On this day.
1754: William Murdoch, Scottish engineer, who with James Watt and Matthew Boulton pioneered the use of coal-gas lighting in 1792, was born.
1858: Sir Sam Browne, VC, invented the Sam Browne belt to hold his sword and pistol after he had lost one arm in action. It soon became standard military kit for the able-bodied as well.
1911: Da Vinci's Mona Lisa was stolen from the Louvre in Paris. The thief was Italian waiter Vicenzo Perruggia who, posing as a photographer, walked off with it under his arm. It was recovered in 1913 from where he had hidden it, under a bed in a hotel. 1930: Princess Margaret Rose was born in Glamis Castle, Scotland - the place Shakespeare chose for the murder of Duncan in Macbeth. She was the first princess to be born in Scotland for 300 years.
1959: Hawaii became the 50th state of the United States.
1962: Savannah, the world's first nuclear-powered merchant ship, went on her maiden voyage. 1965: Keith Peacock became the first substitute to be called on in a Football League match.
1976: Mary Langdon, 25, joined East Sussex Fire Brigade to become Britain's first female firefighter. 1988: Amended British licensing laws allowing more flexible pub opening hours came into force at midnight. Pubs could now stay open 12 hours in the day, except on Sunday.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: According to reports, the Duke and Duchess of Sussex had enjoyed an Italian holiday with Hollywood actor George Clooney and his wife Amal.
Hawaii became the 50th state of the USA on this day in 1959
Princess Margaret was born in 1930