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PENNSYLVANIA'S UNEMPLOYMENT RATE RISES TO 8.2 PERCENT IN AUGUST

 PENNSYLVANIA'S UNEMPLOYMENT RATE RISES TO 8.2 PERCENT IN AUGUST
 HARRISBURG, Pa., Sept. 4 /PRNewswire/ -- Influenced by a large increase that pushed the state's civilian labor force to an all-time high, Pennsylvania's seasonally adjusted jobless rate jumped to 8.2 percent in August, analysts with the state Department of Labor and Industry reported today.
 The August rate is the highest since June 1985 when 8.7 percent of the labor force were without jobs.
 A large influx of late summer job seekers sent Pennsylvania's labor force to a new record high of 6.06 million in August, far exceeding the previous mark of 6.01 million attained in March 1990. Despite a strong showing, employment gains were outpaced by the number of new workers seeking jobs.
 Reaching its highest level in 10 months, total employment among Pennsylvania residents moved upward in August to 5.57 million, seasonally adjusted. Last year at this time, resident employment totalled 5.50 million.
 Meanwhile, unemployment was pushed to its highest level of the recession, totaling 496,000 in August, up 70,000 from the August 1991 seasonally adjusted total of 426,000. While job losers were in decline statewide in August, new entrants and re-entrants into the labor force increased the overall number of jobseekers.
 Normally, the labor force begins to shrink in August as students leave their jobs in preparation for school. This year's labor force rise, while unexpected, can be attributed, at least in part, to an influx of older workers, department analysts said.
 Early results from another survey, based upon employer payrolls rather than households, report the number of nonagricultural wage and salary jobs down slightly by 2,900 from July to 5 million in August.
 Goods-producing jobs gained 7,200 to reach 1.18 million in August as payrolls in manufacturing industries increased by 5,700 and construction grew by 1,500.
 Service-producing industries, down 9,300 jobs since mid-July, were hampered by significant over-the-month job losses in government, services and wholesale trade.
 Year-ago comparison shows total wage and salary jobs down by 51,000 as all major industries lost jobs with the exceptions of services and government.
 Pa. (Seasonally Adjusted)(A) Aug. 1992 July 1992 Aug. 1991
 Labor Force 6,061,000 5,962,000 5,925,000
 Employment 5,565,000 5,506,000 5,499,000
 Unemployment 496,000 456,000 426,000
 Rate 8.2 pct. 7.7 pct. 7.2 pct.
 (U.S. Rate) 7.6 pct. 7.7 pct. 6.8 pct.
 Pa. (Unadjusted) Aug. 1992 July 1992 Aug. 1991
 Labor Force 6,082,000 6,059,000 5,950,000
 Employment 5,627,000 5,594,000 5,566,000
 Unemployment 455,000 465,000 384,000
 Rate 7.5 pct. 7.7 pct. 6.5 pct.
 (U.S. Rate) 7.8 pct. 7.6 pct. 6.5 pct.
 (A) Seasonally adjusted figures attempt to "filter out" the labor market fluctuations which are caused by normal seasonal patterns. With these recurring patterns removed, the data provide a more accurate account of general economic trends.
 For additional information on the August Pennsylvania employment data, contact the Labor and Industry Press Office. Local and regional information for July is available from Labor and Industry's regional labor market analysts. Regional analysts' names and phone numbers may be obtained from the nearest state Job Center or from the L&I Press Office 717-787-7530.
 /delval/
 -0- 9/4/92
 /CONTACT: Jack McGettigan or Scott Burkett both of the Department of Labor and Industry, 717-787-7530/ CO: Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry ST: Pennsylvania IN: SU:


MP -- PH003 -- 6817 09/04/92 09:10 EDT
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Date:Sep 4, 1992
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