On this day.
| 1687: Jean-Baptiste Lully, the composer who made French opera popular, died from an abscess on his foot caused by striking it with the stick he used to conduct his Te Deum.
| 1859: In Melbourne, plasterer Ben Douglas became chairman of the Political Labour League of Victoria, the first Labour Party.
| 1888: The English Football League was formed by 12 clubs meeting at a Fleet Street hotel.
| 1895: The first celluloid film was presented to an invited audience by Auguste and Louis Lumiere in Paris.
| 1896: Thomas Hughes, lawyer, author and Liberal MP, died. He was involved in the formation of some early trade unions and wrote Tom Brown's Schooldays. | 1907: The first cabs with taxi meters began operating in London.
| 1945: The Arab League was founded by seven Middle East countries. | 1958: Showman Michael Todd, husband of Elizabeth Taylor, died when his light aircraft iced up and crashed into mountains in New Mexico. The plane was called Lucky Liz.
John Profumo and Christine Keeler | 1963: John Profumo denied having an affair with model Christine Keeler. The Secretary of State for War later resigned, admitting he had lied to Parliament. | 1979: The British ambassador in Holland Sir Richard Sykes was shot dead by two IRA gunmen who opened fire outside his home in The Hague. | 1996: The war crimes tribunal in The Hague made its first indictment of three Muslims and a Croat for the torture, rape and murder of Serb prisoners. | ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Five people were killed, and 50 injured, when a terrorist drove into pedestrians on London's Westminster Bridge and stabbed a policeman.