Printer Friendly

On bruits, hums, and sounds in the ear and in the head: the Polish forgotten contribution.

In 1968, Gareeboo reported on: "Cranial bruits in adults have not so far been reported as a result of severe anaemia. Over the past nine months I have noted the presence of cranial bruits in adults suffering from severe anaenia due to various causes-from pernicious anaemia to anaemia resulting from acute blood loss in bleeding peptic ulcers" [1]. He reviewed the literature: bruits can be a normal phenomenon in infants, and pathological intracranial bruits in can be found in adults suffering from anemia, a-v malformation or fistula, angiomata, carotid stenosis, cardiac valvular problems, Paget disease of bone and aneurism.

The neurologist Christopher Gardner-Thorpe, the previous editor of Journal of Medical Biography, has added two case reports, in a letter to the editor of the BMJ [2].

Downie [3] added that Gareeboo was not the first to report on anemia causing bruit in the head, but rather Allen in 1962.

A month later, Sears also referred to authors that were unknown to Gareeboo [4]: JD Fisher 1833 and L P Hamburger in 1931. John Dix Fisher (March 27, 1797 - March 3, 1850) was a physician and founder of Perkins Institution for the Blind in Boston, Massachusetts. Previously, he was a pupil in Paris of RTH Laennec, Gabriel Andral and A. Velpeau. He called the phenomenon of bruits in the head- "cephalic bellows-sound" [5].

It seems that all authors were not aware of an extensive review and clinical report on cranial bruits, that was made in Poland back in 1893.

The Jewish-Polish laryngologist Samuel Meyerson (1851-1939), a pupil of Adam Politzer (1835-1920) and Leopold Schroetter von Kristelli (1837 - 1908) of Vienna and the famous Jewish-Polish neurologist Samuel Goldflam (1852-1932), presented in a medical conference in Nuremberg, their clinical experience with two women who suffered from cranial bruits. Later the lecture was published in Polish [6].

The article brought references written by ,Sir William Richard Gowers (1845-1915), a British neurologist; C. Pilz "By 1868 Pilz was able to collect 600 recorded cases of carotid ligation for cervical aneurysm or hemorrhage with a mortality rate of 43%" [7]; George Hayem (1841-1933); the German otologist Salomon Moos (1831-1895), and the Austrian otologist Viktor Urbantschitsch (1847-1921).

The authors discuss the differential diagnosis:

* arterial aneurisms

* anemia

* intra cranial elevated pressure

* tumors.

Their first patient underwent ligation of the common carotid artery [8] on the same side of the bruit, by Prof. Wladyslaw Krajewski (1855- 1907). Before the operation, external pressure on the artery relieves the headache and the bruit, and the bruit intensified while turning the head, and correlated with the systolic pulse. A few weeks after the operation, her eyesight was blurred, and the bruit heard over the left ear and the head. It remained but weaker. Using a stethoscope, the bruit was heard through the bandage. The father of the patient decided to discharge his daughter and a few weeks later she died at home. The authors presumed that the cause of the bruit was an intracranial tumor or a ruptured aneurism.

When S. Goldflam died, a memorial booklet was published [9]. Famous people contributed to this booklet: Nahum Sokolow (1859 - 1936) a Zionist leader, author, translator, and a pioneer of Hebrew journalism; Leon Lewite (18781944), a Zionist leader in Poland, who devoted himself to acquiring pledges for shares in the Jewish Colonial Trust and worked with the Centralny Komitet dla Antyhitlerowskiej akcji Gospodarczej; Maurycy Mayzel (1872-1940?), the last president of the Warsaw Jewish community; Janusz Korczak, (1878-1942); Mateusz Hindes (of the Lodz Deposit Bank in Warsaw);.

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Financial disclosure/funding

No funding.

ORCID

Ohry A https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8609-0320

Acknowledgments

The author wishes to thank Dr. Filip Marcinowski Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Warsaw, Nowowiejska 27, 00-665, Warsaw, Poland, that upon the author's request, found the original articles and transferred it to the author.

REFERENCES

(1.) Gareeboo H. Severe anaemia as a cause of cranial bruit in adults. B M J 1968 Feb;1(5587):294.

(2.) Gardner-Thorpe C. Cranial bruits. BMJ 1968;2: 445-6.

(3.) Downie AW. Cranial bruits. BMJ 1968 Feb; 1(5589):446.

(4.) Sears WG. Cranial bruits. BMJ 1968 Mar;16; 1(5593):708.

(5.) Fisher JD, Observations on the cephalic bellows-sound. Medical Magazine, Boston, 1833.

(6.) Goldflam S, Meyerson S. O przedmiotowych szmerach w uchu i glowie. Medycyna 1893; 1, 46 i 47, pp. 922-7 i 939-46. (Polish). (translated by Dr. Ada Horowitz, retired consultant pathologist).

(7.) History of stroke: http://www.rush.edu/rumc/page-P06365.html [6 Nov 2019].

(8.) Wechsler IS, Gross SW, Cohen I. Arteriography and carotid artery ligation in intracranial aneurism and vascular malformation. J Neurol Neurosurg Psych 1951 Feb;14(1):25-34.

(9.) Pamieci Dra Samuela Goldflama 1852-1932). Reprezentacja Agencji Zydowskiej dla Palestyny w Polsce, Warszawa, 1932. (Polish)

Ohry A. (A-F)

Emeritus professor of Rehabilitation Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel

(A) - Conception and study design; (B) - Collection of data; (C) - Data analysis; (D) - Writing the paper; (E) - Review article; (F) - Approval of the final version of the article; (G) - Other (please specify)

(*) Corresponding author:

Emeritus professor of Rehabilitation Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel

e-mail: aohry@tauex.tau.ac.il

Received: 16.11.2019

Accepted: 02.12.2019

DOI: 10.5604/01.3001.0013.7229
COPYRIGHT 2019 Medical University of Bialystok
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2019 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Author:Ohry, A.
Publication:Progress in Health Sciences
Geographic Code:4EXPO
Date:Dec 1, 2019
Words:870
Previous Article:Perioperative challenges in a primary hyperparathyroid patient with osteitis fibrosa cystic and borderline QTc: a case-based review and practice...
Next Article:Association between perceived social support and occupational burnout in Greek nurses: A preliminary study.
Topics:

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2022 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters |