Overview of automotive industry in Indonesia.
In 2010, automotive vehicles (which includes passenger and commercial vehicles) market was brisker following the recovery of the world's economy from previous year's slump. Automotive sales rose to 764,710 units in 2010 or an increase of 58.1% from 2009. Automotive sales in 2010 hit a new record well above the previous record of 603,774 units in 2008.
The crisis in 2009 adversely affected the country's automotive industry. Based on a report issued by the Association of Indonesian Automotive Industries (Gaikindo) the country's automotive production and sales shrank in 2009. Production fell to 464,816 units in 2009 from 600,628 units in 2008 and sales dropped 19.9% to 483,548 units.
The decline in sales was partly caused by the falling value of the rupiah that caused an increase in the price of cars, forcing many consumers to postpone or cancel plan to buy new cars.
In 2010, the condition improved and the country's automotive production and sales surged. Automotive production rose 51.1 % to 702,508 units.
The cut in Bank Indonesia key rate to 6.5% in August 2009, the lowest since its introduction in July 2005, has contributed to the surge in automotive sales. In addition, automotive manufacturers and sole agents have launched a program of interest subsidy that has helped boost sales.
The automotive market in the country is still dominated by Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV). MPVs are more attractive than sedan cars in Indonesiaas MPVs are subject to a lower tax regime. In addition, major brands such as Toyota Avanza, Daihatsu Xenia, Nissan Grand Livina and Suzuki APV offer small engine capacity ranging from 1,000cc to 1,500cc which is deemed as more fuel efficient. Larger carrying capacity of MPVs is also another pulling factor.
Structure of automotive industry
Characteristics of automotive vehicle industry in Indonesia
Automotive vehicle industry in Indonesia began to grow with the operation of a number of Trademark Holding Sole Agents (ATPM) in the early 1970s under the decisions of the Industry Minister No. 295/1982 and No. 428/1987. ATPM are national companies appointed by the principal manufacturer to exclusively import, promote, distribute and maintain after sales service within a specific jurisdiction.
The Government of Indonesia originally hoped ATPMs would become the embryo of the country's automotive manufacturing industry through a process of transfer of technology using high local content.
However after 30 years, the industry did not change from its original position as the assembling industry still depended heavily on imports for components. There was little progress toward using more local content to create a manufacturing industry.
The goal of developing a manufacturing industry was even blurred with the 1999 deregulation which gave greater freedom for the import of automotive vehicles in Completely Built up (CBU) form. The role of ATPM became irrelevant as many non-ATPMs imported automotive vehicles in CBU form of which ATPMs originally held the monopoly in imports.
After the Government announced that relations between ATPM and their principals were based on business principles without involvement of the government, some of the foreign principals decided to take over control in production of automotive vehicles leaving the ATPM with the distribution task in the domestic market.
Toyota Motor Corp. took over the assembling division of PT. Toyota Astra Motor (TAM) with TAM becoming the distributor of Toyota in 2003. The manufacturing division was under PT. Toyota Manufacturing Indonesia (TMMIN), which is 95% owned by the principal Toyota Motor Corp.
Meanwhile, Suzuki Motor Corporation took over the production division in PT Indomobil Suzuki International after injecting a fresh capital to increase its stake to 90% from 49% earlier with the remaining 10% owned by PT Indomobil Sukses International Tbk.
Trademark holding sole agent (ATPM)
PT Astra International Tbk and PT Indomobil Sukses Internasional Tbk are the two largest automotive companies dominating the automotive market in Indonesia. The two groups have established cooperation's with a number of foreign principals to become ATPMs for several brands in Indonesia.
The Astra Group is the ATPM for several automotive trademarks, both Asian and European, namely Toyota, Daihatsu, Isuzu, UD Trucks, Peugeot, BMW and Lexus. As sole agents for the seven trademarks, Astra Group has a 52.4% share of car market in Indonesia. Among the main trademarks contributing to Astra's control of the market include Toyota Avanza, Innova, Rush, Daihatsu Xenia, Terios, Grandmax and Isuzu Panther.
Similarly, the Indomobil Group is the ATPM for both Asian and European trademarks, namely Nissan, Volvo, Volkswagen, Renault, Audi, Hino Trucks, Volvo Trucks, Renault Trucks, Suzuki, Great Wall, Infiniti and Foton (light truck). Among the brands, Indomobil has a 17.3% share of car market in Indonesia. Brands with major contribution to the total car sales by Indomobil in Indonesia include Nissan Grand Livina, Suzuki APV and Suzuki Carry-Futura.
Other ATPMs outside the two large groups include among others, PT Ford Motor Indonesia for Ford cars, PT GM Auto World Indonesia for Chevrolet and PT KIA Mobil Indonesia for Kia.
China automotive manufacturers have also begun to tap the domestic market aggressively. Apart from Chery, there is Foton with two ATPMs--PT Indobuana Autoraya (Indomobil Group) for Foton Light Trucks and PT Foton Mobilindo (Modern Group) for Foton buses, MPV and heavy duty trucks.
Other Chinese automotive manufactures include Geely, a Chinese top car maker entering Indonesia towards the end of 2010, with PT Geely Mobil Indonesia as its ATPM; and Great Wall (Indomobil Group), which made its appearance in the country more recently offering commercial vehicles through PT Wahana Inti Central Mobilindo (Indomobil Group)
There are two main categories of automotive products in Indonesia--passenger and commercial vehicles. Passenger vehicles include Sedan, MPV, SUV, Hatchback 4x2 and SUV 4x4 and each could be divided further by engine capacity.
Commercial vehicles consist of three types--Buses, Pick Ups/Trucks and Double Cabin 4x2/4x4 each categorized by Gross Vehicle Weight.
Some ATPMs still have double functions--as producer and distributor, but some have been split into manufacturing company and marketing company such as in the case of PT Toyota Astra Motor, which now handles only sales with the manufacturing division taken over by PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia (TMMIN) since July 2003. TMMI is 95% owned by Toyota Motor Corporation and 5% by PT Astra Internasional.
Meanwhile, Suzuki Motor Corporation has also increase its stake in PT Indomobil Suzuki International which is the ATPM for Suzuki in Indonesia. PT Indomobil Suzuki International now handles the manufacturing division and distribution is handled by PT Indomobil Niaga International.
Some ATPM have no assembling facility such as PT Tjahja Sakti Motor which is the sole agent for BMW, PT Astra France Motor for Peugeot, PT Foton Mobilindo for Foton, etc. Their automotive vehicles are assembled by other companies like PT Gaya Motor which is not an ATPM or by other ATPMs as affiliate in the same company group.
Toyota Manufacturing Indonesia (TMMIN) has the largest production capacity among the automotive manufacturers in the country with production capacity of 170,000 units/year in 2010. PT. Astra Daihatsu Motor and Nissan Motor Company have production capacity of 143,000 units/year and 52,000 units/year respectively.
Production up rapidly in 2011
In 2010, the country's production of automotive vehicles rose fast to follow the global and domestic economic recovery. Consumers who had postponed plans to buy new automotive vehicle in 2009 began to buy in 2010. The growing demand boosted production that surged 51.1% to 702,508 units in 2010.
Considerable increase in production was recorded in almost all automotive vehicles in all categories in 2010. The MPV / SUV / Hatchback 4x2 category continued to lead in production which recorded 477,252 units out of a total of 702,508 units. Automotive production in 2011 is growing fast with production in January-April 2011 reaching 264,364
Sales in 2011 expected to exceed 2010
Automotive sales surged in 2010, hitting a new record at 764,710 units, after a sharp 19.9% fall to 483,548 units in 2009 from 603,774 units in 2008. The increase was partly attributable to the steady cut of Bank Indonesia's key rate (BI rate) to 6.5%. The interest subsidy program offered by automotive industry players also contributed to revival of the market.
In 2010, sales of MPV and SUV 4x2 types of automotive accounted for 504,510 units of the total automotive sales in the country with Pick Ups/Trucks contributing 204,654 units.
An automotive sale in 2011 is growing fast. As at end of April 2011, sales reached 37.5% of total sales in 2010.
Tight competition in sales early 2011
In 2011, automotive market remained brisk. The economic growth (which exceeded 6% in 2010), the strengthening of the rupiah against the US dollar and relatively low interest rate are factors driving sales since the start of 2011. Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs, Hatta Rajasa, said the faster economic growth in the first three months of 2011, and indicated that the purchasing power of the people remained strong. According to the Central Statistic Agency (BPS), the country's economy expanded 6.5% in the first quarter of this year. Improved purchasing power of the people contributed to increase in car sales in the first quarter of the year.
Toyota, Daihatsu and Nissan are among the best selling brands in March 2011. Toyota maintained the largest market share spearheaded by Avanza, Innova, Yaris and Rush. Daihatsu came up with Xenia and Terios, and Nissan with Grand Livina and Nissan March, a new comer in the Hatchback market, showed an impressive growth in sales .
Data from Gaikindo showed that in March, Daihatsu Xenia was relegated by Kijang Innova in sales. Sales of Kijang Innova reached 5,293 units against Daihatsu Xenia 4,681 units. Toyota Avanza maintained strong lead with sales sreaching 16,993 units.
Sales of Xenia in February were 5,018 units, down from 6,619 units in January. Meanwhile, sales of Kijang Innova reached 5,293 units in March, or a significant increase from 4,012 units in February after sliding from 5,158 units in January.
Noteworthy was the sharp growth recorded in the sales of Nissan Grand Livina in March 2011 pushing it up to the top four from the top six among its classes in February with sales of 2,552 units, pushing aside Suzuki APV which had sales of 2,309 units.
Nissan Grand Livina, which entered the Indonesian market in 2007 remained the star performer for Nissan in the MPV market this year. In 2010 its sales totaled 22,560 units.
Hoping to grab a larger share of the market in 2011, Nissan came up with a face lift for Grand Livina, expecting to post sales of 2,000 units per month. Nissan also offers Nissan X-Trail to remain competitive in the SUV market in Indonesia. In 2010, sales of Nissan X trail reached 4,682 units.
Nissan recently launched Nissan March, which made its first appearance in the Indonesian market in December 2010, to maintain lead in the hatchback market. For 1st quarter 2011, sales for Nissan March reached 4,894 units or 26% of the Hatchback segment in Indonesia.
In the first quarter of 2010, sales of Honda cars reached 13,364 units, as compared to 13,679 units in the same period in 2011. Sales of Honda Jazz reached 4,674 units or 25% market share in the hatchback segment
Honda Freed, a new star performer of Honda, expected to push up the total sales of Honda car in the country. In March 2011, sales of Honda Freed reached 1,454 units, up 58% from the previous month of only 915 units. Previously Honda had relied more on its CRV model, the sales of which reached 1,741 units in March 2011.
Market dominated by MPV
Seven seat MPV model are the best sellers in Indonesia based on a number of factors--lower in price due to the tax regime, more fuel efficient and larger in seat capacity.
Almost all ATPMs in Indonesia have a share in the MPV automotive market. TAM still leads in the MPV car market spearheaded by its Toyota Kijang, followed by Toyota Avanza, and Daihatsu Xenia, which are produced in cooperation with affiliate Astra Daihatsu Motors (ADM).
Nissan Grand Livina has contributed significantly to increase in the domination of MPV in the country's automotive market. A sale of Grand Livina has seen good growth and it is close to becoming one of the top 3 brands. Meanwhile, Suzuki relies on its APV type to keep market foothold in the country and Isuzu still relies on Isuzu Panther in the market of medium MPV competing with Kijang Innova.
A number of brands entered the market with the luxurious full size type like Toyota Alphard, Nissan Elgrand and VW Caravelle although they have managed to grab only a small share of the automotive market.
Apart from MPVs, SUVs have also managed to attract many buyers Almost all brands have their respective SUV model.
Domestic sales in 2010 were dominated by MPV and SUV with total sales of 508,147 units or a market share of 66.5% in the country.
Toyota maintains strong lead in automotive market
Toyota is still the market leader with total sales of 280,680 units in 2010, or a market share of 36.7% in Indonesia.
Toyota Avanza was the largest contribution to total sales with 141,799. Toyota Innova also contributed strongly with sales of 53,824 units, Toyota Rush with 18,420 units and Toyota Yaris with 16,979 units.
Daihatsu has the second largest market share of 15.5% in 2010 with sales of 118,591 units. Daihatsu Xenia was the largest contributor with sales of 65,901 units, followed by Daihatsu Terios with sales of 16,483 units.
PT Krama Yudha Tiga Berlian Motors (KTB), the ATPM for Mitsubishi in Indonesia recorded sales of 106,483 units in 2010. Mitsubishi has succeeded in retaining the largest share in the market of commercial automotive vehicles such as Pick-Ups and Trucks.
PT Honda Prospect Motor (HPM), the ATPM for Honda recorded sales of 61,336 units in 2010 with additional sales in exports of 4,200 units of Honda Freed to other Asean countries including Thailand, Singapore and Brunei Darussalam.
Honda Jazz is its largest contributor with sales totaling 22,560 units in 2010. Honda CR-V also contributed a substantial portion with sales totaling 16,961 units in 2010.
PT. Suzuki Indomobil Sales (SIS) recorded sales of Suzuki cars totaling 71,210 units in 2010 or an increase of 59.3% from 44,689 units in 2009.
Suzuki continues to concentrate more on lower segment of the market spearheaded by APV and small automotive vehicles like Karimun Estilo and Swift.
In 2011, PT. SIS plans to come up with a new product named Suzuki Splash to go along with Swift and Karimun Estilo in the Hatchback market segment with a selling price of Rp150 million. This Hatchback is imported in CBU form from India and is priced higher compared with Karimun Estilo's Rp 127 million.
PT Nissan Motor Indonesia (NMI) reported sales of Nissan automotives vehicles at a record high in 2010 with sales of 37,542 units, up 75.1% from the previous year. Sales of Nissan automotives were spearheaded by its Livina model with sales of 22,560 units. Other Nissan products are Nissan X-Trail and the new Nissan March (Hatchback)
In addition to Livina models of Livina XR, Livina X-Gear, Grand Livina, Grand Livina Ultimate and Grand Livina Higway Star, PT NMI also has Nissan X-Trail (SUV), Nissan Serena (MPV), Frontier Navara (double cab), Nissan Latio (hatchback), Nissan New Teana (sedan) and its latest Hatchback product Nissan March.
In three successive months from January to March, 2011 Nissan March led in sales with the Hatchback segment. Based on Gaikindo data, since its launch in December 2010 until March 2011, sales of Nissan March totaled 4,894 units while Suzuki Splash sales totaled 1,609 units and Suzuki Karimun Estilo totaled 1,118 units.
Sales of Nissan automotive vehicles in 2011 are forecasted to rise again with new MPV products such as Nissan Elgrand and Nissan Juke.
Exports growing in 2011
Generally, Indonesia's exports of automotive products in early 2011 showed a significant increase compared to a year earlier. Exports have exceeded imports in number in the past two years. The growing exports followed the increase in the country's production capacity.
M. Rusdi Sudirman, the general chairman of the Association of the Indonesian Motor Vehicle Industries, said Indonesia ranks third among automotive market in Asean after Thailand and Malaysia. The country has become a net exporter of cars.
In 2007, exports of vehicles in CBU form totaled 60,267 units. The exports continued to rise in the following years excepting in 2009 when exports fell as a result of the global financial crisis. In 2010, exports of vehicles in CBU totaled 85,796 units. In the first half of 2011, exports already reached 50,002 units.
In the first half of the year car exports were relatively stable despite a decline in April and May as a result of the tsunami in Japan. A number of major Japanese car makers in Indonesia earlier planned exports to that country.
Car exports by Indonesia to various countries in the world have been dominated by Japanese brands--Toyota, Daihatsu and Suzuki.
Toyota Indonesia, the largest exporter suffered a setback with exports shrinking 51.7% to 6,740 units in he second quarter of 2011 compared with 13,973 units in the same period last year. However, cumulatively in the first half of the year, exports by Toyota Indonesia rose 46.9% to 26,050 units, from 17,731 units.
PT Astral Daihatsu Motor (ADM) was also hit hard by the impact of tsunami. Exports of Daihatsu Granmax to Japan were postponed. In 2010, ADM exported 16,422 units of Granmax.
PT Suzuki Indomobil Sales (SIS) fared better as its exports have been mainly to non Japan countries including Latin America, Middle East and Thailand, dominated by Suzuki APV.
Car exports in 2010 were still dominated by Toyota which recorded exports totaling 45,114 units, followed by Daihatsu with exports of 18,886 units and Suzuki 18,500 units.
Based on data available from PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia (TMMIN), which assembles Toyota cars in Indonesia, Fortuner cars accounted for 39.3% or 10,251 units of its total exports in 2010, followed by Innova totaling 9,284 units, Avanza 5,087 unit, and Rush 1,428 units.
TMMIN sets higher export target by 20$-30% in 2011 from last year's 45,126 units. Its main export destinations are ASEAN, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, South Africa, Tahiti, Nigeria, Mauritius, Pakistan, and Mexico
Imports of cars in CBO form rise again
According to data at Gaikindo, imports of cars in CBU (completely built up) form shrank 55% in 2009 to 32,678 units from 72,646 units in the previous year. The decline was a result of the global financial crisis as well as weak demand on the domestic market especially for sedan cars. Imports have been dominated by sedan cars. Many domestic consumers were interested in multipurpose vehicles (MPV).
In 2010, imports of cars in CBU forms began to rise again reaching 76,520 units with the recovery of the global economy including domestic market. In addition, imports rose as a result of a cut in the import duty.
A regulation of the finance minister No 241 of 2010 on goods classification and import duties on 22 December 2010 reduced the import duties on vehicles by 510 percentage points
The import duty on sedan cars in CBU form was reduced from 50% to 45% effective in January 2011. The import duty on MPV 4x2 in CBU form was reduced to 40% from 45%. Imports of MPV of the premium class are expected to increase in 2011 for rich consumers.
So far cars imported in CBU form are only those not yet produced domestically. All types of sedan cars have been imported in CBU form from Thailand. Car imports into Indonesia are dominated by Thailand, South Korea, Japan, China, Malaysia, and a number of European countries.
The market of luxurious car with engine capacity of more than 3,000 cc is dominated by Japanese brands. No local factory produces car with engine capacity of more than 3,000 cc.
PT. Toyota Astra Motor (TAM), a producer of Toyota cars in the country imports growing number of luxurious Toyota cars with cylindrical capacity of more than 3,000 cc from its principal in Japan. In mid 2008, TAM imported Toyota Alphard and Harrier from Japan into Indonesia. Previously imports have been made only by general importers.
In 2009, TAM, reported a surge in sales of imported cars. Its sales of Corolla Altis rose from 105 units in September to 227 units. Its sales of Vios and Limo imported from Thailand totaled 938 units, up from 811 units in September. A surge was also recorded in sales of Toyota Camry, from 105 units to 227 units. Increase in the sales of cars in CBU form followed shortage in supply of Camry, Corolla, Limo and Yaris several months previously.
PT Nissan Motor Indonesia (NMI) is expanding market to premium segment after it has become a sole agent for Infiniti, a brand of Nissan's premium product. Infinity cars started to enter the domestic market in March 2011 offering models of FX (SUV), M (sedan) and G (coupe), with Sole retailer PT Wahana Wirawan. In the first phase sales were only in Jakarta.
Units will be imported in CBU form from Japan utilizing the facility provided under the Indonesia-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (IJ-EPA). The cars with engine capacity of more than 3,000 cc will be slapped with an import duty of 4% reduced from 6% in 2010. In 2012, the import duty will be 0%. The price is cheaper than other cars in its class.
In 2010, car imports in CBU form rose to 76,250 units, up from 32,678 units in 2009.
Interest growing in investment in automotive industry in 2011 in Indonesia
Investors from 8 countries plan to invest a total of Rp 8.3 trillion in the automotive industry which are expected to be implemented in 2011. The projects would create 7,140 jobs.
Deputy Chief of the Indonesia Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) Teuku Otman Rasyid said so far 18 new investors from the 8 countries have indicated interest in investing in the automotive industry.
They plan to build new factories in Indonesia producing automotive components. Japanese investors initiated the largest investment. One of them plans to invest up to Rp 6.5 trillion to produce machine tools, cover cylinder heads and timing chain covers. The factory is to be built in Karawang, West Java and it will create 3,437 jobs.
Another Japanese investor plans to produce components and piston spare parts for turbine engine machine with an investment of US$ 13,340,000. The factory is to be built in Bogor, West Java and is expected to create 586 jobs. Investors from Japan and Singapore will cooperate to produce compressors and valves with a capacity of 1.6 million units. The project will cost around Rp 15 billion to build a facility in Bekasi, West Java, and is expected to create 500 jobs.
Other Japanese investors plans to produce automotive accessories, bearings and other automotive components, and electronic components with locations in Bekasi, West Java, Tangerang, Banten and Surabaya, East Java.
Some of Japanese investors plan to team up with other foreign investors such as from Singapore and the United States and local investors.
Meanwhile, a local investor planned to invest Rp 43.1 billion to produce automotive components and spare parts. The investor plans to build its factory in Bekasi and the factory is expected to create 500 jobs.
A Chinese investor plans to build a component plant with an investment of US$300,000 in Bekasi that is expected to create 63 jobs.
The Government plans to ban private automotive vehicles from using subsidized oil fuel (BBM) and the implementation of progressive taxation on automotives are feared to put a brake on sales of automotives in 2011. Industrialists, however, remain optimistic that sales will continue to scale up in 2011.
The Government plans to ban private automotive vehicles from using subsidized BBM, premium gasoline and automotive diesel oil (ADO) in 2011. The regulation is to be implemented through phases. Starting from the Greater Jakarta area followed by other regions in Java, and Bali and other Indonesian regions, Implementation of the regulation was to start in March 2011 in the Greater Jakarta area to be followed by other regions in Java, and Bali and other Indonesian regions.
The subsidy cut constituted an implementation of the Law No. 10/2010 on 2011 state budget which requires the Government to regulate the use of subsidized oil fuel (BBM) by phases. Based on the 2011 state budget, the quota of subsidized BBM is 38.6 million kiloliters.
Gaikindo has accepted the regulation. Johnny Darmawan, a chairman of Gaikindo, however, asked the Government to be more prudent by not implementing the regulation at the same time with the imposition of the progressive taxation system.
Mr. Darmawan said the taxation issue would be a negative factor for the growth of automotive industry. The positive factors are stable foreign exchange rate, interest rate and increase in economic growth. The Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin) said that the automotive industry will be one of the economic growth drivers in 2011.
The transportation and communications sector will continue to chalk up the highest growth. In 2011, the sector is forecast to grow 13.0%-14.3%.
Expansion of sales networks
PT Honda Prospect Motor (HPM) plans to expand its distribution networks by establishing a number of new dealers in 2011. The company plans to have 17 new dealers to support its marketing drives in 2011.
Around Rp 16 billion will be needed to establish a new dealer or around Rp 272 billion for 17 dealers.
The expansion of the distribution networks is expected to boost sales and allow the company to fully utilize its capacity of 50,000 units of cars a year.
Currently HPM operate in 2.5 shifts to be able to serve growing orders in waiting list for CR-V and Jazz.
Meanwhile, PT Astra Daihatsu Motor (ADM) will have 25 new dealers until the end of this year bringing the number of its dealers to 168 units. Suparno Djasmin, the chief executive officer of PT Astra International Tbk (AI) Daihatsu Sales Operation, said opening a new unit of dealer will cost around Rp 10 billion.
PT Suzuki Indomobil Sales (SIS) the ATPM for Suzuki automotives in Indonesia has opened a new sales outlet Suzuki Armada of Musi branch in Central Jakarta.
The network is expanding in cooperation with a partner PT Armada Perkasa Mobilindo (APM) of the New Armada Group. Suzuki Armada of Musi branch is the 13th sales (1S) outlet of SIS in the Greater Jakarta area and the 70th across the country.
Yoshiji Terada, the president of SIS said currently the marketing network of Suzuki is supported by 131 outlets of sales, spare part and service (3S). In total, SIS has 201 outlets including 1S and 3S in 2011.
The cut in import duties on car parts and cars in CBU from in 2011 will not immediately result in a decline in car selling prices of cars in CBU form and CKD form as it came at the same time with an increase in the fee for the transfer of car ownership (BBN) and taxes on motor vehicles.
The plan to ban private cars from using subsidized BBM on January 1, 2011 and the increase in the price of non subsidized BBM on May 1, 2011 forced producers and ATPM to think twice to cut the prices in 2011.
The regulation of the finance minister No. 241/PMK.011/2010 (PMK 241) cut the import duty on CBU automotive vehicles from 50% to 40% and the import duty on parts for the production CKD to 10% from 15% earlier.
A chairman of Gaikindo Jongkie Sugiarto said the cut in the import duties would not have much effect as the country's automotive industry has a strong foundation.
Marketing director of Kia Mobil Indonesia (KMI) Hartanto Sukmono said the impact of tax on capital goods is insignificant compared to the impact of an increase in the sales tax on automotive.
KMI produces KIA cars in its factory in Pulogadung with 90% of components imported from South Korea and other countries.
Amelia Tjandra, the marketing director of Astra Daihatsu Motor (ADM) said the rise and fall of import duties have little effect on the price of automotives produced by ADM as most of their components are locally produced. Local components make up almost 85% of the components of ADM cars, therefore, an increase or a cut in import duties would have little effect on its selling prices.
A number of producers among ATPMs have raised their selling prices in early 2011. The price of Toyota Avanza was raised by Rp 2.5 million--Rp 3.25 million each and the price of Toyota Innova increased by Rp 4 million--Rp 8 million.
The prices of Daihatsu Xenia, one of the best selling brand, rose Rp 2 million-Rp 2.5 million to Rp 115 million--Rp150 million; the price of Honda Jazz increased Rp 4 million--Rp 5 million to Rp 198.5million--Rp 224 million and price of Nissan Grand Livina rose Rp 2million--Rp 4 million to Rp 169,5 million--Rp 239 million.
Prospects and Conclusion
The automotive sector has become a major sector of the Indonesian economy. Amid the global financial crisis, the sector continued to grow, which has help to prop up the country's sagging manufacturing sector. GDP per capita in Indonesia has seen double-digit growth over the past 5 years and the trend is expected to continue over the next 3 years.
In the second semester of 2009, the country's automotive industry began to recover from the impact of the devastating crisis that started in 2008. In 2009, automotive sales shrank before surging back in 2010 to hit an all time record in sales.
Automotive sales in Indonesia are dominated by passenger vehicles, particularly in the MPV type segment. Passenger vehicles contributed 75% to the country's total automotive sales with commercial cars accounting for the rest. In total, automotive sales in Indonesia are dominated by MPV. Toyota has maintained its lead in the market among the brands with a market share of 36.7% in 2010, followed by Daihatsu and Mitsubishi, with market shares of 15.5% and 13.9% respectively. Eventhough Mitsubishi is not the major player on passenger cars market, but it dominated the commercial cars market through its brands, Mitsubishi L300, Colt Diesel and Fuso.
In 2011, automotive sales are forecasted to grow further in the country. In the first nine months of 2010, Indonesia and Thailand had a market share of 30% each in the Asean market with Malaysia having a market share of 24.9%. Thailand has been the market leader so far.
Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia are by far the main automotive manufacturer and largest market in Asean.
The keen interest shown by Chinese automotive manufacturer such as Foton, Geely, Great Wall and Chery, which made its appearance earlier in Indonesia, indicated that the country's automotive industry may draw more investors. China apparently has learned from the failure suffered several years ago by its motorcycle industry on producing poor quality into the country. All the Chinese automakers entering the market in Indonesia are big companies who have good reputation not only in China but also in a number of other countries.
Partnership with large company groups such as Indomobil Group in the country indicates that Chinese automotive products have been accepted by the market in the country.
The new tax regulation and BBM subsidy policy may put a brake on the fast growing automotives industry, but high growth is still expected in the coming years.
The quake triggered tsunami destroying big factories including automotive component factories in Japan is feared to cause a setback as the country's automotive industry still depends much on imports from Japan for certain types of main components. Toyota already announced that production might be cut by 50% all over the world.
Table--1 Automotive Production and Sales 2008--2010 Year 2008 2009 2010 Jan-Apr 2011 Production (units) 600,628 464,816 702,508 264,364 Sales (units) 603,774 483,548 764,710 286,426 Source : Gaikindo Table--2 List of Gaikindo members of automotive companies No. Companies Trademarks 1 ATPM 1 PT Astra Daihatsu Motor Daihatsu 2 PT Astra Nissan Diesel Indonesia UD Trucks 3 PT Auto Euro Indonesia Renault 4 PT Central Sole Agency Volvo 5 PT Ford Motor Indonesia Ford 6 PT Foton Mobilindo Foton 7 PT Garuda Mataram Motor Audi / VW 8 PT GM Auto World Indonesia Chevrolet 9 PT Grand Auto Dinamika Jaguar 10 PT Honda Prospect Motor Honda 11 PT Hyundai Indonesia Motor Hyundai 12 PT Indobuana Autoraya Foton Truck 13 PT Isuzu Astra Motor Indonesia Isuzu 14 PT Java Motors Land Rover 15 PT Kia Mobil Indonesia Kia 16 PT Krama Yudha Tiga Mitsubishi Berlian Motors 17 PT Mazda Motor Indonesia Mazda 18 PT Proton Edar Indonesia Proton 19 PT Suzuki Indomobil Motor Suzuki 20 PT TC Subaru Subaru 21 PT Tjahja Sakti Motor BMW 22 PT Korindo Heavy Industry Hyundai Truck 23 PT Garasindo Inter Global Dodge, Chrysler, Jeep 24 PT Geely Mobil Indonesia Geely 25 PT Duta Putera Sumatera Man Truck (Sun Motor) 26 PT Hino Motor Sales Indonesia Hino DISTRIBUTORS 1 PT Astra International Tbk-- Peugeot Peugeot sales operation 2 PT BMW Indonesia BMW 3 PT Mercedes Benz Distribution Mercedes Benz, Smart Indonesia 4 PT Nissan Motor Distribotor Nissan Indonesia 5 PT Toyota Astra Motor Toyota 6 PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing Toyota Indonesia 7 PT Unicor Prima Motor Hino MANUFACTURERS 1 PT Astra Daihatsu Motor Daihatsu 2 PT Astra Nissan Diesel Indonesia UD Trucks 3 PT BMW Indonesia BMW 4 PT Foton Mobil Indonesia Foton 5 PT Gaya Motor (Assembler) Daihatsu, Peugeot, BMW, Isuzu 6 PT Hino Motor Manufacturing Hino Indonesia 7 PT Honda Prospects Motor Honda 8 PT Hyundai Indonesia Motor Hyundai 9 PT Isuzu Astra Motor Indonesia Isuzu 10 PT Kia Mobil Indonesia Kia 11 PT Krama Yudha Ratu Motors Mitsubishi 12 PT Krama Yudha Tiga Berlian Mitsubishi Motors 13 PT Mercedes Benz Indonesia Mercedes Benz 14 PT Mesin Isuzu Indonesia Isuzu 15 PT Mitsubishi Krama Yudha Mitsubishi Motor & Manufacturing 16 PT Nissan Motor Indonesia Nissan 17 PT Suzuki Indomobil Motor Suzuki 18 PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing Toyota Indonesia 19 PT Trijaya Union Mitsubishi 20 PT Korindo Heavy Industry Hyundai Truck Source : Gaikindo Table--3 Types of automotive vehicles by categories Categories of passenger vehicles Sedan Cc [less than or equal to] 1.5 lt (G/D) 1.5 lt < cc [less than or equal to] 3.0 lt (G)/2.5(D) Cc > 3.0 lt (G) /2.5 (D) MPV / SUV / Hatchback 4x2 Cc < 1.5 lt (G/D) 1.5 lt < cc [less than or equal to] 2.5 lt (G/D) 2.5 lt < cc [less than or equal to] 3.0 lt (G) Cc > 3.0 lt (G) /2.5 (D) SUV 4x4 Cc < 1.5 lt (G/D) 1.5 lt < cc [less than or equal to] 3.0 lt (G) /2.5 (D) Cc > 3.0 lt (G) /2.5 (D) Bus GVW 5-10 tons (G/D) GVW 10-24 tons (G/D) GVW > 24 tons (G/D) Pick Up / Truck GVW < 5 tons (G/D) GVW 5-10 tons (G/D) GVW 10-24 tons (G/D) GVW > 24 tons (G/D) Double Cabin 4x2 / 4x4 GVW < 5 tons (G/D) For all cc Source: Gaikindo Note lt = liters; G = Gasoline; D = Diesel Table--4 Automotive assembling companies and production capacity No. Companies Year of Status establishment 1 PT ASTRA DAIHATSU MOTOR 1978 PMA 2 PT ASTRA NISSAN 1984 PMA DIESEL INDONESIA 3 PT GAYA MOTOR (ASSEMBLER) 1969 PMDN 4 PT HINO MOTOR 1982 PMA MANUFACTURING INDONESIA 5 PT HONDA PROSPECTS MOTOR 1976 PMA 6 PT HYUNDAI INDONESIA MOTOR 1996 PMA 7 PT ISUZU ASTRA 1975 PMA MOTOR INDONESIA 8 PT KIA MOBIL INDONESIA 1999 PMA 9 PT KRAMA YUDHA RATU MOTORS 1975 PMDN 10 PT MERCEDES BENZ INDONESIA 1970 PMA 11 PT MESIN ISUZU INDONESIA 1991 PMA 12 PT NISSAN MOTOR INDONESIA 1995 PMA 13 PT SUZUKI INDOMOBIL MOTOR 1970 PMA 14 PT TOYOTA MOTOR 1971 PMA MANUFACTURING INDONESIA 15 PT KORINDO HEAVY INDUSTRY 2007 PMA No. Companies Brand Production capacity (units/year) 1 PT ASTRA DAIHATSU MOTOR DAIHATSU 143,000 2 PT ASTRA NISSAN UD TRUCKS 6,500 DIESEL INDONESIA 3 PT GAYA MOTOR (ASSEMBLER) DAIHATSU, PEUGEOT, 60,000 BMW, ISUZU, NISSAN DIESEL FOTON 4 PT HINO MOTOR HINO 35,000 MANUFACTURING INDONESIA 5 PT HONDA PROSPECTS MOTOR HONDA 50,000 6 PT HYUNDAI INDONESIA MOTOR HYUNDAI 10,000 7 PT ISUZU ASTRA ISUZU n.a MOTOR INDONESIA 8 PT KIA MOBIL INDONESIA KIA n.a 9 PT KRAMA YUDHA RATU MOTORS MITSUBISHI 120,000 10 PT MERCEDES BENZ INDONESIA MERCEDES-BENZ 8,000 11 PT MESIN ISUZU INDONESIA ISUZU 43,000 12 PT NISSAN MOTOR INDONESIA NISSAN 52,000 13 PT SUZUKI INDOMOBIL MOTOR SUZUKI 120,000 14 PT TOYOTA MOTOR TOYOTA 170,000 MANUFACTURING INDONESIA 15 PT KORINDO HEAVY INDUSTRY HYUNDAI TRUCK 4,500 Source : Data Consult
PMA: Foreign Investment
PMDN: Domestic Investment
Table--5 Production of automotive vehicles in Indonesia, 2005-Apr 2011 (units) YEAR CATEGORY 2005 2006 2007 1. SEDAN TYPE CC [less than or equal 2,595 898 502 to] 1,500 (G/D) 1,501 < CC [less than 3,622 1,065 897 or equal to] 3,000 (G)/2,500 (D) CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501 (D) 11 45 171 SUB TOTAL 6,228 2,008 1,570 2. 4X2 TYPE CC < 1,500 (G/D) 185,485 131,817 192,278 1,501 < CC [less than or 138,212 65,526 89,487 equal to] 2,500 (G/D) 2,501 < CC [less than or 2,637 6,333 20,569 equal to] 3,000 (G) CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501 (D) -- -- -- SUB TOTAL 326,334 203,676 302,334 3. 4X4 TYPE CC < 1,500 (G/D) -- -- -- 1,501 < CC [less than or -- 192 969 equal to] 3,000 (G)/2,500 (D) CC > 3,001 (G)/2,500 (D) 28 445 4,335 SUB TOTAL 28 637 5,304 4. BUS GVW 5-10 Tons 1,235 831 889 (G/D) GVW 10-24 Tons 1,194 423 787 (G/D) GVW > 24 Tons -- -- -- SUB TOTAL 2,429 1,254 1,676 (G/D) 5. PICK UP GVW < 5 Tons 99,536 49,964 51,931 (G/D) /TRUCK GVW 5-10 Tons 57,599 32,969 40,209 (G/D) GVW 10-24 Tons 3,969 3,321 3,070 (G/D) GVW > 24 Tons 4,587 2,179 5,544 (G/D) SUB TOTAL 165,691 88,433 100,754 6. DOUBLE GVW < 5 Tons (G/D) -- -- -- CABIN For all CC 4X2/4X4 SUB TOTAL -- -- -- PRODUCTION TOTAL 500,710 296,008 411,638 CATEGORY 2008 2009 2010 1. SEDAN TYPE CC [less than or equal 2,681 77 -- to] 1,500 (G/D) 1,501 < CC [less than 2,991 2,084 3,900 or equal to] 3,000 (G)/2,500 (D) CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501 (D) 251 206 181 SUB TOTAL 5,923 2,367 4,081 2. 4X2 TYPE CC < 1,500 (G/D) 285,125 264,447 358,838 1,501 < CC [less than or 106,937 71,600 100,491 equal to] 2,500 (G/D) 2,501 < CC [less than or 23,935 10,198 17,923 equal to] 3,000 (G) CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501 (D) -- -- -- SUB TOTAL 415,997 346,245 477,252 3. 4X4 TYPE CC < 1,500 (G/D) -- -- -- 1,501 < CC [less than or 5,236 2,978 13,029 equal to] 3,000 (G)/2,500 (D) CC > 3,001 (G)/2,500 (D) 4,267 582 2,162 SUB TOTAL 9,503 3,560 15,191 4. BUS GVW 5-10 Tons 1,788 1,038 2,076 (G/D) GVW 10-24 Tons 1,168 1,290 2,030 (G/D) GVW > 24 Tons -- -- -- SUB TOTAL 2,956 2,328 4,106 (G/D) 5. PICK UP GVW < 5 Tons 84,917 54,550 101,648 (G/D) /TRUCK GVW 5-10 Tons 66,120 45,487 80,809 (G/D) GVW 10-24 Tons 5,162 4,432 6,608 (G/D) GVW > 24 Tons 10,050 5,847 12,613 (G/D) SUB TOTAL 166,249 110,316 201,878 6. DOUBLE GVW < 5 Tons (G/D) -- -- -- CABIN For all CC 4X2/4X4 SUB TOTAL -- -- -- PRODUCTION TOTAL 600,628 464,816 702,508 YEAR CATEGORY Jan-Apr 2011 1. SEDAN TYPE CC [less than or equal 86 to] 1,500 (G/D) 1,501 < CC [less than 1,302 or equal to] 3,000 (G)/2,500 (D) CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501 (D) 69 SUB TOTAL 1,457 2. 4X2 TYPE CC < 1,500 (G/D) 134,065 1,501 < CC [less than or 30,211 equal to] 2,500 (G/D) 2,501 < CC [less than or 6,988 equal to] 3,000 (G) CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501 (D) -- SUB TOTAL 171,264 3. 4X4 TYPE CC < 1,500 (G/D) -- 1,501 < CC [less than or 6,714 equal to] 3,000 (G)/2,500 (D) CC > 3,001 (G)/2,500 (D) 1,409 SUB TOTAL 8,123 4. BUS GVW 5-10 Tons 856 (G/D) GVW 10-24 Tons 895 (G/D) GVW > 24 Tons -- SUB TOTAL 1,751 (G/D) 5. PICK UP GVW < 5 Tons 41,476 (G/D) /TRUCK GVW 5-10 Tons 33,426 (G/D) GVW 10-24 Tons 2,547 (G/D) GVW > 24 Tons 4,320 (G/D) SUB TOTAL 81,769 6. DOUBLE GVW < 5 Tons (G/D) -- CABIN For all CC 4X2/4X4 SUB TOTAL -- PRODUCTION TOTAL 264,364 Source : Gaikindo Table--6 Automotive sales by categories, 2005-Apr 2011 (units) YEAR Categories 2005 2006 2007 1. SEDAN CC [less than or 25,006 10,241 16,207 TYPE equal to] 1,500 (G/D) 1,501 < CC [less than 10,164 7,188 10,974 or qual to] 3,000 (G)/2,500 (D) CC > 3,001 199 136 200 (G)/2,501 (D) SUB TOTAL 35,369 17,565 27,381 2. 4X2 CC < 1,500 (G/D) 189,845 136,793 194,422 TYPE 1,501 < CC [less than 132,842 62,205 87,577 or qual to] 2,500 (G/D) 2,501 < CC [less than 3,110 3,489 2,359 or qual to] 3,000 (G) CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501 1,358 1,147 1,425 (D) SUB TOTAL 327,155 203,634 285,733 3. 4X4 CC < 1,500 (G/D) -- -- -- TYPE 1,501 < CC [less 1,663 1,029 1,479 than or equal to] 3,000 (G)/2,500 (D) CC > 3,001 132 159 176 (G)/2,500 (D) SUB TOTAL 1,795 1,188 1,655 4. BUS GVW 5-10 Tons 1,264 1,009 896 (G/D) GVW 10-24 Tons 1,028 552 804 (G/D) GVW > 24 Tons -- -- -- (G/D) SUB TOTAL 2,292 1,561 1,700 5. PICK UP GVW < 5 Tons 97,815 51,583 55,706 /TRUCK (G/D) GVW 5-10 Tons 55,601 32,183 43,651 (G/D) GVW 10-24 Tons 3,887 3,160 3,427 (G/D) GVW > 24 Tons 3,946 2,614 5,774 (G/D) SUB TOTAL 161,249 89,540 108558 6. DOUBLE GVW < 5 Tons 6,057 5,416 8,314 CABIN (G/D) 4X2 / For all CC 4X4 SUB TOTAL 6,057 5,416 8,314 SALES TOTAL 533,917 318,904 433,341 YEAR Categories 2008 2009 2010 1. SEDAN CC [less than or 18,753 11,779 18,355 TYPE equal to] 1,500 (G/D) 1,501 < CC [less than 15,284 10,068 14,080 or qual to] 3,000 (G)/2,500 (D) CC > 3,001 263 253 693 (G)/2,501 (D) SUB TOTAL 34,300 22,100 33,128 2. 4X2 CC < 1,500 (G/D) 279,051 257,507 389,712 TYPE 1,501 < CC [less than 105,822 74,652 111,874 or qual to] 2,500 (G/D) 2,501 < CC [less than 2,702 2,214 2,801 or qual to] 3,000 (G) CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501 1,215 680 123 (D) SUB TOTAL 388,790 335,053 504,510 3. 4X4 CC < 1,500 (G/D) -- -- -- TYPE 1,501 < CC [less 1,707 1,653 3,070 than or equal to] 3,000 (G)/2,500 (D) CC > 3,001 470 561 767 (G)/2,500 (D) SUB TOTAL 2,177 2,214 3,837 4. BUS GVW 5-10 Tons 1,651 1,167 2,058 (G/D) GVW 10-24 Tons 1,210 1,302 2,119 (G/D) GVW > 24 Tons -- -- -- (G/D) 2,861 2,469 4,177 SUB TOTAL 5. PICK UP GVW < 5 Tons 80,099 55,373 104,263 /TRUCK (G/D) GVW 5-10 Tons 66,258 45,760 80,933 (G/D) GVW 10-24 Tons 5,302 4,582 6,632 (G/D) GVW > 24 Tons 10,088 6,028 12,826 (G/D) SUB TOTAL 161,747 111,743 204,654 6. DOUBLE GVW < 5 Tons 13,899 9,969 14,404 CABIN (G/D) 4X2 / For all CC 4X4 SUB TOTAL 13,899 9,969 14,404 SALES TOTAL 603,774 83,547 64,710 Year Categories Jan-Apr 2011 1. SEDAN CC [less than or 5,225 TYPE equal to] 1,500 (G/D) 1,501 < CC [less than 4,248 or qual to] 3,000 (G)/2,500 (D) CC > 3,001 232 (G)/2,501 (D) SUB TOTAL 9,705 2. 4X2 CC < 1,500 (G/D) 146,167 TYPE 1,501 < CC [less than 37,350 or qual to] 2,500 (G/D) 2,501 < CC [less than 1,060 or qual to] 3,000 (G) CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501 61 (D) SUB TOTAL 184,638 3. 4X4 CC < 1,500 (G/D) -- TYPE 1,501 < CC [less 899 than or equal to] 3,000 (G)/2,500 (D) CC > 3,001 393 (G)/2,500 (D) SUB TOTAL 1,292 4. BUS GVW 5-10 Tons 826 (G/D) GVW 10-24 Tons 755 (G/D) GVW > 24 Tons -- (G/D) SUB TOTAL 1,581 5. PICK UP GVW < 5 Tons 42,856 /TRUCK (G/D) GVW 5-10 Tons 33,488 (G/D) GVW 10-24 Tons 2,383 (G/D) GVW > 24 Tons 4,367 (G/D) SUB TOTAL 83,094 6. DOUBLE GVW < 5 Tons 6,116 CABIN (G/D) 4X2 / For all CC 4X4 SUB TOTAL 6,116 SALES TOTAL 286,426 Source: Gaikindo/Data Consult Table--7 Ten best selling brands in February and March 2011. Trademarks February 2011 Trademarks March 2011 Toyota Avanza 13,628 Toyota Avanza 16,993 Daihatsu Xenia 5,018 Toyota Kijang Innova 5,293 Toyota Kijang Innova 4,012 Daihatsu Xenia 4,681 Suzuki APV 1,999 Nissan Grand Livina 2,827 Honda Jazz 1,987 Suzuki APV 2,309 Nissan Grand Livina 2,145 Toyota Yaris 2,047 Toyota Yaris 1,793 Toyota Rush 2,028 Toyota Rush 1,525 Daihatsu Terios 2,004 Daihatsu Terios 1,468 Honda CRV 1,741 Nissan March 1,394 Nissan March 1,571 Source : Gaikindo Table--8 Automotive sales by categories, 2005-2010 Year Passenger cars Sedan MPV-SUV Bus Pick Double Total 2005 35,369 328,950 2,292 161,249 6,057 533,917 2006 17,565 204,822 1,561 89,540 5,416 318,904 2007 27,381 287,388 1,700 108,558 8,314 433,341 2008 34,300 390,967 2,861 161,747 13,899 603,774 2009 22,100 337,267 2,469 111,743 9,969 483,548 2010 33,128 508,147 4,177 204,654 14,404 764,710 Jan-Apr 9,705 185,930 1,581 83,094 6,116 286,426 2011 Source : Gaikindo Table--9 Automotive sales by brands, 2008-April 2011 2008 2009 2010 Brands Sales Share Sales Share Sales Share (units) (%) (units) (%) (units) (%) Toyota 211,909 35.1 186,687 38.4 280,680 36.7 Daihatsu 78,041 12.9 77,513 15.9 118,591 15.5 Mitsubishi 67,424 14.5 61,735 12.7 106,483 13.9 Suzuki 73,067 12.1 44,689 9.2 71,210 9.3 Honda 52,500 8.7 39,570 8.1 61,336 8.0 Nissan 31,879 5.3 21,440 4.4 37,542 4.9 Isuzu 25,325 4.2 15,236 3.1 24,012 3.1 Hino 14,227 2.4 11,390 2.3 21,297 2.8 Ford 7,999 1.3 6,348 1.3 8,871 1.2 Kia 3,880 0.6 3,195 0.7 6,550 0.9 Mazda 2,241 0.4 1,542 0.3 6,012 0.8 Mercedes Benz 2,872 0.5 3,450 0.7 4,558 0.6 Chevrolet 2,657 0.4 2,612 0.5 4,508 0.6 Hyundai 3,800 0.6 2,667 0.3 3,583 0.5 UD Nissan Diesel 2,391 0.4 1,298 0.4 2,735 0.4 Proton 1,089 0.2 2,150 0.5 2,126 0.3 Hyundai Truck -- 0.0 2,540 0.2 1,458 0.2 BMW 720 0.1 901 0.1 1,240 0.2 Chery 853 0.1 407 0.0 528 0.1 Volkswagen 200 0.0 176 0.0 384 0.1 Lexus 241 0.0 235 0.0 309 0.0 Foton -- 0.0 27 0.0 158 0.0 Audi 112 0.0 110 0.0 146 0.0 Peugeot 59 0.0 44 0.0 110 0.0 Jeep -- 0.0 -- 0.0 100 0.0 Smart -- 0.0 -- 0.0 60 0.0 Land Rover 52 0.0 32 0.0 56 0.0 Jaguar 39 0.0 35 0.0 37 0.0 Chrysler -- 0.0 -- 0.0 12 0.0 Dodge -- 0.0 = 0.0 8 0.0 Volvo 62 0.0 25 0.0 6 0.0 Bentley -- 0.0 -- 0.0 4 0.0 Subaru 26 0.0 34 0.0 -- 0.0 Domestic Market 603.774 100 486,088 100 764,710 100 Jan--Apr 2011 Brands Sales Share (unit) (%) Toyota 106,554 37.2 Daihatsu 40,894 14.3 Mitsubishi 45,140 15.8 Suzuki 28,704 10.0 Honda 15,735 5.5 Nissan 17,101 6.0 Isuzu 8,892 3.1 Hino 7,139 2.5 Ford 4,758 1.7 Kia 1,423 0.5 Mazda 2,285 9.8 Mercedes Benz 1,374 0.5 Chevrolet 1,650 0.6 Hyundai 1,358 0.5 UD Nissan Diesel 749 0.3 Proton 538 0.2 Hyundai Truck 342 0.1 BMW 461 0.2 Chery 136 0.0 Volkswagen 209 0.1 Lexus 57 0.0 Foton 41 0.0 Audi 98 0.0 Peugeot 41 0.0 Jeep 86 0.0 Smart 120 0.0 Land Rover 21 0.0 Jaguar 17 0.0 Chrysler 21 0.0 Dodge 3 0.0 Volvo 3 0.0 Bentley 1 0.0 Subaru -- 0.0 Domestic Market 286,343 100 Source : Gaikindo Table--10 Exports Automotive Products, 2006-2011 * Year 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 * CBU (unit) 60.267 100.982 56.669 85.796 50.002 CKD (set) 105.642 103.710 53.140 55.624 39.150 Source : Gaikindo * January-June 2011 Table--11 Indonesia's exports of cars (January--June) Month January February March April May June CBU (unit) 8,054 7,645 10,249 7,728 6,022 9,704 CKD (set) 7,504 7,060 8,014 6,782 3,634 6,156 Month Total CBU (unit) 50,002 CKD (set) 39,150 Source : Gaikindo Table--12 Car exports by brands, 2010 Brands Volume Exports (units) Toyota 45,114 Daihatsu 18,886 Suzuki 18,500 Source : ATPM Table--13 Change in import duties Category Import duty CBU CKD Year 2010 Year 2011 Year 2010 Sedan 50 45 15 Type 4x2 45 40 15 Bus 10-40 10-40 15-5 Pick up / truck 10-45 10-40 5-15 Double cabin 4x4 and 4x2 45 40 15 Category Import duty IKD Year 2011 Year 2010 Year 2011 Sedan 10 7.5 7.7-0 Type 4x2 10 7.5 7.5 Bus 10-5 0 0 Pick up / truck 5-10 0-7.5 0-7.5 Double cabin 4x4 and 4x2 10 7.5 7.5 Source: Finance ministry Table--14 Imports of cars in CBU and CKD forms and components, 2006-2011 * Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 CBU (units) 33,663 55,112 72,646 32,678 76,520 CKD (sets) 8,610 -- -- -- -- Components (pieces) 22,080 -- -- -- -- Year 2011 * CBU (units) 22,374 CKD (sets) Components (pieces) Source: Gaikindo * Jan-March 2011 Table--15 Projects in automotive industry, 2010-2013 No. Companies/ countries Investment plan of origin 1 United States Assembling industry 2 Thailand Component industry 3 Malaysia & Singapore Lubricant processing 4 Japan & Singapore Compressor and valve industry 5 Japan Accessories component 6 Japan Electronic 7 Japan Spare part of turbine engine 8 Japan Electronic connector 9 Japan Component 10 Japan Spare part of propelling motor 11 Hong Kong, Japan, Motorcycle equipment and Indonesia spare parts 12 Japan Bearing 13 Japan Spare part 14 Japan & Indonesia Spare parts of turbine engine 15 South Korea Component of 2--wheeler and 4--wheelers 16 China Component of 2--wheelers 17 PMDN Components of 2--wheelers 18 Japan Machines and tools No. Companies/ countries Capacity Investment value of origin 1 United States 50.000 units Rp 1.2 trillion 2 Thailand -- US$ 1.5 million 3 Malaysia & Singapore 60.000 tons US$ 1.2 million 4 Japan & Singapore 1.6 million pieces Rp 15 billion 5 Japan -- US$ 8 million 6 Japan -- US$ 800,000 7 Japan -- US$ 4 million 8 Japan -- US$ 540,000 9 Japan -- US$ 6,5 million 10 Japan -- US$ 634,650 11 Hong Kong, Japan, -- Rp 11.56 billion Indonesia 12 Japan -- US$ 11 million 13 Japan -- US$ 2.3 million 14 Japan & Indonesia -- US$ 13.3 million 15 South Korea -- US$ 2.3 million 16 China -- US$ 300,000 17 PMDN -- Rp 43 billion 18 Japan -- Rp 6.5 trillion No. Companies/ countries Jobs created Locations of origin 1 United States 700 Bekasi 2 Thailand 40 Bekasi 3 Malaysia & Singapore 100 Dumai 4 Japan & Singapore 500 Bekasi 5 Japan 500 Tangerang 6 Japan 200 Bekasi 7 Japan 70 West Java 8 Japan 20 Bekasi 9 Japan 24 Bekasi 10 Japan 43 Surabaya 11 Hong Kong, Japan, 50 Bekasi Indonesia 12 Japan 60 Bekasi 13 Japan 48 Bekasi 14 Japan & Indonesia 586 Bogor 15 South Korea 200 Tangerang 16 China 63 Bekasi 17 PMDN 500 Bekasi 18 Japan 3.437 Karawang Source : BKPM Table--16 Automotive prices increases by Trademark, 2011 Trademarks Price rise Selling price (Rp million ) (Rp million ) Toyota Avanza 2.50-3.25 136.1-171.0 Toyota Kijang Innova 4.00-8.00 184.9-294.1 Toyota Rush 3.50-3.75 195.2-218.5 Toyota Yaris 3.00 184.8-243.9 Daihatsu Xenia 2.00-2.50 115.0-150.0 Honda Jazz 4.00-5.00 198.5-224.0 Nissan Grand Livina 2.00-4.00 169.5-239.0 Suzuki APV 1.00-3.00 134.0-181.5 Source : ATPM
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|Title Annotation:||INDUSTRY PROFILE|
|Comment:||Overview of automotive industry in Indonesia.(INDUSTRY PROFILE)|
|Publication:||Indonesian Commercial Newsletter|
|Date:||Apr 1, 2011|
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