POST OFFICE'S BIG JOB; Fifteen Million Leaflets on What to Do In Gas Attack.
THE Post Office is soon going to have a big job. It is going to be called upon to deliver round about fifteen millions of copies of the leaflet which is to tea the ordinary person what he is. to do if, and when, the German begins to use gas There has been plenty 01 grumbling over the delays in the deliver; of letters which people were anxious to read. It may not console them to De assured of postal efficiency in the delivery of these official leafleis. A further fact upon which there seems to be some sharp differences of opinion is as to the utility of some thousands of tons of paper being scattered all over the country without any assurance that what is printed thereon will be read by those to whom it is addressed.
There is no perversity in the failure to read which was first established when the then Minister of Transport sent broadcast over the country the Highway Code. Since then other wide distributions have been made, but most of us have met .not scores, but hundreds of people who have not read what they had received. If they do not do so now. it will be at their own peril. For this reason one wishes to stress the necessity of not only reading the leaflet of the Ministry of Home Security, out of digesting its complete meaning
Full of Fight
BY now our public is inured to the anxious days that lie ahead, days of silence, days of necessarily inadequate communiques, days of tensions elation and disappointment, which must accompany the ebb and flow of the battle. It will, however, from past experience await the uncertain future in a different spirit from the past. We know that the real test will not come at once, and German successes in Croatia will not necessary mean the breakdown of valiant Serb resistance.
After the part played in Belgium by our own Army, up to the time of the collapse of their two flanks, we can ! have as much confidence in our men as they have in themselves. Much depends on the air support we are able to give them, and 'presumably that will be far greater than it was in France. Also we have an entirely new answer to the dive-bomber.
The next few weeks, therefore, may be the most important of the whole war, for in them we shall learn whether the Germans, when confronted by a resolute army, display a brittleness suspected of them by many who are in some position to judge.
72 Miles an Hour
WHEN it comes to the time to make estimates of the men who played distinctive parts in our national life in the early decade of this century I think Sir Nigel Gresley will hold a position as a contributor to progress in which he will have few competitors. He has just died at an early age, but as the chief mechanical engineer of the L.N.E. Railway it will be to his credit that he killed the old traditions that CO miles an hour was the railway maximum. He produced an engine that ran from London to York at an average of very nearly 72 miles an hour whether on the fiat or on a steep gradient. He was a creative genius, and he was the first to produce an engine which had a vestibule, enabling the " crew " to L-e changed as the train was running. Among the trains that will always be remembered there are the Silver Jubilee and the Coronation, which covered a run of 232 miles without a stop and in exactly four hours. There are many people speculating as to the future of the railways. It was : to the credit of Sir Nigel that he kepi the steam engine on the map when other people thought that only electricity or the oil-engined locomotive would be adequate to our needs.
THE long sweeps of green sward, - the charm of Britain in peace-time, have given place in wide stretches of the country to the brown which indicates the pressing need of cultivation. Almost as soon as the war broke the need of tackling the problem of British productiveness led to the ploughing-up of wide areas. A million acres was the original ideal. Now in a little over eighteen months actually three and three-quarter millions of acres have been ploughed. These figures should be an encouragement to those who are either professional pessimists or those disposed to slip into this attitude of mind.
When the story is told of the excellent work which has been done by the committees which have been formed to encourage the breaking of ground it will make as good reading as many other comparative efforts. In the House of Lords the other day Viscount Samuel asked what was being done to organise our national scientific skill to the end of winning the war. It has been well organised in relation to agriculture, and has done well.