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People should take precautions against heat-related health threats: expert.

ISLAMABAD -- Health expert Dr. Ayaz Ahmad advised general public to take necessary precautionary measures to avoid heat stroke, heat exhaustion and other heat-related health threats as intensity of heat was increasing in twin cities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad.

Talking to a private news channel, he said the weather in the region has already become hot that may cause dehydration, heat exhaustion and heat stroke in people if they do not take extra care.

Expert advised people to avoid hot weather by covering head and wearing loose cotton clothes and try to avoid exposure to sunlight for a longer period of time.

Studies reveal that in many cases, blood cells burst causing massive bleeding due to persistent heat. Also there were chances of ceasing of the cardiac activity at high temperatures while the consistent high temperature in environment may cause stiffness of muscles bringing them in contracted state.

The symptoms in case of heat exhaustion were impaired consciousness,

prolonged durations of sleep, restlessness and irritability, thunderclap headache, blurring of vision, tremors and fits and scanty dark urine in decreased quantity.

He suggested the people to take plenty of water if they have to stay under the sun for longer period of time and to decrease core body temperature, they may take slight cold water frequently.

He said that to avoid heat exhaustion and heat stroke, lightweight, light-coloured and loose-fitting clothes should be put on while black, dark green, red and blue coloured clothes should be avoided. Direct exposure to sun should be avoided and a hat or umbrella should be used for protection from sun while outside. Sunglasses should also be used to avoid direct contact with sunlight, he said.

The major symptom of heat stroke was that the body stops sweating and body temperature rises to above 105 degree centigrade, he pointed out. If a person makes these complaints, he must be taken to a hospital immediately, he suggested.

To a question, he also said that old men and women, pregnant women and the patients suffering from various chronic diseases like hepatitis, diabetes, hypertension etc need extra care to avoid complications of dehydration.

He said that people should take plenty of water and fluids along with their breakfast . Moreover, "People should cover their heads with cloth, cap or umbrella to prevent sunstroke," he advised.
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Publication:Balochistan Times (Baluchistan Province, Pakistan)
Geographic Code:9PAKI
Date:May 2, 2014
Words:384
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