PM urges political parties to reach consensus on creation of more provinces.
The prime minister said the demand of new provinces exists not only in Punjab but voices in this regard are also being raised in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh and Balochistan.He said the PML (N) is the only party which get passed a resolution from Punjab Assembly in support of Bahawalpur and South Punjab province. He, however, said that a single party cannot make a constitutional amendment on the matter rather all the political parties need to build consensus on it through dialogue. He asked the parties to make the creation of new provinces part of their election manifesto.
Shahid Khaqan Abbasi said the people understand such negative politics and they will decide the fate of these people in the next general elections. He said gone are the days of horse trading and switching of loyalties. The Prime Minister said it is the PML (N) which has carried out unprecedented development work in South Punjab. We have opened schools, colleges, hospitals and installed power plants in this region. He also stressed that political decisions are not taken at the court rooms but by the people of the country at the polling stations.
A smile will improve your run, research finds
ISLAMABAD: Many top athletes use periodic smiling during performances to relax and cope
A study finds that runners used 2.8% less energy while smiling than frowning
For athletes of all levels, endurance -- how long they can keep going at their chosen sport -- is made up of physiological and psychological factors.
Physiological factors include cardiovascular fitness, and how efficient an athlete is at using energy (their "movement economy").
A critical psychological factor, on the other hand, is perceived effort, or how hard we feel we are working during an activity. The lower our perceived effort, the easier we feel that an activity is.
Crucially, any strategy that reduces how much an athlete perceives it to be an effort generally has a positive effect on endurance performance. One of the more surprising approaches could be to deliberately manipulate one's facial expression.
As peculiar as it may seem, many top athletes, including Olympic marathon gold medallist Eliud Kipchoge, strategically use periodic smiling during performance to relax and cope.
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In addition, research has also suggested that intentional smiling may reduce effort perception during physical activity in comparison with frowning. However, until we began our latest investigation, no study had looked into the actual effects of facial expressions on movement economy or perceived effort during endurance activity that has a longer duration.
We asked 24 club-level runners to complete four six minute running blocks on a treadmill. Each six minute run was performed during a single session, with a two minute rest between each bout.
During each run, participants either smiled (specifically a real or "Duchenne" smile, and not a fake smile), frowned (runners mimicked their own facial expression during intense running), attempted to consciously relax their hands and upper-body (by imagining they were holding a crisp but trying not to break it), or adopted their normal focus of attention during running.
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Each participant also wore a breathing mask that allowed us to measure how much oxygen they consumed while running. By measuring the oxygen, we could work out how much energy the runner had used.
After each run, we asked participants to report on a number of perceptual responses, including their perceived effort during the preceding six minutes.
When it comes to your health, where you live matters Our key finding was that participants were most economical (they used less energy) while smiling. Remarkably, participants were 2.8% more economical when smiling than frowning, and 2.2% more economical in comparison with the normal thoughts condition. These reductions would be enough to expect a meaningful improvement in performance in race conditions.
Participants also reported a higher perceived effort when frowning than smiling or when attempting to relax their hands and upper body.
Hate running? 25 ways to learn to love it Collectively, these results suggest that smiling may be a beneficial strategy to improve running economy, and to reduce perception of effort in comparison with frowning. In contrast, not only does frowning reflect effort during physical activity, but may actually, in turn, increase our perception of effort.
Simple nudges can increase lifestyle physical activity But why exactly did facial expression impact the runners' economy and perceived effort? Interestingly, our findings are supported by the concept of embodied emotion -- the idea that adopting a facial expression can influence how emotions are experienced.
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|Publication:||The Frontier Star (Northwest Frontier Province, Pakistan)|
|Date:||Apr 15, 2018|
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