Pakistan still a lot to do to ensure cyber security.
India is ranked 23rd on the index with a score of 0.683 and has been listed in the maturing category, which refers to 77 countries that have developed complex commitments to cyber security and engage in cyber security programmes and initiatives. The index has been topped by Singapore with a 0.925 score. The top 10 most committed countries to cyber security are Singapore, United States, Malaysia, Oman, Estonia, Mauritius, Australia, Georgia, France and Canada. Russia is ranked 11th.
Pakistan is ranked 67th on the index with a score of 0.447 while India is 23rd on the index with a score of 0.683. Both the countries have been listed in the "maturing" category, which refers to 77 countries that have developed complex commitments to cyber security and engage in cyber security programmes and initiatives.
The second Global Cyber Security Index (GCSI), released by the UN telecommunications agency International Telecommunication Union (ITU), said only about half of all countries have a cyber security strategy or are in the process of developing one and urged more countries to consider national policies to protect against cyber crime.
The GCSI is a survey that measures the commitment of member states to cyber security in order to raise awareness. The GCSI revolves around the ITU Global Cyber Security Agenda (GCSA) and its five pillars (legal, technical, organisational, capacity building and cooperation). For each of these pillars, questions were developed to assess commitment.
Through consultation with a group of experts, these questions were weighted in order to arrive at an overall GCSI score. The survey was distributed through an online platform through which supporting evidence was also collected.
One-hundred and thirty-four member states responded to the survey throughout 2016. Member states who did not respond were invited to validate responses determined from open-source research. As such, the GCSI results reported herein cover all 193 ITU member states. The 2017 publication of the GCSI continues to show the commitment to cyber security of countries around the world.
The overall picture shows improvement and strengthening of all five elements of the cyber security agenda in various countries in all regions. However, there is space for further improvement in cooperation at all levels, capacity building and organisational measures. The gap in the level of cyber security engagement between different regions is still present and visible.
The level of development of the different pillars varies from country to country in the regions, and while commitment in Europe remains very high in the legal and technical fields in particular, the challenging situation in the Africa and Americas regions shows the need for continued engagement and support.
"At ITU, we are committed to making the Internet more secure, safer and trustworthy, for the benefit of all," said Houlin Zhao, ITU Secretary General. "While the impact generated by cyber-attacks, such as those carried out as recently as 27 June 2017, may not be eliminated completely, prevention and mitigation measures to reduce the risks posed by cyber-related threats can and should always be put in place. The GCI reaffirms ITU's commitment to build confidence and security in the use of ICTs."
In addition to showing the overall cyber security commitment of ITU's 193 member states, the index also shows the improvement and strengthening of all GCI indicators, which are defined by the five pillars of the ITU Global Cyber Security Agenda as: legal, technical, organisational, capacity building and international cooperation.
"As the global community rapidly embraces ICTs as key enabler for social and economic development, it is vital that cyber security is made an integral and indivisible part of the digital transformation," said Brahima Sanou, Director of the ITU's Telecommunication Development Bureau. "We continue to encourage governments to consider national policies that take into account cyber security so that everyone can reap the benefits of the online world."