On this day.
1497: Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama set sail from Lisbon in search of a sea route to India. 1822: Percy Bysshe Shelley, the English poet, was drowned in Italy while sailing his small schooner Ariel to his home on the Gulf of Spezia.
1882: Eccentric composer Percy Grainger was born in Melbourne.
1884: The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children was founded.
1889: John L Sullivan defeated Jake Kilrain in Mississippi after 75 rounds of boxing - the last bareknuckle heavyweight title contest.
1907: Ziegfeld's Follies of 1907 opened on Broadway, his first, and like the others that followed, contained 13 characters in the title for good luck.
1918: National Savings stamps went on sale in Britain.
1961: The first all-England women's singles final took place at Wimbledon between Christine Truman and Angela Mortimer, who won in three sets.
1965: Horse racing starting stalls were introduced in the Chesterfield Stakes at Newmarket. 1965: Ronald Biggs, one of the Great Train Robbers, scaled the wall of Wandsworth Prison with a rope ladder and escaped. He had served 15 months of his sentence. He eventually settled in Brazil.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Dawn Sturgess, 44, died after being exposed to the nerve agent Novichok in Amesbury, Wiltshire.
Dawn Sturgess died after from exposure to Novichok
Ronnie Biggs escaped from Wandsworth Prison