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Overview of automotive industry in Indonesia.

Background

In 2010, automotive vehicles (which includes passenger and commercial vehicles) market was brisker following the recovery of the world's economy from previous year's slump. Automotive sales rose to 764,710 units in 2010 or an increase of 58.1% from 2009. Automotive sales in 2010 hit a new record well above the previous record of 603,774 units in 2008.

The crisis in 2009 adversely affected the country's automotive industry. Based on a report issued by the Association of Indonesian Automotive Industries (Gaikindo) the country's automotive production and sales shrank in 2009. Production fell to 464,816 units in 2009 from 600,628 units in 2008 and sales dropped 19.9% to 483,548 units.

The decline in sales was partly caused by the falling value of the rupiah that caused an increase in the price of cars, forcing many consumers to postpone or cancel plan to buy new cars.

In 2010, the condition improved and the country's automotive production and sales surged. Automotive production rose 51.1 % to 702,508 units.

The cut in Bank Indonesia key rate to 6.5% in August 2009, the lowest since its introduction in July 2005, has contributed to the surge in automotive sales. In addition, automotive manufacturers and sole agents have launched a program of interest subsidy that has helped boost sales.

The automotive market in the country is still dominated by Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV). MPVs are more attractive than sedan cars in Indonesiaas MPVs are subject to a lower tax regime. In addition, major brands such as Toyota Avanza, Daihatsu Xenia, Nissan Grand Livina and Suzuki APV offer small engine capacity ranging from 1,000cc to 1,500cc which is deemed as more fuel efficient. Larger carrying capacity of MPVs is also another pulling factor.

Structure of automotive industry

Characteristics of automotive vehicle industry in Indonesia

Automotive vehicle industry in Indonesia began to grow with the operation of a number of Trademark Holding Sole Agents (ATPM) in the early 1970s under the decisions of the Industry Minister No. 295/1982 and No. 428/1987. ATPM are national companies appointed by the principal manufacturer to exclusively import, promote, distribute and maintain after sales service within a specific jurisdiction.

The Government of Indonesia originally hoped ATPMs would become the embryo of the country's automotive manufacturing industry through a process of transfer of technology using high local content.

However after 30 years, the industry did not change from its original position as the assembling industry still depended heavily on imports for components. There was little progress toward using more local content to create a manufacturing industry.

The goal of developing a manufacturing industry was even blurred with the 1999 deregulation which gave greater freedom for the import of automotive vehicles in Completely Built up (CBU) form. The role of ATPM became irrelevant as many non-ATPMs imported automotive vehicles in CBU form of which ATPMs originally held the monopoly in imports.

After the Government announced that relations between ATPM and their principals were based on business principles without involvement of the government, some of the foreign principals decided to take over control in production of automotive vehicles leaving the ATPM with the distribution task in the domestic market.

Toyota Motor Corp. took over the assembling division of PT. Toyota Astra Motor (TAM) with TAM becoming the distributor of Toyota in 2003. The manufacturing division was under PT. Toyota Manufacturing Indonesia (TMMIN), which is 95% owned by the principal Toyota Motor Corp.

Meanwhile, Suzuki Motor Corporation took over the production division in PT Indomobil Suzuki International after injecting a fresh capital to increase its stake to 90% from 49% earlier with the remaining 10% owned by PT Indomobil Sukses International Tbk.

Trademark holding sole agent (ATPM)

PT Astra International Tbk and PT Indomobil Sukses Internasional Tbk are the two largest automotive companies dominating the automotive market in Indonesia. The two groups have established cooperation's with a number of foreign principals to become ATPMs for several brands in Indonesia.

The Astra Group is the ATPM for several automotive trademarks, both Asian and European, namely Toyota, Daihatsu, Isuzu, UD Trucks, Peugeot, BMW and Lexus. As sole agents for the seven trademarks, Astra Group has a 52.4% share of car market in Indonesia. Among the main trademarks contributing to Astra's control of the market include Toyota Avanza, Innova, Rush, Daihatsu Xenia, Terios, Grandmax and Isuzu Panther.

Similarly, the Indomobil Group is the ATPM for both Asian and European trademarks, namely Nissan, Volvo, Volkswagen, Renault, Audi, Hino Trucks, Volvo Trucks, Renault Trucks, Suzuki, Great Wall, Infiniti and Foton (light truck). Among the brands, Indomobil has a 17.3% share of car market in Indonesia. Brands with major contribution to the total car sales by Indomobil in Indonesia include Nissan Grand Livina, Suzuki APV and Suzuki Carry-Futura.

Other ATPMs outside the two large groups include among others, PT Ford Motor Indonesia for Ford cars, PT GM Auto World Indonesia for Chevrolet and PT KIA Mobil Indonesia for Kia.

China automotive manufacturers have also begun to tap the domestic market aggressively. Apart from Chery, there is Foton with two ATPMs--PT Indobuana Autoraya (Indomobil Group) for Foton Light Trucks and PT Foton Mobilindo (Modern Group) for Foton buses, MPV and heavy duty trucks.

Other Chinese automotive manufactures include Geely, a Chinese top car maker entering Indonesia towards the end of 2010, with PT Geely Mobil Indonesia as its ATPM; and Great Wall (Indomobil Group), which made its appearance in the country more recently offering commercial vehicles through PT Wahana Inti Central Mobilindo (Indomobil Group)

There are two main categories of automotive products in Indonesia--passenger and commercial vehicles. Passenger vehicles include Sedan, MPV, SUV, Hatchback 4x2 and SUV 4x4 and each could be divided further by engine capacity.

Commercial vehicles consist of three types--Buses, Pick Ups/Trucks and Double Cabin 4x2/4x4 each categorized by Gross Vehicle Weight.

Production capacity

Some ATPMs still have double functions--as producer and distributor, but some have been split into manufacturing company and marketing company such as in the case of PT Toyota Astra Motor, which now handles only sales with the manufacturing division taken over by PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia (TMMIN) since July 2003. TMMI is 95% owned by Toyota Motor Corporation and 5% by PT Astra Internasional.

Meanwhile, Suzuki Motor Corporation has also increase its stake in PT Indomobil Suzuki International which is the ATPM for Suzuki in Indonesia. PT Indomobil Suzuki International now handles the manufacturing division and distribution is handled by PT Indomobil Niaga International.

Some ATPM have no assembling facility such as PT Tjahja Sakti Motor which is the sole agent for BMW, PT Astra France Motor for Peugeot, PT Foton Mobilindo for Foton, etc. Their automotive vehicles are assembled by other companies like PT Gaya Motor which is not an ATPM or by other ATPMs as affiliate in the same company group.

Toyota Manufacturing Indonesia (TMMIN) has the largest production capacity among the automotive manufacturers in the country with production capacity of 170,000 units/year in 2010. PT. Astra Daihatsu Motor and Nissan Motor Company have production capacity of 143,000 units/year and 52,000 units/year respectively.

Production up rapidly in 2011

In 2010, the country's production of automotive vehicles rose fast to follow the global and domestic economic recovery. Consumers who had postponed plans to buy new automotive vehicle in 2009 began to buy in 2010. The growing demand boosted production that surged 51.1% to 702,508 units in 2010.

Considerable increase in production was recorded in almost all automotive vehicles in all categories in 2010. The MPV / SUV / Hatchback 4x2 category continued to lead in production which recorded 477,252 units out of a total of 702,508 units. Automotive production in 2011 is growing fast with production in January-April 2011 reaching 264,364

Sales in 2011 expected to exceed 2010

Automotive sales surged in 2010, hitting a new record at 764,710 units, after a sharp 19.9% fall to 483,548 units in 2009 from 603,774 units in 2008. The increase was partly attributable to the steady cut of Bank Indonesia's key rate (BI rate) to 6.5%. The interest subsidy program offered by automotive industry players also contributed to revival of the market.

In 2010, sales of MPV and SUV 4x2 types of automotive accounted for 504,510 units of the total automotive sales in the country with Pick Ups/Trucks contributing 204,654 units.

An automotive sale in 2011 is growing fast. As at end of April 2011, sales reached 37.5% of total sales in 2010.

Tight competition in sales early 2011

In 2011, automotive market remained brisk. The economic growth (which exceeded 6% in 2010), the strengthening of the rupiah against the US dollar and relatively low interest rate are factors driving sales since the start of 2011. Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs, Hatta Rajasa, said the faster economic growth in the first three months of 2011, and indicated that the purchasing power of the people remained strong. According to the Central Statistic Agency (BPS), the country's economy expanded 6.5% in the first quarter of this year. Improved purchasing power of the people contributed to increase in car sales in the first quarter of the year.

Toyota, Daihatsu and Nissan are among the best selling brands in March 2011. Toyota maintained the largest market share spearheaded by Avanza, Innova, Yaris and Rush. Daihatsu came up with Xenia and Terios, and Nissan with Grand Livina and Nissan March, a new comer in the Hatchback market, showed an impressive growth in sales .

Data from Gaikindo showed that in March, Daihatsu Xenia was relegated by Kijang Innova in sales. Sales of Kijang Innova reached 5,293 units against Daihatsu Xenia 4,681 units. Toyota Avanza maintained strong lead with sales sreaching 16,993 units.

Sales of Xenia in February were 5,018 units, down from 6,619 units in January. Meanwhile, sales of Kijang Innova reached 5,293 units in March, or a significant increase from 4,012 units in February after sliding from 5,158 units in January.

Noteworthy was the sharp growth recorded in the sales of Nissan Grand Livina in March 2011 pushing it up to the top four from the top six among its classes in February with sales of 2,552 units, pushing aside Suzuki APV which had sales of 2,309 units.

Nissan Grand Livina, which entered the Indonesian market in 2007 remained the star performer for Nissan in the MPV market this year. In 2010 its sales totaled 22,560 units.

Hoping to grab a larger share of the market in 2011, Nissan came up with a face lift for Grand Livina, expecting to post sales of 2,000 units per month. Nissan also offers Nissan X-Trail to remain competitive in the SUV market in Indonesia. In 2010, sales of Nissan X trail reached 4,682 units.

Nissan recently launched Nissan March, which made its first appearance in the Indonesian market in December 2010, to maintain lead in the hatchback market. For 1st quarter 2011, sales for Nissan March reached 4,894 units or 26% of the Hatchback segment in Indonesia.

In the first quarter of 2010, sales of Honda cars reached 13,364 units, as compared to 13,679 units in the same period in 2011. Sales of Honda Jazz reached 4,674 units or 25% market share in the hatchback segment

Honda Freed, a new star performer of Honda, expected to push up the total sales of Honda car in the country. In March 2011, sales of Honda Freed reached 1,454 units, up 58% from the previous month of only 915 units. Previously Honda had relied more on its CRV model, the sales of which reached 1,741 units in March 2011.

Market dominated by MPV

Seven seat MPV model are the best sellers in Indonesia based on a number of factors--lower in price due to the tax regime, more fuel efficient and larger in seat capacity.

Almost all ATPMs in Indonesia have a share in the MPV automotive market. TAM still leads in the MPV car market spearheaded by its Toyota Kijang, followed by Toyota Avanza, and Daihatsu Xenia, which are produced in cooperation with affiliate Astra Daihatsu Motors (ADM).

Nissan Grand Livina has contributed significantly to increase in the domination of MPV in the country's automotive market. A sale of Grand Livina has seen good growth and it is close to becoming one of the top 3 brands. Meanwhile, Suzuki relies on its APV type to keep market foothold in the country and Isuzu still relies on Isuzu Panther in the market of medium MPV competing with Kijang Innova.

A number of brands entered the market with the luxurious full size type like Toyota Alphard, Nissan Elgrand and VW Caravelle although they have managed to grab only a small share of the automotive market.

Apart from MPVs, SUVs have also managed to attract many buyers Almost all brands have their respective SUV model.

Domestic sales in 2010 were dominated by MPV and SUV with total sales of 508,147 units or a market share of 66.5% in the country.

Toyota maintains strong lead in automotive market

Toyota

Toyota is still the market leader with total sales of 280,680 units in 2010, or a market share of 36.7% in Indonesia.

Toyota Avanza was the largest contribution to total sales with 141,799. Toyota Innova also contributed strongly with sales of 53,824 units, Toyota Rush with 18,420 units and Toyota Yaris with 16,979 units.

Daihatsu

Daihatsu has the second largest market share of 15.5% in 2010 with sales of 118,591 units. Daihatsu Xenia was the largest contributor with sales of 65,901 units, followed by Daihatsu Terios with sales of 16,483 units.

Mitsubishi

PT Krama Yudha Tiga Berlian Motors (KTB), the ATPM for Mitsubishi in Indonesia recorded sales of 106,483 units in 2010. Mitsubishi has succeeded in retaining the largest share in the market of commercial automotive vehicles such as Pick-Ups and Trucks.

Honda

PT Honda Prospect Motor (HPM), the ATPM for Honda recorded sales of 61,336 units in 2010 with additional sales in exports of 4,200 units of Honda Freed to other Asean countries including Thailand, Singapore and Brunei Darussalam.

Honda Jazz is its largest contributor with sales totaling 22,560 units in 2010. Honda CR-V also contributed a substantial portion with sales totaling 16,961 units in 2010.

Suzuki

PT. Suzuki Indomobil Sales (SIS) recorded sales of Suzuki cars totaling 71,210 units in 2010 or an increase of 59.3% from 44,689 units in 2009.

Suzuki continues to concentrate more on lower segment of the market spearheaded by APV and small automotive vehicles like Karimun Estilo and Swift.

In 2011, PT. SIS plans to come up with a new product named Suzuki Splash to go along with Swift and Karimun Estilo in the Hatchback market segment with a selling price of Rp150 million. This Hatchback is imported in CBU form from India and is priced higher compared with Karimun Estilo's Rp 127 million.

Nissan

PT Nissan Motor Indonesia (NMI) reported sales of Nissan automotives vehicles at a record high in 2010 with sales of 37,542 units, up 75.1% from the previous year. Sales of Nissan automotives were spearheaded by its Livina model with sales of 22,560 units. Other Nissan products are Nissan X-Trail and the new Nissan March (Hatchback)

In addition to Livina models of Livina XR, Livina X-Gear, Grand Livina, Grand Livina Ultimate and Grand Livina Higway Star, PT NMI also has Nissan X-Trail (SUV), Nissan Serena (MPV), Frontier Navara (double cab), Nissan Latio (hatchback), Nissan New Teana (sedan) and its latest Hatchback product Nissan March.

In three successive months from January to March, 2011 Nissan March led in sales with the Hatchback segment. Based on Gaikindo data, since its launch in December 2010 until March 2011, sales of Nissan March totaled 4,894 units while Suzuki Splash sales totaled 1,609 units and Suzuki Karimun Estilo totaled 1,118 units.

Sales of Nissan automotive vehicles in 2011 are forecasted to rise again with new MPV products such as Nissan Elgrand and Nissan Juke.

Exports growing in 2011

Generally, Indonesia's exports of automotive products in early 2011 showed a significant increase compared to a year earlier. Exports have exceeded imports in number in the past two years. The growing exports followed the increase in the country's production capacity.

M. Rusdi Sudirman, the general chairman of the Association of the Indonesian Motor Vehicle Industries, said Indonesia ranks third among automotive market in Asean after Thailand and Malaysia. The country has become a net exporter of cars.

In 2007, exports of vehicles in CBU form totaled 60,267 units. The exports continued to rise in the following years excepting in 2009 when exports fell as a result of the global financial crisis. In 2010, exports of vehicles in CBU totaled 85,796 units. In the first half of 2011, exports already reached 50,002 units.

In the first half of the year car exports were relatively stable despite a decline in April and May as a result of the tsunami in Japan. A number of major Japanese car makers in Indonesia earlier planned exports to that country.

Car exports by Indonesia to various countries in the world have been dominated by Japanese brands--Toyota, Daihatsu and Suzuki.

Toyota Indonesia, the largest exporter suffered a setback with exports shrinking 51.7% to 6,740 units in he second quarter of 2011 compared with 13,973 units in the same period last year. However, cumulatively in the first half of the year, exports by Toyota Indonesia rose 46.9% to 26,050 units, from 17,731 units.

PT Astral Daihatsu Motor (ADM) was also hit hard by the impact of tsunami. Exports of Daihatsu Granmax to Japan were postponed. In 2010, ADM exported 16,422 units of Granmax.

PT Suzuki Indomobil Sales (SIS) fared better as its exports have been mainly to non Japan countries including Latin America, Middle East and Thailand, dominated by Suzuki APV.

Car exports in 2010 were still dominated by Toyota which recorded exports totaling 45,114 units, followed by Daihatsu with exports of 18,886 units and Suzuki 18,500 units.

Based on data available from PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing Indonesia (TMMIN), which assembles Toyota cars in Indonesia, Fortuner cars accounted for 39.3% or 10,251 units of its total exports in 2010, followed by Innova totaling 9,284 units, Avanza 5,087 unit, and Rush 1,428 units.

TMMIN sets higher export target by 20$-30% in 2011 from last year's 45,126 units. Its main export destinations are ASEAN, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, South Africa, Tahiti, Nigeria, Mauritius, Pakistan, and Mexico

Imports of cars in CBO form rise again

According to data at Gaikindo, imports of cars in CBU (completely built up) form shrank 55% in 2009 to 32,678 units from 72,646 units in the previous year. The decline was a result of the global financial crisis as well as weak demand on the domestic market especially for sedan cars. Imports have been dominated by sedan cars. Many domestic consumers were interested in multipurpose vehicles (MPV).

In 2010, imports of cars in CBU forms began to rise again reaching 76,520 units with the recovery of the global economy including domestic market. In addition, imports rose as a result of a cut in the import duty.

A regulation of the finance minister No 241 of 2010 on goods classification and import duties on 22 December 2010 reduced the import duties on vehicles by 510 percentage points

The import duty on sedan cars in CBU form was reduced from 50% to 45% effective in January 2011. The import duty on MPV 4x2 in CBU form was reduced to 40% from 45%. Imports of MPV of the premium class are expected to increase in 2011 for rich consumers.

So far cars imported in CBU form are only those not yet produced domestically. All types of sedan cars have been imported in CBU form from Thailand. Car imports into Indonesia are dominated by Thailand, South Korea, Japan, China, Malaysia, and a number of European countries.

The market of luxurious car with engine capacity of more than 3,000 cc is dominated by Japanese brands. No local factory produces car with engine capacity of more than 3,000 cc.

PT. Toyota Astra Motor (TAM), a producer of Toyota cars in the country imports growing number of luxurious Toyota cars with cylindrical capacity of more than 3,000 cc from its principal in Japan. In mid 2008, TAM imported Toyota Alphard and Harrier from Japan into Indonesia. Previously imports have been made only by general importers.

In 2009, TAM, reported a surge in sales of imported cars. Its sales of Corolla Altis rose from 105 units in September to 227 units. Its sales of Vios and Limo imported from Thailand totaled 938 units, up from 811 units in September. A surge was also recorded in sales of Toyota Camry, from 105 units to 227 units. Increase in the sales of cars in CBU form followed shortage in supply of Camry, Corolla, Limo and Yaris several months previously.

PT Nissan Motor Indonesia (NMI) is expanding market to premium segment after it has become a sole agent for Infiniti, a brand of Nissan's premium product. Infinity cars started to enter the domestic market in March 2011 offering models of FX (SUV), M (sedan) and G (coupe), with Sole retailer PT Wahana Wirawan. In the first phase sales were only in Jakarta.

Units will be imported in CBU form from Japan utilizing the facility provided under the Indonesia-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (IJ-EPA). The cars with engine capacity of more than 3,000 cc will be slapped with an import duty of 4% reduced from 6% in 2010. In 2012, the import duty will be 0%. The price is cheaper than other cars in its class.

In 2010, car imports in CBU form rose to 76,250 units, up from 32,678 units in 2009.

Interest growing in investment in automotive industry in 2011 in Indonesia

Investors from 8 countries plan to invest a total of Rp 8.3 trillion in the automotive industry which are expected to be implemented in 2011. The projects would create 7,140 jobs.

Deputy Chief of the Indonesia Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) Teuku Otman Rasyid said so far 18 new investors from the 8 countries have indicated interest in investing in the automotive industry.

They plan to build new factories in Indonesia producing automotive components. Japanese investors initiated the largest investment. One of them plans to invest up to Rp 6.5 trillion to produce machine tools, cover cylinder heads and timing chain covers. The factory is to be built in Karawang, West Java and it will create 3,437 jobs.

Another Japanese investor plans to produce components and piston spare parts for turbine engine machine with an investment of US$ 13,340,000. The factory is to be built in Bogor, West Java and is expected to create 586 jobs. Investors from Japan and Singapore will cooperate to produce compressors and valves with a capacity of 1.6 million units. The project will cost around Rp 15 billion to build a facility in Bekasi, West Java, and is expected to create 500 jobs.

Other Japanese investors plans to produce automotive accessories, bearings and other automotive components, and electronic components with locations in Bekasi, West Java, Tangerang, Banten and Surabaya, East Java.

Some of Japanese investors plan to team up with other foreign investors such as from Singapore and the United States and local investors.

Meanwhile, a local investor planned to invest Rp 43.1 billion to produce automotive components and spare parts. The investor plans to build its factory in Bekasi and the factory is expected to create 500 jobs.

A Chinese investor plans to build a component plant with an investment of US$300,000 in Bekasi that is expected to create 63 jobs.

Government policy

The Government plans to ban private automotive vehicles from using subsidized oil fuel (BBM) and the implementation of progressive taxation on automotives are feared to put a brake on sales of automotives in 2011. Industrialists, however, remain optimistic that sales will continue to scale up in 2011.

The Government plans to ban private automotive vehicles from using subsidized BBM, premium gasoline and automotive diesel oil (ADO) in 2011. The regulation is to be implemented through phases. Starting from the Greater Jakarta area followed by other regions in Java, and Bali and other Indonesian regions, Implementation of the regulation was to start in March 2011 in the Greater Jakarta area to be followed by other regions in Java, and Bali and other Indonesian regions.

The subsidy cut constituted an implementation of the Law No. 10/2010 on 2011 state budget which requires the Government to regulate the use of subsidized oil fuel (BBM) by phases. Based on the 2011 state budget, the quota of subsidized BBM is 38.6 million kiloliters.

Gaikindo has accepted the regulation. Johnny Darmawan, a chairman of Gaikindo, however, asked the Government to be more prudent by not implementing the regulation at the same time with the imposition of the progressive taxation system.

Mr. Darmawan said the taxation issue would be a negative factor for the growth of automotive industry. The positive factors are stable foreign exchange rate, interest rate and increase in economic growth. The Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Kadin) said that the automotive industry will be one of the economic growth drivers in 2011.

The transportation and communications sector will continue to chalk up the highest growth. In 2011, the sector is forecast to grow 13.0%-14.3%.

Expansion of sales networks

PT Honda Prospect Motor (HPM) plans to expand its distribution networks by establishing a number of new dealers in 2011. The company plans to have 17 new dealers to support its marketing drives in 2011.

Around Rp 16 billion will be needed to establish a new dealer or around Rp 272 billion for 17 dealers.

The expansion of the distribution networks is expected to boost sales and allow the company to fully utilize its capacity of 50,000 units of cars a year.

Currently HPM operate in 2.5 shifts to be able to serve growing orders in waiting list for CR-V and Jazz.

Meanwhile, PT Astra Daihatsu Motor (ADM) will have 25 new dealers until the end of this year bringing the number of its dealers to 168 units. Suparno Djasmin, the chief executive officer of PT Astra International Tbk (AI) Daihatsu Sales Operation, said opening a new unit of dealer will cost around Rp 10 billion.

PT Suzuki Indomobil Sales (SIS) the ATPM for Suzuki automotives in Indonesia has opened a new sales outlet Suzuki Armada of Musi branch in Central Jakarta.

The network is expanding in cooperation with a partner PT Armada Perkasa Mobilindo (APM) of the New Armada Group. Suzuki Armada of Musi branch is the 13th sales (1S) outlet of SIS in the Greater Jakarta area and the 70th across the country.

Yoshiji Terada, the president of SIS said currently the marketing network of Suzuki is supported by 131 outlets of sales, spare part and service (3S). In total, SIS has 201 outlets including 1S and 3S in 2011.

Prices.

The cut in import duties on car parts and cars in CBU from in 2011 will not immediately result in a decline in car selling prices of cars in CBU form and CKD form as it came at the same time with an increase in the fee for the transfer of car ownership (BBN) and taxes on motor vehicles.

The plan to ban private cars from using subsidized BBM on January 1, 2011 and the increase in the price of non subsidized BBM on May 1, 2011 forced producers and ATPM to think twice to cut the prices in 2011.

The regulation of the finance minister No. 241/PMK.011/2010 (PMK 241) cut the import duty on CBU automotive vehicles from 50% to 40% and the import duty on parts for the production CKD to 10% from 15% earlier.

A chairman of Gaikindo Jongkie Sugiarto said the cut in the import duties would not have much effect as the country's automotive industry has a strong foundation.

Marketing director of Kia Mobil Indonesia (KMI) Hartanto Sukmono said the impact of tax on capital goods is insignificant compared to the impact of an increase in the sales tax on automotive.

KMI produces KIA cars in its factory in Pulogadung with 90% of components imported from South Korea and other countries.

Amelia Tjandra, the marketing director of Astra Daihatsu Motor (ADM) said the rise and fall of import duties have little effect on the price of automotives produced by ADM as most of their components are locally produced. Local components make up almost 85% of the components of ADM cars, therefore, an increase or a cut in import duties would have little effect on its selling prices.

A number of producers among ATPMs have raised their selling prices in early 2011. The price of Toyota Avanza was raised by Rp 2.5 million--Rp 3.25 million each and the price of Toyota Innova increased by Rp 4 million--Rp 8 million.

The prices of Daihatsu Xenia, one of the best selling brand, rose Rp 2 million-Rp 2.5 million to Rp 115 million--Rp150 million; the price of Honda Jazz increased Rp 4 million--Rp 5 million to Rp 198.5million--Rp 224 million and price of Nissan Grand Livina rose Rp 2million--Rp 4 million to Rp 169,5 million--Rp 239 million.

Prospects and Conclusion

The automotive sector has become a major sector of the Indonesian economy. Amid the global financial crisis, the sector continued to grow, which has help to prop up the country's sagging manufacturing sector. GDP per capita in Indonesia has seen double-digit growth over the past 5 years and the trend is expected to continue over the next 3 years.

In the second semester of 2009, the country's automotive industry began to recover from the impact of the devastating crisis that started in 2008. In 2009, automotive sales shrank before surging back in 2010 to hit an all time record in sales.

Automotive sales in Indonesia are dominated by passenger vehicles, particularly in the MPV type segment. Passenger vehicles contributed 75% to the country's total automotive sales with commercial cars accounting for the rest. In total, automotive sales in Indonesia are dominated by MPV. Toyota has maintained its lead in the market among the brands with a market share of 36.7% in 2010, followed by Daihatsu and Mitsubishi, with market shares of 15.5% and 13.9% respectively. Eventhough Mitsubishi is not the major player on passenger cars market, but it dominated the commercial cars market through its brands, Mitsubishi L300, Colt Diesel and Fuso.

In 2011, automotive sales are forecasted to grow further in the country. In the first nine months of 2010, Indonesia and Thailand had a market share of 30% each in the Asean market with Malaysia having a market share of 24.9%. Thailand has been the market leader so far.

Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia are by far the main automotive manufacturer and largest market in Asean.

The keen interest shown by Chinese automotive manufacturer such as Foton, Geely, Great Wall and Chery, which made its appearance earlier in Indonesia, indicated that the country's automotive industry may draw more investors. China apparently has learned from the failure suffered several years ago by its motorcycle industry on producing poor quality into the country. All the Chinese automakers entering the market in Indonesia are big companies who have good reputation not only in China but also in a number of other countries.

Partnership with large company groups such as Indomobil Group in the country indicates that Chinese automotive products have been accepted by the market in the country.

The new tax regulation and BBM subsidy policy may put a brake on the fast growing automotives industry, but high growth is still expected in the coming years.

The quake triggered tsunami destroying big factories including automotive component factories in Japan is feared to cause a setback as the country's automotive industry still depends much on imports from Japan for certain types of main components. Toyota already announced that production might be cut by 50% all over the world.
Table--1

Automotive Production and Sales 2008--2010

Year                 2008      2009      2010      Jan-Apr 2011

Production (units)   600,628   464,816   702,508   264,364
Sales (units)        603,774   483,548   764,710   286,426

Source : Gaikindo

Table--2

List of Gaikindo members of automotive companies

No.   Companies                          Trademarks

1     ATPM
1     PT Astra Daihatsu Motor            Daihatsu
2     PT Astra Nissan Diesel Indonesia   UD Trucks
3     PT Auto Euro Indonesia             Renault
4     PT Central Sole Agency             Volvo
5     PT Ford Motor Indonesia            Ford
6     PT Foton Mobilindo                 Foton
7     PT Garuda Mataram Motor            Audi / VW
8     PT GM Auto World Indonesia         Chevrolet
9     PT Grand Auto Dinamika             Jaguar
10    PT Honda Prospect Motor            Honda
11    PT Hyundai Indonesia Motor         Hyundai
12    PT Indobuana Autoraya              Foton Truck
13    PT Isuzu Astra Motor Indonesia     Isuzu
14    PT Java Motors                     Land Rover
15    PT Kia Mobil Indonesia             Kia
16    PT Krama Yudha Tiga                Mitsubishi
      Berlian Motors
17    PT Mazda Motor Indonesia           Mazda
18    PT Proton Edar Indonesia           Proton
19    PT Suzuki Indomobil Motor          Suzuki
20    PT TC Subaru                       Subaru
21    PT Tjahja Sakti Motor              BMW
22    PT Korindo Heavy Industry          Hyundai Truck
23    PT Garasindo Inter Global          Dodge, Chrysler, Jeep
24    PT Geely Mobil Indonesia           Geely
25    PT Duta Putera Sumatera            Man Truck
      (Sun Motor)
26    PT Hino Motor Sales Indonesia      Hino

      DISTRIBUTORS

1     PT Astra International Tbk--       Peugeot
      Peugeot sales operation
2     PT BMW Indonesia                   BMW
3     PT Mercedes Benz Distribution      Mercedes Benz, Smart
      Indonesia
4     PT Nissan Motor Distribotor        Nissan
      Indonesia
5     PT Toyota Astra Motor              Toyota
6     PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing      Toyota
      Indonesia
7     PT Unicor Prima Motor              Hino

      MANUFACTURERS

1     PT Astra Daihatsu Motor            Daihatsu
2     PT Astra Nissan Diesel Indonesia   UD Trucks
3     PT BMW Indonesia                   BMW
4     PT Foton Mobil Indonesia           Foton
5     PT Gaya Motor (Assembler)          Daihatsu, Peugeot, BMW, Isuzu
6     PT Hino Motor Manufacturing        Hino
      Indonesia
7     PT Honda Prospects Motor           Honda
8     PT Hyundai Indonesia Motor         Hyundai
9     PT Isuzu Astra Motor Indonesia     Isuzu
10    PT Kia Mobil Indonesia             Kia
11    PT Krama Yudha Ratu Motors         Mitsubishi
12    PT Krama Yudha Tiga Berlian        Mitsubishi
      Motors
13    PT Mercedes Benz Indonesia         Mercedes Benz
14    PT Mesin Isuzu Indonesia           Isuzu
15    PT Mitsubishi Krama Yudha          Mitsubishi
      Motor & Manufacturing
16    PT Nissan Motor Indonesia          Nissan
17    PT Suzuki Indomobil Motor          Suzuki
18    PT Toyota Motor Manufacturing      Toyota
      Indonesia
19    PT Trijaya Union                   Mitsubishi
20    PT Korindo Heavy Industry          Hyundai Truck

Source : Gaikindo

Table--3

Types of automotive vehicles by categories

Categories of passenger
vehicles

Sedan                       Cc [less than or equal to] 1.5 lt (G/D)
                            1.5 lt < cc [less than or equal to] 3.0 lt
                            (G)/2.5(D)
                            Cc > 3.0 lt (G) /2.5 (D)
MPV / SUV / Hatchback 4x2   Cc < 1.5 lt (G/D)
                            1.5 lt < cc [less than or equal to] 2.5 lt
                            (G/D)
                            2.5 lt < cc [less than or equal to] 3.0 lt
                            (G)
                            Cc > 3.0 lt (G) /2.5 (D)
SUV 4x4                     Cc < 1.5 lt (G/D)
                            1.5 lt < cc [less than or equal to] 3.0 lt
                            (G) /2.5 (D)
                            Cc > 3.0 lt (G) /2.5 (D)

Bus                         GVW 5-10 tons (G/D)
                            GVW 10-24 tons (G/D)
                            GVW > 24 tons (G/D)
Pick Up / Truck             GVW < 5 tons (G/D)
                            GVW 5-10 tons (G/D)
                            GVW 10-24 tons (G/D)
                            GVW > 24 tons (G/D)
Double Cabin 4x2 / 4x4      GVW < 5 tons (G/D) For all cc

Source: Gaikindo

Note lt = liters; G = Gasoline; D = Diesel

Table--4

Automotive assembling companies and production capacity

No.   Companies                    Year of         Status
                                   establishment

1     PT ASTRA DAIHATSU MOTOR      1978            PMA

2     PT ASTRA NISSAN              1984            PMA
      DIESEL INDONESIA
3     PT GAYA MOTOR (ASSEMBLER)    1969            PMDN

4     PT HINO MOTOR                1982            PMA
      MANUFACTURING INDONESIA
5     PT HONDA PROSPECTS MOTOR     1976            PMA
6     PT HYUNDAI INDONESIA MOTOR   1996            PMA
7     PT ISUZU ASTRA               1975            PMA
      MOTOR INDONESIA
8     PT KIA MOBIL INDONESIA       1999            PMA
9     PT KRAMA YUDHA RATU MOTORS   1975            PMDN
10    PT MERCEDES BENZ INDONESIA   1970            PMA
11    PT MESIN ISUZU INDONESIA     1991            PMA
12    PT NISSAN MOTOR INDONESIA    1995            PMA
13    PT SUZUKI INDOMOBIL MOTOR    1970            PMA
14    PT TOYOTA MOTOR              1971            PMA
      MANUFACTURING INDONESIA
15    PT KORINDO HEAVY INDUSTRY    2007            PMA

No.   Companies                    Brand                Production
                                                        capacity
                                                        (units/year)

1     PT ASTRA DAIHATSU MOTOR      DAIHATSU             143,000

2     PT ASTRA NISSAN              UD TRUCKS              6,500
      DIESEL INDONESIA
3     PT GAYA MOTOR (ASSEMBLER)    DAIHATSU, PEUGEOT,    60,000
                                   BMW, ISUZU,
                                   NISSAN DIESEL
                                   FOTON
4     PT HINO MOTOR                HINO                  35,000
      MANUFACTURING INDONESIA
5     PT HONDA PROSPECTS MOTOR     HONDA                 50,000
6     PT HYUNDAI INDONESIA MOTOR   HYUNDAI               10,000
7     PT ISUZU ASTRA               ISUZU                n.a
      MOTOR INDONESIA
8     PT KIA MOBIL INDONESIA       KIA                  n.a
9     PT KRAMA YUDHA RATU MOTORS   MITSUBISHI           120,000
10    PT MERCEDES BENZ INDONESIA   MERCEDES-BENZ          8,000
11    PT MESIN ISUZU INDONESIA     ISUZU                 43,000
12    PT NISSAN MOTOR INDONESIA    NISSAN                52,000
13    PT SUZUKI INDOMOBIL MOTOR    SUZUKI               120,000
14    PT TOYOTA MOTOR              TOYOTA               170,000
      MANUFACTURING INDONESIA
15    PT KORINDO HEAVY INDUSTRY    HYUNDAI TRUCK          4,500

Source : Data Consult


PMA: Foreign Investment

PMDN: Domestic Investment
Table--5

Production of automotive vehicles in Indonesia, 2005-Apr 2011
(units)

                                                       YEAR
CATEGORY                                      2005      2006      2007

1. SEDAN TYPE   CC [less than or equal       2,595       898       502
                to] 1,500 (G/D)
                1,501 < CC [less than        3,622     1,065       897
                or equal to] 3,000
                (G)/2,500 (D)
                CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501 (D)        11        45       171
   SUB TOTAL                                 6,228     2,008     1,570

2. 4X2 TYPE     CC < 1,500 (G/D)           185,485   131,817   192,278
                1,501 < CC [less than or   138,212    65,526    89,487
                equal to] 2,500 (G/D)
                2,501 < CC [less than or     2,637     6,333    20,569
                equal to] 3,000 (G)
                CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501 (D)        --        --        --
   SUB TOTAL                               326,334   203,676   302,334

3. 4X4 TYPE     CC < 1,500 (G/D)                --        --        --
                1,501 < CC [less than or        --       192       969
                equal to] 3,000
                (G)/2,500 (D)
                CC > 3,001 (G)/2,500 (D)        28       445     4,335
   SUB TOTAL                                    28       637     5,304

4. BUS          GVW   5-10    Tons           1,235       831       889
                             (G/D)
                GVW   10-24   Tons           1,194       423       787
                              (G/D)
                GVW   > 24    Tons              --        --        --
   SUB TOTAL                                 2,429     1,254     1,676
                              (G/D)

5. PICK UP      GVW   < 5     Tons          99,536    49,964    51,931
                              (G/D)
   /TRUCK       GVW   5-10    Tons          57,599    32,969    40,209
                             (G/D)
                GVW   10-24   Tons           3,969     3,321     3,070
                              (G/D)
                GVW   > 24    Tons           4,587     2,179     5,544
                              (G/D)
   SUB TOTAL                               165,691    88,433   100,754

6. DOUBLE       GVW    < 5 Tons (G/D)           --        --        --
   CABIN        For all CC
   4X2/4X4

   SUB TOTAL                                    --        --        --
PRODUCTION TOTAL                           500,710   296,008   411,638

CATEGORY                                     2008      2009      2010

1. SEDAN TYPE  CC [less than or equal       2,681        77        --
               to] 1,500 (G/D)
               1,501 < CC [less than        2,991     2,084     3,900
               or equal to] 3,000
               (G)/2,500 (D)
               CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501 (D)       251       206       181
   SUB TOTAL                                5,923     2,367     4,081

2. 4X2 TYPE    CC < 1,500 (G/D)           285,125   264,447   358,838
               1,501 < CC [less than or   106,937    71,600   100,491
               equal to] 2,500 (G/D)
               2,501 < CC [less than or    23,935    10,198    17,923
               equal to] 3,000 (G)
               CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501 (D)        --        --        --
   SUB TOTAL                              415,997   346,245   477,252

3. 4X4 TYPE    CC < 1,500 (G/D)                --        --        --
               1,501 < CC [less than or     5,236     2,978    13,029
               equal to] 3,000
               (G)/2,500 (D)
               CC > 3,001 (G)/2,500 (D)     4,267       582     2,162
   SUB TOTAL                                9,503     3,560    15,191

4. BUS         GVW   5-10    Tons           1,788     1,038     2,076
                             (G/D)
               GVW   10-24   Tons           1,168     1,290     2,030
                             (G/D)
               GVW   > 24    Tons              --        --        --
   SUB TOTAL                                2,956     2,328     4,106
                             (G/D)

5. PICK UP     GVW   < 5     Tons          84,917    54,550   101,648
                             (G/D)
   /TRUCK      GVW   5-10    Tons          66,120    45,487    80,809
                             (G/D)
               GVW   10-24   Tons           5,162     4,432     6,608
                             (G/D)
               GVW   > 24    Tons          10,050     5,847    12,613
                             (G/D)
   SUB TOTAL                              166,249   110,316   201,878

6. DOUBLE      GVW    < 5 Tons (G/D)           --        --        --
   CABIN       For all CC
   4X2/4X4

   SUB TOTAL                                   --        --        --
PRODUCTION TOTAL                          600,628   464,816   702,508

                                               YEAR

CATEGORY                                   Jan-Apr 2011

1. SEDAN TYPE   CC [less than or equal          86
                to] 1,500 (G/D)
                1,501 < CC [less than        1,302
                or equal to] 3,000
                (G)/2,500 (D)
                CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501 (D)        69
   SUB TOTAL                                 1,457

2. 4X2 TYPE     CC < 1,500 (G/D)           134,065
                1,501 < CC [less than or    30,211
                equal to] 2,500 (G/D)
                2,501 < CC [less than or     6,988
                equal to] 3,000 (G)
                CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501 (D)        --
   SUB TOTAL                               171,264

3. 4X4 TYPE     CC < 1,500 (G/D)                --
                1,501 < CC [less than or     6,714
                equal to] 3,000
                (G)/2,500 (D)
                CC > 3,001 (G)/2,500 (D)     1,409
   SUB TOTAL                                 8,123

4. BUS          GVW   5-10    Tons             856
                              (G/D)
                GVW   10-24   Tons             895
                              (G/D)
                GVW   > 24    Tons              --
   SUB TOTAL                                 1,751
                              (G/D)

5. PICK UP      GVW   < 5     Tons          41,476
                              (G/D)
   /TRUCK       GVW   5-10    Tons          33,426
                              (G/D)
                GVW   10-24   Tons           2,547
                              (G/D)
                GVW   > 24    Tons           4,320
                              (G/D)
   SUB TOTAL                                81,769

6. DOUBLE       GVW    < 5 Tons (G/D)           --
   CABIN        For all CC
   4X2/4X4

   SUB TOTAL                                    --

PRODUCTION TOTAL                           264,364

Source : Gaikindo

Table--6

Automotive sales by categories, 2005-Apr 2011 (units)

                                                  YEAR

Categories                                2005      2006      2007

1. SEDAN     CC [less than or           25,006    10,241    16,207
   TYPE      equal to] 1,500 (G/D)
             1,501 < CC [less than      10,164     7,188    10,974
             or qual to] 3,000
             (G)/2,500 (D)
             CC > 3,001                    199       136       200
             (G)/2,501 (D)
             SUB TOTAL                  35,369    17,565    27,381

2. 4X2       CC < 1,500 (G/D)          189,845   136,793   194,422
   TYPE      1,501 < CC [less than     132,842    62,205    87,577
             or qual to] 2,500 (G/D)
             2,501 < CC [less than       3,110     3,489     2,359
             or qual to] 3,000 (G)
             CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501        1,358     1,147     1,425
             (D)

             SUB TOTAL                 327,155   203,634   285,733
3. 4X4       CC < 1,500 (G/D)               --        --        --
   TYPE      1,501 < CC [less            1,663     1,029     1,479
             than or equal to]
             3,000
             (G)/2,500 (D)
             CC > 3,001                    132       159       176
             (G)/2,500 (D)
             SUB TOTAL                   1,795     1,188     1,655

4. BUS       GVW   5-10    Tons          1,264     1,009       896
                           (G/D)
             GVW   10-24   Tons          1,028       552       804
                           (G/D)
             GVW   > 24    Tons             --        --        --
                           (G/D)
             SUB TOTAL                   2,292     1,561     1,700

5. PICK UP   GVW   < 5     Tons         97,815    51,583    55,706
   /TRUCK                  (G/D)
             GVW   5-10    Tons         55,601    32,183    43,651
                           (G/D)
             GVW   10-24   Tons          3,887     3,160     3,427
                           (G/D)
             GVW   > 24    Tons          3,946     2,614     5,774
                           (G/D)
             SUB TOTAL                 161,249     89,540   108558

6. DOUBLE    GVW < 5       Tons          6,057     5,416     8,314
   CABIN                   (G/D)
   4X2 /     For all CC
   4X4
             SUB TOTAL                   6,057     5,416     8,314

    SALES TOTAL                        533,917   318,904   433,341

                                                  YEAR
Categories                                2008      2009      2010

1. SEDAN     CC [less than or           18,753    11,779    18,355
   TYPE      equal to] 1,500 (G/D)
             1,501 < CC [less than      15,284    10,068    14,080
             or qual to] 3,000
             (G)/2,500 (D)
             CC > 3,001                    263       253       693
             (G)/2,501 (D)
             SUB TOTAL                  34,300    22,100    33,128

2. 4X2       CC < 1,500 (G/D)          279,051   257,507   389,712
   TYPE      1,501 < CC [less than     105,822    74,652   111,874
             or qual to] 2,500 (G/D)
             2,501 < CC [less than       2,702     2,214     2,801
             or qual to] 3,000 (G)
             CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501        1,215       680       123
             (D)

             SUB TOTAL                 388,790   335,053   504,510
3. 4X4       CC < 1,500 (G/D)               --        --        --
   TYPE      1,501 < CC [less            1,707     1,653     3,070
             than or equal to]
             3,000
             (G)/2,500 (D)
             CC > 3,001                    470       561       767
             (G)/2,500 (D)
             SUB TOTAL                   2,177     2,214     3,837

4. BUS       GVW   5-10    Tons          1,651     1,167     2,058
                           (G/D)
             GVW   10-24   Tons          1,210     1,302     2,119
                           (G/D)
             GVW   > 24    Tons             --        --        --
                           (G/D)         2,861     2,469     4,177
             SUB TOTAL

5. PICK UP   GVW   < 5     Tons         80,099    55,373   104,263
   /TRUCK                  (G/D)
             GVW   5-10    Tons         66,258    45,760    80,933
                           (G/D)
             GVW   10-24   Tons          5,302     4,582     6,632
                           (G/D)
             GVW   > 24    Tons         10,088     6,028    12,826
                           (G/D)
             SUB TOTAL                 161,747   111,743   204,654

6. DOUBLE    GVW < 5       Tons         13,899     9,969    14,404
   CABIN                   (G/D)
   4X2 /     For all CC
   4X4
             SUB TOTAL                  13,899     9,969    14,404

    SALES TOTAL                        603,774    83,547    64,710

                                          Year
Categories                             Jan-Apr 2011

1. SEDAN     CC [less than or            5,225
   TYPE      equal to] 1,500 (G/D)
             1,501 < CC [less than       4,248
             or qual to] 3,000
             (G)/2,500 (D)
             CC > 3,001                    232
             (G)/2,501 (D)
             SUB TOTAL                   9,705

2. 4X2       CC < 1,500 (G/D)          146,167
   TYPE      1,501 < CC [less than      37,350
             or qual to] 2,500 (G/D)
             2,501 < CC [less than       1,060
             or qual to] 3,000 (G)
             CC > 3,001 (G)/2,501           61
             (D)

             SUB TOTAL                 184,638
3. 4X4       CC < 1,500 (G/D)               --
   TYPE      1,501 < CC [less              899
             than or equal to]
             3,000
             (G)/2,500 (D)
             CC > 3,001                    393
             (G)/2,500 (D)
             SUB TOTAL                   1,292

4. BUS       GVW   5-10    Tons            826
                           (G/D)
             GVW   10-24   Tons            755
                           (G/D)
             GVW   > 24    Tons             --
                           (G/D)
             SUB TOTAL                   1,581

5. PICK UP   GVW   < 5     Tons         42,856
   /TRUCK                  (G/D)
             GVW   5-10    Tons         33,488
                           (G/D)
             GVW   10-24   Tons          2,383
                           (G/D)
             GVW   > 24    Tons          4,367
                           (G/D)
             SUB TOTAL                  83,094

6. DOUBLE    GVW < 5       Tons          6,116
   CABIN                   (G/D)
   4X2 /     For all CC
   4X4
             SUB TOTAL                   6,116

    SALES TOTAL                        286,426

Source: Gaikindo/Data Consult

Table--7

Ten best selling brands in February and March 2011.

Trademarks             February 2011   Trademarks             March
                                                              2011

Toyota Avanza          13,628          Toyota Avanza          16,993
Daihatsu Xenia          5,018          Toyota Kijang Innova    5,293
Toyota Kijang Innova    4,012          Daihatsu Xenia          4,681
Suzuki APV              1,999          Nissan Grand Livina     2,827
Honda Jazz              1,987          Suzuki APV              2,309
Nissan Grand Livina     2,145          Toyota Yaris            2,047
Toyota Yaris            1,793          Toyota Rush             2,028
Toyota Rush             1,525          Daihatsu Terios         2,004
Daihatsu Terios         1,468          Honda CRV               1,741
Nissan March            1,394          Nissan March            1,571

Source : Gaikindo

Table--8

Automotive sales by categories, 2005-2010

Year      Passenger cars
          Sedan    MPV-SUV   Bus     Pick      Double   Total

2005      35,369   328,950   2,292   161,249    6,057   533,917
2006      17,565   204,822   1,561    89,540    5,416   318,904
2007      27,381   287,388   1,700   108,558    8,314   433,341
2008      34,300   390,967   2,861   161,747   13,899   603,774
2009      22,100   337,267   2,469   111,743    9,969   483,548
2010      33,128   508,147   4,177   204,654   14,404   764,710
Jan-Apr    9,705   185,930   1,581    83,094    6,116   286,426
2011

Source : Gaikindo

Table--9

Automotive sales by brands, 2008-April 2011

                         2008              2009              2010
Brands             Sales     Share   Sales     Share    Sales    Share
                   (units)    (%)    (units)   (%)     (units)    (%)

Toyota             211,909   35.1    186,687   38.4    280,680   36.7
Daihatsu            78,041   12.9     77,513   15.9    118,591   15.5
Mitsubishi          67,424   14.5     61,735   12.7    106,483   13.9
Suzuki              73,067   12.1     44,689    9.2     71,210    9.3
Honda               52,500    8.7     39,570    8.1     61,336    8.0
Nissan              31,879    5.3     21,440    4.4     37,542    4.9
Isuzu               25,325    4.2     15,236    3.1     24,012    3.1
Hino                14,227    2.4     11,390    2.3     21,297    2.8
Ford                 7,999    1.3      6,348    1.3      8,871    1.2
Kia                  3,880    0.6      3,195    0.7      6,550    0.9
Mazda                2,241    0.4      1,542    0.3      6,012    0.8
Mercedes Benz        2,872    0.5      3,450    0.7      4,558    0.6
Chevrolet            2,657    0.4      2,612    0.5      4,508    0.6
Hyundai              3,800    0.6      2,667    0.3      3,583    0.5
UD Nissan Diesel     2,391    0.4      1,298    0.4      2,735    0.4
Proton               1,089    0.2      2,150    0.5      2,126    0.3
Hyundai Truck           --    0.0      2,540    0.2      1,458    0.2
BMW                    720    0.1        901    0.1      1,240    0.2
Chery                  853    0.1        407    0.0        528    0.1
Volkswagen             200    0.0        176    0.0        384    0.1
Lexus                  241    0.0        235    0.0        309    0.0
Foton                   --    0.0         27    0.0        158    0.0
Audi                   112    0.0        110    0.0        146    0.0
Peugeot                 59    0.0         44    0.0        110    0.0
Jeep                    --    0.0         --    0.0        100    0.0
Smart                   --    0.0         --    0.0         60    0.0
Land Rover              52    0.0         32    0.0         56    0.0
Jaguar                  39    0.0         35    0.0         37    0.0
Chrysler                --    0.0         --    0.0         12    0.0
Dodge                   --    0.0          =    0.0          8    0.0
Volvo                   62    0.0         25    0.0          6    0.0
Bentley                 --    0.0         --    0.0          4    0.0
Subaru                  26    0.0         34    0.0         --    0.0
Domestic Market    603.774    100    486,088    100    764,710    100

                    Jan--Apr 2011
Brands               Sales   Share
                    (unit)   (%)

Toyota             106,554   37.2
Daihatsu            40,894   14.3
Mitsubishi          45,140   15.8
Suzuki              28,704   10.0
Honda               15,735    5.5
Nissan              17,101    6.0
Isuzu                8,892    3.1
Hino                 7,139    2.5
Ford                 4,758    1.7
Kia                  1,423    0.5
Mazda                2,285    9.8
Mercedes Benz        1,374    0.5
Chevrolet            1,650    0.6
Hyundai              1,358    0.5
UD Nissan Diesel       749    0.3
Proton                 538    0.2
Hyundai Truck          342    0.1
BMW                    461    0.2
Chery                  136    0.0
Volkswagen             209    0.1
Lexus                   57    0.0
Foton                   41    0.0
Audi                    98    0.0
Peugeot                 41    0.0
Jeep                    86    0.0
Smart                  120    0.0
Land Rover              21    0.0
Jaguar                  17    0.0
Chrysler                21    0.0
Dodge                    3    0.0
Volvo                    3    0.0
Bentley                  1    0.0
Subaru                  --    0.0
Domestic Market    286,343    100

Source : Gaikindo

Table--10

Exports Automotive Products, 2006-2011 *

Year         2007      2008      2009     2010     2011 *

CBU (unit)    60.267   100.982   56.669   85.796   50.002
CKD (set)    105.642   103.710   53.140   55.624   39.150

Source : Gaikindo

* January-June 2011

Table--11

Indonesia's exports of cars (January--June)

Month        January   February   March    April   May     June

CBU (unit)   8,054     7,645      10,249   7,728   6,022   9,704
CKD (set)    7,504     7,060       8,014   6,782   3,634   6,156

Month        Total

CBU (unit)   50,002
CKD (set)    39,150

Source : Gaikindo

Table--12

Car exports by brands, 2010

Brands     Volume Exports (units)

Toyota     45,114
Daihatsu   18,886
Suzuki     18,500

Source : ATPM

Table--13

Change in import duties

Category                               Import duty
                           CBU                     CKD
                           Year 2010   Year 2011   Year 2010

Sedan                      50          45          15
Type 4x2                   45          40          15
Bus                        10-40       10-40       15-5
Pick up / truck            10-45       10-40        5-15
Double cabin 4x4 and 4x2   45          40          15

Category                            Import duty
                                       IKD
                           Year 2011   Year 2010   Year 2011

Sedan                      10          7.5         7.7-0
Type 4x2                   10          7.5         7.5
Bus                        10-5        0           0
Pick up / truck             5-10       0-7.5       0-7.5
Double cabin 4x4 and 4x2   10          7.5         7.5

Source: Finance ministry

Table--14

Imports of cars in CBU and CKD forms and components, 2006-2011 *

Year                  2006     2007     2008     2009     2010

CBU (units)           33,663   55,112   72,646   32,678   76,520
CKD (sets)             8,610   --       --       --       --
Components (pieces)   22,080   --       --       --       --

Year                  2011 *

CBU (units)           22,374
CKD (sets)
Components (pieces)

Source: Gaikindo

* Jan-March 2011

Table--15

Projects in automotive industry, 2010-2013

No.   Companies/ countries   Investment plan
      of origin

1     United States          Assembling industry
2     Thailand               Component industry
3     Malaysia & Singapore   Lubricant processing
4     Japan & Singapore      Compressor and valve industry
5     Japan                  Accessories component
6     Japan                  Electronic
7     Japan                  Spare part of turbine engine
8     Japan                  Electronic connector
9     Japan                  Component
10    Japan                  Spare part of propelling motor
11    Hong Kong, Japan,      Motorcycle equipment and
      Indonesia              spare parts
12    Japan                  Bearing
13    Japan                  Spare part
14    Japan & Indonesia      Spare parts of turbine engine
15    South Korea            Component of 2--wheeler and
                             4--wheelers
16    China                  Component of 2--wheelers
17    PMDN                   Components of 2--wheelers
18    Japan                  Machines and tools

No.   Companies/ countries   Capacity             Investment value
      of origin

1     United States          50.000 units         Rp 1.2 trillion
2     Thailand               --                   US$ 1.5 million
3     Malaysia & Singapore   60.000 tons          US$ 1.2 million
4     Japan & Singapore      1.6 million pieces   Rp 15 billion
5     Japan                  --                   US$ 8 million
6     Japan                  --                   US$ 800,000
7     Japan                  --                   US$ 4 million
8     Japan                  --                   US$ 540,000
9     Japan                  --                   US$ 6,5 million
10    Japan                  --                   US$ 634,650
11    Hong Kong, Japan,      --                   Rp 11.56 billion
      Indonesia
12    Japan                  --                   US$ 11 million
13    Japan                  --                   US$ 2.3 million
14    Japan & Indonesia      --                   US$ 13.3 million
15    South Korea            --                   US$ 2.3 million
16    China                  --                   US$ 300,000
17    PMDN                   --                   Rp 43 billion
18    Japan                  --                   Rp 6.5 trillion

No.   Companies/ countries   Jobs created   Locations
      of origin

1     United States          700            Bekasi
2     Thailand                40            Bekasi
3     Malaysia & Singapore   100            Dumai
4     Japan & Singapore      500            Bekasi
5     Japan                  500            Tangerang
6     Japan                  200            Bekasi
7     Japan                   70            West Java
8     Japan                   20            Bekasi
9     Japan                   24            Bekasi
10    Japan                   43            Surabaya
11    Hong Kong, Japan,       50            Bekasi
      Indonesia
12    Japan                   60            Bekasi
13    Japan                   48            Bekasi
14    Japan & Indonesia      586            Bogor
15    South Korea            200            Tangerang

16    China                   63            Bekasi
17    PMDN                   500            Bekasi
18    Japan                  3.437          Karawang

Source : BKPM

Table--16

Automotive prices increases by Trademark, 2011

Trademarks             Price rise      Selling price
                       (Rp million )   (Rp million )

Toyota Avanza          2.50-3.25       136.1-171.0
Toyota Kijang Innova   4.00-8.00       184.9-294.1
Toyota Rush            3.50-3.75       195.2-218.5
Toyota Yaris           3.00            184.8-243.9
Daihatsu Xenia         2.00-2.50       115.0-150.0
Honda Jazz             4.00-5.00       198.5-224.0
Nissan Grand Livina    2.00-4.00       169.5-239.0
Suzuki APV             1.00-3.00       134.0-181.5

Source : ATPM
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Title Annotation:INDUSTRY PROFILE
Comment:Overview of automotive industry in Indonesia.(INDUSTRY PROFILE)
Publication:Indonesian Commercial Newsletter
Geographic Code:9THAI
Date:Apr 1, 2011
Words:9346
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