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Pequot Indians.

The Pequots were an Algonquian tribe who moved out of northern New England into Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Long Island under pressure from Puritan settlers. When a trader named John Oldham was murdered by the Pequots (July 20, 1636), <IR> JOHN MASON </IR> led a group of Puritans and Indians in an attack (1638) on the Pequots at Fort Mystic, which they burned to the ground. Mason wrote a Brief History of the Pequot War, which was included without his name in Increase Mather's Brief History of the War with the Indians in New England (1677) and separately published in an edition prepared by Thomas Prince (1736). One of his lieutenants, John Underhill, in News from America (1638), gave a less reliable account. Philip Vincent, a young English clergyman in New England at the time, wrote A True Relation of the Late Battle Fought in New England (1637), which was free from personal bias. Lion Gardiner, an observer rather than a participant, gave some important additional information in his Relation of the Pequot Wars (about 1660). All of these form the basis of Howard Bradstreet's The Story of the War with the Pequots (1933). The picture of cruelty being met with even greater cruelty is not a pleasant one.

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Publication:Benet's Reader's Encyclopedia of American Literature
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1991
Previous Article:Pennsylvania Gazette, The.
Next Article:Percival, James Gates (1795-1856).

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