On this day.
1653: Oliver Cromwell dissolved the Long Parliament which had governed during the Civil War.
1657: The Spanish fleet at Santa Cruz Bay was destroyed by the English under Admiral Blake.
1770: Captain James Cook discovered New South Wales, Australia.
1929: The first Italian parliament made up exclusively of Fascists led by Benito Mussolini was opened. 1945: Soviet troops entered Berlin.
1972: Apollo 16 landed on the moon.
1989: Scientists said that the Earth narrowly missed being struck by a passing asteroid weighing 400 million tons. 1999: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold killed 13 people and injured 21 others before committing suicide at Columbine High School, Colorado.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: A portrait of the Queen by the David Bailey was released to mark her 88th birthday.