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Byline: JOHN SIDDLE ECHO reporter @jsiddle

MERSEYSIDE'S elderly die earlier than their counterparts in many areas of Europe, a new study has found.

Poverty, high fat diets, smoking, drinking and unhealthy lifestyle all take their toll in pushing pensioners to an early grave.

The UK has one of the highest proportions of the population living in areas of low old age survival and these are clustered around cities like Liverpool, Glasgow, Manchester and London.

Nearly a fifth of British women (18 per cent) and almost a twelfth (seven per cent) of British men were living in these areas in 2011.

Twitter Join us @ The study published in the British Medical Journal's Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health compared the lifespans of the elderly beyond the age of 75 across Europe over two decades.

For Britain's pensioners, the chances of living to a ripe old age remained stubbornly low.

Yet those in northern Spain, north eastern Italy, and in southern and western France could expect to live longer than their British counterparts thanks mainly to their Mediterranean diet.

The study added many different factors influence old age survival, including socioeconomic circumstances, genes, lifestyle, pollution, and access to healthcare.

Dr Ana Isabel Ribeiro of the University of Porto said lower rates of cardio-vascular disease among the elderly are found in northern Spain and all over France.

on Twitter LIVECHONEWS She said: "Individual risk factors such as smoking, blood pressure, diet, physical activity, alcohol intake and socioeconomic status are established risk factors for CVD at the individual level.

"Post-industrial regions such as West Central Scotland, the France-Belgium border or Merseyside have been characterised by high poverty levels and an erosion of social cohesion "It is most likely that the observed patterns arise from a combination of two kinds of health determinants: poverty, which explains the low longevity found in areas like Portugal, southern Spain, southern Italy and postindustrial areas; and unhealthy lifestyles (eg tobacco, diet), which might explain the presence of areas of low survival in affluent areas."

The study looked at the survival rate among those aged 75 to 84 to see if they reached 85 to 94 years of age in 4,404 small areas of 18 countries in Europe, between 1991 to 2001 and 2001 to 2011.


A medical study says older people living in areas like Merseyside suffer lower life expectancy because of factors like poverty, poor diet and smoking

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Publication:Liverpool Echo (Liverpool, England)
Geographic Code:4EUUK
Date:Feb 17, 2016
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