Printer Friendly

Oral Health; Facts to Know.

* After age 35, some form of periodontal (gum) disease affects three out of four adults. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, almost three of every ten adults over age 65 have lost all of their teeth because of cavities and gum disease.

* Nearly one out of four women ages 30 to 54 has periodontitis (an advanced state of gum disease in which the bone and gum tissue that support the teeth break down).

* Nearly half of women ages 55 to 90 who still have their teeth have periodontitis.

* You can help prevent gum disease by brushing and flossing every day, limiting between-meal snacks and seeing your dentist and dental hygienist regularly.

* A growing body of research has linked periodontal (gum) disease to heart disease (the number one killer of American women), stroke, diabetes, respiratory problems and preterm, low-birth-weight babies. When your mouth and teeth are disease-free, your risks for developing other diseases throughout your life may be reduced.

* According to the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) evidence is mounting that suggests a possible relationship between gum disease and pre-term, low-birth-weight babies. If you are considering pregnancy or are pregnant, call your dental office today to schedule an office visit.

* A significant association between obesity and prevalence of periodontal disease, especially among individuals aged 18 to 34 years, has recently been established. Low dietary intake of calcium and vitamin D are cited as probable causes.

* Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by decreasing bone mass and density. A number of studies have suggested a link between osteoporosis and bone loss in the jaw. Make an appointment today with your health care professional to discuss your personal health risks for osteoporosis.

* Low calcium intake in the diet has been shown to increase the risk for periodontal disease. According to national surveys, many women consume less than half of the daily-recommended amount of calcium.

* People with diabetes have a higher than average risk of gum disease. It's important to note, however, that people whose diabetes is well-controlled have no more gum disease than people without diabetes. Uncontrolled diabetes can aggravate a gum problem, and conversely, periodontal disease can make diabetic control worse. Be sure to practice good diabetic control and good oral hygiene.

* Most dental professionals recommend that toothbrushes be replaced every three months, or more frequently if you are an extremely vigorous brusher. Brushing carefully and gently is better and less harmful than brushing too hard. Toothbrushes should also be replaced after you or family members have had a cold, flu, or other upper respiratory infection. DO NOT share toothbrushes with other family members.

The American Academy of Periodontology. Last modified July 2003. Accessed Aug. 2003.

The American Dental Association. Copyright 1995-2003. Accessed Aug. 2003.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. "Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon General". Washington, DC: USDHHS, Office of the Surgeon General, 2000. Accessed Aug. 2003.

"Gum-chewers Have New Reason to Smile" Academy of General Dentistry. Accessed Dec. 2002.

"Burning Mouth Syndrome May Flare Up In Middle-Aged Women." Academy of General Dentistry. Accessed Dec. 2002.

"Oral Health: Preventing Cavities, Gum Disease, and Oral Cancers" US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Reviewed April 2003. Accessed Aug. 2003.

"Obesity and Periodontal Disease in Young, Middle-Aged, and Older Adults" Journal of Periodontology, May 2003 (Vol. 74, No. 5). Accessed Aug. 2003.

Editorial Staff of the National Women's Health Resource Center 2002/02/01 2005/06/13 Oral health, the condition of the mouth (including the gums, teeth, and jawbone), goes far beyond white teeth and no cavities. Gingivitis,Oral health,Periodontal disease,Periodontitis,Plaque,Scaling and root planning,Tartar,Xerostomia
COPYRIGHT 2005 National Women's Health Resource Center
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2005 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Title Annotation:Periodontal diseases
Publication:NWHRC Health Center - Oral Health
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jun 13, 2005
Previous Article:Oral Health; Prevention.
Next Article:Oral Health; Key Q&A.

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2021 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters |