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Pakistan urges U.N. to resolve festering international disputes.

UNITED NATIONS -- Regretting that festering international disputes have been shelved because of the "dictates of realpolitik," Pakistan Wednesday called on the Security Council to employ diplomatic means for their resolution in order to usher in peace.

"The UN is forced to grapple with contingent or chronic conflicts by using Chapter VII's enforcement mandates, but there is inadequate utilization of Chapter VI for the pacific settlement of disputes and preventive diplomacy," Ambassador Masood Khan said in the course of 15-nation Council's day-long thematic debate on "War, its lessons, and the search for a permanent peace".

The Pakistani envoy urged the Security Council to use the full range of diplomatic means in its toolbox, stressing that engagement was better than no engagement at all.

The means available to the Council are: negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies and arrangements and last but not least the Secretary General's good office.

He pointed out that more money was being spent on the conflict than on ways to deal with the drivers of conflict. "Poverty, hunger, competition over natural resources, climate change, bad governance and lack of rule of law propel people to conflict," he said.

"In a sense, contemporary doctrine and practice are skewed more to conflict management than to conflict prevention or conflict resolution."

To avert war, he said, international politics should not be guided by zero sum mindsets, but by respect for the legitimate interests of other nations and peoples. "We should strive to work for security of all, not a select few."

In South Asia, Masood Khan said, "We are exploring all avenues for conflict resolution, reconciliation and economic cooperation. We would continue to support UN peacekeeping. It is incumbent on us all to oppose the dark forces of extremist ideologies, terrorism and asymmetric war that undermine peace and harmony."

Masood Khan said that, although war was devastating, as seen in the last century, it had become a "necessary evil", with nations preparing for conflict as a deterrent.

In the present century, he said, the world should not repeat mistakes made 100 years ago, especially since comparisons between the present and the first decades of the last century were "eerie", except that weapons today had become more sophisticated and widespread.

War could erupt anywhere and at any time, he cautioned. Noting that the United Nations was the system that the world used to stem that threat, he said swift diplomacy should be imperative, emphasizing that the world body had risen from the ashes of the First World War.

The Organization was not receiving the credit it deserved, for without it, there would have been a third, fourth and fifth world war, he said, stressing that engagement, using the means available, was better than no engagement at all.

More efforts were needed to address the roots of conflict and reform of the Security Council was needed to prepare all for a dynamic future, the Pakistani envoy added.
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Publication:Balochistan Times (Baluchistan Province, Pakistan)
Date:Feb 1, 2014
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