On the scene: observations on charities and fundraising in NOLA.
I also scheduled some time to visit with nonprofits in the region. Putting that meeting together was difficult until N-TEN's Katrin Verclas put me in touch with John Kimble, New Orleans Public Policy Director for the Louisiana Association of Nonprofit Organizations (LANO). He hosted a meeting at Nonprofit Central, a converted furniture store just outside of the central business district that houses office and meeting space for area nonprofits.
John sent an email to area nonprofit executives and about a dozen took advantage of the opportunity to discuss how they could use the Web to enhance their mission.
First, it's clear that many of them did not exist a year ago. They were created in direct response to the hurricane's damage. They are collections of individuals who have banded together to help their community cope with rebuilding.
Those nonprofits that were in existence before the storm have re-defined their missions in light of the reality that everything in the area has changed, that everything is harder to do, and that their constituents are always and primarily concerned with rebuilding.
The lack of progress in the New Orleans area is hard to fathom. When I was there in October, leading a strike team of search dogs from Virginia and Maryland, I saw the poorest part of a poor city at its very worst. I also saw devastation in the better-off sections of the region, like Slidell. Some 10 months later, I went back to see a city a little bit cleaner, but hardly recovered.
The lower Ninth Ward remains devastated, with hardly any rebuilding. Much of the debris is cleaned up, but some of the gray mud, ubiquitous in October, was still present. The only color I saw this time was grass growing abundantly where homes once stood. Mayor Ray Nagin takes credit for the grass growing, but I bet it is a result of so much, shall we say, organic fertilizer.
One nonprofit executive lives in St. Bernard Parish, just east (downstream and downhill) of the lower Ninth Ward. It's an area that was flooded by the levee breaks, and I'm told every building was damaged. Only about 5 percent of its residents have returned. The nonprofit executive lives in a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) trailer, in a neighborhood of FEMA trailers.
As we discussed one problem of using the Web there--Internet access--she told me that she expects to get her landline telephone service restored to her trailer on November 18, more than a year after the storm hit.
That reminds me of the old joke about the old Soviet Union's inability to delivery goods and services. Now, the Soviet Union has been out of business since 1991, so let's say the story takes place in 1989. The joke goes like this: A man walks into a car dealership and wants to buy a new car. The salesman goes through the list of options with him, fills out the paperwork, and then announces that the car will be delivered on June 5, 1997. The customer asks if it will be the morning of June 5, or the afternoon. "That's eight years from now! How can you possibly care?" roared the salesman. "Because," the customer replied calmly, "the plumber is coming in the morning."
Order is overrated
Another observation about local nonprofits is that they are very small, in geographic scope, in staff, and in budget. Yet, they are large in ambition. Some groups not in the area have more employees dedicated to the Web sites than these nonprofits have on their total payroll, not that many of them have been paid lately.
It's also clear that there is substantial overlap of services from one nonprofit to the other, and little coordination between them, in spite of the good work LANO is doing there.
When I spoke to them about this, I assured them that this should not deter or discourage them. I told them, "We tried order here. It didn't work too well." They know exactly what I'm talking about. Big didn't work for FEMA. Maybe small will work better for these groups. Quick decision-making, responsiveness to the community, low overhead are all virtues here.
I'm reminded of how "big" didn't work on my last trip here. Not only were our search group's orders (presumably handed down from some FEMA brain trust) vague, constantly changing, and impossible, but we were given virtually no resources to help us do the job. We got much of what we needed from other volunteers who were working for other nonprofits. We got medical supplies for our search dogs from SPCA volunteers who were in the ward rounding up lost pets. We got more medical supplies from some nurses who were volunteering with Heart to Heart.
And, after daily unanswered requests to FEMA for a veterinarian to check our search dogs, the SPCA folks showed up one day with a volunteer vet from Oklahoma who was there with The Humane Society of the United States. And of course, we ate whatever The Salvation Army and American Red Cross were cooking.
What worked, in each of these cases, was that volunteers on the ground saw needs and responded to them. Never once was a form filled out or a big-wig consulted.
Don't be linear
As I struggled to come up with some advice for these fledgling and shoestring nonprofits, I realized there was no need for them to follow the path of larger charities and other groups that are now being successful online. There's no need to "catch up" with what others have been doing online.
Most big nonprofits spend lots of time worrying about their "legacy database" and integration with their direct mail and telephone campaigns. If your database is in a shoebox, however, "migration" ceases to be something to fear.
RELATED ARTICLE: Recommendations for staying operational.
Here are some of the ideas presented to New Orleans area nonprofits. Some of them might work just as well for you.
1. Think cheap and quick. There are plenty of free Web tools out there, but don't use any that take too long to learn.
2. The Web was created for man, not man for the Web. Many large nonprofits need to "have" a Web site. A small nonprofit with no budget, no tech staff, that is literally digging itself out of the mud needs to only "do" online what produces real and immediate benefits. If there's no short-term gain online, don't do it.
3. Get the fundamentals right, forget the rest. Focus on usability, on value to the Web user, and on fundraising. Integration is only a problem if you have a lot of data.
4. Web must follow mission. Only do online what furthers your mission (this week). If your mission is advocacy, the Web can help. If your mission is bringing people together, think chat rooms.
5. Everyone wants to help you. Ask. This may primarily be true along the Gulf Coast, but to an extent, it's true among all nonprofits. People genuinely want to help nonprofits further their mission, and many of those people have some valuable technical skills.
Web tools and ideas
* MySpace.com If you're looking for free Web page hosting, with blog tools, room for photos, email, and a newsletter service, why not get one that comes with about 100 million other users who are online 24 hours a day? So what if they're mostly teenage girls. Have you seen the purchasing power of teenage girls lately?
* Paypal It's free to set up. It costs about as much per transaction as most donation processing services (less than many), and it's the tool of choice for 67 million people whose sole purpose in having it is to transfer money online.
* Text messaging Even last October, cell service was working in the lower Ninth Ward. When FEMA failed to provide street maps and the forms we needed to run our search operations, we surfed to GoogleEarth and back to the Virginia Dept. of Emergency Management Web site from a laptop with wireless broadband, perched on an overturned crate in the middle of a deserted street. Text messaging provides a way for staffers to stay in touch, and for constituents to ask questions and provide updates on what's happening.
* IM (instant messaging) IM is another free way to be "open" for business. You can field messages from constituents and donors, government officials and utility executives, in real time.
* The PetitionSite.com (online advocacy) If advocacy is your thing, there are dozens of sites where you can post a petition and drive advocacy efforts back to governments, utilities, or other targets. This one, run by Care2, is also a database building tool, but that's not free.
* Yahoo! Groups If you need to organize volunteer groups or staff, especially if they work in remote locations or at odd hours, Yahoo! groups provides file sharing, group email, calendars and a host of other features. (http://groups.yahoo.com)
* Search marketing If you have a Web site and want to draw traffic to it, search is the way to do it. Search is how people find you on the Web. The two key elements of search marketing are:
* Page optimization is where you edit your page copy and format so that each page shows up high on Google's list for the keyword phrases that represent your mission;
* Keyword bids is where you actually place an ad at the search engine that will show up when people enter those keyword phrases. Normally you pay 10 cents or more per click, but Google has been generous with its grants program.
* Blogs There are several free services that will let you host and edit a Web log. You can have several blogs, one for each key issue you're working on, or link them together.
* Meetup.com This is what put Howard Dean on the map. It's a tool that lets users pick events that matter to them and actually attend them.
Rick Christ is a managing partner of NPAdvisors.com in Warrenton, Va., a consulting firm that helps nonprofits use the Web for fundraising, advocacy and communication. He also volunteers as a Search and Rescue Field Team Leader and instructor with the Virginia Department of Emergency Management.
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|Publication:||The Non-profit Times|
|Date:||Oct 15, 2006|
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