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Optimal multiplanar mechanical aortic valve/optimal cok duzlemli mekanik aort kapagi.

In stented valves, appropriate valve size regarding the body surface area has been defined by David et al. (1). Some studies have been published related to multiplanar mechanical aortic valve developed in order to overcome the problem of pressure gradient in stented valves (2, 3). It has been shown that multiplanar aortic valve could overcome the problem of pressure gradient in stented valves. In this study, mathematical solutions showing how to optimize a multiplanar valve to increase the orifice area were shown with the aid of illustrations (Fig. 1-6).

Multiplanar aortic valve aims to increase the effective orifice area via protruding its leaflet stent or stents into ascending aorta instead of aortic annulus. Coronary orifices are mostly two in number and this valve also permits these orifices to remain open during both systole and diastole. The area scanned by the leaflet from its closed state (seated on stent) to the maximally opened state is called as scanned area. The area constituted by the inner side of the stent is called as orifice area.






In recently used bileaflet valves, assuming the inner diameter of the valve as 2 centimeters, orifice area will be calculated as 3.14 [cm.sup.2] (since the radius is 1 cm). When the leaflets open with an angle of 90[degrees], scanned area by both leaflets will be 6 [cm.sup.2] (half of the surface area of a sphere with a radius of 1 cm, 4 [pi][r.sup.2]).

In order to optimize a multiplanar valve, the angle at where the orifice area formed by the stent equals to the scanned area by the leaflet (the angle between the stent protruding to the ascending aorta and annular plane) should become the angle of optimal multiplanar aortic valve. This angle is 45 degrees and the angle between two leaflet stents will be 90[degrees].


Multiplanar bileaflet aortic valve is seen in illustrations. Accordingly, the orifice area of a valve placed to an aorta of 2 cm in diameter will be 6 [cm.sup.2]. Radius of leaflet-when extended 1 cm distally, calculated as the hypothenar side--will be 1.5 centimeters. The area of this leaflet will be calculated as 1.5x1.5x3.14/2 resulted as about 3 [cm.sup.2]. There are two of these leaflets, making a total of 6 [cm.sup.2].

Moreover, this valve will minimize problem of turbulence existing in prosthetic valves at all points via changing the configuration of the valve.

We think that this multiplanar aortic valve would solve problem of pressure gradient and minimize problem of turbulence occurring in stented valves at aortic position.


(1.) David TE. Complex operation of the aortic root. In: Edmunds LH, editor. Cardiac Surgery in the Adult. New York: McGraw-Hill; 1997. p. 939-58.

(2.) Kestelli M, Yilik L, Ozsoyler I, Bozok S, Emrecan B, Pamuk B, et al. Experimental study of a multiplanned mechanical aortic valve using bovine aorta. Int Heart J 2005; 46:133-8.

(3.) Kestelli M, Ozbek C, Lafci Akdag B, Yilik L, Ozsoyler I, Emrecan B, et al. A novel multi-planed mechanical aortic valve for increasing the effective orifice area. Heart Lung Circ 2006; 15:182-5.

Men Kestelli, Engin Tulukoglu [1], Ismail Yurekli, Haydar Yasa, Burcin Abud, Ahmet Ozelci, Gokhan Erzincanli [2], Murat Kestelli [3], Ali Gurbuz

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ataturk Education and Research Hospital, Yesilyurt, Izmir [1] Department of Cardiovascular Surgery; Gazi Hospital, Alsancak, Izmir [2] Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Gebze Institute of High Technology, Istanbul, Turkey [3] Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University de Tecnologie de Compiegne, Compiegne, France

Address for Correspondence/Yazisma Adresi: Mert Kestelli, MD, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ataturk Education and Research Hospital, 35360, Izmir, Turkey, Phone: +90 232 243 43 43-2558 Fax: +90 232 243 48 48 E-mail:
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Title Annotation:Scientific Letter/Bilimsel Mektup
Author:Kestelli, Mert; Tulukoglu, Engin; Yurekli, Ismail; Yasa, Haydar; Abud, Burcin; Ozelci, Ahmet; Erzinc
Publication:The Anatolian Journal of Cardiology (Anadolu Kardiyoloji Dergisi)
Date:Oct 1, 2009
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