. Data are reported on a PAD District basis. Total-Alaskan crude oil stocks in-transit by water (including stocks held at transshipment terminals between Alaska and the continental United States) to the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands are also reported by the transporting company having custody of the stocks. Inter- PAD District movements of crude oil by pipeline are collected by the shipping and receiving PAD District. Intermediate movements for pipeline systems operating in more than two PAD Districts are not included. Crude oil storage capacity of tank farms is collected on a semi-annual basis.

The Form EIA-814, "Monthly Imports Report," collects data on imports of crude oil and petroleum products (1)into the 50 States and the District of Columbia, (2) into Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and other U.S. possessions (Guam, Midway Islands, Wake Island, American Samoa, and Northern Mariana Islands), and (3) from Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and other U.S. possessions into the 50 States and the District of Columbia. Imports into Foreign Trade Zones located in the 50 States and the District of Columbia are considered imports into the 50 States and the District of Columbia. The type of commodity, port of entry, country of origin, quantity (thousand barrels), sulfur percent by weight, API gravity, and name and location of the processing or storage facility are reported. Sulfur percent by weight is requested for crude oil, crude oil burned as fuel, and residual fuel oil only. API gravity is requested for crude oil only. The name and location of the processing or storage facility is requested for crude oil, unfinished oils, and gasoline blending components only.

The Form EIA-815, "Monthly Terminal Blender Report," collects data on the operations of all bulk terminals located in the 50 States, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, and other U. S. possessions. Beginning and end-of-month stocks, receipts, inputs, production, shipments, and fuel use and losses during the month are collected from operators of terminals. Working and shell storage capacity is collected on a semi-annual basis.

The Form EIA-816, "Monthly Natural Gas Liquids Report," collects data on the operations of natural gas processing plants and fractionators. Beginning and end-of-month stocks, receipts, inputs, production, shipments, and plant fuel use and losses during the month are collected from operators of natural gas processing plants. End-of-month stocks are collected from fractionators.

The Form EIA-817, "Monthly Tanker and Barge Movement Report," collects data on the movements of crude oil and petroleum products between PAD Districts. Data are reported by shipping and receiving PAD District and sub-PAD District. Shipments to and from the Panama Canal are also included if the shipment was delivered to the Canal.

The Form EIA-819, "Monthly Oxygenate Report" collects facility-level data on oxygenate inputs, production, gasoline blending at ethanol plants, and end-of-month stocks. Data on end-of-month stocks are reported on a custody basis regardless of ownership. Fuel ethanol storage capacity is collected on a semi-annual basis.

(2.) Frame

EIA maintains complete lists of respondents to its monthly surveys. Each survey has a list of companies and facilities required to submit petroleum activity data. This list is known as the survey frame. Frame maintenance procedures are used to monitor the status of petroleum companies and facilities currently contained in each survey frame as well as to identify new members to be added to the frame. As a result, all known petroleum supply organizations falling within the definition of "Who Must Submit" participate in the survey.

The activities for frames maintenance are conducted on an ongoing basis. Monthly frames maintenance procedures focus on examining industry periodicals that report changes in status (births, deaths, sales, mergers, and acquisitions) of petroleum facilities producing, transporting, importing, and/or storing crude oil and petroleum products. Augmenting these sources are articles in newspapers, notices from respondents, and information received from survey systems operated by other offices. Survey managers review these sources regularly to monitor changes in company operations and to develop lists of potential respondents. These activities assure coverage of the reporting universe and maintain accurate facility information on addresses and ownership.

Respondents to Form EIA-22M "Monthly Biodiesel Production Survey" include operators of plants that produce biodiesel meeting ASTM D 6751-07B specifications and used for commercial purposes.

Respondents to Form EIA-810, "Monthly Refinery Report" include operators of all operating and idle petroleum refineries located in the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam and other U.S. possessions.

Respondents to Form EIA-812, "Monthly Product Pipeline Report" include all product pipeline companies that carry petroleum products (including interstate, intrastate, and intra-company pipelines) in the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Respondents to Form EIA-813, "Monthly Crude Oil Report" include all companies which carry or store 1,000 barrels or more of crude oil. Included in this survey are gathering and trunk pipeline companies (including interstate, intrastate, and intra-company pipelines), crude oil tank farm operators, and companies transporting Alaskan crude oil by water (to U.S. ports) in the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Respondents to Form EIA-814, "Monthly Imports Report" include each importer of record (or Ultimate consignee in some situations regarding Canadian imports) that import crude oil or petroleum products (1) into the 50 States and the District of Columbia, (2) into Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and other U.S. possessions (Guam, Midway Islands, Wake Island, American Samoa, and Northern Mariana Islands), (3) into Foreign Trade Zones located in the 50 States and the District of Columbia and (4) from Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and other U.S. possessions into the 50 States and the District of Columbia. A report is required only if there has been an import during the month unless the importer has been selected as part of a sample to report every month regardless of activity.

Respondents to Form EIA-815, "Monthly Terminal Blender Report" include operators of all bulk terminals located in the 50 States, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, and other U. S. possessions must report. A bulk terminal is primarily used for storage, marketing, and often blending of petroleum products and has a total bulk storage capacity of 50,000 barrels or more, and/or receives petroleum products by tanker, barge, or pipeline. Bulk terminal facilities associated with a product pipeline are included.

Respondents to Form EIA-816, "Monthly Natural Gas Liquids Report" include operators of all facilities that extract liquid hydrocarbons from a natural gas stream (natural gas processing plant) and/or separate a liquid hydrocarbon stream into its component products (fractionator).

Respondents to Form EIA-817, "Monthly Tanker and Barge Movement Report" include all companies that have custody of crude oil or petroleum products transported by tanker or barge between Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts and all companies that have custody of crude oil or petroleum products originating from a PAD District and transported to the Panama Canal with the intent that the crude oil or petroleum products be further transported to another PAD District.

For purposes of this report, custody is defined as physical possession of crude oil or petroleum products on a company-owned tanker or barge. Also, companies that lease vessels or contract for the movement of crude oil or petroleum products on a tanker or barge between PAD Districts are considered to have custody.

Respondents to Form EIA-819, "Monthly Oxygenate Report" include all operators of facilities that produce (manufacture or distill) oxygenates (including MTBE plants, petrochemical plants, and refineries that produce oxygenates as part of their operations located in the 50 States and the District of Columbia.)

(3.) Collection

Survey data for the MPSRS are collected by facsimile, email, Internet using secure file transfer, and electronic transmission. All respondents must submit their data by the 20th calendar day following the end of the report month. Receipt of the reports is monitored using an automated respondent mailing list. Telephone follow-up calls are made to nonrespondents prior to the publication deadline. Respondents who are chronically late (i.e., 3 consecutive months) are notified by EIA by certified letter.

(4.) Processing and Micro Editing

Upon receipt, all reported data are transformed into a standard format and sent through a log-in and prescreening process to validate respondent control information and resolve any discrepancies. The data are then processed using generalized edit and imputation procedures. Automated editing procedures check current data for consistency with past data and for internal consistency (e.g., totals equal to the sums of the parts). After the edit failures are resolved and imputation performed for nonrespondents, preliminary tables are produced and used to identify anomalies. These tables show U.S. and PAD District estimates for the current month and the prior 4 years. Anomalies result in further review of respondent data which in turn may result in additional flagged data and imputation.

(5.) Estimation and Imputation

The nine monthly supply surveys are census surveys. As such, the estimates using these data are the sum of the edited, reported data. Imputation is performed for companies that fail to file Forms EIA-22M, 810, 812, 813, 815, 816, and 819. For these companies, previous monthly values and values reported on the weekly survey forms are used if available. Data for nonrespondents to the Forms EIA-814 and 817 are not imputed because respondent-level data for these surveys are highly variable.

Adjustments are made to aggregate data from time to time. For example, unusual industry conditions, including fuel transitions, business practice shifts, or hurricane dislocations, may generate reporting anomalies and require adjustments. Measurement error and frame deficiencies may occasionally result in inconsistencies when individual respondent data are aggregated to publication levels and require adjustment. Monthly supply data are reviewed throughout the year and some estimates may be replaced with newly available or resubmitted respondent data in the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA).

(6.) Macro Editing

Monthly data are compared to weekly data on a regular basis. Discrepancies between weekly and monthly data are documented and respondents are called when discrepancies are either large (usually over 300 thousand barrels) or consistent (e.g., weekly data are always lower than monthly data). In addition, a comparison of the data collected on the PSRS with other similar data series from sources outside of the EIA is performed on an ongoing basis. Results of selected data comparisons are published once a year in the feature article, "Comparison of Independent Statistics on Petroleum Supply." Additional comparisons are made between survey data and model results. Data reported in the Petroleum Supply Monthly and Petroleum Supply Annual are routinely imputed to correct for cases where comparison with other data suggests errors in survey data.

(7.) Dissemination

The PS^ data are normally released within 60 days of the close of the reference month. The PSM is available on the web at:

http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/supply/monthly/

Much of the PSM data are available on the web product, Petroleum Navigator. Petroleum Navigator provides an interface for accessing a comprehensive set of EIA's petroleum data. Features include: downloadable spreadsheets containing complete data history, data tables which "pivot" to present different perspectives, and selection boxes to easily change the product, area, process, period, and unit of measure. Petroleum Navigator can be accessed at: http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/ data.cfm

C. Derived Data

Due to the time constraints in publishing monthly petroleum supply statistics and the desire to reduce industry response burden, some of the statistics published in the PSM are obtained from sources other than the monthly supply surveys. These other sources include models to data and data from supplemental sources such as the Bureau of the Census.

(1.) Domestic Crude Oil Production

The interim estimate of U.S., PAD District, and state oil production for the current reference month, published in Tables 1 through 26 of the PSM, are based on:

(a.) crude oil production data from state government agencies and the Department of the Interior, Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement;

(b.) crude oil production data reported on Form EIA-914, "Monthly Crude Oil, Lease Condensate, and Natural Gas Production Report." For some states, EIA uses current reported data from the state (chiefly Alaska). For the states of Arkansas, California, Colorado, Kansas, Louisiana, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, West Virginia, Wyoming, and the Federal Gulf of Mexico, EIA calculates an estimate by modeling the relationship between final state-level data from DrillingInfo, a third-party vendor of well-level data collected by state agencies, and data reported on the EIA914 survey using weighted least squares (WLS) linear regression. Additional explanation of the WLS estimation methodology is available. Estimates have to be made for crude oil production because complete and correct data from states may take from several months to over two years.

(c.) first purchase data reported on Form EIA-182 "Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Report." For the remaining states and areas (Alabama, Arizona, Federal Pacific Offshore, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New York, Oregon, South Dakota, Tennessee, and Virginia) EIA calculates an estimate by using the average lagged ratio (ALR) of the state reported data to EIA-182 data, applied to the current EIA-182 data. Additional explanation of the ALR estimation methodology is available.

State-level production estimates are published in Table 26, "Production of Crude Oil by PAD District and State." Table 26 contains estimates for crude oil production for state and federal offshore areas reported by state agencies and the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement or estimated by EIA using the ALR or WLS methods discussed above. Every month, the monthly crude oil production estimates are updated in Table 26 of the Petroleum Supply Monthly (http:// www.eia.gov/petroleum/supply/monthly/) using reports from state agencies and the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement. The estimates are reported in the Petroleum Navigator and the Petroleum Supply Monthly roughly 60 days after the production month.

(2.) Exports

The U.S. Bureau of the Census compiles the official U.S. export statistics. Exporters are required to file a "Shipper's Export Declaration Document" with the U.S. Census Bureau. Each month the EIA receives aggregated export statistics from the U.S. Bureau of the Census (EM-522 and EM-594). Census export statistics used in the PSM reflect both government and non-governmental exports of domestic and foreign merchandise from the United States (the 50 States and the District of Columbia) to foreign countries and U.S. possessions, without regard to whether or not the exportation involves a commercial transaction. The following types of transactions are excluded from the statistics:

* Merchandise shipped in transit through the United States from one foreign country to another, when documented as such with U.S. Customs.

* Bunker fuels and other supplies and equipment for use on departing vessels, planes, or other carriers engaged in foreign trade.

The country of destination is defined as the country of ultimate destination or the country where the goods are to be consumed, further processed, or manufactured, as known to the shipper at the time of exportation. If the shipper does not know the country of ultimate destination, the shipment is credited to the last country to which the shipper knows that the merchandise will be shipped in the same form as it was when exported.

(3.) Movements of crude oil by railroad

The volume of crude oil, ethanol, biodiesel, propane, propylene, normal butane, and isobutane moving by railroad is calculated using several data sources including Carload Waybill Sample (CWS) data from the U.S. Surface Transportation Board (STB), data from the National Energy Board of Canada (NEB), data in EIA's Oil and Gas Supply Module (OGSM) within the National Energy Modeling system (NEMS) for data prior to 2015, the EIA-915 survey starting in January 2015, and an estimation procedure developed by EIA for months in which data these data are not available.

Once the data necessary for calculating rail movements become available, which may take as long as 60 days after the end of a calendar quarter, EIA will revise the estimates made.

Movements of crude oil, ethanol, biodiesel, propane, propylene, normal butane, and isobutane by rail are based on EIA analysis of carload data from the STB CWS. Additional data from the NEB, OGSM, and the EIA-915 are used for estimating factors for converting carloads to barrels of crude oil. Carloads of ethanol, biodiesel, propane, propylene, normal butane, and isobutane are converted to barrels using data from the CWS.

Carload data from the STB are available approximately 60 days after the end of each quarter. For example, carload data for the first quarter of each year are typically available by about June 1.Therefore, recent-month rail movements reported by EIA in the Petroleum Supply Monthly and Petroleum Navigator are modeled based on historical rail movement averages, medians, or correlations of rail movements derived from actual carload data with other regional supply data collected by EIA or other sources including field production, imports, refinery and blender inputs, movements other than rail, exports, and supply adjustments.

Estimates of rail movements are subject to revision on a monthly basis as new, more complete, and more accurate data become available. Monthly revisions will typically affect data available through Petroleum Navigator on the EIA web site for the current year and up to two prior years. To the extent that revisions are needed to data more than 2 years in the past, these revisions will be made once a year at the time when Petroleum Navigator tables are updated with final data for a year from the Petroleum Supply Annual. Petroleum Supply Monthly and Petroleum Supply Annual tables released as PDF files will not be revised.

(4.) Stocks of Crude Oil held on Producing Sites (Lease Stocks)

The adjustment for lease stocks was discontinued beginning with PSM data for July 2016 released on September 30, 2016 because EIA discontinued reporting crude oil stocks held on producing sites (lease stocks). The lease stock adjustment remains in all historical EIA lease stocks data.

This adjustment corrects for incomplete survey coverage of companies that store crude oil on leases. Up until 1983, monthly state government data on lease stocks were substituted for EIA data wherever possible in order to rectify the understatement of lease crude oil stocks. State data were available from three states--Texas, New Mexico, and Montana. To calculate the "lease adjustment," a comparison between EIA reported data and the state government data was made and the difference added to the EIA data for the respective states.

In 1983, the EIA modified the Form EIA-813 to eliminate state data on crude oil stocks and began collecting crude oil stock data by Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District. With this change, the "lease adjustment" could no longer be calculated on a state basis and was changed to a PAD District level. To adjust for this incomplete coverage, 10,300 thousand barrels of crude oil are added to PAD District 3 stocks and 330 thousand barrels are added to PAD District 4 stocks.

(5.) Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) Natural Gas Plant Liquids (NGPL Adjustment)

The TAPS-NGPL adjustment corrects for overstatement of crude oil receipts and input at refineries due to NGPL injection into Alaskan crude oil transported in TAPS. Natural gas processing plants in Alaska produce substantial volumes of NGPL that are added to crude oil transported through TAPS. Refiners have been unable to separate the volume of NGPL from Alaskan crude oil when reporting crude oil receipts and inputs to EIA. The TAPS-NGPL adjustment subtracts Alaskan NGPL production reported by selected gas processing plant operators from crude oil receipts and inputs reported by refiners. Adjusted NGPL production is added to refinery receipts and inputs of NGPL. The adjusted NGPL barrels are allocated to PAD Districts based on the regional distribution of receipts of Alaskan crude oil. Data most affected by the TAPSNGPL adjustment are receipts and inputs of crude oil in PAD District 5 and receipts, inputs, and product supplied of butane and pentanes plus also in PAD District 5.

NGPL injections into crude oil transported in the TAPS started in 1987. The TAPS-NGPL adjustment was first applied to revised data reported in the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) for 1988.

(6.) Finished Motor Gasoline Adjustment

Adjustment quantities for finished motor gasoline are the sum of motor gasoline blending components, fuel ethanol, and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) adjustments reclassified to finished motor gasoline. Finished motor gasoline adjustment quantities are assumed to reflect gasoline blending activity that was not reported on surveys.

Note on MTBE Adjustment: The MTBE portion of the gasoline adjustment described in this section was only applied to Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) data for 2009. The MTBE portion of the gasoline adjustment was discontinued after further examination of the issue made clear the MTBE adjustment was not helpful in forming an accurate statistical representation of U.S. and regional gasoline supplies. The MTBE adjustment was not applied to gasoline supply and disposition data in years prior to 2009, nor was it applied to revised data for 2009 published in the Petroleum Supply Annual or in years after 2009. This note only applies to MTBE adjustments. MTBE blending that was reported on EIA surveys is reflected in U.S. and regional gasoline supply and disposition data. Other adjustments to gasoline supply and disposition data to account for motor gasoline blending components and fuel ethanol remain as described in this section.

* Adjustment quantities for finished reformulated motor gasoline include adjustments for reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) plus a percentage of gasoline treated as blendstock (GTAB), "other" motor gasoline blending components, fuel ethanol, and MTBE. The quantity of GTAB and "other" motor gasoline blending components adjustments reclassified to finished reformulated motor gasoline is based on the ratio of finished reformulated motor gasoline net production divided by total finished motor gasoline net production reported on surveys by refiners and blenders in each PAD District. Motor gasoline blending components adjustments reclassified to finished reformulated motor gasoline are further classified as blended with alcohol (i.e. fuel ethanol), blended with ether (i.e. MTBE), or non-oxygenated during 2009.

Starting with data for January 2010, motor gasoline blending component adjustment quantities were classified only as blended with fuel ethanol and "other". During 2009, RBOB adjustment quantities were classified based on the product description that included reference to the oxygenate to be blended. Beginning with data for January 2010, all RBOB is reported in one product category without reference to specific oxygenates, and all RBOB adjustment quantities are assumed blended with fuel ethanol. During 2009, adjustment quantities for GTAB and "other" motor gasoline blending components reclassified to finished reformulated gasoline were further classified as blended with ether, blended with alcohol, or non-oxygenated based on the ratio of production of these products in reported survey data. After determining adjustment quantities of motor gasoline blending components reclassified to each type of finished reformulated motor gasoline, portions of the fuel ethanol and MTBE adjustments were reclassified to reformulated motor gasoline. The fuel ethanol quantity reclassified to finished reformulated motor gasoline was determined using the ratio of fuel ethanol blended into finished motor gasoline calculated from fuel ethanol blending data reported on survey forms by PAD District. For example, if the calculated volumetric fuel ethanol blend ratio was 10%, then a quantity of the fuel ethanol adjustment sufficient to make a 10% blend with the available motor gasoline blending components is reclassified to finished reformulated motor gasoline, but the quantity of fuel ethanol cannot exceed the total quantity of the fuel ethanol adjustment. During 2009, a similar process was followed for allocating the MTBE adjustment to reformulated motor gasoline except the blend ratio was assumed to be 12% in all PAD Districts. Starting with data for January 2010, the entire MTBE adjustment quantity is assumed to be blended with finished conventional motor gasoline.

* Adjustment quantities for finished conventional motor gasoline include adjustments for conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending (CBOB) plus the portion of GTAB, "other" motor gasoline blending components, fuel ethanol and MTBE adjustments that were not reclassified to finished reformulated motor gasoline. The total adjustment to finished conventional motor gasoline is further classified as finished conventional gasoline blended with fuel ethanol and "other" finished conventional motor gasoline. The quantity of the finished conventional motor gasoline adjustment reclassified as finished conventional motor gasoline blended with fuel ethanol is determined using the quantity of the fuel ethanol adjustment allocated to finished conventional motor gasoline and the fuel ethanol blend ratio calculated from fuel ethanol blending reported on surveys by PAD District. For example, if the fuel ethanol blend ratio calculated from survey data was 10% in a PAD District, then the total adjustment quantity of finished conventional motor gasoline in that PAD District would be 10 times the fuel ethanol adjustment quantity allocated to finished conventional gasoline (i.e. the adjustment to finished conventional motor gasoline blended with fuel ethanol includes 10% fuel ethanol and 90% gasoline from the motor gasoline blending components adjustment). The MTBE adjustment allocated to finished conventional motor gasoline is simply added to the adjustment for "other" finished conventional motor gasoline.

* Fuel ethanol adjustment quantities frequently exceed the volume of fuel ethanol needed to achieve a blend ratio implied by blending activity reported by refiners and blenders on surveys when considering only the gasoline barrels available from the motor gasoline blending components adjustment. In this case, "other" finished conventional motor gasoline is reclassified by the adjustment to finished conventional motor gasoline blended with alcohol in order to maintain an ethanol blend ratio equal to the fuel ethanol blend ratio reported by refiners and blenders in each PAD District.

(7.) Motor Gasoline Blending Components Adjustment

Adjustment quantities for motor gasoline blending components at the U.S. level equal the sum of stock change, refinery and blender net input, and exports minus the sum of imports and renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production (i.e. motor gasoline blending components use as denaturant for fuel ethanol production). Adjustment quantities by PAD District equal the sum of stock change, refinery and blender net input, and exports minus the sum of imports, renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production, and net receipts. Motor gasoline blending components adjustments are calculated for reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB), conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending (CBOB), gasoline treated as blendstock (GTAB), and "other" motor gasoline blending components. Product supplied for motor gasoline blending components is assumed to always equal zero because there is no end-user demand for motor gasoline blending components as anything other than finished motor gasoline. Motor gasoline blending components adjustment quantities are assumed to reflect finished motor gasoline blending implied by the supply and disposition balance but not reported on surveys. Adjustment quantities for motor gasoline blending components are reclassified to finished motor gasoline and added to the finished motor gasoline adjustment.

(8.) Renewable Fuels including Fuel Ethanol Adjustment

Adjustment quantities for renewable fuels (including fuel ethanol) at the U.S. level equal the sum of stock change, refinery and blender net input, and exports minus the sum of renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production and imports. Calculation of adjustment quantities by PAD District depends on the product. Individual products include fuel ethanol, biomass based diesel fuel (including biodiesel), "other" renewable diesel fuel, and "other" renewable fuels (e.g. bio-jet fuel). Product supplied for renewable fuels (including fuel ethanol) is assumed equal to zero. Adjustments for fuel ethanol and "other" renewable fuels are discussed separately below.

* Fuel ethanol adjustment quantities at the U.S. level equal the sum of stock change, refinery and blender net input, and exports minus the sum of renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production and imports. There are no survey data available for rail movements of fuel ethanol between PAD Districts, and so allocation of fuel ethanol adjustments to PAD Districts is based on the ratio of fuel ethanol blending reported on surveys in each PAD District divided by fuel ethanol blending reported on surveys for the entire U.S. In this case,

Fuel ethanol implied net receipts are calculated for each PAD District as the sum of stock change, refinery and blender net input, and exports minus the sum of renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production, imports, and adjustments. Fuel ethanol implied net receipts are the balancing item between total supply and disposition in each PAD District. Fuel ethanol adjustment quantities are assumed to reflect blending of fuel ethanol into finished motor gasoline that is implied by the available supply of fuel ethanol but not reported on surveys. Fuel ethanol adjustment volumes are reclassified to finished reformulated motor gasoline and finished conventional motor gasoline through finished motor gasoline adjustments.

* The product category called "renewable fuels except fuel ethanol" includes biomass-based diesel fuel (including biodiesel), "other" renewable diesel fuel, and "other" renewable fuels (e.g. bio-jet fuel). For PSM data prior to January 2012, renewable fuels except fuel ethanol adjustment quantities at the U.S. and PAD District levels were calculated as the sum of stock change, refinery and blender net input, and exports minus imports. Data for production of Renewable Fuels except Fuel Ethanol was unavailable and was excluded from Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production. Therefore the calculation of adjustments to Renewable Fuels except Fuel Ethanol caused production to be included in the adjustment. Similarly, the calculation caused net interPAD District movements (i.e. net receipts) by rail and truck to also be included in adjustments to renewable fuels except fuel ethanol.

* Beginning with PSM data for January 2012, production of biodiesel reported on Form EIA-22M was included under the heading of "renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production" in petroleum supply and disposition balances for "renewable fuels except fuel ethanol". As a result, the adjustment for "renewable fuels except fuel ethanol" no longer includes production of biodiesel. This change will also be made to revised monthly data for January-December 2011 when the 2011 Petroleum Supply Annual is released.

* Biodiesel adjustment quantities at the U.S. level equal the sum of stock change, refinery and blender net input, and exports minus the sum of renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production and imports. There are no survey data available for rail movements of biodiesel between PAD Districts, and so allocation of fuel biodiesel adjustments to PAD Districts is based on the ratio of biomass-based diesel blending reported on surveys in each PAD District divided by biomass-based diesel fuel blending reported on surveys for the entire U.S. Biodiesel implied net receipts are calculated for each PAD District as the sum of stock change, refinery and blender net input, and exports minus the sum of renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production, imports, and adjustments. Biodiesel implied net receipts are the balancing item between total supply and disposition in each PAD District. Biodiesel adjustment quantities are assumed to reflect blending of biodiesel into distillate fuel oil that is implied by the available supply of biodiesel but not reported as input on surveys. Biodiesel adjustment volumes are reclassified to distillate fuel oil(15 ppm sulfur and under) through distillate fuel oil adjustments.

(9.) Distillate Fuel Oil Adjustment

Adjustment quantities for distillate fuel oil show reclassification by pipeline operators of distillate fuel oil with sulfur content of 15 ppm and under to distillate fuel oil with sulfur content greater than 15 ppm to 500 ppm (inclusive). Reclassification may occur when distillate product with sulfur content of 15 ppm and under becomes mixed with products having higher sulfur content during pipeline transportation, storage, or handling. Adjustment quantities are reported by pipeline operators on Form EIA-812 "Monthly Product Pipeline Report." This adjustment was discontinued after publication of data for December 2010

Beginning with PSM data for January 2012, distillate fuel oil adjustments equal the opposite of biodiesel adjustments described above in section 7. Biodiesel adjustments are added to distillate fuel oil (15 ppm sulfur and under) and to total distillate fuel oil. Distillate fuel oil adjustment quantities are assumed to reflect biodiesel blending activity implied by biodiesel supply and disposition but not reported on surveys. Distillate fuel oil adjustments for biodiesel will also be added to revised data for January-December 2011 when the 2011 Petroleum Supply Annual is released.

(10.) Crude Oil Adjustment

Adjustment quantities for crude oil are derived to balance crude oil supply and disposition. Crude oil product supplied was equal to crude oil used directly as reported on Form EIA-813 "Monthly Crude Oil Report" in data through December 2009. Reporting crude oil used directly was discontinued on Form EIA-813 after collection of data for December 2009. Crude oil product supplied is assumed equal to zero beginning with data for January 2010. Undercounting crude oil imports in survey data is one example of a typical cause of crude oil adjustments. This results in a positive crude oil adjustment because crude oil disposition (i.e. the sum of stock change, refiner inputs, and exports) will exceed available supply (i.e. the sum of field production and imports) due to import undercounting. Crude oil losses are included in crude oil adjustment quantities. The crude oil adjustment was formerly called unaccounted-for crude oil. The name change was effective with data for January 2005.

(11.) Other Hydrocarbon Adjustment

Adjustment quantities for "other" hydrocarbons equal the sum of stock change, refinery and blender net inputs and exports minus imports. "Other" hydrocarbons product supplied is assumed equal to zero. Adjustment quantities account for "other" hydrocarbons produced outside of refineries. There are no movements data collected on surveys for "other" hydrocarbons. Therefore, adjustment quantities include any net receipts of "other" hydrocarbons resulting from inter-PAD District movements.

(12.) Hydrogen Adjustment

Adjustment quantities for hydrogen equal refinery and blender net input of hydrogen. Hydrogen product supplied is assumed equal to zero. Adjustment quantities account for hydrogen supplied to U.S. refineries from non-refinery sources. There are no movements data collected on surveys for hydrogen. Therefore, adjustment quantities at the PAD District level include any net receipts of hydrogen resulting from inter-PAD District movements.

(13.) Oxygenates (excluding fuel ethanol) Adjustment

Adjustment quantities for oxygenates (excluding fuel ethanol) equal the sum of stock change, refinery and blender net inputs, and exports minus the sum of renewable fuels and oxygenate plant net production and imports. Product supplied for oxygenates (excluding fuel ethanol) is assumed equal to zero. Methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) is the single largest component of oxygenates (excluding fuel ethanol).

3. Quality

A. General Discussion

(1.) Response Rates

The response rate is generally 98 to 100 percent. Average response rates for the monthly and weekly surveys are published in the annual PSM article "Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data." Chronic nonrespondents and late filing respondents are contacted in writing and reminded of their requirement to report. Companies that file late or fail to file are subject to criminal fines, civil penalties, and other sanctions as provided by Section 13(i) of the Federal Energy Administration (FEA) Act.

(2.) Non-sampling Errors

There are two types of errors usually associated with data produced from a survey; sampling errors and nonsampling errors. Because the estimates for the monthly surveys are based on a complete census of the frame, there is no sampling error in the data presented. The data, however, are subject to nonsampling errors. Non-sampling errors may arise from a number of sources including:(1)the inability to obtain data from all companies in the frame (non-response) and the method used to account for non-response, (2) response errors, (3) differences in the interpretation of questions or definitions, (4) mistakes in recording or coding of the data obtained from respondents, and (5) other errors of collection, response, coverage, processing, and estimation.

(3.) Resubmissions

Throughout the year, EIA accepts data revisions of monthly data. If a revision to a monthly submission is made after the PSM has been published, it is referred to as a resubmission. The final monthly values for the previous year are published in the PSA. These values reflect all PSM resubmissions and other data corrections. The values contained in the PSA are EIA's most accurate measure of petroleum supply activity.

(4.) Revision Policy

EIA will publish revised monthly crude oil production estimates going back to the Previously published Petroleum Supply Annual every month in the Petroleum Supply Navigator (http:// www.eia.gov/petroleum/supply/monthly/). Once a year with the release of the Petroleum Supply Annual, EIA will revise up to 10 years of historical production estimates in the Petroleum Supply Navigator.

B. Data Assessment

The principal objective of the PSRS is to provide an accurate picture of petroleum industry activities and of the availability of petroleum products nationwide from primary distribution channels. The PSM preliminary monthly data serve as leading indicators of the final monthly data published in the PSA. The PSM monthly data are not expected to have the same level of accuracy as the final monthly data published in the PSA. However, the preliminary monthly data are expected to exhibit like trends and product flow characteristic of the final monthly data.

To assess the accuracy of monthly statistics, initial monthly estimates published in the PSM are compared with the final monthly aggregates published in the PSA. Although final monthly data are still subject to error, they have been thoroughly reviewed and edited, they reflect all revisions made during the year, and they are considered to be the most accurate data available. The mean absolute percent error provides a measure of the average revisions relative to the aggregates being measured for a variable. The mean absolute percent error for 2007 monthly data was less than 1 percent for 50 of the 66 major petroleum variables analyzed.

4. Provisions Regarding Disclosure of Information

All PSRS survey forms, with the exception of the Form EIA-814, "Monthly Imports Report," have the same general disclosure information statement. The information reported on Form EIA-814 will be considered "public information" and may be publicly released in company or individually identifiable form, and will not be protected from disclosure in identifiable form.

The information reported on Forms EIA-810 through 813, 815 through 817, 819, and 820 will be protected and not disclosed to the public to the extent that it satisfies the criteria for exemption under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), 5 U.S.C. [section]552, the Department of Energy (DOE) regulations,10 C.F.R. [section]1004.11, implementing the FOIA, and the Trade Secrets Act,18 U.S.C. [section]1905. The Federal Energy Administration Act requires the EIA to provide company-specific data to other Federal agencies when requested for official use. The information reported on this form may also be made available, upon request, to another DOE component; to any Committee of Congress, the Government Accountability Office, or other Federal agencies authorized by law to receive such information. A court of competent jurisdiction may obtain this information in response to an order. The information may be used for any nonstatistical purposes such as administrative, regulatory, law enforcement, or adjudicatory purposes.

Disclosure limitation procedures are not applied to the statistical data published from this survey's information. Thus, there may be some statistics that are based on data from fewer than three respondents, or that are dominated by data from one or two large respondents. In these cases, it may be possible for a knowledgeable person to estimate the information reported by a specific respondent.

In addition to the use of the information by EIA for statistical purposes, the information may be made available, upon request, to other Federal agencies authorized by law to receive such information for any nonstatistical purposes such as administrative, regulatory, law enforcement, or adjudicatory purposes.

Company specific data are also provided to other DOE offices for the purpose of examining specific petroleum operations in the context of emergency response planning and actual emergencies.

Appendix D

Northeast Reserves

Reserves inventories are not considered to be in the commercial sector and are excluded from EIA's commercial motor gasoline and distillate fuel oil supply and disposition statistics, such as those reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and This Week in Petroleum.
Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve classified as ultra-low sulfur
distillate (15 parts per million)

Terminal Operator            Location         Thousand Barrels

Buckeye Partners LP      Port Reading, NJ           300
Buckeye Partners LP         Groton, CT              300
Global Companies LLC        Revere, MA              400

Source: U. S. Energy Information Administration

Northeast Regional Refined Petroleum Product Reserve motor gasoline
products

Terminal Operator                        Location           Thousand
                                                            Barrels

Kinder Morgan Liq Terminals LLC        Carteret, NJ           200
Buckeye Terminals LLC                Port Reading, NJ          0
Buckeye Terminals LLC                Raritan Bay, NJ          500
Global Companies LLC                    Revere, MA            200
South Portland Terminal LLC         South Portland, ME         99

Source: U. S. Energy Information Administration


Other reserves information from the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Petroleum Reserves can be found at http://energy.gov/fe/services/petroleum-reserves/

State of New York's Strategic Fuels Reserve Program

State reserve inventories are also not considered to be in the commercial sector and are excluded from EIA's commercial inventories and are excluded from supply and disposition statistics, such as those reported in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and This Week In Petroleum.
Product                                         Location     Thousand
                                                             Barrels

Motor Gasoline Blending Components                 NY           86
Fuel Ethanol                                       NY           10
Distillate Fuel Oil,15 ppm Sulfur and Under        NY           34

Source: New York State Energy Research & Development Authority


Definitions of Petroleum Products and Other Terms

(Revised May 2010)

Alcohol. The family name of a group of organic chemical compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. The series of molecules vary in chain length and are composed of a hydrocarbon plus a hydroxyl group; CH3-(CH2)n-OH (e.g., methanol, ethanol, and tertiary butyl alcohol).

Alkylate. The product of an alkylation reaction. It usually refers to the high octane product from alkylation units. This alkylate is used in blending high octane gasoline.

Alkylation. A refining process for chemically combining isobutane with olefin hydrocarbons (e.g., propylene, butylene) through the control of temperature and pressure in the presence of an acid catalyst, usually sulfuric acid or hydrofluoric acid. The product, alkylate, an isoparaffin, has high octane value and is blended with motor and aviation gasoline to improve the antiknock value of the fuel.

All Other Motor Gasoline Blending Components. See Motor Gasoline Blending Components.

API Gravity. An arbitrary scale expressing the gravity or density of liquid petroleum products. The measuring scale is calibrated in terms of degrees API; it may be calculated in terms of the following formula:

Degrees API = 141.5/sp x gr @ 60[degrees]F - 131.5

The higher the API gravity, the lighter the compound. Light crudes generally exceed 38 degrees API and heavy crudes are commonly labeled as all crudes with an API gravity of 22 degrees or below. Intermediate crudes fall in the range of 22 degrees to 38 degrees API gravity.

Aromatics. Hydrocarbons characterized by unsaturated nng structures of carbon atoms. Commercial petroleum aromatics are benzene, toluene, and xylene (BTX).

Asphalt. A dark-brown-to-black cement-like material containing bitumens as the predominant constituent obtained by petroleum processing; used primarily for road construction. It includes crude asphalt as well as the following finished products: cements, fluxes, the asphalt content of emulsions (exclusive of water), and petroleum distillates blended with asphalt to make cutback asphalts. Note: The conversion factor for asphalt is 5.5 barrels per short ton.

ASTM. The acronym for the American Society for Testing and Materials.

Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation. The refining process of separating crude oil components at atmospheric pressure by heating to temperatures of about 600 degrees Fahrenheit to 750 degrees Fahrenheit (depending on the nature of the crude oil and desired products) and subsequent condensing of the fractions by cooling.

Aviation Gasoline (Finished). A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in aviation reciprocating engines. Fuel specifications are provided in ASTM Specification D 910 and Military Specification MIL-G-5572. Note: Data on blending components are not counted in data on finished aviation gasoline.

Aviation Gasoline Blending Components. Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Oxygenates are reported as other hydrocarbons, hydrogen, and oxygenates.

Barrel. A unit of volume equal to 42 U.S. gallons.

Barrels Per Calendar Day. The amount of input that a distillation facility can process under usual operating conditions. The amount is expressed in terms of capacity during a 24-hour period and reduces the maximum processing capability of all units at the facility under continuous operation (see Barrels per Stream Day) to account for the following limitations that may delay, interrupt, or slow down production:

the capability of downstream facilities to absorb the output of crude oil processing facilities of a given refinery. No reduction is made when a planned distribution of intermediate streams through other than downstream facilities is part of a refinery's normal operation;

the types and grades of inputs to be processed;

the types and grades of products expected to be manufactured;

the environmental constraints associated with refinery operations;

the reduction of capacity for scheduled downtime due to such conditions as routine inspection, maintenance, repairs, and turnaround; and the reduction of capacity for unscheduled downtime due to such conditions as mechanical problems, repairs, and slowdowns.

Barrels Per Stream Day. The maximum number of barrels of input that a distillation facility can process within a 24-hour period when running at full capacity under optimal crude and product slate conditions with no allowance for downtime.

Benzene ([C.sub.6][H.sub.6]). An aromatic hydrocarbon present in small proportion in some crude oils and made commercially from petroleum by the catalytic reforming of naphthenes in petroleum naphtha. Also made from coal in the manufacture of coke. Used as a solvent, in manufacturing detergents, synthetic fibers, and petrochemicals and as a component of high-octane gasoline.

Biomass-Based Diesel Fuel. Biodiesel and other renewable diesel fuel or diesel fuel blending components derived from biomass, but excluding renewable diesel fuel coprocessed with petroleum feedstocks.

Blending Components. See Motor or Aviation Gasoline Blending Components.

Blending Plant. A facility which has no refining capability but is either capable of producing finished motor gasoline through mechanical blending or blends oxygenates with motor gasoline.

Bonded Petroleum Imports. Petroleum imported and entered into Customs bonded storage. These imports are not included in the import statistics until they are:(1)withdrawn from storage free of duty for use as fuel for vessels and aircraft engaged in international trade; or (2) withdrawn from storage with duty paid for domestic use.

BTX. The acronym for the commercial petroleum aromatics benzene, toluene, and xylene. See individual categories for definitions.

Bulk Station. A facility used primarily for the storage and/or marketing of petroleum products which has a total bulk storage capacity of less than 50,000 barrels and receives its petroleum products by tank car or truck.

Bulk Terminal. A facility used primarily for the storage and/or marketing of petroleum products which has a total bulk storage capacity of 50,000 barrels or more and/or receives petroleum products by tanker, barge, or pipeline.

Butane ([C.sub.4][H.sub.10]). A normally gaseous straight-chain or branch-chain hydrocarbon extracted from natural gas or refinery gas streams. It includes normal butane and refinery-grade butane and is designated in ASTM Specification D1835 and Gas Processors Association Specifications for commercial butane.

Normal Butane ([C.sub.4][H.sub.10]). A normally gaseous straight-chain hydrocarbon that is a colorless paraffinic gas which boils at a temperature of 31.1 degrees Fahrenheit and is extracted from natural gas or refinery gas streams.

Refinery-Grade Butane ([C.sub.4][H.sub.10]). A refinery-produced stream that is composed predominantly of normal butane and/ or isobutane and may also contain propane and/or natural gasoline. These streams may also contain significant levels of olefins and/or fluorides contamination.

Butylene ([C.sub.4][H.sub.8]). An olefinic hydrocarbon recovered from refinery processes.

Captive Refinery Oxygenate Plants. Oxygenate production facilities located within or adjacent to a refinery complex.

Catalytic Cracking. The refining process of breaking down the larger, heavier, and more complex hydrocarbon molecules into simpler and lighter molecules. Catalytic cracking is accomplished by the use of a catalytic agent and is an effective process for increasing the yield of gasoline from crude oil. Catalytic cracking processes fresh feeds and recycled feeds.

Fresh Feeds. Crude oil or petroleum distillates which are being fed to processing units for the first time.

Recycled Feeds. Feeds that are continuously fed back for additional processing.

Catalytic Hydrocracking. A refining process that uses hydrogen and catalysts with relatively low temperatures and high pressures for converting middle boiling or residual material to high-octane gasoline, reformer charge stock, jet fuel, and/or high grade fuel oil. The process uses one or more catalysts, depending upon product output, and can handle high sulfur feedstocks without prior desulfurization.

Catalytic Hydrotreating. A refining process for treating petroleum fractions from atmospheric or vacuum distillation units (e.g., naphthas, middle distillates, reformer feeds, residual fuel oil, and heavy gas oil) and other petroleum (e.g., cat cracked naphtha, coker naphtha, gas oil, etc.) in the presence of catalysts and substantial quantities of hydrogen. Hydrotreating includes desulfurization, removal of substances (e.g., nitrogen compounds) that deactivate catalysts, conversion of olefins to paraffins to reduce gum formation in gasoline, and other processes to upgrade the quality of the fractions.

Catalytic Reforming. A refining process using controlled heat and pressure with catalysts to rearrange certain hydrocarbon molecules, thereby converting paraffinic and naphthenic type hydrocarbons (e.g., low-octane gasoline boiling range fractions) into petrochemical feedstocks and higher octane stocks suitable for blending into finished gasoline. Catalytic reforming is reported in two categories. They are:

Low Pressure. A processing unit operating at less than 225 pounds per square inch gauge (PSIG) measured at the outlet separator.

High Pressure. A processing unit operating at either equal to or greater than 225 pounds per square inch gauge (PSIG) measured at the outlet separator.

Charge Capacity. The input (feed) capacity of the refinery processing facilities.

Coal. A readily combustible black or brownish-black rock whose composition, including inherent moisture, consists of more than 50 percent by weight and more than 70 percent by volume of carbonaceous material. It is formed from plant remains that have been compacted, hardened, chemically altered, and metamorphosed by heat and pressure over geologic time.

Commercial Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel, See Kerosene-Type Je^ Fuel.

Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB). See Motor Gasoline Blending Components.

Conventional Gasoline. See Motor Gasoline (Finished).

Crude Oil. A mixture of hydrocarbons that exists in liquid phase in natural underground reservoirs and remains liquid at atmospheric pressure after passing through surface separating facilities. Depending upon the characteristics of the crude stream, it may also include:

Small amounts of hydrocarbons that exist in gaseous phase in natural underground reservoirs but are liquid at atmospheric pressure after being recovered from oil well (casinghead) gas in lease separators and are subsequently commingled with the crude stream without being separately measured. Lease condensate recovered as a liquid from natural gas wells in lease or field separation facilities and later mixed into the crude stream is also included;

Small amounts of nonhydrocarbons produced from oil, such as sulfur and various metals;

Drip gases, and liquid hydrocarbons produced from tar sands, oil sands, gilsonite, and oil shale.

Liquids produced at natural gas processing plants are excluded. Crude oil is refined to produce a wide array of petroleum products, including heating oils; gasoline, diesel and jet fuels; lubricants; asphalt; ethane, propane, and butane; and many other products used for their energy or chemical content.

Crude oil is considered as either domestic or foreign, according to the following:

Domestic. Crude oil produced in the United States or from its Aouter continental shelf' as defined in 43 USC 1331.

Foreign. Crude oil produced outside the United States. Imported Athabasca hydrocarbons (tar sands from Canada) are included.

Crude Oil, Refinery Receipts. Receipts of domestic and foreign crude oil at a refinery. Includes all crude oil in transit except crude oil in transit by pipeline. Foreign crude oil is reported as a receipt only after entry through customs. Crude oil of foreign origin held in bonded storage is excluded.

Crude Oil Losses. Represents the volume of crude oil reported by petroleum refineries as being lost in their operations. These losses are due to spills, contamination, fires, etc. as opposed to refinery processing losses.

Crude Oil Production. The volume of crude oil produced from oil reservoirs during given periods of time. The amount of such production for a given period is measured as volumes delivered from lease storage tanks (i.e., the point of custody transfer) to pipelines, trucks, or other media for transport to refineries or terminals with adjustments for (1) net differences between opening and closing lease inventories, and (2) basic sediment and water (BS&W).

Crude Oil Qualities. Refers to two properties of crude oil, the sulfur content and API gravity, which affect processing complexity and product characteristics.

Delayed Coking. A process by which heavier crude oil fractions can be thermally decomposed under conditions of elevated temperatures and pressure to produce a mixture of lighter oils and petroleum coke. The light oils can be processed further in other refinery units to meet product specifications. The coke can be used either as a fuel or in other applications such as the manufacturing of steel or aluminum.

Desulfurization. The removal of sulfur, as from molten metals, petroleum oil, or flue gases. Petroleum desulfurization is a process that removes sulfur and its compounds from various streams during the refining process. Desulfurization processes include catalytic hydrotreating and other chemical/physical processes such as adsorption. Desulfurization processes vary based on the type of stream treated (e.g., naphtha, distillate, heavy gas oil, etc.) and the amount of sulfur removed (e.g., sulfur reduction to 10 ppm). See Catalytic Hydrotreating.

Disposition. The components of petroleum disposition are stock change, crude oil losses, refinery inputs, exports, and products supplied for domestic consumption.

Distillate Fuel Oil. A general classification for one of the petroleum fractions produced in conventional distillation operations. It includes diesel fuels and fuel oils. Products known as No.1,No. 2, and No. 4 diesel fuel are used in on-highway diesel engines, such as those in trucks and automobiles, as well as off-highway engines, such as those in railroad locomotives and agricultural machinery. Products known as No.1,No. 2, and No. 4 fuel oils are used primarily for space heating and electric power generation.

No.1 Distillate. A light petroleum distillate that can be used as either a diesel fuel or a fuel oil.

No. 1 Diesel Fuel. A light distillate fuel oil that has a distillation temperature of 550 degrees Fahrenheit at the 90-percent recovery point and meets the specifications defined in ASTM Specification D 975. It is used in high speed diesel engines generally operated under frequent speed and load changes, such as those in city buses and similar vehicles. See No. 1 Distillate.

No. 1 Fuel Oil. A light distillate fuel oil that has distillation temperatures of 400 degrees Fahrenheit at the 10-percent recovery point and 550 degrees Fahrenheit at the 90-percent recovery point and meets the specifications defined in ASTM Specification D 396. It is used primarily as fuel for portable outdoor stoves and portable outdoor heaters. See No. 1 Distillate.

No. 2 Distillate. A petroleum distillate that can be used as either a diesel fuel or a fuel oil.

No. 2 Diesel Fuel. A distillate fuel oil that has a distillation temperature of 640 degrees Fahrenheit at the 90-percent recovery point and meets the specifications defined in ASTM Specification D 975. It is used in high-speed diesel engines that are generally operated under uniform speed and load conditions, such as those in railroad locomotives, trucks, and automobiles. See No. 2 Distillate.

Low Sulfur No. 2 Diesel Fuel. No. 2 diesel fuel that has a sulfur level no higher than 0.05 percent by weight. It is used primarily in motor vehicle diesel engines for on-highway use.

High Sulfur No. 2 Diesel Fuel. No. 2 diesel fuel that has a sulfur level above 0.05 percent by weight.

No. 2 Fuel Oil (Heating Oil). A distillate fuel oil that has a distillation temperature of 640 degrees Fahrenheit at the 90-percent recovery point and meets the specifications defined in ASTM Specification D 396. It is used in atomizing type burners for domestic heating or for moderate capacity commercial/industrial burner units. See No. 2 Distillate.

No. 4 Fuel. A distillate fuel oil made by blending distillate fuel oil and residual fuel oil stocks. It conforms to ASTM Specification D 396 or Federal Specification VV-F-815C and is used extensively in industrial plants and in commercial burner installations that are not equipped with preheating facilities. It also includes No. 4 diesel fuel used for low-and medium-speed diesel engines and conforms to ASTM Specification D 975.

No. 4 Diesel Fuel. See No. 4 Fuel.

No. 4 Fuel Oil. See No. 4 Fuel.

Electricity (Purchased). Electricity purchased for refinery operations that is not produced within the refinery complex.

Ending Stocks. Primary stocks of crude oil and petroleum products held in storage as of 12 midnight on the last day of the month. Primary stocks include crude oil or petroleum products held in storage at (or in) leases, refineries, natural gas processing plants, pipelines, tank farms, and bulk terminals that can store at least 50,000 barrels of petroleum products or that can receive petroleum products by tanker, barge, or pipeline. Crude oil that is in-transit by water from Alaska, or that is stored on Federal leases or in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is included. Primary Stocks exclude stocks of foreign origin that are held in bonded warehouse storage.

ETBE (Ethyl tertiary butyl ether) (CH3)COCH5. An oxygenate blend stock formed by the catalytic etherification of isobutylene with ethanol.

Ethane (CH6). A normally gaseous straight-chain hydrocarbon. It is a colorless paraffinic gas that boils at a temperature of--127.48 degrees Fahrenheit. It is extracted from natural gas and refinery gas streams.

Ether. A generic term applied to a group of organic chemical compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, characterized by an oxygen atom attached to two carbon atoms (e.g., methyl tertiary butyl ether).

Ethylene (C2H4). An olefinic hydrocarbon recovered from refinery processes or petrochemical processes. Ethylene is used as a petrochemical feedstock for numerous chemical applications and the production of consumer goods.

Exports. Shipments of crude oil and petroleum products from the 50 States and the District of Columbia to foreign countries, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and other U.S. possessions and territories.

Field Production. Represents crude oil production on leases, natural gas liquids production at natural gas processing plants, new supply of other hydrocarbons/oxygenates and motor gasoline blending components, and fuel ethanol blended into finished motor gasoline.

Flexicoking. A thermal cracking process which converts heavy hydrocarbons such as crude oil, tar sands bitumen, and distillation residues into light hydrocarbons. Feedstocks can be any pumpable hydrocarbons including those containing high concentrations of sulfur and metals.

Fluid Coking. A thermal cracking process utilizing the fluidized-solids technique to remove carbon (coke) for continuous conversion of heavy, low-grade oils into lighter products.

Fresh Feed Input. Represents input of material (crude oil, unfinished oils, natural gas liquids, other hydrocarbons and oxygenates or finished products) to processing units at a refinery that is being processed (input) into a particular unit for the first time.

Examples:

(1.) Unfinished oils coming out of a crude oil distillation unit which are input into a catalytic cracking unit are considered fresh feed to the catalytic cracking unit.

(2.) Unfinished oils coming out of a catalytic cracking unit being looped back into the same catalytic cracking unit to be reprocessed are not considered fresh feed.

Fuel Ethanol ([C.sub.2][H.sub.5]OH). An anhydrous alcohol (ethanol with less than 1% water) intended for gasoline blending as described in Oxygenates definition.

Fuels Solvent Deasphalting. A refining process for removing asphalt compounds from petroleum fractions, such as reduced crude oil. The recovered stream from this process is used to produce fuel products.

Gas Oil. A liquid petroleum distillate having a viscosity intermediate between that of kerosene and lubricating oil. It derives its name from having originally been used in the manufacture of illuminating gas. It is now used to produce distillate fuel oils and gasoline.

Gasohol. A blend of finished motor gasoline containing alcohol (generally ethanol but sometimes methanol) at a concentration of 10 percent or less by volume. Data on gasohol that has at least 2.7 percent oxygen, by weight, and is intended for sale inside carbon monoxide nonattainment areas are included in data on oxygenated gasoline. See Oxygenates.

Gasoline Blending Components. Naphthas which will be used for blending or compounding into finished aviation or motor gasoline (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, and xylene). Excludes oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus.

Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB). See Motor Gasoline Blending Components.

Gross Input to Atmospheric Crude Oil Distillation Units. Total input to atmospheric crude oil distillation units. Includes all crude oil, lease condensate, natural gas plant liquids, unfinished oils, liquefied refinery gases, slop oils, and other liquid hydrocarbons produced from tar sands, gilsonite, and oil shale.

Heavy Gas Oil. Petroleum distillates with an approximate boiling range from 651 degrees Fahrenheit to 1000 degrees Fahrenheit.

High-Sulfur Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate fuel oil having sulfur content greater than 500 ppm.

Hydrogen. The lightest of all gases, occurring chiefly in combination with oxygen in water; exists also in acids, bases, alcohols, petroleum, and other hydrocarbons.

Idle Capacity. The component of operable capacity that is not in operation and not under active repair, but capable of being placed in operation within 30 days; and capacity not in operation but under active repair that can be completed within 90 days.

Imported Crude Oil Burned As Fuel. The amount of foreign crude oil burned as a fuel oil, usually as residual fuel oil, without being processed as such. Imported crude oil burned as fuel includes lease condensate and liquid hydrocarbons produced from tar sands, gilsonite, and oil shale.

Imports. Receipts of crude oil and petroleum products into the 50 States and the District of Columbia from foreign countries, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and other U.S. possessions and territories.

Isobutane ([C.sub.4][H.sub.10]). A normally gaseous branch-chain hydrocarbon. It is a colorless paraffinic gas that boils at a temperature of 10.9 degrees Fahrenheit. It is extracted from natural gas or refinery gas streams.

Isobutylene ([C.sub.4][H.sub.8]). An olefinic hydrocarbon recovered from refinery processes or petrochemical processes.

Isohexane ([C.sub.6][H.sub.14]). A saturated branch-chain hydrocarbon. It is a colorless liquid that boils at a temperature of 156.2 degrees Fahrenheit.

Isomerization. A refining process which alters the fundamental arrangement of atoms in the molecule without adding or removing anything from the original material. Used to convert normal butane into isobutane ([C.sub.4]), an alkylation process feedstock, and normal pentane and hexane into isopentane ([C.sub.5]) and isohexane ([C.sub.6]), high-octane gasoline components.

Isopentane. See Natural Gasoline and Isopentane.

Kerosene. A light petroleum distillate that is used in space heaters, cook stoves, and water heaters and is suitable for use as a light source when burned in wick-fed lamps. Kerosene has a maximum distillation temperature of 400 degrees Fahrenheit at the 10-percent recovery point, a final boiling point of 572 degrees Fahrenheit, and a minimum flash point of 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Included are No.1-K and No. 2-K, the two grades recognized by ASTM Specification D 3699 as well as all other grades of kerosene called range or stove oil, which have properties similar to those of No.1 fuel oil. See Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel.

Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel. A kerosene-based product having a maximum distillation temperature of 400 degrees Fahrenheit at the 10-percent recovery point and a final maximum boiling point of 572 degrees Fahrenheit and meeting ASTM Specification D 1655 and Military Specifications MIL-T-5624P and MIL-T-83133D (Grades JP-5 and JP-8). It is used for commercial and military turbojet and turboprop aircraft engines.

Commercial. Kerosene-type jet fuel intended for use in commercial aircraft.

Military. Kerosene-type jet fuel intended for use in military aircraft.

Lease Condensate. A mixture consisting primarily of pentanes and heavier hydrocarbons which is recovered as a liquid from natural gas in lease separation facilities. This category excludes natural gas liquids, such as butane and propane, which are recovered at downstream natural gas processing plants or facilities. See Natural Gas Liquids.

Light Gas Oils. Liquid Petroleum distillates heavier than naphtha, with an approximate boiling range from 401 degrees Fahrenheit to 650 degrees Fahrenheit.

Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG). A group of hydrocarbon-based gases derived from crude oil refining or natural gas fractionation. They include: ethane, ethylene, propane, propylene, normal butane, butylene, isobutane, and isobutylene. For convenience of transportation, these gases are liquefied through pressurization.

Liquefied Refinery Gases (LRG). Liquefied petroleum gases fractionated from refinery or still gases. Through compression and/ or refrigeration, they are retained in the liquid state. The reported categories are ethane/ethylene, propane/propylene, normal butane/ butylene, and isobutane/isobutylene. Excludes still gas.

Low-Sulfur Distillate Fuel Oil. Distillate fuel oil having sulfur content greater than 15 ppm to 500 ppm. Low sulfur distillate fuel oil also includes product with sulfur content equal to or less than 15 ppm if the product is intended for pipeline shipment and the pipeline has a sulfur specification below 15 ppm.

Lubricants. Substances used to reduce friction between bearing surfaces or as process materials either incorporated into other materials used as processing aids in the manufacture of other products, or used as carriers of other materials. Petroleum lubricants may be produced either from distillates or residues. Lubricants include all grades of lubricating oils from spindle oil to cylinder oil and those used in greases.

Merchant Oxygenate Plants. Oxygenate production facilities that are not associated with a petroleum refinery. Production from these facilities is sold under contract or on the spot market to refiners or other gasoline blenders.

Methanol (C[H.sub.3]OH). A light, volatile alcohol intended for gasoline blending as described in Oxygenate definition.

Middle Distillates. A general classification of refined petroleum products that includes distillate fuel oil and kerosene.

Military Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel See Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel.

Miscellaneous Products. Includes all finished products not classified elsewhere (e.g., petrolatum, lube refining byproducts (aromatic extracts and tars), absorption oils, ram-jet fuel, petroleum rocket fuels, synthetic natural gas feedstocks, and specialty oils). Note: Beginning with January 2004 data, naphtha-type jet fuel is included in Miscellaneous Products.

Motor Gasoline (Finished). A complex mixture of relatively volatile hydrocarbons with or without small quantities of additives, blended to form a fuel suitable for use in spark-ignition engines. Motor gasoline, as defined in ASTM Specification D 4814 or Federal Specification VV-G-1690C, is characterized as having a boiling range of 122 to 158 degrees Fahrenheit at the 10 percent recovery point to 365 to 374 degrees Fahrenheit at the 90 percent recovery point. "Motor Gasoline" includes conventional gasoline; all types of oxygenated gasoline, including gasohol; and reformulated gasoline, but excludes aviation gasoline. Volumetric data on blending components, such as oxygenates, are not counted in data on finished motor gasoline until the blending components are blended into the gasoline. Note: E85 is included only in volumetric data on finished motor gasoline production and other components of product supplied.

Conventional Gasoline. Finished motor gasoline not included in the oxygenated or reformulated gasoline categories. Note: This category excludes reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) as well as other blendstock.

Ed 55 and Lower. Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with a maximum of 55 volume percent denatured fuel ethanol.

Greater than Ed55. Finished conventional motor gasoline blended with denatured fuel ethanol where the volume percent of denatured fuel ethanol exceeds 55%.

OPRG. "Oxygenated Fuels Program Reformulated Gasoline" is reformulated gasoline which is intended for use in an oxygenated fuels program control area.

Oxygenated Gasoline (Including Gasohol). Oxygenated gasoline includes all finished motor gasoline, other than reformulated gasoline, having oxygen content of 2.0 percent or higher by weight. Gasohol containing a minimum 5.7 percent ethanol by volume is included in oxygenated gasoline. Oxygenated gasoline was reported as a separate product from January 1993 until December 2003 inclusive. Beginning with monthly data for January 2004, oxygenated gasoline is included in conventional gasoline. Historical data for oxygenated gasoline excluded Federal Oxygenated Program Reformulated Gasoline (OPRG). Historical oxygenated gasoline data also excluded other reformulated gasoline with a seasonal oxygen requirement regardless of season.

Reformulated Gasoline. Finished gasoline formulated for use in motor vehicles, the composition and properties of which meet the requirements of the reformulated gasoline regulations promulgated by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under Section 211(k) of the Clean Air Act.

It includes gasoline produced to meet or exceed emissions performance and benzene content standards of federal-program reformulated gasoline even though the gasoline may not meet all of the composition requirements (e.g., oxygen content) of federal-program reformulated gasoline. Note: This category includes Oxygenated Fuels Program Reformulated Gasoline (OPRG). Reformulated gasoline excludes Reformulated Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (RBOB) and Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB).

Reformulated (Blended with Alcohol). Reformulated gasoline blended with an alcohol component (e.g., fuel ethanol) at a terminal or refinery to raise the oxygen content.

Reformulated (Blended with Ether). Reformulated gasoline blended with an ether component (e.g., methyl tertiary butyl ether) at a terminal or refinery to raise the oxygen content.

Reformulated (Non-Oxygenated). Reformulated gasoline without added ether or alcohol components.

Motor Gasoline Blending. Mechanical mixing of motor gasoline blending components, and oxygenates when required, to produce finished motor gasoline. Finished motor gasoline may be further mixed with other motor gasoline blending components or oxygenates, resulting in increased volumes of finished motor gasoline and/ or changes in the formulation of finished motor gasoline (e.g., conventional motor gasoline mixed with MTBE to produce oxygenated motor gasoline).

Motor Gasoline Blending Components. Naphthas (e.g., straightrun gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, xylene) used for blending or compounding into finished motor gasoline. These components include reformulated gasoline blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB) but exclude oxygenates (alcohols, ethers), butane, and pentanes plus. Note: Oxygenates are reported as individual components and are included in the total for other hydrocarbons, hydrogens, and oxygenates.

Conventional Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (CBOB). Conventional gasoline blendstock intended for blending with oxygenates downstream of the refinery where it was produced. CBOB must become conventional gasoline after blending with oxygenates. Motor gasoline blending components that require blending other than with oxygenates to become finished conventional gasoline are reported as All Other Motor Gasoline Blending Components. Excludes reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending (RBOB).

Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB). Non-certified Foreign Refinery gasoline classified by an importer as blendstock to be either blended or reclassified with respect to reformulated or conventional gasoline. GTAB was classified on EIA surveys as either reformulated or conventional based on emissions performance and the intended end use in data through the end of December 2009. Designation of GTAB as reformulated or conventional was discontinued beginning with data for January 2010. GTAB was reported as a single product beginning with data for January 2010. GTAB data for January 2010 and later months is presented as conventional motor gasoline blending components when reported as a subset of motor gasoline blending components.

Reformulated Blendstockfor Oxygenate Blending (RBOB). Specially produced reformulated gasoline blendstock intended for blending with oxygenates downstream of the refinery where it was produced. Includes RBOB used to meet requirements of the Federal reformulated gasoline program and other blendstock intended for blending with oxygenates to produce finished gasoline that meets or exceeds emissions performance requirements of Federal reformulated gasoline (e.g., California RBOB and Arizona RBOB). Excludes conventional gasoline blendstocks for oxygenate blending (CBOB).

RBOB for Blending with Alcohol. Motor gasoline blending components intended to be blended with an alcohol component (e.g., fuel ethanol) at a terminal or refinery to raise the oxygen content. RBOB product detail by type of oxygenate was discontinued effective with data for January 2010. Beginning with data for January 2010, RBOB was reported as a single product.

RBOB for Blending with Either. Motor gasoline blending components intended to be blended with an ether component (e.g., methyl tertiary butyl ether) at a terminal or refinery to raise the oxygen content. RBOB product detail by type of oxygenate was discontinued effective with data for January 2010. Beginning with data for January 2010, RBOB was reported as a single product.

All Other Motor Gasoline Blending Components. Naphthas (e.g., straight-run gasoline, alkylate, reformate, benzene, toluene, xylene) used for blending or compounding into finished motor gasoline. Includes receipts and inputs of Gasoline Treated as Blendstock (GTAB). Excludes conventional blendstock for oxygenate blending (CBOB), reformulated blendstock for oxygenate blending, oxygenates (e.g. fuel ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether), butane, and pentanes plus.

MTBE (Methyl tertiary butyl ether) (CH3 hCOCH] . An ether intended for gasoline blending as described in Oxygenate definition.

Naphtha. A generic term applied to a petroleum fraction with an approximate boiling range between 122 degrees Fahrenheit and 400 degrees Fahrenheit.

Naphtha Less Than 401o F. See Petrochemical Feedstocks.

Naphtha-Type Jet Fuel. A fuel in the heavy naphtha boiling range having an average gravity of 52.8 degrees API, 20 to 90 percent distillation temperatures of 290 degrees to 470 degrees Fahrenheit, and meeting Military Specification MIL-T-5624L (Grade JP-4). It is used primarily for military turbojet and turboprop aircraft engines because it has a lower freeze point than other aviation fuels and meets engine requirements at high altitudes and speeds. Note: Beginning with January 2004 data, naphtha-type jet fuel is included in Miscellaneous Products.

Natural Gas. A gaseous mixture of hydrocarbon compounds, the primary one being methane.

Natural Gas Field Facility. A field facility designed to process natural gas produced from more than one lease for the purpose of recovering condensate from a stream of natural gas; however, some field facilities are designed to recover propane, normal butane, pentanes plus, etc., and to control the quality of natural gas to be marketed.

Natural Gas Liquids. Those hydrocarbons in natural gas that are separated from the gas as liquids through the process of absorption, condensation, adsorption, or other methods in gas processing or cycling plants. Generally such liquids consist of propane and heavier hydrocarbons and are commonly referred to as lease condensate, natural gasoline, and liquefied petroleum gases. Natural gas liquids include natural gas plant liquids (primarily ethane, propane, butane, and isobutane; see Natural Gas Plant Liquids) and lease condensate (primarily pentanes produced from natural gas at lease separators and field facilities; see Lease Condensate).

Natural Gas Plant Liquids. Those hydrocarbons in natural gas that are separated as liquids at natural gas processing plants, fractionating and cycling plants, and, in some instances, field facilities. Lease condensate is excluded. Products obtained include ethane; liquefied petroleum gases (propane, butanes, propane-butane mixtures, ethane-propane mixtures); isopentane; and other small quantities of finished products, such as motor gasoline, special naphthas, jet fuel, kerosene, and distillate fuel oil.

Natural Gas Processing Plant. Facilities designed to recover natural gas liquids from a stream of natural gas that may or may not have passed through lease separators and/or field separation facilities. These facilities control the quality of the natural gas to be marketed. Cycling plants are classified as gas processing plants.

Natural Gasoline and Isopentane. A mixture of hydrocarbons, mostly pentanes and heavier, extracted from natural gas, that meets vapor pressure, end-point, and other specifications for natural gasoline set by the Gas Processors Association. Includes isopentane which is a saturated branch-chain hydrocarbon,(???)?obtained by fractionation of natural gasoline or isomerization of normal pentane.

Net Receipts. The difference between total movements into and total movements out of each PAD District by pipeline, tanker, and barge.

Normal Butane. See Butane.

OPEC. An intergovernmental organization whose stated objective is to coordinate and unify petroleum policies of member countries. It was created at the Baghdad Conference on September 10-14, 1960. Current members (with years of membership) include Algeria (1969-present), Angola (2007-present), Ecuador (1973-1992 and 2007-present), Gabon (1975-1994 and July, 2016-present), Indonesia (1962-2008 and January, 2016-November, 2016), Iran (1960-present), Iraq (1960-present), Kuwait (1960-present), Libya (1962-present), Nigeria (1971-present), Qatar (1961-present), Saudi Arabia (1960-present), United Arab Emirates (1967-present), and Venezuela (1960-present).

Operable Capacity. The amount of capacity that, at the beginning of the period, is in operation; not in operation and not under active repair, but capable of being placed in operation within 30 days; or not in operation but under active repair that can be completed within 90 days. Operable capacity is the sum of the operating and idle capacity and is measured in barrels per calendar day or barrels per stream day.

Operable Utilization Rate. Represents the utilization of the atmospheric crude oil distillation units. The rate is calculated by dividing the gross input to these units by the operable refining capacity of the units.

Operating Capacity. The component of operable capacity that is in operation at the beginning of the period.

Operating Utilization Rate. Represents the utilization of the atmospheric crude oil distillation units. The rate is calculated by dividing the gross input to these units by the operating refining capacity of the units.

Other Hydrocarbons. Materials received by a refinery and consumed as a raw material. Includes hydrogen, coal tar derivatives and gilsonite. Excludes natural gas used for fuel or hydrogen feedstock.

Other Oils Equal To or Greater Than 401[degrees]F. See Petrochemical Feedstocks.

Other Oxygenates. Other aliphatic alcohols and aliphatic ethers intended for motor gasoline blending (e.g., isopropyl ether (IPE) or n-propanol).

Oxygenated Gasoline. See Motor Gasoline (Finished).

Oxygenates. Substances which, when added to gasoline, increase the amount of oxygen in that gasoline blend. Fuel Ethanol, Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE), Ethyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (ETBE), and methanol are common oxygenates.

Fuel Ethanol. Blends of up to 10 percent by volume anhydrous ethanol (200 proof) (commonly referred to as the "gasohol waiver").

Methanol. Blends of methanol and gasoline-grade tertiary butyl alcohol (GTBA) such that the total oxygen content does not exceed 3.5 percent by weight and the ratio of methanol to GTBA is less than or equal to 1.It is also specified that this blended fuel must meet ASTM volatility specifications (commonly referred to as the "ARCO" waiver).

Blends of up to 5.0 percent by volume methanol with a minimum of 2.5 percent by volume cosolvent alcohols having a carbon number of 4 or less (i.e., ethanol, propanol, butanol, and/or GTBA). The total oxygen must not exceed 3.7 percent by weight, and the blend must meet ASTM volatility specifications as well as phase separation and alcohol purity specifications (commonly referred to as the "DuPont" waiver).

MTBE (Methyl tertiary butyl ether). Blends up to 15.0 percent by volume MTBE which must meet the ASTM D4814 specifications. Blenders must take precautions that the blends are not used as base gasolines for other oxygenated blends (commonly referred to as the "Sun" waiver).

Pentanes Plus. A mixture of hydrocarbons, mostly pentanes and heavier, extracted from natural gas. Includes isopentane, natural gasoline, and plant condensate.

Persian Gulf. The countries that comprise the Persian Gulf are: Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.

Petrochemical Feedstocks. Chemical feedstocks derived from petroleum principally for the manufacture of chemicals, synthetic rubber, and a variety of plastics. The categories reported are "Naphtha Less Than 401o F" and "Other Oils Equal To or Greater Than 401o F."

Naphtha Less Than 401[degrees]F. A naphtha with a boiling range of less than 401 degrees Fahrenheit that is intended for use as a petrochemical feedstock.

Other Oils Equal To or Greater Than 401t> F. Oils with a boiling range equal to or greater than 401 degrees Fahrenheit that are intended for use as a petrochemical feedstock.

Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) Districts. Geographic aggregations of the 50 States and the District of Columbia into five districts by the Petroleum Administration for Defense in 1950. These districts were originally defined during World War II for purposes of administering oil allocation.

Petroleum Coke. A residue high in carbon content and low in hydrogen that is the final product of thermal decomposition in the condensation process in cracking. This product is reported as marketable coke or catalyst coke. The conversion is 5 barrels (of 42 U.S. gallons each) per short ton. Coke from petroleum has a heating value of 6.024 million Btu per barrel.

Catalyst Coke. In many catalytic operations (e.g., catalytic cracking) carbon is deposited on the catalyst, thus deactivating the catalyst. The catalyst is reactivated by burning off the carbon, which is used as a fuel in the refining process. This carbon or coke is not recoverable in a concentrated form.

Marketable Coke. Those grades of coke produced in delayed or fluid cokers which may be recovered as relatively pure carbon. This "green" coke may be sold as is or further purified by calcining.

Petroleum Products. Petroleum products are obtained from the processing of crude oil (including lease condensate), natural gas, and other hydrocarbon compounds. Petroleum products include unfinished oils, liquefied petroleum gases, pentanes plus, aviation gasoline, motor gasoline, naphtha-type jet fuel, kerosene-type jet fuel, kerosene, distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, petrochemical feedstocks, special naphthas, lubricants, waxes, petroleum coke, asphalt, road oil, still gas, and miscellaneous products.

Pipeline (Petroleum). Crude oil and product pipelines used to transport crude oil and petroleum products respectively, (including interstate, intrastate, and intracompany pipelines) within the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Plant Condensate. One of the natural gas liquids, mostly pentanes and heavier hydrocarbons, recovered and separated as liquids at gas inlet separators or scrubbers in processing plants.

Processing Gain. The volumetric amount by which total output is greater than input for a given period of time. This difference is due to the processing of crude oil into products which, in total, have a lower specific gravity than the crude oil processed.

Processing Loss. The volumetric amount by which total refinery output is less than input for a given period of time. This difference is due to the processing of crude oil into products which, in total, have a higher specific gravity than the crude oil processed.

Product Supplied, Crude Oil. Crude oil burned on leases and by pipelines as fuel.

Production Capacity. The maximum amount of product that can be produced from processing facilities.

Products Supplied. Approximately represents consumption of petroleum products because it measures the disappearance of these products from primary sources, i.e., refineries, natural gas processing plants, blending plants, pipelines, and bulk terminals. In general, product supplied of each product in any given period is computed as follows: field production, plus refinery production, plus imports, plus unaccounted for crude oil, (plus net receipts when calculated on a PAD District basis), minus stock change, minus crude oil losses, minus refinery inputs, minus exports.

Propane ([C.sub.3][H.sub.8](. A normally gaseous straight-chain hydrocarbon. It is a colorless paraffinic gas that boils at a temperature of--43.67 degrees Fahrenheit. It is extracted from natural gas or refinery gas streams. It includes all products designated in ASTM Specification D1835 and Gas Processors Association Specifications for commercial propane and HD-5 propane.

Propylene ([C.sub.3][H.sub.6]). An olefinic hydrocarbon recovered from refinery processes or petrochemical processes.

Propylene ([C.sub.3][H.sub.6]) (nonfuel use). Propylene that is intended for use in nonfuel applications such as petrochemical manufacturing. Nonfuel use propylene includes chemical-grade propylene, polymer-grade propylene, and trace amounts of propane. Nonfuel use propylene also includes the propylene component of propane/propylene mixes where the propylene will be separated from the mix in a propane/propylene splitting process. Excluded is the propylene component of propane/propylene mixes where the propylene component of the mix is intended for sale into the fuel market.

Refinery. An installation that manufactures finished petroleum products from crude oil, unfinished oils, natural gas liquids, other hydrocarbons, and oxygenates.

Refinery-Grade Butane. See Butane.

Refinery Input, Crude Oil. Total crude oil (domestic plus foreign) input to crude oil distillation units and other refinery processing units (cokers, etc.).

Refinery Input, Total. The raw materials and intermediate materials processed at refineries to produce finished petroleum products. They include crude oil, products of natural gas processing plants, unfinished oils, other hydrocarbons and oxygenates, motor gasoline and aviation gasoline blending components and finished petroleum products.

Refinery Production. Petroleum products produced at a refinery or blending plant. Published production of these products equals refinery production minus refinery input. Negative production will occur when the amount of a product produced during the month is less than the amount of that same product that is reprocessed (input) or reclassified to become another product during the same month. Refinery production of unfinished oils, and motor and aviation gasoline blending components appear on a net basis under refinery input.

Refinery Yield. Refinery yield (expressed as a percentage) represents the percent of finished product produced from input of crude oil and net input of unfinished oils. It is calculated by dividing the sum of crude oil and net unfinished input into the individual net production of finished products. Before calculating the yield for finished motor gasoline, the input of natural gas liquids, other hydrocarbons and oxygenates, and net input of motor gasoline blending components must be subtracted from the net production of finished motor gasoline. Before calculating the yield for finished aviation gasoline, input of aviation gasoline blending components must be subtracted from the net production of finished aviation gasoline.

Reformulated Blendstock for Oxygenate Blending (RBOB). See Motor Gasoline Blending Components.

Reformulated Gasoline. See Motor Gasoline (Finished).

Renewable Fuels (Other). Fuels and fuel blending components, except biomass-based diesel fuel, renewable diesel fuel, and fuel ethanol, produced from renewable biomass.

Residual Fuel Oil. A general classification for the heavier oils, known as No. 5 and No. 6 fuel oils, that remain after the distillate fuel oils and lighter hydrocarbons are distilled away in refinery operations. It conforms to ASTM Specifications D 396 and D 975 and Federal Specification VV-F-815C. No. 5, a residual fuel oil of medium viscosity, is also known as Navy Special and is defined in Military Specification MIL-F-859E, including Amendment 2 (NATO Symbol F-770). It is used in steam-powered vessels in government service and inshore power plants. No. 6 fuel oil includes Bunker C fuel oil and is used for the production of electric power, space heating, vessel bunkering, and various industrial purposes.

Residuum. Residue from crude oil after distilling off all but the heaviest components, with a boiling range greater than 1000 degrees Fahrenheit.

Road Oil. Any heavy petroleum oil, including residual asphaltic oil used as a dust palliative and surface treatment on roads and highways. It is generally produced in six grades from 0, the most liquid, to 5, the most viscous.

Shell Storage Capacity. The design capacity of a petroleum storage tank which is always greater than or equal to working storage capacity. Special Naphthas. All finished products within the naphtha boiling range that are used as paint thinners, cleaners, or solvents. These products are refined to a specified flash point. Special naphthas include all commercial hexane and cleaning solvents conforming to ASTM Specification D1836 and D484, respectively. Naphthas to be blended or marketed as motor gasoline or aviation gasoline, or that are to be used as petrochemical and synthetic natural gas (SNG) feedstocks are excluded.

Steam (Purchased). Steam, purchased for use by a refinery, that was not generated from within the refinery complex.

Still Gas (Refinery Gas). Any form or mixture of gases produced in refineries by distillation, cracking, reforming, and other processes. The principal constituents are methane, ethane, ethylene, normal butane, butylene, propane, propylene, etc. Still gas is used as a refinery fuel and a petrochemical feedstock. The conversion factor is 6 million BTU's per fuel oil equivalent barrel.

Stock Change. The difference between stocks at the beginning of the reporting period and stocks at the end of the reporting period. Note: A negative number indicates a decrease (i.e., a drawdown) in stocks and a positive number indicates an increase (i.e., a buildup) in stocks during the reporting period.

Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Petroleum stocks maintained by the Federal Government for use during periods of major supply interruption.

Sulfur. A yellowish nonmetallic element, sometimes known as "brimstone." It is present at various levels of concentration in many fossil fuels whose combustion releases sulfur compounds that are considered harmful to the environment. Some of the most commonly used fossil fuels are categorized according to their sulfur content, with lower sulfur fuels usually selling at a higher price. Note: No. 2 Distillate fuel is currently reported as having either a 0.05 percent or lower sulfur level for on-highway vehicle use or a greater than 0.05 percent sulfur level for off- highway use, home heating oil, and commercial and industrial uses. Residual fuel, regardless of use, is classified as having either no more than 1 percent sulfur or greater than 1 percent sulfur. Coal is also classified as being low-sulfur at concentrations of 1 percent or less or high-sulfur at concentrations greater than 1 percent.

Supply. The components of petroleum supply are field production, refinery production, imports, and net receipts when calculated on a PAD District basis.

TAME (Tertiary amyl methyl ether) [(C[H.sub.3]).sub.2]([C.sub.2][H.sub.5])COC[H.sub.3]. An oxygenate blend stock formed by the catalytic etherification of isoamylene with methanol.

Tank Farm. An installation used by gathering and trunk pipeline companies, crude oil producers, and terminal operators (except refineries) to store crude oil.

Tanker and Barge. Vessels that transport crude oil or petroleum products. Data are reported for movements between PAD Districts; from a PAD District to the Panama Canal; or from the Panama Canal to a PAD District.

TBA (Tertiary butyl alcohol) [(C[H.sub.3]).sub.3]COH. An alcohol primarily used as a chemical feedstock, a solvent or feedstock for isobutylene production for MTBE; produced as a co-product of propylene oxide production or by direct hydration of isobutylene.

Thermal Cracking. A refining process in which heat and pressure are used to break down, rearrange, or combine hydrocarbon molecules. Thermal cracking includes gas oil, visbreaking, fluid coking, delayed coking, and other thermal cracking processes (e.g., flexicoking). See individual categories for definition.

Toluene ([C.sub.6][H.sub.5]C[H.sub.3]). Colorless liquid of the aromatic group of petroleum hydrocarbons, made by the catalytic reforming of petroleum naphthas containing methyl cyclohexane. A high-octane gasoline-blending agent, solvent, and chemical intermediate, base for TNT.

Ultra-Low Sulfur Distillate Fuel Oil. Distillate fuel oil having sulfur content of 15 ppm or lower. Ultra-low sulfur distillate fuel oil that will be shipped by pipeline must satisfy the sulfur specification of the shipping pipeline if the pipeline specification is below 15 ppm. Distillate fuel oil intended for pipeline shipment that fails to meet a pipeline sulfur specification that is below 15 ppm will be classified as low-sulfur distillate fuel oil.

Unaccounted for Crude Oil. Represents the arithmetic difference between the calculated supply and the calculated disposition of crude oil. The calculated supply is the sum of crude oil production plus imports minus changes in crude oil stocks. The calculated disposition of crude oil is the sum of crude oil input to refineries, crude oil exports, crude oil burned as fuel, and crude oil losses.

Unfinished Oils. All oils requiring further processing, except those requiring only mechanical blending. Unfinished oils are produced by partial refining of crude oil and include naphthas and lighter oils, kerosene and light gas oils, heavy gas oils, and residuum.

Unfractionated Streams. Mixtures of unsegregated natural gas liquid components excluding, those in plant condensate. This product is extracted from natural gas.

United States. The United States is defined as the 50 States and the District of Columbia.

Vacuum Distillation. Distillation under reduced pressure (less the atmospheric) which lowers the boiling temperature of the liquid being distilled. This technique with its relatively low temperatures prevents cracking or decomposition of the charge stock.

Visbreaking. A thermal cracking process in which heavy atmospheric or vacuum-still bottoms are cracked at moderate temperatures to increase production of distillate products and reduce viscosity of the distillation residues.

Wax. A solid or semi-solid material at 77 degrees Fahrenheit consisting of a mixture of hydrocarbons obtained or derived from petroleum fractions, or through a Fischer-Tropsch type process, in which the straight-chained paraffin series predominates. This includes all marketable wax, whether crude or refined, with a congealing point (ASTM D 938) between 80 (or 85) and 240 degrees Fahrenheit and a maximum oil content (ASTM D 3235) of 50 weight percent.

Working Storage Capacity. The difference in volume between the maximum safe fill capacity and the quantity below which pump suction is ineffective (bottoms).

Xylene ([C.sub.6][H.sub.4][(C[H.sub.3]).sub.2]). Colorless liquid of the aromatic group of hydrocarbons made the catalytic reforming of certain naphthenic petroleum fractions. Used as high-octane motor and aviation gasoline blending agents, solvents, chemical intermediates. Isomers are metaxylene, orthoxylene, paraxylene.
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Title Annotation:p. 113-148
Publication:Petroleum Supply Monthly
Date:Aug 1, 2018
Words:24326
Previous Article:Petroleum supply monthly with data for December 2017.
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