Patients overestimate the benefits of benefits PCI.
Among respondents, two-thirds said the PCI would extend their life span. A larger percentage said it would reduce the likelihood of an MI. Neither belief is valid, Dr. John Lee noted at the annual scientific sessions of the American Heart Association.
Of those surveyed, 31% said the procedure was done to reduce anginal symptoms--the one evidence-based reason for elective PCI, said Dr. Lee of the Mid-America Heart Institute, Kansas City, Mo.
"Better patient communication is needed prior to elective PCI to convey the evidence-based risks and benefits and elicit a more truly informed consent," he said.
Dr. Lee sent his single-page questionnaire to 498 consecutive patients who had elective PCI at two Kansas City hospitals between January 2006 and October 2007; 350 patients responded.
One-third of the patients mistakenly thought their PCIs had been done on an emergency basis (see box); 68% said that no other treatment option was discussed, 18% said they were offered medical management, and 13% recalled discussing coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
Dr. Lee said his survey results were similar to those of a survey done 8 years ago by Dr. Eric S. Holmboe, a general internist who is now senior vice president for quality research and academic affairs at the American Board of Internal Medicine in Philadelphia.
Three-quarters of Dr. Holmboe's respondents said their elective PCI would prevent a future MI, and 71% thought it would prolong their life (J. Gen. Intern. Med. 2000;15:632-7).
Since then, much more evidence has accrued as to what elective PCI can and cannot accomplish. A meta-analysis of 11 randomized trials comparing it with conservative management in patients with chronic stable coronary artery disease showed no advantage in terms of death, MI, or need for repeat revascularization (Circulation 2005; 111:2906-12).
This meta-analysis was followed by the 2,287-patient randomized Clinical Outcomes Utilizing Revascularization and Aggressive Drug Evaluation (COURAGE) trial, which showed no difference between elective PCI and medical management in rates of death, MI, stroke, or hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome (N. Engl. J. Med. 2007;356:1503-16).
That Dr. Lee found no significant difference between patient responses obtained pre- versus post-COURAGE was not surprising, he said, "because most patients don't read the medical literature. But the lack of a difference in the treatments being offered post-COURAGE was a little more surprising."
When asked whether the survey resuits reflect patients' wishful thinking or if physicians are misinforming them, Dr. Lee noted that patients see many physicans "before they end up in the cath lab. There are many steps along the line where they can get their information. It's probably the responsibility of every single one of those physicians to educate the patient."
Patients' Perceptions Regarding Elective PCI Will help prevent a future Ml 75% Will extend my life span 71% Saved my life 42% Will improve my abnormal stress test 42% Was an emergency procedure 33% Will reduce my chest pain 31% Mote: Based on a survey of 350 patients. Source: Dr. Lee Note: Table made from bar graph.
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|Title Annotation:||CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE; percutaneous coronary intervention|
|Publication:||Internal Medicine News|
|Date:||Apr 1, 2009|
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