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Pearl Harbor and World War II.

Seventy years ago this month, a surprise. Japanese attack on a U.S. naval base in Hawaii plunged America into World War II

On December 7, 1941, Japanese aircraft and submarines attacked Pearl Harbor, the U.S. naval base in Hawaii (see mapinset). The surprise attack crippled America's Pacific fleet, damaging or destroying 21 ships (including the battleship California, above) and about 300 aircraft. More than 2,400 people were killed.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt (pictured) appeared before Congress the next day, calling December 7 "a date which will live in infamy." Congress immediately declared war on Japan and its allies. Thousands of young men enlisted as the U.S. joined World War II, a conflict that had been raging since September 1939. The war pitted Germany, Italy, and Japan (the Axis powers) against the U.S., Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union (the Allies).



With Europe fighting Nazi Germany, Japan sought to grab land in the Pacific, including several U.S. territories. World War II involved most of the world, including French Indochina (now Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia), British and Italian Somaliland (now Somalia), and French North Africa (now Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia).

After the war, the world map changed dramatically, as colonies in Asia and Africa began to declare independence from France, Great Britain, and other European nations.

Study the map, then answer these questions.


Official Pearl Harbor Tour Site


Write your answers on a separate sheet of paper

1 What is Pearl Harbor, and on which Hawaiian island is it located?

2 India was on which side during World War II?

3 The Axis powers comprised which three countries?

4 Which continents were made up entirely of Allied countries or territories?

5 Parts of which major Asian country were occupied by the Axis powers?

6 Which European country and its colonies in North and West Africa were occupied by Germany?

7 Which Alaskan islands shown were occupied by the Japanese?

8 Which Portuguese territories in Africa were neutral?

9 Name two of the five European countries that were neutral.

10. Which country in eastern Africa was split between Italian and British control?


1 a U.S. naval base; the Hawaiian island of Oahu

2 the Allies

3 Germany, Italy, and Japan

4 North America, South America, Australia

5 China

6 France (along with French North Africa and French West Africa)

7 Attuand Kiska (of Alaska's Aleutian Islands)

8 Angola and Mozambique

9 Portugal, Spain, Ireland, Sweden, Switzerland

10. Somaliland

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Title Annotation:GEOSKILLS
Publication:Junior Scholastic
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Dec 12, 2011
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