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Pernicious anemia.

One form of anemia is particularly deadly and is therefore called pernicious anemia. This disease was investigated by an American physician, George Richards Minot (1885-1950). Recalling that Whipple had found liver to be helpful in treating ordinary anemia (see 1920) and believing that pernicious anemia might be a dietary deficiency disease caused by the lack of some essential vitamin, Minot wondered if this vitamin might be found in liver. He and his assistant, William Parry Murphy (b. 1892), put pernicious anemia patients on a liver diet and by 1926 had demonstrated success. It wasn't pleasant, eating quantities of liver for indefinite periods, but it delayed death.

As a result, Minot and Murphy (along with Whipple) were awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine and physiology in 1934.

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Author:Asimov, Isaac
Publication:Asimov's Chronology of Science & Discovery, Updated ed.
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1994
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